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FRUIT CATALOGUE FOR OHIO
The American Pomological Society having issued (in 1862) a “Catalogue of Fruits for cultivation in the United States and Canadas, compiled from the reports of State and District Committees," our Society, last year, resolved to take up
this catalogue and carefully revise it with reference to its adaptation to the State of Obio; and, inasmuch as the different sections or the State are found so diverse in soil and climate, that fruits wbich succeed well in one section are sometimes found worthless in others, it was thought best to divide the State into five sections, thus :
North eastern-geological character-sandstone, conglomerate and coal measures.
Southerr, including South-western-mostly blue limestone, with marl and clayhills and river valleys.
For each of these sections, it was agreed there should be a separate column in the catalogue, with such sigos or marks as would indicate whether the variety of fruit named was known and approved, or otherwise, in that section. The mode of proceed. ing adopted was, for the chairman to read off the names as they occur in the list, then call upon the members present from each section, in turn, to express briefly their opinions, the Secretary noting down the same in their several columns.
In this way the whole catalogue was gone over, with Apples, Peaches and Pears; and the results were compiled in a convenient form---devoting the first page to brief remarks, and the second to the tabular columns. Tois catalogue was again revised at the present meeting, and the whole is republished in this report.
EXPLANATION OP COLUMNS.-The figures preceding the names refer to correspondiog figures on the opposite page, to save repeating the names.
The first column, Season. S. stands for summer; A. autumn; W. winter; E, early; L. late. Those not designated early or late, may be regarded as medium.
The second column, Use. K. kitchen, or for cooking; M. market (or money); C. cider. Those not designated may be regarded as for desert or general purposes. Those marked A. are specially for annateurs, being too small, or otherwise unsuited for profit.
Ia the remaining columns, three dots thus, ... signifies that the variety is not sufficiently knowa or tested in that district; a dash - signifies that it is known, but does not succeed well or is not approved ; a star thus, * signifies it is generally approved ; two stars, ** much approved ; a dash and star, —* approved by some persons, or does well in some localities, not in others.
1. Alexander, showy, but poor quality; not approved or moch grown.
Astrachan Red, generally commended, especially for market. : 5. Autumn Swaar, (sweet,) not generally known; some like it.
6. Baldwin, good North and East, and in some localities South. 7. Baily Sweet, approved where known; not sufficiently tested South. 8. Baltimore, (of Elliot,) good market apple, North and East ; not generally knows. 9. Bellflower, generally approved ; not very productive or reliable. 10. Belmont, very popular North and East; not so good South. 11. Beauty of Kent, not much known or approved. 12. Benoni, much approved where known; especially South. 13. Bentley Sweet, good, late winter; not generally known. 14. Blue Pearmain, not approved; coarse and inferior. 15. Broadwell, known only central and South ; approved there. 16. Bullock's Pippia, small
, but fine flavor; for amateurs only. 17. Canon Pearmain, Southern ; long keeper; little known. 18. Carolina June, not generally tested ; approved by some. 19. Cogswell, not generally tested in Ohio; good North. 20. Cooper, good, but variable; poor grower; not generally approved. 21. Cooper's Market, little kdown ; approved by some. 22. Danver's Winter Sweet, generally approved where known. 23. Dominie, not generally known; good and profitable for market. 24. Dutch Mignonne, showy, but too sour, little known.
Duchess of Oldenburg, bandsome and fair quality ; little known. 26. Dyer, or Pomme Royal ; generally approved where known. 27. Early George, little known; similar to Harvest; better grower. 28. Early Harvest, approved by all, but not a good grower or very profitable. 29. Early Joe, small fruit, but very good, for amateurs only. 30. Early Pennock, or August; good for market and cooking, 31. Early Red Margaret, small, little known; not generally approved. 32. Early Strawberry, generally approved, though rather small. 33. English Russet, (Poughkeepsie Russet.) One of the best Russetts. 34. Falla water, (Tulpehocken,) large and popular everywhere, though second rate. 35. Fall Pippin, good and popular, not very productive. 36. Fall Jennetting, approved only for cooking and market. 37. Fall Queen of Kentucky, approved South; little known elsewhere. 38. Fall Wine, bandsome and good, but slower grower; little known. 39. Fameuse, generally approved where koowo; especially North. 40. Fenton Sweet, handsome and good ; not generally known. 41. Fink, new, very long keeper; resembles Tewksberry Winter Blush. 42. Fort Miami, not much known; approved North-west. 43. Fourth of July, or Siberian August; resembles Tetofsky; handsome, new. 44. Garden Royal, for amateurs only; little known in Ohio. 45. Gilpin, or Romanite ; approved as a long keepor; small, second rate.
