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was to be expected, the last period of the morning and the second period of the afternoon show the highest proportion of the accidents, in each case in 1907 and with but one exception in 1897, the first half being approximately 50 per cent of the proportion occurring in the second half of the day. Approximately 55 per cent of the accidents occur in the periods 9 to 12 a. m. and 3 to 6 p. m.; some of the groups of industries show an even more striking concentration of the accidents in the last period of the morning and in the second period of the afternoon; thus the metal-working association for south Germany (association 12) had 37.23 per cent of its accidents in the period 9 to 12 a. m.; the brewing and malting group (association 39) in 1897 had 43.75 per cent of its accidents in the period 9 to 12 a. m. Especial interest attaches to the accident rates on Monday morning and Saturday afternoon; in the period 6 to 9 a. m. on Monday 2.56 per cent of the accidents occur. This is at the rate of 0.85 per cent per hour in this period. In the afternoon many of the associations had a high proportion of the accidents in the period between 3 and 6 o'clock. Thus the Hamburg Building Trades Association (association 43) had 36.51 per cent of the accidents at this period; in fact the building trades are conspicuous by the concentration of accidents in the second period of the afternoon.

The columns showing the accidents on Monday morning and Saturday afternoon emphasize the statements already made concerning the higher proportion of accidents occurring in these periods.

The best method of comparing the Monday and Saturday accidents with the other days of the week is to deduct the Monday or Saturday percentage from the percentages given in the first eight columns of the table and to assume that the remainder represents the proportion of accidents occurring on the other five days of the week; by this procedure the 2.52 per cent of the accidents occurring on Sunday is credited to the percentage computed for the five days other than Monday or Saturday and makes the contrast less than it actually is. In 1907, during the period 6 to 9 a. m. on Monday, 2.56 per cent of the accidents occurred, as contrasted with 2.26 per cent for the 6 to 9 period for the other five days of the week, or more than one-eighth higher; during the period 9 to 12 a. m. Monday, 4.78 per cent of the accidents occurred, as compared with 4.73 per cent for the other five days of the week, or slightly higher than the average. The higher rate on Monday morning was conspicuous during the early part of the forenoon. In 1897 the per cent of accidents occurring in the period 6 to 9 Monday morning was 2.34, as compared with 2.29 for the other five days; in the period 9 to 12 Monday morning, 4.84 per cent of the accidents occurred while during the other five days it was 4.94. The concentration of the accidents on Monday morning, , therefore, was greater in 1907 than in 1897.

In 1907, on Saturday afternoon, the proportion of accidents occurring in the period 3 to 6 was 4.48 per cent, as compared with 4.37 per cent on the other five days of the week, or a difference of 0.11 per cent; in the period 6 to 9 p. m., however, the proportion on Saturday was 1.45 per cent, while on the other five days it was 1.56 per cent, or 0.11 per cent higher. In 1897 the per cent of accidents occurring during the period 3 to 6 on Saturday afternoon was 4.69 as compared with 4.34 on the other five days, or a difference of 0.35 per cent. For the period 6 to 9 the per cent of accidents was 1.55, while for the other five days it was 1.76 per cent, or 0.21 per cent higher. In 1907 the excess of accidents on Saturday afternoon was less than in 1897; while the 3 to 6 Saturday afternoon period shows an improvement in this respect during the 10-year interval, the concentration on Monday morning in 1907 has increased.

TABLE 6.-TIME OF ACCIDENT, HOUR OF THE DAY: PER CENT OF PERSONS INJURED,

BY PERIODS IN WHICH ACCIDENTS OCCURRED. [Source: Amtliche Nachrichten des Reichs-Versicherungsamts, 1910. I Beihest, I Teil. Gewerbe Unfall

statistik für das Jahr 1907, pp. 300 to 308.)

