Annual Report of the United States Geological Survey to the Secretary of the Interior, Volume 1

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1880 - Forest reserves

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Page 3 - And all collections of rocks, minerals, soils, fossils, and objects of natural history, archieology, and ethnology, made by the Coast and Interior Survey, the Geological Survey, or by any other parties for the Government of the United States, when no longer needed for investigations in progress, shall be deposited in the National Museum.
Page 3 - And that the Director and members of the Geological Survey shall have no personal or private interests in the lands or mineral wealth of the region under survey, and shall execute no surveys or examinations for private parties or corporations...
Page 4 - Interior dated November 1, 1880. In this discussion he states that — Two special and distinct branches of duty are imposed upon the Director of the Geological Survey — (1) the classification of the public land and (2) the examination of the geological structure and mineral resources. As regards the classification of the public lands, the text of the law leaves an uncertainty whether this classification is intended to be a scientific exposition of the kinds of lands embraced in the national domain,...
Page 3 - That this officer shall have the direction of the Geological Survey, and the classification of the public lands, and examination of the geological structure, mineral resources, and products of the national domain.
Page 4 - geology was made to act as a sort of camp follower to expeditions whose main object was topographical reconnaissance. . . . Eighteen hundred sixty-seven, therefore, marks, in the history of national geological work, a turning point, when the science ceased to be dragged in the dust of rapid exploration and took a commanding position in the professional work of the country.
Page 59 - Today no one knows, with the slightest approach to accuracy, the status of the mineral industry, either technically, as regards the progress and development making in methods, or statistically, as regards the sources, amounts and valuations of the various productions.
Page 12 - ... qualifications of the applicant. Applicants for appointment under the division of general geology are required to furnish proper evidence of a good working knowledge of mathematics, physics, chemistry, geology, and mineralogy. Such evidence will consist of degrees of universities, or the testimony of experts in the required branches, or the result of a written examination. Applicants for appointment under the division of mining geology must furnish equivalent evidence of a working knowledge of...
Page 11 - Whenever special expenditures are made for meals they will be allowed, but for no other items of refreshment than the ordinary food provided for travelers.
Page 39 - Foremost among all nations in the production of the precious metals, ranking first in resources of petroleum, coal, and iron, and abundantly endowed with nearly every mineral substance demanded by the civilized arts and sciences, the United States has conspicuously failed to gather and publish systematic statistical knowledge of the yearly mineral productions. With the present rapid growth of industrial enterprise, with the complete interdependence of the arts, the least possible contribution to...
Page 29 - I have the honor to submit to you the following report of my work under the survey during the past year.

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