Page images
PDF
EPUB

Best breeding Sow over one year old, S. Toms, Elyria ... 20 best, C. Laroe, Warrensville, 0 .....

.$10

5

REPORT OF COMMITTEE. The Committee respectfully report that they award premiums as per margin, and would add, that with the exception of animals shown by same, they find the exhibition of hogs in this class unworthy of the great State of Ohio.

W. F. GREER,
J. D. EASTON,

J. V. D. PETTIT. In the class of Sweepstakes, there were 19 entries :

AWARDS OX SWEEPSTAKES.
Best boar of any breed, not over two years old, Geo. Anderson, Painesville....
Best sow of any breed, not over two years old, A. G. Smith, Ford, 0 .......

AWARDING COMMITTEE.-R. M. Kinney, Erastus Spencer, Geo. Lewis and I. C. Treat.

$15 15

POULTRY. There were 70 entries in the class of Poultry. Annexed is the report of the Committee and a list of the awards :

Your Committee selected to report on Class No. 21, beg leave to report that they have carefully examined the entries in their class, (which, by the way, was somewhat difficult on account of the arrangements having them scattered over too large a space), and would hereafter recommend the proper adjustment of the several entries, but having done the best they could under the circumstances, have awarded the premiums and recommendations as before stated.

Jos. Ralston, 0. WATERS, BRICE HITTON,

AWARDS ON POULTRY.

Best pair of China fowls, Henry Bishop, Springfield 28 best, E. Bingham, Cleveland ....

2 Best pair of Game fowls, Wm. Mills, Orange.

3 20 best, Moylan Fox, Cleveland

2 Best pair of Dorkings, E. T. Sturtevant, East Cleveland

3 2d best, E. S. Willard, Cleveland....

2 Best pair of Polands, A. Hall, Clevelapd

3 2d best, Michael Rahar, Cleveland....

2 Best pair of Spanish, Wm. Beldin, Detroit, Mich..

3 20 best, A. Hall, Cleveland.....

2 Best pair Turkeys, J. M. Tubbs, Cleveland....

3 20 best, J. Huntington, Cleveland....... Best and largest exhibition of Poultry, owned by one exhibiter, Henry Bishop, Springfield, O.. 6

SECOND DEPARTMENT In the class of Machinery, Engines, &c., there were 23 entries. The following awards were made, viz. :

MACHINERY, ENGINES, ETC. Best portable Farm Engine, C. & J. Cooper, Mt. Vernon..

.$50 " Steam Guage, E. F. Healy, Cleveland..

3

Best Shingle Machine, L. S. Fairchild, Cleveland .......

$5 “ Moulding Machine, Andrew Parker, Cleveland...

5 “ Water Wheel, Jas. Leffel & Co., Springfield... AWARDING COMMITTEE.-John P. Holt, N. S. C. Perkins, Wm. Whitely and J. E. Owens.

In the "First Division" of Agricultural Machines, there were 50 entries. Annexed is a list of the awards and the Committee's report :

AGRICULTURAL MACHINES. Best threshing machine, S. E. Oviatt, Richfield.....

.$15 “ sweep borse power, R. McLennan, Springfield...

10 " endless chain horse-power, R. & M. Harder, Cobleskill, N. Y.

10 " threshing machine operated by endless chain power, R. & M. Harder, Cobleskill, N. Y... 5 " circular saw mill operated by horse power, Baldwin, De Witt & Co., Cleveland ..... ... 5 “ log cross-cut saw mill horse-power, White and Bostwick, Norwalk....

5 " combined clover huller and cleaner, D. Whiting, Ashland..

5 “ hemp and flax dressing machine, F. A. Haven, New York

5 “ cider mill and press, G. E. Hutchinson, Cleveland.

5 " borse hay rake, Hawkins & Howe, Akron, O....

3 “ hay, straw and stalk cutter, Hawkins & Howe, Akron..

6 " hay press, S. Colahan, Cleveland...

5 power corn sheller, Baldwin, DeWitt & Co., Cleveland .....

5 " hand corn sheller, A. Higley, Warren ....

2 • Your Committee find many articles in this class worthy of a second premium, that we were unable to award, as there are no second premiums in this class. We, however, have recommended some articles for your approval.

D. W. H. HOWARD,
Chas. CARPENTER,
E. C. DANIELS,

W. S. STETSON.
OYIATT'S IMPROVED THRESHER AND SEPARATOR.
This thresher and separator-the result of five years' labor on the part of the inventor
made its first public appearance in the fall of 1863, and received first premiums at the Ohio
State Fair for that year, and at several County and District fairs where it was exhibited.

It has various new features which entitle it to the marks of distinction which it has received, and commend it to the attention of all who are interested in this class of implements. Some of these improvements may be understood by the aid of the cut, and a brief description. Standards for the support of the stacker are dispensed with, and their places supplied by cords leading from its' upper end to a hand-crank shaft nearly over its base. The straw-carrier is driven from its lower end, and its driving belt has the same tension, whatever may be the elevation of the stacker. The stacker may be easily and quickly raised or lowered, while the machine is io operation, by turning the band-crank A ratchet holds the shaft in any desired position. The stacker is jointed in the middle, and when about to be moved, the upper part is folded under the lower, and held there by hooks and staples. The cross-braces in the carrier, apon the stacker, keeps it in shape, and it is not easily displaced on the polleys

The stacker is closely covered by a canvas or oil-cloth hood,” resting upon the cords, by which it is supported, and buttoned to its sides. Over the threshing cylinder is a drum, open towards the cylinder, in which is placed a rapidly revolving fan. An air-tight passage connects this drum with the opening over the sieves. By this simple arrangement the dust and chaft arising from the cylinder are drawn into the fan-drum, forced through the air passage, deprived apon the sieves of any grain which may have been drawn in by the fan, and driven out and discharged with the straw at the end of the stacker. Thus is closed up a broad avenue through wbich so many workmen with threshers have been conducted to disease and death. There are

[graphic][subsumed]

other advantages arising from this mode of construction. The blasts of air from the fans, shot in by the canvas tube, impel the straw along the carriers, and greatly aid in its discharge. It is unnecessary to change the position of the thresher as the wind veers, for the fan blasts are sufficient to carry out the straw against a head wind.

