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TABLE 6.-TIME OF ACCIDENT, HOUR OF THE DAY: PER CENT OF PERSONS INJURED,

BY PERIODS IN WHICH ACCIDENTS OCCURRED-Concluded.

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. 82

.90

64 Engineering, excavating,

etc. (not including insti-
tute):
1907

.(2,143 cases).. 0.75 0.66 15.02 31.11 15. 21 29.53 6.74 0.98 2.61 5.04 5.09 1.03
1897 (1,220 cases).. .92 16. 41 28. 23 13.02 30.70 9. 26 .64 2.45 4.57 3. 67
65 Meat products:
1907......

(1,120 cases). . .18 1.81 14. 17 25. 45 18.32 25. 36 13. 72 .99 2. 77 4. 02. 3. 481 2.32 1897

(329 cases). .31 1.89 14.15 26. 42 13.52 28. 61 14. 47 .63 2.13 4. 56 4. 56 3. 34 66 Blacksmithing, etc.:

1907. (929 cases). . 11 .44 10.81 33. 2916. 48' 27. 18/11.03 66 1.72 5. 71| 5. 17 2. 48 1897

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C. PUBLIC AUTHORITIES. Establishments of the naval administration:

1907........(105 cases).. 1.00 20.00 30.00 12.00 34.00 1.00 2.00 4.76 2. 86 4.76 1897.........(86 cases)

1.31 9.35 46.75 6. 59 32.00 4.00 1.16 6.98) 4. 65 Establishments of the military administration:

1907..... (157 cases).. 1.92 .64 25.00 35. 2012.18 19.87 3.21 1.92 5. 107.01 1.91

1897........(190 cases). 1.12 1.12 14.04 35.96 14.04 26.97 4. 51 2. 24 3.16 5. 262. 63 Postaland telegraph administration:

1907 ...(122 cases). . 1. 65 7. 44 32. 23 8.26 28. 1018. 181 4.14 82 4.10 4.10 1. 64

1897 ..(54 cases).. 3. 94 5.88 7.84 29. 41 7.84 33. 33 5.88 5.88 1.85 1.85 1.85 1.85 Railway administration:

1907 .(3,316 cases). . 5. 42 8.31 13.33 26. 33 12.09 17. 29 10.23 7.00 2.32 4.22 3.65 1.57

1897 (2,233 cases).. 3.30 3.54 13.58 25.51 11.60 22.63 11.08 8.76 2.19 3.63 4.79 2.02 Dredging, towing, etc.: 1907. (79 cases)..

19. 23 35.90 5.13 29. 49 6. 41 3.84 5. 06 6.33 3.80 1897 (52 cases).

8.00 14.00 26.00 16.00 26.00 6.00 4.00 3.85 1.92 1.92 1. 92 Building operations (States and Empire):

1907. (248 cases).. 43 1.71) 14. 53 28.63 18. 80 26.50 6.81 2. 59 2. 42 5. 24 5. 65) 1. 21

1897. (188 cases).. 1.22 15. 24 29. 27 18.90 31.10 2.44 1.83 1.06 5.32 4. 79
Marine navigation:
1907.
(1 case)..

100.00
1897.
(5 cases). 25.00

25. 00 25.00 25. 00
Building operations of local
governments:
1907

(505 cases).. 2.02 1.61 12. 70 29.64 14.82 33. 17 4.03 2.0 2.77 5.15 5.74 20
1897
(262 cases). .
9.33 29.78 20.89 35. 114.00 .89 1. 15 4.58 6. 49

.38

Included in associations 4 to 11.

NATURE OF THE INJURIES SUSTAINED BY THE WORKMEN.

In Table 7 is given information regarding the nature of the injury sustained by the workmen receiving compensation for the first time in 1907.

In this table each injured person is counted only once, that injury which is the most serious determining the classification.