9.... 10. 11.... 12. 13....
16... 17.... 18.... 19.
E. S. K. M.
W. M. E. W. K. M. E. A. K. M.
46. Golden Russet, of New York, one of the best of Russets ; generally approved. 47. Golden Sweeting, everywhere productive and profitable ; second rata. 48. Gravenstein, handsome and good ; not very productive. 49. Green Sweet, priductive and good ; approved where known. 50 Grimes' Golden Pippin, new; much approved where known. 51. Hawthornden, very productive and fair; second rate. 52. Hewe's Virginia Crab, valued only for eider; poor grower. 53. Higby Sweet, dett, handsome and gond; approved North-east. 54. High top Sweet, or Summer Swert; small, but approved as earliest sweet. 55. Holland Pippin, or Summer Pippin; not generally known; good for cooking 56. Hubbardston Nonsuch, good and popular, especially Nortb. 57. Jeffries, new, promises well; approved where known 58. Jersey Sweet, excellent for dessert; popular where known. 59. Jonathan, beautiful and first rate fruit, but a slender tree. 60. Kaigns' Spitzenberg, large and showy ; second rate ; profitable sometimes. 61. Keswick Codlin, esteemed for cooking and market. 62. Kirkbridge White, popular South-west ; little known in Ohio. 63. King, of T. Co., handso ne and good; best at the North. 64. Ladies' Sweet, bandsome and good, but over praised East. 65. Lady Apple, small, but profitable, in some localities. 66. Large Striped Pearmain, not generally known; good Soutb. 67. Large Yellow Bough, or Sweet Bough; good everywhere; not very profitable. 68. Liberty, new, good late keeper; not extensively known. 69. Lowell, or Orange; productive and profitable ; generally approved. 70. Lyman's Pumpkin Sweet, large, sweet and good; not very productive. 7. Maiden's Blush, very productive and profitable everywhere. 72. May of Myers, approved as a late keeper; second rate. 7. Melon, little known in Obio; approved by some. 74. Milam, ratber small, but very productive and popular in some parts. 75. Munson Sweet, approved where known for apple butter and cider. 76. Newtown Pippin, does not generally succeed in Ohio; good some places. 77. Northern Spy, popular North, but a very tardy bearer. 78. Ortley, not as good as formerly in Ohio, but on new lands 79. Paradise Winter Sweet, approved where known; not over productive. 80. Peck's Pleasant, one of the best, for North and East especially. 81. Pomme Grise, small, but excellent; for amateurs only. 82 Porter, good North and East; not a strong grower. 83. Primate, not generally known, but esteemed where known. 84. Pryor's Red, good in some localities; not very reliable. 85. Rambo, everybody wants it, and will bave it! 86. Ramsdell Sweet, or English Sweet; productive and profitable ; good grower. 87. Rawle's Janet, much approved South and South-west ; small North. 88. Red Canada, good and popular, especially North ; slender grower. 89. Rhode Island Greening, good North, and sometimes East, not South, 90. Ribston Pippio, to: much known in Ohio. gr. Rome Beanty very profitable and popular in Southern Ohio. 02. Roxbury Russet, generally good North, and sume localities Sonth.
46...... 47. 48.
57 58. 59. 60 61
:: :: 11 :
65. 66. 67 68. 69.... 70....
L. W. M.
M.T. E. W. M.
A. K. M.
W. M. K.
72.... 73... 74.... 75. 76.... 77... 78.... 79.
84. 85. 86. 87 88
10 91 92.