The shoe has an end shake, whereby the side rack or vibration of the machine is avoided and space is gained for the introduction of larger sieves than are commonly used with the same length of cylinder, so that the work of separating and cleaning the grain is more thoroughly performed. The grain and screening boxes are placed nearly under the center of the body of the machine, and the contents of each may be drawn off from either side at pleasure. The separator carrier is of novel construction, and is constantly discharging what falls through its

meshes, so that it does not fill up and clog. 1 The feed tables are hinged to the machine, and are folded up in compact form when not in

use. With all its attachments and advantages, it has a less number of pulleys, and requires less belting than other thrashers, and will perform a given amount of work with less power than is commonly required. As a whole it is a light, compact machine; easily transported ; quickly set up for work, or prepared for moving when its work is performed ; does its work thoroughly, without waste of time, and conduces much to the comfort and health of its operators.

The inventor and patentee of this machine is S. E. Oviatt, of Richfield, Summit county, O.; and the thrasher, exhibited at the State Fair, was manufactured by Hawkins & Howe, of Akron.

STEEL-TOOTH HORSE-RAKE. The horse-rake, to which the first premium was awarded at the Ohio State Fair in 1863, is also manufactured by Hawkins & Howe, at Akron, Ohio. The leading features of the rake may be observed in the cat. The teeth are made of spring-steel and are binged upon a rod, above the axle, in such a manner as to allow each tooth to raise and fall independent of every other. The points of the teeth are turned up so as to slide over the ground, and not tear it, as a harrow. The teeth can adjust themselves to the inequalities of the ground, and neither tear up the sod upon the bummocks, nor leave a part of their work unperformed. The hay and grain gathered by it are as free from dust and dirt as if the work bad been done by band. The teeth are made long, and shaped to carry the hay instead of rollo ing it over the ground. In operating the rake, when a stone or stub is struck by a tooth, the tooth raises, and straightens sufficiently to pass over it, and immediately springs back into place. Cleaner fingers are so attached that when the teeth are raised the fingers more downward and clear the hay from the teeth. The teeth are raised by a lever placed at the right hand of the operator. A boy or girl, twelve years of age, can operate the rake ; and on very many farms the owners could pay for a rake of this description, out of what they might sare by its use, in a single season.

[graphic]
[graphic][subsumed][subsumed]

THE BUCKEYE FEED-CUTTER. This new feed-cutter, to which the first premium was awarded at the Ohio State Fair in 1863,

was patented by Horace R. Hawkins, Nov. 20th, 1860, and Aug. 27th, 1861 ; and is manufactured by Hawkins & Howe, Akron, Ohio. This feed-cutter has a single, plain, straight knife, attached to a crooked knife lever, one end of which is connected with the driving wheel, and the other is supported by a right-angled rocking shaft, placed nearly over the center of the mouth of the cutter-box. Three strokes are made at each revolution of the hand-crank. The stroke of the knife is wholly made while the driving wheel is performing one-third of a revolution; and that part of the revolution is used, which the force of gravitation would cause the wheel to pass through, were it placed at rest with the knife commencing to cut. The knife makes its cut with both a shearing and a drawing stroke. A strong pressure is exerted upon the knife, in the latter part of the stroke, through the lower part of the right-angled shaft, as it is brought to a perpendicular with the line of draft. The horizontal part of the rightangled shaft, which supports one end of the knife lever, is placed between two pivots, or hookbolts, by means of which the knife can be adjusted to and from the mouth of the box. The eatter-box, for convenience, is made in two parts, one of which is removable at pleasure. The other part, faced with bardened steel, rests upon set bolts, by means of which the box can be raised—the knife remaining stationary-to compensate for the wear of the knife. The heavy driving wheel is hung low, and the feed-cutter is kept in position by two screw bolts passing through the foot-pieces, so that the knife may be driven rapidly without injury. This feedcatter is strong and durable, not likely to®get out of repair, and is adapted to the cutting of all kinds of feed. Hand, power and combined (hand or power) feed-cutters, as described, are made by the manufacturers above named.

[graphic][subsumed][merged small]

This is an improved Rack, intended to take the place of the box on carts and wagons when they are used for carrying hay, straw, and unthresbed grain. It has two bed pieces, which rest upon the bolsters. Into these are morticed three or four pair of arms. Each pair are so connected by a bolt, placed at an equal distance from the bed pieces, as to allow them, when the side boards are removed, to be folded together. The side boards are held firmly in their places by staples, which slip over and clasp the upper ends of the arms. Two staples, driven in the under side of the bed pieces, sapport a cross-bar, upon which, and the bolsters, the bottom boards rest. A standard (not shown in the cut) is secured in place by two staples in the forward end of each bed piece. This is a strong, light, and durable hay rack ; holds its load securely ; is easily constructed, and readily handled by one man, and can be stored away in a small space wben the season for its use is over It was patented by Horace R. Hawkins, of Akron, Obio, July 10th, 1860.

« PreviousContinue »