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. 74

Grand total:

1907.....(81,248 cases).. 1.93 2. 55 13.871 28. 42 13.81 26.32 9.25 3.85 2.56 4.78 4.48 1. 45

1897..... (45,971 cases).. 1.37 2.26 13.79 29.52 12.67 26. 39 10.36 3.64 2.34 4.84 4.69 1.55
Industrial accident associa-

tions (not including in-
stitutes):

1907.....(75,370 cases).. 1.80 2.34 13.891 28. 41 13.86 26.59 9.31 3.80 2.57 4.80 4.48 1.47

1897.....(41,746 cases).. 1.32 2.26 13.86 29.61 12.61 26.37 10.51 3.46 2.38 4.88 4.66 1.57
Subsidiary institutes of

building trades, engineer-
ing, and navigation acci-
dent associations:

1907......(1,345 cases).. 1.07 .77 12.36 32. 08' 15.50 31.24 6.21 .77 2.08 4.83 5.80
1897. -(1,155 cases)..
12. 81 32. 02 15.00 31.47 8. 05 .65 1.56 5.54 5. (3)

.87
Public authorities:

1907.... (4,533 cases).. 4.32 6. 44 13.82 27.56 12. 50 20.51 9.06 5.79 2.54 4. 48 3.97 1. 28

1897......(3,070 cases).. 2.58 3.07 13.15 27.30 12.80 24.86 9.24 7.00 2.08 3.94 4.69 1.56 B. GROUPS OF ASSOCIA

TIONS, 1 Mining:

1907.....(11,381 cases). . 5.90 5.34 14.77 23.81 13.90 13.86 11.95 10.47 3.59 3.64 2.17 1.97

1897. .. (5,670 cases).. 4.12 5. 46 14.57 28.28 12.90 13.63 11.21 9.83 2.73 4.53 2. 42 2.05 2 Quarry ing:

1907. .(2,677 cases) 84 1.60 15.49 26.67 14.38 30.68 7.78 2.56 2.69 4.59 5.72 1.27
1897. (1,544 cases)

.70 13. 87 30.77 13.73 30.17 8.08 1.70 2.06 4.38 5.28 1.61 3 Fine mechanical products:

1907......(1,481 cases).. 90 48 14.27 33.56 15.30 26.60 6.89 2.00 2.90 5.131 4.93 1.35
1897........(567 cases).. 90 .90 10.39 33. 15 15. 41 29.39 8.06 1.80 1.59 6. 17 5. 47 .35

IRON AND STEEL 1
4 South German iron and
steel:

....(2,105 cases). . 48 1.15 15.19 29.55 13.26 31.91 7.35 1.11 2.28 4.99 4.94 1897... ...(1,093 cases).. .38 1.54 13.94 31.06 11.35 29.23.10.19 2.31 2.10 4.67 5.76 2.38 s Southwest German iron: 1907... ..(821 cases).. 2.32 7.46 13.81 24.82 14.30 18.09 10.64 8.56 2.92 3.65 3.78 1.58 .(301 cases).. 4.421 5. 101 11.56) 27.55) 11.20 20.75 9.18 10.24 1.00 6.31 3.65 1.00

1 Including blacksmithing, etc. 850489_Bull. 92-11-3

.981

1907.....

.90

1897......

1

TABLE 6.-TIME OF ACCIDENT, HOUR OF THE DAY: PER CENT OF PERSONS INJURED,

BY PERIODS IN WHICH ACCIDENTS OCCURRED.-Continued.

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1907 ......

. 57

6 Rhineland-Westph alian furnace and rolling works:

(2,748 cases). 4.23 8.10 13.50 20.87 11.31 21.27 10. 62 10.10 2.29 3.42 3.93 1.64 1897. .....(1,127 cases). 4.21 8.78 13.53 25. 27 9.95 19.90 9.68 8.68 2.57 3.73 3. 99 1.77 7 Machine building and small

iron wares:

1907 (2,308 cases) 92 1.45 12.27 29.58 11.79 29.23 12.80 1.96 1.78 5.29 4.68 1.65
1897
(936 cases)

.68 12.63 29.47 12.51 27.42 14.63 2.09 2.67 4.81 6.30 1.92 8 Saxony Thuringian iron and

steel:

1907. ..(1,104 cases). . 1.19 .731 14.76 31.16 12.65 30.16 7.61 1.74 1.81 4.71 4.80 1.00

1897 .(788 cases). . 26 .781 11.64 32.86 11.64 32.99) 8.80 1.03 1.14 6.22 5. 58) 1.02 9 Northeast iron and steel:

1907. ..(1,510 cases).. .80 .87 13.66 31.05 14.86 31.58 5.66 1.52 1.85 4.97 5.961 .60
1897
..(746 cases).

