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No. 1.-I am breeding more for wool than for carcass. My experience in the above varieties of sheep is that the Saxony sheep are too delicate for this climate, and too light fleeced to be profitable. Silesians are better, but to some extent labor under the same difficulties of the Saxonys. I am well pleased with the cross of the Spanish Merino, and have procured, at very high prices, some of the thorough breeds, from the best flocks in the State of Vermont, for the purpose of breeding a flock of that kind of sheep. Yours respectfully,
SCOTT M. FOWLER.
SOUTHDOWNS. For history of Southdowns, see page 430 of Ohio Agricultural Report for
ALLEN COUNTY. 5Gabriel Heffner, Westminster. 4 100: Southdown 6A. E. Kerr,
6 100 do 7 Samuel Ice, do
100 8J. H. Drake, Bluffton... 10315 9 L. Jennings, Beaver Dam 11 50 do 10 R. McKee, do
2001 do 11 Hugh Dobbins, Lima...
ATHENS COUNTY. 1211. Stanley, jr., Hibbardsville 31 200 Southdown.. 13 Oliver Bassett, Athens...... 1 15 14 Wm. Campbell, Lee P. O.... 20
W. C. 15 Edward Blake, do
751 do E. B 16 Samuel Wines, do
350 do 17|Moses Patterson
1 501 do
Meadow Bluffs, W. Va
BUTLER COUNTY. 18 Wm. Black, West Lafayette.. 51 100 Southdown ....
19 A. Oskamp, Miamiville.
do 98 do
24 Ed. Davis, North Royalton.. 4 401 Southdown. 1853, E. D....... Shropshire, England. 25 Chas. Erswell, do
1001 do 26 W. Tilby,
301 do 27 G. Abrams, do
201 do 28 L. Lovejoy, do
25 do 290. Claflin, do
COSHOCTON COUNTY. 30 Geo. Clarke, Warsaw
50 Southdown ..JJ. Stevens jKnox county. 31 Uriah Brisker...
CRAWFORD COUNTY. 32. James Kerr, Bucyrus ...... 5| 30 Southdown.................. 1
COLUMBIANA COUNTY. 33|J. & K. Raley, E. Fairfield../ 3] 414 Southdown .....
.W. Chester, Pa. &NJ DEFIANCE COUNTY. 34 A. P. Egerton, Hicksville .... GO Southdown.................. /
FRANKLIN COUNTY. 35 A. Livingston, Reynoldsburg| 11 5 Half to full|1855, A. W. L..Smith Farm, Ky.
FULTON COUNTY. 36Wm. Fewlas, Delta........ 11 5013 Southdown W. F...........!
GREENE COUNTY. 37 C. A. Haughey, Bowersville 31 250Half Lincoln Major Hunt, of England.
shire. Clark county, 0..
HAMILTON COUNTY. 38;Samuel Dunn, Lockland...... 110/1 Southdownl.
39 Samuel Toms, Elyria ....
do do do do
England and Canada
MAHONING COUNTY. 481Wm. Creed, Cortspille... 31 75 Southdown.. 4911. I. Shields, Youngstowa.
220, do J. H. 8. 1860, England.
61|Abner Stout, Chester ....... 21 8013 Southdown |1859, A. S...... Athens county.
ROSS COUNTY. 52JR. R. Seymour, Bainbridge.110| 400 Sobot full R. R. S. 400 to full |R. R. S.........Clinton and Fayette
Ico., Importing Co. TRUMBULL COUNTY. 53] Elijah Hutchins..... .fo.l.... Southdowns..... ...........1
WARREN COUNTY. 54 L. W. Ludlum, Butlerville. 5 301 Southdown (Shakers. 66 Richard Skinner, do 1 Bouthdown ..
