The American College in the Nineteenth Century

Front Cover
Roger L. Geiger
Vanderbilt University Press, 2000 - Education - 363 pages

At the end of the eighteenth century, just eighteen colleges existed in the United States, with an average enrollment of fewer than seventy. One hundred years later, over 450 American colleges and universities boasted enrollments up more than one hundredfold. The role of educational institutions in the life of the nation had been utterly transformed.

As the bridge between the two eras, the nineteenth-century college has been among the most controversial subjects in the history of American higher education. While earlier historians portrayed the "old-time" college as an impediment to modernization, later scholars affirmed the broad role of the colleges in the education of the American people.

The American College in the Nineteenth Century combines the best recent scholarship with an interpretive introduction to provide a fresh view of the development of American colleges. The contributors consider these institutions within four new contexts: first, the dramatic transformation in the college students' experience from oppressive discipline to relative freedom; second, the regional variations among the developing American colleges (for example, a South dominated by state colleges, a Midwest by denominational schools); third, the revolution in the century's third quarter as colleges became multipurpose institutions; and fourth, universities that became dominant by the end of the century, incorporating rather than displacing the colleges.

Innovative in its examination of the nature and function of these uniquely American institutions, The American College in the Nineteenth Century is a vital addition to the scholarship of the period.

Contributors: David B. Potts, Leon Jackson, Julie Ann Bubolz, Michael Sugrue, James Findlay, Margaret A. Nash, Peter Dobkin Hall, James Turner, Paul Bernard, and Willard J. Pugh.

 

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Contents

Assessing the Popularity of Antebellum Colleges
37
College As It Was in the MidNineteenth Century
80
Agency Denominations and the Western Colleges 18301860
115
A Salutary Rivalry
169
The Superior Instruction of Women 18361890
183
Noah Porter Writ Large?
196
The German Model and the Graduate School
221
A Curious Working of Cross Purposes in the Founding of
242
The Crisis of the Old Order
264
Notes
277
Select Bibliography
353
Index
359
Copyright

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About the author (2000)

Roger L. Geiger is professor and head of the Higher Education Program at Pennsylvania State University and editor of the History of Higher Education Annual. He has written widely on the academic research system, the history of higher education, and comparative higher education. His most recent book is Research and Relevant Knowledge: American Research Universities since World War II (1993).

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