.56 .84 11.31 34. 22 11.31 31.01 9.78 .97 2.28 6.03 4.96 1.07 10 Silesian iron and steel:

1907......(1,813 cases).. 3.29 5.57 15. 22 24.41 11.20 25.14 8.42 6.75 2.92 3.92 3.92 1.54 1897......

(957 cases).. 1.31 3.16 16.90 26.83 10. 47 26. 17|10.14 5.02 2.61 5. 12 3.97 1.67 11 Northwest iron and steel:

1907. ..(1,674 cases).. 1.27 1.33 13. 58 33.23 12.19 30.62 5.70 2.08 2.69 5.79 5.20 1.14 1897. .(925 cases).. .69 1.73 13.26 31.83 12.23 30.91) 7.73 1.62 1.73 6.05 6. 49 .86

METAL WORKING.

12

South German precious and

nonprecious metal work.
ing:

1907 .(424 cases).. .24 .96 12. 89 37.23 11.93 32.22 3.57 .96] 2.36 7.31 4.25
1897 .(199 cases)..

11.56 37.68 11.06 30.15 8.54 1.01 2.51 5.53 3.02 North German metal work. ing:

1907. .(1,109 cases).. 1.09 1.73 13.55 30.91 14.09 29.91 6.64 2.08 2.34 5.32 5.32 1897

.(335 cases).. .61 1.23 14. 15 25.85 13. 54 31.69 10.15 2.78 3.58 4.48 4.78

.24 .50

13

.99 .90

14

::

15

16

.97

17

Musical instruments:
1907.

.(225 cases).. . 45 13.06 32.88 14.86 31.98 6.77 1.33 7.11 4.44 44
1897
.(89 cases)..

16.67 29.76 14.29 33.33 5.95 1.12 6.74 6.74 1.12 Glass:

1907 .(347 cases).. 2.92 6.12 18.36 25.37 11.66 19.24 12.24 4.09 4.61 6.05 2.02 2.02

1897 .(235 cases).. .92 5. 96 11.93 28. 90 10.09 24.31 11.01 6.88 2.98 2.55 3.83 1. 70 Pottery:

1907 .(310 cases).. .67 1.68 15.10 29.53 13.09 28.52 8.39 3.02 3.23 4.84 5.16

1897 .(166 cases).. | 2.00 2.00 18.67 26.67 10.67 27.32 10.67 2.00 1.81 2.41 4.22 1.20 Brick and tile making:

1907. (1,931 cases).. .31 1.88 17.30 30.06 13.49 26.97 8.94 1.05 3. 47 4.40 4.35 1.71

1897. -(1,085 cases). .67 2.12 14.92 30. 70 11.45 26.85 12. 32 .97 2.95 7.19 4.15 1.94 Chemicals:

1907. (2,038 cases).. 2.16 2.26 14.85 30.05 11.93 26.57 7.65 4.53 2.94 5.15 3.63 83

1897 (1,007 cases).. 1.78 3. 14 13.73 29.45) 10.48 25.16 11.64 4.62 2.68 4.57 3.97 1.69 Gas and water works:

! 1907 .(435 cases).. 3.76 3.06 14.35 28.00 13.65 22.59 8.24 6.35 2.07 4.83 3. 45 1897 ......(179 cases). . 4.79 2.40 14.97 20.96 17.37 28. 14 10.77 1.68 4. 47 4. 47 1.68

18

19

.92

.60

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Linen:

1907..... (280 cases).

1897. (202 cases).. North German textile:

1907. (546 cases)..

1897. 7343 cases)..
South German textile:
1907

(291 cases)..
1897 (228 cases)..
Silesian textile:

1907 ..(187 cases)..