Warren county. 56 Gio. Carson, do
15 57 Israel Lundy,
do 58 Martha Seaman,
do 69, John Armstrong,
do 60 Jacob Clark,
do 61 Jacob Ferguson, do
16 do 62 Isaac Nichols,
No. 4.-My flock in all is 110 and three lambs. In 1859 I bought of James Childs, Blachleyville, Wayne county, a Leicester buck, that had just arrived from Bourbon, Ky., bis weight was 284 pounds; price $25. His stock from long wooled ewes was large, with open wool, showing the Leicester blood; but those from fine ewes were thick, close wooled, heavy bodied, short legged and long wooled; they are good sheep. I have 25 sheep that were brought from Indiana; they are wbat we used to call natives (there is no such things as natives); they have long legs; the males have horns; the wool light and open; the belly and legs are bare; they are great feeders and great jumpers—poor sheep. I have some sheep from Washington county, Pa., called Black Top Merinos; small sheep, with very short and very fine wool; fleeces but three pounds; they are tender and the lambs bard to raise. I bave some that I suppose was descended from the flock of Wells & Dickinson, similar to the above Southdowns they are beauties. I have some half blood, quarter blood and eighth blood, but as long as the face and feet are speckled the lambs will be thrifty and the sheep will always be clean, fat and plump. The lambs are easily raised. I breed from balf blood Southdowo bucks, for the want of better. All sheep are profitable, but, I suppose, the pure Spanish, lately introduoed from Vermont, are the most protitable of all; they have heavy bodies, abort legs, and are wooled all over, head, belly and legs. The wool is very thick and heavy; the fibre is twice as long as the Washington county or Black Top Merino; they are quiet and docile, and do well in large flocks. There are several flocks in this township. But the most of the sheep here are what we call middle wool. I have a number of them; they are a mixture of all bloods, by such a multitude of crosses that no man can describe. I have lived on this farm forty one years, and have had the care of sheep all my life, and they have been constantly crossing all of that time. The result is, we have a most valuable sheep, far supe rior to the original stock, that I called natives; they have short legs, very heavy bodies, long and thick wool, are good feeders, very quiet, fleeces are heavy, and the wool now sells higher than any other. One of their most valuable qualities is that they are very prolific, very frequently producing twins, and generally raising them. We have some flocks of Saxonys; their fleeces are too light and fine for war times.
No. 6.— I purchased thirty common ewes from 'Squire Grub, in Allen, near Lafayette, in 1860, and bred them to a full Southdown buck, that I purchased of James Kerr, in Crawford county, Ohio. He was bought by James Kerr at the 'Dayton fair, and taken to Bucyrus, then I purchased him, bred from him two years; then I purchased a French Merino buck, that had taken the first premium at the Lima fair, in 1860. I am breeding fifty ewes this season. I have purchased a full blood Spanish Merino buck; I am breeding a few ewes to him. I have purchased some 35 Black Top Merino ewes, which I am breeding to my French buck.
A. E. KERR
No. 8.-Our whole flock, including wethers, is 587. We are feeding for market 262 wethers, of the different crosses, to ascertain the true value of the different grades.
J. H. DRAKE
No. 11.—The flocks of sheep in our county are mostly small. And antil within a few years there has been but little attention paid to wool growing in this county. With the exception of the flocks of Slutts, Baker & Cook, they have been mostly grown from sheep brought here years ago, and, therefore, the history of their foundation cannot, with any degree of certainty, be given. Yours truly,
No. 18.--I had last fall something over 200 head of sheep; but, owing to the diy fall, my lambs began to fall off. I had to drive them to water as far as two miles, and then some of them would not drink. I believe I have lost from 8 to 10. Nine years ago I landed in America, and since that time I have been improving my stock. I have now a good stock. I don't call them quite pure Southdowns, although they are good. I have taken every premium at the Coshocton County Fair for the last four years; I had thirteen premiums gave to me; I did not take but eleven of them last fall. Some judges say they are the best stock of Southdowns in the State, but I don't say that. Now I say that I believe I have some as good blood as can be found. I have been raising from Mr. Jonas Webb's stock, of England, and he is said to be the best breeder in England. He thinks he can challenge the world--that is a large word. Mr. Webb had a sale in 1861, on the 10th of July; the number of sheep he sold was 967, which made £10,926, English coin, and when you add that up, I think you will find it to be over $50,000. I first began my stock of sheep with a man by the name of Baine; he went himself and brought them pure from England. The next I bought from a man by the name of John Worth, of Pennsylvania, five ewes and a ram, which was raised from Jonas Webb's stock; the sire of the above ram was by a ram Mr. Jonathan Thorn bought of Mr. Webb, which was the highest priced buck at Mr. Jonas Webb's selling, his price was 130 guineas; his dam by Prince, bred by Mr. Jutere, near Albany; his grand dam was imported by John Elman, from England. I have some I bought since of the best blood I can get. At Webb's sale his choice ram was called Reserve. He would not let him be sold for $2,000 until he bad kept him from July 10th till October 15th, then he sold him. I have a ram from him. Reserve was by Young Plenipotentiary; dam Young York; grandam by Southampton, the first prize yearling of the Royal English Agricultural Show, at Southampton. Mr. John Worth gent ten ewes to Feserve, and paid $10 for each ewe, and more than that he paid over $3 per head for carriage. I have ewe stock from other bucks of Mr. Webb's. I have some by England, wbich was sold at Webl's sale for $1,300; he was by the sire of the first prize year. ling at Canterbery; dam by the Little Sheep; dam, the mother of Vigor. I have ewe stock from Webb's favorite dam by Prank. I have three yearling bucks by the ram I bought of Mr. John Worth. I mean to sell the sire next fall.
No. 21.---After a lifetime spent among sheep, and having had several breeds, I have come to the conclusion that sheep crossed from the South