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I. H. R. 6141 AND H. R. 6142, TRANSPORTATION AMENDMENTS ACT OF

1955

H. R. 6141, 84TH CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION
(H. R. 6142, an identical bill, introduced by Mr. Wolverton)

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

May 10, 1955

Mr. Priest (by request) introduced the following bill; which was

referred to the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce A BILL To amend the Interstate Commerce Act, as amended, so as to provide

for a stronger national transportation industry, and for other purposes Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representaives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "Transportation Amendments Act of 1955."

SEC. 2. The national transportation policy preceding section 1 of the Interstate Commerce Act, as amended, is amended to read as follows:

"It is hereby declared to be the national transportation policy of the Congress

"(i) to provide for and develop, under the free enterprise system of dynamic competition, a strong, efficient, and financially sound national transportation industry by water, highway, and rail, as well as other means, which is and will at all times remain fully adequate for national defense, the postal service, and commerce;

“(2) to encourage and promote full competition between modes of transportation at charges not less than reasonable minimum charges, nor more than reasonable maximum charges, so as to encourage technical innovations, the development of new rate and service techniques, and the increase of operating and managerial efficiency, full use of facilities and equipment, and the highest standards of service, safety, economy, efficiency, and benefit to the transportation user and the ultimate consumer, but without unjust discrimination, undue preference or advantage, or undue prejudice, and without excessive or unreasonable charges on noncompetitive traffic;

(3) to cooperate with the several States and the duly author ized officials thereof, and to encourage fair wages and equitable working conditions;

“(4) to reduce economic regulation of the transportation industry to the minimum consistent with the public interest and to the end that the inherent economic advantages, including cost and service advantages, of each mode of transportation may be

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fully realized in such a manner so as to reflect its full competitive economic capabilities; and

“(5) to require that such minimum economic regulation be fair and impartial, without special restrictions, conditions, or

limitations on individual modes of transport. "All the provisions of this Act shall be construed, administered, and enforced with a view of carrying out the above declaration of policy."

Sec. 3. (a) Paragraph (4) of section 1 of the Interstate Commerce Act, is amended to read as follows:

“(4) It shall be the duty of every common carrier subject to this part to provide and furnish transportation upon reasonable request therefor, and to establish reasonable through routes with such other carriers, and rates, fares, charges, and classifications, regulations, and practices to be applied in connection therewith which result in charges not less than just and reasonable minimum charges nor more than just and reasonable maximum charges; and it shall be the duty of common carriers by railroad subject to this part to establish reasonable through routes with common carriers by water subject to part III, and rates, fares, charges, and classifications, regulations, and practices to be applied in connection therewith, which result in not less than just and reasonable minimum charges nor more than just and reasonable maximum charges. It shall be the duty to every such common carrier establishing through routes to provide reasonable facilities for operating such through routes and to make reasonable rules and regulations with respect to their operation, and providing for reasonable compensation to those entitled thereto; and in case of joint rates, fares, or charges, to establish just, reasonable, and equitable divisions thereof, which shall not unduly prefer or prejudice any of such participating carriers."

(b) Paragraph (5) of section 1 of the Interstate Commerce Act, as amended, is amended to read as follows:

“(5) All charges made for any service rendered or to be rendered in the transportation of passengers or property, or in connection therewith, shall be not less than just and reasonable minimum charges nor more than just and reasonable maximum charges therefor, and every charge for such service which is less than a reasonable minimum charge or more than a just and reasonable maximum charge is prohibited and declared to be unlawful."

(c) Paragraph (6) of section 1 of the Interstate Commerce Act, as amended, is amended to read as follows:

“(6) It is hereby made the duty of all common carriers subject to the provisions of this part to establish, observe, and enforce classifications of property for transportation, regulations, and practices which when applied with the rates, fares, and charges of such carriers result in charges not less than just and reasonable minimum charges, nor more than just and reasonable maximum charges, and just and reasonable regulations and practices affecting classifications, rates, or tariffs, the issuance, form, and substance of tickets, receipts, and bills of lading, the manner and method of presenting, marking, packing, and delivering property for transportation, the facilities for transportation, the carrying of personal, sample, and excess baggage, and all other matters relating to or connected with the receiving, handling, transporting, storing, and delivery of property subject to the provisions of this part which may be necessary or proper to secure the safe and prompt receipt, handling, transportation, and delivery of property subject to the provisions of this part upon just and reasonable terms, and every classification, regulation, and practice resulting in less than just and reasonable minimum charges or more than just and reasonable maximum charges for the service, services, or part thereof covered thereby is prohibted and declared to be unlawful."