1897. .(181 cases).. Alsace-Loraine textile:

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23

1.66 25. 41 23. 20 14.92 27.07 6.63 1.11 3.74 4.81 5.88 1.07 1.16 16. 28 31.40 17.44 23.26 9.30 1.16 3.31 6.08 4.97.55

24

1907. (227 cases).. 1897........ (203 cases).

45 18.57 31.43 12. 16 31.53 4.51 1.35 2.64 4.41 7.93 1.32 .53 16.32 31.581 16.32 26.84) 6.30 .531 1.971 4. 431 9.36 49

1.58

TABLE 6.-TIME OF ACCIDENT, HOUR OF THE DAY: PER CENT OF PERSONS INJURED,

BY PERIODS IN WHICH ACCIDENTS OCCURRED-Continued.

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1907.. 1897

.74

.56 .68

1907.....

B. GROUPS OF ASSOCIA

TIONS--Continued.

TEXTILES-concluded.
25 Rhineland-Westphalian

textile:

1907. .(440 cases).. 0.23 0.46 11.81 32. 41 16.67 26.85 9.49 2.08 1.82 4. 55 6.36 0.99
1897
(387 cases)..

.27 .55 13.23 27.30 14.32 30.54 12.16 1.63 2.07 5.68 7. 49 .78 26 Saxony textile:

1907 (675 cases).. .91 1.06 17.52 30.51 13.75 27.79 7.55 91 2.52 5.04 6.67 1.33

1897 (782 cases).. . 26 93 18.15 29.01 12.72 27.95 9.93 1.05 3.32 3.84 8.18 1. 41 27 Silk: 1907

.(93 cases).. 1.08 1.08 11.83 34. 40 8.60 32.25 7.53 3.23 1.081 1.081 7.53 1.08 1897 .(68 cases)..

16.13 20.97 8.06 35. 48 16.13 3.23 4.41 7.35 1. 47 28 Paper making:

(793 cases).. 3.84 6. 79 15.75 24. 46 12.68 19.08 9.35 8.05 2.65 3.66 3.28 1.51 (532 cases)..

3.94 4.48 16.13 26.70 10.75 21.68 9.68 6.64 3.04 3.55 4.22 1. 52 29 Paper products: 1907

(500 cases).. 20 40 12.96 34.41 15.18 30.77 5.87 .21) 1.80 4. 401 5. 20 80 1897. (271 cases)..

39 19.38 27.92 12.02 30.32 9.58 .39| 4.80 3. 69 6.64 30 Leather: 1907 (537 cases)..

98 13.58 35.04 14.57 28.35 6.69 .79 1.49 4.10 3.72 1897. (292 cases).. .75 1.13 12. 41 32.71 12.73 29.37 9.77 1.13 .68 4.45 3.08

WOODWORKING. 31 Saxony woodworking: 1907

(484 cases).. 1.26 21 14.92 29. 62 13.87 28. 99 9.87] 1. 26. 2. 27 4.13 3.51) 1. 45 1897 (252 cases)

411 15.04 32.52 13. 41 28.05 8.13 2. 44 2.38 7.94 4.37| 1.98 32 North German wood work. ing:

.(3,344 cases).. 27 48. 13. 73 33.31 13.55 30.49 7.27) .90 2.57 5.65 5.05 1.23 1897. (1,872 cases).. .39 1.01 13.19 33.71 12. 46 27.73 10.15 1.36 2.03 4.91 4.70 1.12 33 Bavarian woodworking: 1907... ..(631 cases).. 17 83 13. 43 31.51 14.93 33.17 5.64 .32) 3.01 5.55 3. 65

. 79 1897 (392 cases). 82 1.09 11. 41 30.71 13.32 32.34 9.51 .80 3.06 3.06 4.08 1.28 34 Southwest German wood

Working:

1907 (821 cases). .87) 15. 12 29. 12 13. 14 31.83 8.43 1.12 3.05 4.87 4.63 1.71

1897 ...(352 cases).. .29 2.02 12.39 34.01 11.53 27.67 10.36 1.73 1.70 4.26 3. 41 1.70 35 Flour milling:

1907......(1,027 cases). - 1.36 2.92 11.98 26. 19 13.83 24. 14 14.61 4.67 2.53 3.99 3. 99 2.04 1997...