The group of injuries designated as wounds, contusions, fractures, etc., forms nearly 95 per cent of the total number of injuries for which compensation was paid both in 1907 and 1897. The injuries designated as suffocation formed approximately 3 per cent, but this proportion is largely caused by accidents in the mining industry; the group of injuries designated as burns, scalds, acid burns, etc., ranks third and formed 2.89 per cent of the injuries compensated in 1907. The other three classes of injuries formed insignificant parts of the total. As has been the case heretofore, injuries to the arms and legs formed the most numerous class of accidents, the two comprising 58.43 per cent of all injuries compensated in 1907; wounds, fractures, etc., of the arms comprised 32.41 per cent of the 1907 injuries as compared with 37.92 per cent in 1897, while wounds, fractures, etc., of the legs comprised 26.02 per cent in 1907 as compared with 25.21 per cent in 1897. There is a tendency therefore toward a more even distribution of the various kinds of injuries, and it is probable that safety devices on working machinery have been influential in reducing the large number of injuries to the hands, etc., the type of injury characteristic of modern apparatus. In some of the industries, such as printing and publishing (association 55), wounds, fractures, etc., of the arms formed 81.35 per cent of the injuries in 1897, while in 1907 this had been changed to 67.52 per cent. The same prominence of wounds and fractures to the arm is also shown in the other industries where presses, stamping machines, etc., formed an important part of the equipment of the establishment; thus in the metal-working industries, the musical-instrument industries, the textile industries, woodworking industries, clothing industries, meatproducts industries, etc., these injuries make up about 70 per cent of the injuries for which compensation was paid in 1907, and in most of these industries the proportion of wounds, fractures, etc., to the arms is smaller in 1907 than it was in 1897.

The injuries caused by burns, scalds, acid burns, etc., occur most frequently in the chemical industries, the iron and steel industries, the clothing industries, etc. In many of the industries mentioned there is a marked reduction in the proportion of injuries caused by this type of accident, and in some cases, such, for instance, as the glass industry, the proportion of cases due to these accidents has decreased nearly one-half in 1907 as compared with 1897.

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As stated above, injuries caused by suffocation occur most frequently in the mining industry, in establishments conducting gas and water works, and in engineering, excavating, etc., industries.

The drowning cases are, of course, most frequent in the navigation and allied industries. Each of the four associations engaged in navigation shows a sharp decrease in 1907 as compared with 1897 in the proportion of cases compensated on account of drowning; thus the marine navigation association had 25.95 per cent of its compensated cases caused by drowning in 1897, while in 1907 this proportion was 14.81 per cent; the inland navigation associations also show a sharp decrease.

The miscellaneous fatalities in 1897 occurred principally in land and water transportation, while in 1907 such accidents occurred but seldom.

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TABLE 7.-NATURE OF THE INJURY: PER CENT OF PERSONS KILLED OR INJURED

NATURE OF (Source: Amtliche Nachrichten des Reichs-Versicherungsamts, 1910. I Beiheft,

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A. TOTALS.
Grand total:
1907.

.(81,248 cases)..
1897..

(45,971 cases).. Industrial accident associations (not including institutes): 1907.

..(75,370 cases)..
1897.

.(41,746 cases).
Subsidiary institutes of building trades, engineering, and
navigation associations:
1907..

(1,345 cases)..
1897...

. (1,155 cases)..
Publlc authorities:
1907.

.(4,533 cases)..
1897..

.(3,070 cases).. B. GROUPS OF ASSOCIATIONS. 1 Mining: 1907

(11,381 cases).. 1897.

..(5,670 cases).. 2 Quarrying: 1907..

.(2,677 cases). 1897.

.(1,554 cases). 3 Fine mechanical products: 1907..

.(1,481 cases).. 1897.........

.(567 cases).. IRON AND STEEL. 4 South German iron and steel: 1907..

(2,105 cases).. 1897.

-(1,093 cases).. 5 Southwest German iron: 1907.

(821 cases).. 1897.

.(301 cases).. 6 Rhineland-Westphalian furnace and rolling works: 1907..

:(2,748 cases).. 1897.

.(1,127 cases).. 7 Machine building and small iron wares: 1907..

.(2,308 cases).. 1897

.(936 cases).. 8 Saxony-Thuringian Iron and steel: 1907.

.(1,104 cases).. 1897.

(788 cases).. 9 Northeast Iron and steel: 1907.

..(1,510 cases).. 1897.

.(746 cases).. 10 Silesian Iron and steel: 1907..

.(1,813 cases).. 1897

.(957 cases).. 11 | Northwest Iron and steel: 1907.

.(1,674 cases).. 1897.

(925 cases).. METAL WORKING, 12 South German precious and nonprecious metal working: 1907

(424 cases).. 1897.

(199 cases).. 13 North German metal working: 1907.

.(1,109 cases).. 1897

(335 cases). . 14 Musical instruments: 1907

.(225 cases).. 1897

..(89 cases). . 15 Glass: 1907

(347 cases).. 1897

(235 cases).. 16 Pottery: 1907

(310 cases)..
1897

(166 cases).
1 Including blacksmithing, etc., in 1897.

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