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Cattle, entries of Thoroughbred, 1863 ... 38 Curl and blister of Peach leaves........ 460

awards on

40 Cereals, memoranda on

480

entries of Work Oxen and Steers. 40

Drain-Tile Machine.....

40

awards on

entries of Fat Cattle and MilchCows 41 Draining, philosophy of,

XXX

Xxxiii

awards on

.... 41 Deep Plowing, hints on

statements of Exhibiters of Cattle. 41 Depth for covering Wheat...... xxxix

entries in Sweepstakes Cattle..... 42 Dickinson, W., letter on Breeding Horses. 167

awards on

43

Feed Cutter, Buckeye......

63

Cider and Wine Mill with Press, combined 65

Fence, Portable Brace...

65

78

Corn Sheller, Higby's

Flour and Grain, awards on

92

67

Corn Separator,

Statement of Dutton & Preece. 93

Cultivator, Briggs' improved

Flowers, Stove and Green House, Profes-

79

Churn, J. S. Colburn's ....

sional, awards on...

103

Clothes Wringer, Putnam's.

80

Amateur, awards on.

104

Cider Mill and Press

85

Fine Arts, awards on........

111

Cabinet-ware, awards on...

90

Farm Crops, statements of...

163

Chemicals, awards on....

92

Feeding, Theory and Practice of, by Stone-

Cheese, awards on.....

93

henge....

181

S. E. & H. N. Carter's statement.. 93

Bedding for Horses..

187

A. Bartlett's statement

94

Dressing or Grooming.. 190

E. C. Cox's statement..

95 Food for Horses, analysis of ..

184

C. H. Dunbar & Son's statement, 95

in England..

187

Hammon Stevens' statement.....

95 French Merino Sheep in Ohio...

228

John J. Eldridge's statement 96 Forshhammer on Minerals in Plants..... 422

H. F. Giddings' statement

97

Forage Plants, chemico physiological char-

Commended list of articles of 1863... 112

acteristics...

431
County Societies, abstracts of reports.... 131 Foot-Rot in Sheep....

492

officers of

165

Cattle, species of.....

364

Goats, Cashmere, awards om.

59

definition of race, tribe, kind, &c.. 368

Report of Committee..

59

origin of races......

371

Grain Drill, Smith, Barnes & Co........ 72

methods of Breeding.....

375

Grapes, awards on......

110.

Breeding and Management, by T.

List of, exhibited by Geo. W. Camp-
C. Jones.
388 bell............

111
Breeding and Feeding, by Prof.

Gangee John, Microscopic Worms in Man 494
Brown ....

403

Expense in Breeding ..... 386 Horses, entries in Thoroughbred... 43

in-and-in Breeding, and Thorough

awards in

43

Breeding.

378

entries in Roadsters...

44

Crossing

380

awards in

.44-46

Refreshing of Blood

385

entries in Horses for General Pur-

Pastures....

394

poses.....

46

Thoroughbred

396

awards in Horses for General Pur-

Comstock's Rotary Spader,

xxi
poses....

47

Canada, agriculture in...

xxviii

entries in Draft...

50

Chemistry and Physiology in agriculture. li

awards

50

Crops in Prussia....

lxxv

entries in Matched Horses and

Cotswolds in Ohio ....

247

Mares.....

50

Chemico physiological characteristics of

awards in Matched Horses and

plants .....

431

Mares...

....

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Horses, awards in Geldings and Mares for Mill, Conical, French Burr Stone...... 77

barness and saddle.... 54 Mower, Hubbard's.......

82

awards, under saddle..

54 Mill Fabrics, awards on,

88

awards in Trotters

54 Melons, awards on..

111

entries in Sweepstakes..

54 Vusical Instruments, awards on..

112

awards

55 Microsophic Researches, by J. H. and C.

awards in Jacks and Mules...... 55

B. Salisbury.. . 450-460

feeding theory, and practice of.. 181

Description of the Apple,

Horse Rake, Steel Tooth....

63

Pear and Quince Blight... 452

Hay Rack, Hawkins' Folding...

64

Description of Fungus...... 461

Hay Press, Colaban's Portable..

68

Decay of Fruit....

464

Hoe and Cultivator, Hammon's Horse... 74 Manures, action of, by Liebig...

lvii
Household Fabrics, awards on..... 89 Meteorology of Ohio, for 1863.. .lxxxix
Honey, Preserves, Pickles, etc., awards on 99 Miami Valley, statistics of......

ci
Horses, Letter on Breeding, by W. Dick- Muskingum Valley, statistics of.

cxi
167 Maumee

cxiv
Bedding for..

187 Manchester, Geo., Statement of Potato

Dressing or Grooming.....

190

Crop

164

Hybridization of Plants, importance of.. xliii Merinos, French, in Ohio..

228
Hocking Valley, statistics of............cxix Memoranda on Cereals...

480
Howard, Mitchel C., Essay on Broom Corn 197 Microscopic Worms in Man.

494

enson

Xxxiii

Second Division, “

69 Plants, importance of hybridization....... xliii
Third Division,

74 Physiology and Chemistry in Agriculture li
Mills, Champion Noppareil

75 | Physiologist, task of in Agriculture...... lix
Vegetables, Roots, &c., awards on ...... 102
Swine, Large Breeds, awards on.

XXX

...... 201.

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President's Address...

vii Sheep, Essay on Varieties and Culture of
Potatoes, H. V. Bronson's statement of... 163 in Ohio-J. H. Klippart .......

201
Geo. Manchester's

... 164 Sheep, Growth of Lustre Wool.
Precocity of Development in Cattle...... 403 French Merinos and their grades., 228
Development under natural

French Motinos, description and

circumstances....