(1,007 cases). . 1. 30 3. 10 14.39 24.88 14. 4924. 88 11.99 4.97 2.28 3.38 4.57 2. 48 36 Food products: 1907

(789 cases).. 1.16 1.93 13. 48 28. 24 13.80 26. 19 1.94 3. 201 2.92 3.93 5.96 1. 65 1997. (340 cases). 2. 43 17.33 28.97 12.16 26. 44 10. 33 2.34 1. 47 3.82 5.00 1. 47 37 Sugar: 1907

(508 cases).. 3.98 4.98 15, 34 25.10 12.95 22. 51 9.16 5.98 2. 56 3.35 3.74 1. 57 1897. . (509 cases),- 3.93 6. 42 13.66 24.64 10.14 22. 15 12. 84 6. 22 1.18 3.73 4. 13 .98 38 Dairying, distilling, and

starch:

1907. (409 cases).. . 49 4.94 17.53 21.73 13. 09 24. 9413.58 3. 70 2.69 4.16 2.93 2. 44

1897. (360 cases).. 1.15 3. 34 12.98 24. 33 9.35 28.72 16.03 4. 102. 22 5. 28 4.17 2. 22 39 Brewing and malting:

1907... ..(1,608 cases).. 1.01 2 28 12. 81/ 24. 73 14.14 28. 79 12.37 3.87 1.87 5.35 5.85 2. 49 1897 .(1,142 cases)..

4.17 10. 42 43.75 14. 5816.67 10. 41 2. 89 5. 34 5.08 3.06 40 Tobacco: 1907 (81 cases).

11.25 32.50 17.50 27.50 10.00 1.25 3.70 6.17 7. 41 1897 ..(57 cases).

.72 17.56 28. 32 9.68 31. 1811.11 1. 43 5.26 3. 51 1.75 41 Clothing: 1907

(676 cases).. 151 15) 13. 31 33 27 11.39 31.07 10.36 30 1.48 4.14 5. 77 .89 1997 (295 cases).

. 41 15.12 34.02 14. 09 30. 93 5.34 .06 2.03 2. 711 4.750 2. 37 42 Chimney sweeping: 1907.. .(34 cases)..

20. 59 32.35 17. 65 26. 47 2. 94 5. 88 8.82 5.88 1897.........(38 cases)..

25.00 12. 50 25.00 34. 37 3. 13 2. 63.

37

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TABLE 6.-TIME OF ACCIDENT, HOUR OF THE DAY: PER CENT OF PERSONS INJURED

BY PERIODS IN WHICH ACCIDENTS OCCURRED-Continued.

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45 Silesian-Posen building

trades:

1907. ....(1,084 cases).. 0.19 0. 47 12. 09 31. 44 15.20 32. 86 7.37 0.38 1.75 6.92 5.44 0.74
1897.
(717 cases).

29 13. 01 28. 95 13. 89 32. 89 10.53 . 44 2.37 6.00 5.30 1. 26 46 Hanover buildings trades: 1907. (029 cases).

17 13. 22 28.75 20.83 32. 56 4. 30 .17 2. 07 5. 88 5. 25 .32 1897 (457 cases)

1.15 14. 32 33. 72 12.01 31.41 6.93 .40 2.41 6.13 5. 91) 1.97 47 | Magdeburg building trades:

1907. ... (389 cases). 27 .27] 14. 59 35. 27 18.83 28. 65 2.12 2. 57) 7.20 4.11. 1897

(179 cases). . .59 15. 88 31. 18 12. 35 34. 711 5. 29 5.35 5.59 4. 47 48 Saxony building trades: 1907. (1,109 cases).. 27

9. 33 35. 41 14. 55 35.04 5. 31 .09 1.08 6. 58 5. 321 27 1897 (767 cases).

