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A C T III.
a The Palace.
Enter King, Queen, Polonius, Ophelia, Rofincraus, Guil
denftern and Lords.
ND can you by no drift of conference
Get from him why he puts on this confufion, Grating fo harshly all his days of quiet,
With turbulent and dangerous lunacy?
Rof. He does confefs, he feels himself diftracted, But from what cause he will by no means speak. Nor do we find him forward to be founded;
But with a crafty madness keeps aloof,
When we would bring him on to fome confeffion
Queen. Did he receive you well?
Rof. Moft like a gentleman.
Guil. But with much forcing of his difpofition.
a R. firft defcribes the scene.
b The fo's and R. read circumftance. • R,'s duodecimo has confefion, wherein an eis printed instead of an a; out of which P. makes a different reading
which he puts in the margent, viz, com- · feffion.
d Firft and ad qu's, a for be.
e Third q. ftate. S. does not give this reading.
Rof. Most free of queftion, but of our demands Niggard in his reply.
Queen. Did you affay him to any paftime?
Rof. Madam, it fo fell out, that certain players
To hear of it. They are here about the court;
This night to play before him.
Pol. 'Tis moft true:
And he befeech'd me to entreat your majesties
To hear and fee the matter.
King. With all my heart, and it doth much content me To hear him fo inclin'd
Good gentlemen, give him a further edge,
And drive his purpose 1 into these delights.
Rof. We fhall, my lord.
[Exeunt Rof. and Guil.
King. Sweet Gertrude, leave us too.
f The text is here copied from H,'s alteration, followed by W. who gives the reafon for thus altering, and which will fufficiently appear to the reader by his turning back to the fcene between Hamlet and Refineraus. All other editions read,
Niggard of question, but of our demands
g H. reads unto.
h 7. omits fo.
O'er-raught, that is, e'er-reached. The fo's, Ift and 2d, read, ore-wrought;
3d and 4th, o`re-took; R. P. T. and H, 'ertook; W. d'er-rode.
* All but the qu's omit bere.
1 The fo's, R. H. and C. read, on to, inftead of into.
m All editions, but the qu's and C. mark this direction, [Exeunt, only. n The qu's read two.
• S. gives only the corrupt reading betber, which is in the 1ft and 2d qu's, and omits to give us the true reading bither, in the 3d q. which he has. e Fo's and R. there.
Affront Ophelia. Her father and myself
Will fo beftow ourselves, that, feeing, unfeen,
If 't be th' affliction of his love, or no,
Queen. I fhall obey you:
And for your part, Ophelia, I do wish,
To both your honours.
Oph. Madam, I wish it may.
[* Exit Queen,
Pol. Ophelia, walk you here.-Gracious, fo pleafe you, We will bestow ourselves.-Read on this book; [ To Oph. That show of fuch an exercife may colour
Your loneliness. We're oft to blame in this,
'Tis too much prov'd, that with devotion's visage,
How fmart a lash that fpeech doth give my confcience!
The harlot's cheek, beautied with plaftring art,
Is not more ugly to the thing that helps it,
Than is my deed to my moft painted word.
Oh heavy burthen.
Pol, I hear him coming, let's withdraw,, my lord.
[f Exeunt all but Ophelia.
Ham. To be or not to be? that is the question-
The flings and arrows of outrageous fortune;
To die—to fleep
No more; and by a fleep to fay, we end
The heart-ache, and the thoufand natural fhocks
Devoutly to be wifh'd. To die-to fleep—
To fleep? perchance to dream; ay, there's the rub;
i When we have fhuffled off this mortal coil,
Muft give us paufe. There's the refpect
"The pangs of defpis'd love, the law's delay,
But that the dread of fomething after death,
'The undiscover'd country, from whose borne
And makes us rather bear thofe ills we have,
The 2d f. reads, When he have fouffled, &c. the 3d and 4th, When be bath buffled, &c.
* Quips; conjecture of Grey. Quips and forms of tyrants; Quips and fcorns of title; two conjectures of J.
1 The evils here complained of are not the product of time or duration simply, but of a corrupt age or manners. We may be fure then that Shakespeare wrote, the whips and fcorns of time. And the defcription of the evils corrupt age, which follows, confi this emendation. W.
The fo's and R. read poor.
The pangs of difpriz'd love, the lazu's de
• Second q. omits be; 3d, as for be. P The 1ft and ad qu's read quietas. The fo's read, Who would thefe fardles bear.
So the qu's, fo's and R. P. alters grunt to groan; and is followed by all the editors after him, except C.
s P. alters The to That; followed by all. P. fpells this bourne; fo do all after him, but H, who says, bourn fignifies à broot or fiream of water; but what Shakespeare means is borne, a French word, fignifying limit or boundary.