405

statements of ......

231

Development under artificial

Saxons and their grades.....

233

circumstances....

407 Saxons, description and statements

Development under domesti-

of ....

236

cation.....

409

Silesians

239

particular results of the forc-

South Downs.

240

ing system.....

415 South Downs, description and state-

Plants, what they feed on.

422

ments of

242

Forage, chemico physiological char-

Cotswolds

24-

acteristics of......

431

Cotswolds, description and state-

Pear, Apple and Quince Blight..

450

Pork, diseased....

494

Leicesters

250

Sheep Husbandry in Ohio....

• 253

Randall, H. S., Address of...

340 Negretti Breeding of, by W. Sette-

Raspberries, awards on..

111

gast......

293

Rotary Spades, Comstocks..
xxi Spader, Comstock's Rotary

xxi
River Counties, statistics of..

сxxiii
Statistics of Crops in Ohio for 1863

ci

Report of Treasurer...

ix

act in relation to...

cii

Races of Cattle, origin of....
371 Scioto valley, statistics of....

....cviii
artificial....... 373 Stonehenge, Essay on Feeding Horses ... 181

Settegast, W., on Negretti Sheep........ 293
State Board, proceedings of ......

Salisbury, J. H. and O. B., on Microscopic

1

researches.

450

State Agricultural Fund.

19

on Peach leaf curl and blister. 460

State Board, members of...

23

Soil we cultivate.....

484

Societies, District and County.

23

deep stirring of.

485

28

exhaustion of

488

State Fair Grounds, location of...... 29

Sheep, awards on Merinos, Fair of 1863.. 56

Tobacco Question......

24 and 28

56

Tools and Household Implem'ts, awards on 79

Report of Committee.

56

Turnip crop in Canada

xxvii

awards on Leicesters.

56

Treasurer's Report....

ix

Report of Committee.

56

Trichinea

494

awards on Cotswolds....

57

66 South Down and Fat Vehicles, awards on......

85

Sheep

57

59

Small Breeds, awards on.

59 Wheat Drill.....

81

Sweepstakes on Swine

60 Wood Saw

84

Seed Separator and Cleaner....

66 Worked Metals, awards on..

90

Sewing and Knitting Machines, awards on 86 Wooden Ware, awards on....

91

Sewing Machines, Wheeler & Wilson's... 87 Wool, growth of Lustre

201
Silk and Fabrics of Silk, awards on 88 What Plants feed on, and Minerals in the
Stoves, Castings, &c., awards on ........ 90 ashes of Plants.....

... 422
Saddlers’ and Shoemakers' Ware, awards on 91 Wheat, how deep to sow.

Xxxxii
Sugar Evaporators and Mills, awards on.. 100 Wages in Ohio..

.lxvii

Statement of Farm crops...?

163 Western Reserve

..cxvi

PRESIDENT'S REPORT.

To the General Assembly of the State of Ohio :

The Eighteenth Annual Report of the Ohio State Board of Agriculture is herewith respectfully submitted to your honorable body. The Report will be found to embrace, as the law directs, “the proceedings of the Board for the past year, and an abstract of the proceedings of the several County Agricultural Societies, as well as a general view of the condition of agriculture throughout the State," &c.

The active operations of the Board for the past year have been limited to making the necessary arrangements for holding the Annual State Fair, and to give encouragement, by means of premiums, to the better culture of some important field crops. The Annual Fair was held in the city of Cleveland, and was well attended, and doubtless contributed greatly to stimulate those present to attempt the better management of their farms, and higher styles of culture.

The reports from County Societies give evidence that the agriculture of the State was not paralyzed by the withdrawal of laborers from the State for the defense of the country. The increased use of machinery, moved by animal, water, and steam power, in farming operations, has enabled farmers to accomplish the usual amount of labor with a diminished number of hands. The County Fairs of this year have been better attended than those of last year, and have been held in a larger number of counties.

For a general statement of the condition of the agriculture of the State, you are respectfully referred to the report on this subject, made to the Board by its Corresponding Secretary.

An exhibit of the financial condition of the Board will be found in the Treasurer's report. It will be seen from this that a larger balance now stands to the credit of the Board than at any previous period of its history.

The Board would again respectfully but earnestly recommend the acceptance, on the part of the State of Ohio, of the grant of land made by Congress for the establishment and support of agricultural schools. There cannot be a question among the well informed of the utility of such institutions, neither can there be much doubt of the great necessity of such an institution in Ohio at the present time. Nearly every other Northern State has already accepted the Congressional grant on the conditions specified, and has thus obtained an advantage over Ohio of earlier and better selections from the public domain.

The Board would also again urge the propriety of an annual appropriation of $3,000 to defray the expenses of this Board, and for the promotion of its objects, in lieu of the present agricultural fund derived from escheats of lands and show licenses. The revenue of the Board derived from these sources has been so irregular and uncertain as seriously to embarrass the operations of the Board, and to prevent any systematic course of investigations and experiments, which would otherwise have been undertaken. It is with regret on the part of the Board that its operations have been thus limited by the want of funds. Agricultural surveys, original investigations and experiments, the pnblication of a quarterly journal, with other kindred labors, would have been cheerfully undertaken, if the sum placed annually at the disposal of the Board would have justified the expenditure.

Trusting that the General Assembly will be able to devise measures adapted to promote not only the interests of agriculture, but all the best interests of the State, I am your obedient servant,

N. S. TOWNSHEND,

President of the Board. Avon, Dec. 31st, 1863.

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