Sec. 4. Paragraph (1) of section 4 of the Interstate Commerce Act, as amended, is amended to read as follows:

“(1) It shall be unlawful for any common carrier subject to this part or part III to charge or receive any greater compensation in the aggregate for the transportation of passengers, or of like kind of property, for a shorter than for a longer distance over the same line or route in the same direction, the shorter being included within the longer distance, but this shall not be construed as authorizing any common carrier within the terms of this part or part III to charge or receive as great compensation for a shorter as for a longer distance: Provided, however, That such common carrier may charge less for longer than for shorter distances for the transportation of passengers or property if the charge established to or from the more distant point (a) is necessary to meet actual competition of another carrier or carriers, and (b) is not less than a just and reasonable minimum charge."

Sec. 5. The first sentence of subparagraph (b) of paragraph (11) of section 6 of the Interstate Commerce Act, as amended, is amended to read as follows:

“To establish proportional rates, or just and reasonable minimum or maximum proportional rates by rail to and from the ports to which the traffic is brought, or from which it is taken by the water carrier, and to determine to what traffic and in connection with what vessels and upon what terms and conditions such rates shall apply."

Sec. 6. (a) The first sentence of paragraph (3) of section 13 of the Interstate Commerce Act, as amended, is amended by striking out “or initiated by the President during the period of Federal control," and inserting in lieu thereof "or any State service requirement (including any constitutional, statutory, administrative or judicial requirement to provide, operate, or maintain railroad service or facilities, or the refusal or omission of any State agency or tribunal having jurisdiction, upon application, request, or notice duly presented thereto, to authorize or permit discontinuance or curtailment of such service or facilities within one hundred and eighty days after the presentation of such application),

(b) Paragraph (4) of section 13 of the Interstate Commerce Act, as amended, is amended to read as follows:

*(4) Whenever, in any such investigation the Commission, after full hearing, finds that any such rate, fare, charge, classification, regulation, or practice, causes any undue or unreasonable advantage, preference, or prejudice as between persons or localities in interstate commerce on the one hand and interstate or foreign commerce on the other hand, or any undue, unreasonable, or unjust discrimination against interstate or foreign commerce, or that any such service requirement causes or will cause a net loss in revenue to the carrier or carriers involved, or otherwise unduly burdens or will unduly burden interstate or foreign commerce, all of which are hereby forbidden and declared to be unlawful, it shall by order determine and prescribe such just and reasonable minimum or maximum rate, fare, or charge, thereafter to be charged, and the classification, regulation, practice, or service requirement thereafter to be observed : Provided, That in any such investigation involving a State service requirement the Commission shall not issue such order prescribing or requiring discontinuance or curtailment of service covered thereby unless it finds that there is or will be available to the public reasonably adequate service in lieu thereof by other carriers or modes of transport (including private carriage) in the event of discontinuance or curtailment of the particular service or facility involved. Such order or orders issued under this section shall be observed while remaining in effect by the carriers parties to such proceeding affected thereby, the law of any State or the decision or order of any State authority to the contrary notwithstanding."

Sec. 7. (a) Paragraph (1) of section 15 of the Interstate Commerce Act, as amended, is amended to read as follows:

“(1) That whenever, after full hearing upon a complaint made as provided in section 13 of this part, or after full hearing under an order for investigation and hearing made by the Commission on its own initiative, either in extension of any pending complaint or without any complaint whatever, the Commission shall be of opinion that any individual or joint rate, fare, or charge whatsoever demanded, charged, or collected by any common carrier or carriers subject to this part for the transportation of persons or property as defined in the first section of this part, or any individual or joint classification, regulation, or practice whatsoever of such carrier or carriers subject to the provisions of this part, affecting such rate, fare, or charge, is or will be in contravention of any provision of this part, the Commis. sion shall determine and prescribe such just and reasonable minimum or maximum rate, fare, or charge, or such relationship, classification, regulation, or practice, as in its judgment may be necessary to remove such violation, to the extent to which the Commission finds that the same does or would exist, and to make an order that the carrier or carriers shall cease and desist from such violation, to the extent to which the Commission finds that the same does or would exist, and shall not thereafter publish, demand, or collect any rate, fare, or charge for such transportation less than the minimum or more than the maximum so prescribed, and shall conform to and observe the relationship, classification, regulation, or practice so prescribed."

(b) Paragraph (3) of section 15 of the Interstate Commerce Act, as amended, is amended to read as follows:

“(3) The Commission may, and it shall wherever deemed by it to be necessary or desirable in the public interest, after full hearing upon complaint or upon its own initiative without complaint, establish through routes, joint classifications which when applied with joint rates, fares, or charges result in charges not less than just and reasonable minimum charges, nor more than just and reasonable maximum charges, and just and reasonable minimum or maximum joint rates, fares, or charges applicable to the transportation of passengers or property by carriers subject to this part, or by carriers by raiload subject to this part and common carriers by water subject to part III, and the divisions of such rates, fares, or charges as hereinafter pro

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