12. 40 35.98 12.40 30.59 8. 36 .27) 1.96 6.52 5. 48 52 49 Thuringian building trades: 1907 (391 cases). .

261 12.11 30. 41 15. 21 36.08 5. 67 .26 1. 28 3.07 6. 65 77 1897. (239 cases). . . 85/ 14.90 31.20 13.68 29. 48 9.83 3.35 6. 69 5. 44 1. 26 60 Llessen-Nassau building

trades:
1907. .(694 cases). .

15/ 12. 83 31.48 17.35 31.77 5. 69 .73 1.59 5. 62 5. 04.72 1897. (474 cases). . 46 .91] 13. 20 30.30 15.72 30.30 9. 11 1.27 3.80 4.85 1.27 51 Rhineland - Westphalian

building trades:

1907. .(1,855 cases).. 11 .38 10.89 31. 15 15.01 31.95 10.35 .16 1. 99 5.88 5.77 1.62

1897......(1,003 cases).. 191 19 10. 56 33.78 12.75 30.54 11.61 .38 2. 26 6. 40 4. 611 1. 41 52

Wurttemberg building
trades:
1907 .(583 cases). .

12.50 33.51 16.32 32. 98 4. 17 .35 2. 23 5. 66 6.86 69 1897 (403 cases). .

14. 61 29.47 16. 62 31. 23 7.81 .20 2.73 4.96 6. 45 1. 49 53 Bavarian building trades:

1907... ...(1,149 cases). . 28 .37) 15. 07 26.98 16. 74 36. 47 3. 72 .37 2.35 2. 61 6. 61

1897... (1,175 cases).. 27 . 09 14. 09 31. 17 17.07 32. 97 4.34 1. 96 4. 51 5. 53 .77 54 Southwest building trades: 1907. (716 cases)..

11. 70 30.67 14.84 37.51 4.71 .57 1.82 5. 456.01 42 1897

........(474 cases).. 21 . 431 16.92 28. 90 15.03 29.34 8. 57 3. 16. 4.64 4.01 2. 11

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55 Printing and publishing: 1907.....

.(428 cases). 1.18 2.36 15. 33 24. 53 10.61 30. 1913. 21 2. 592.80 3.97 7.71 1. 40 1897.

(252 cases). . .79 1. 191 9.92 35.71 13. 49 26.59 11. 90 41 1.59 7.94 5. 95.79 56 Private railways: 1907..

.(168 cases). . ] 1. 80 4.79 13.77 22.16 12. 57 23. 95 11 98 8.98 1.19 4.17 7.14 2.98 1897.

(125 cases) .84 4.17 10. 83 15.83 18.33 25.00 13. 33 11.67 1.60 4.80 57 Street and small railroads:

1907. ..(485 cases).. 2. 49 5. 42 15.59 21.00 15. 59 20.37 10.60 8.94 2. 47 3.30 2.68 1.44

1897. (168 cases).. 1. 21 3. 64 18. 18 23.03 12. 73 20.00 13. 33 7.88 3.57 3. 57 1.79 1. 79 58 | Express and storage:

1907. ..(3,932 cases).. 731 62 11.87 29.03 12. 47| 29. 52 13. 61 2.15 2. 09 5.82 4. 96 2. 67

1897 ....(1,426 cases).. .30 .67 11.83 29.73 11.32 28. 47 15. 24 2. 44 2. 73 5.61 5. 47 2.38 59 Livery,drayage.cartage, etc. 1907......(2,500 cases).. 1.25 1.771 10.39 23.15 13. 28 29. 1416.83 4. 192.04 5.04 4.44 3.32

(1,242 cases). . 1.16 1.33 9.54 22. 13 13. 27 27. 28 19.65 5. 64 1.93 3.70 4.27 2.17

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1897......

INLAND NAVIGATION.

. 72

60 West German inland navi

gation:
1907......

(276 cases). 3. 85! 4. 23 13. 46 25.00 11.54 21. 92 11. 92 8.08 1.81 4.35 2. 54 1897. ....(155 cases).. 1.39 4.17 10.42 22. 22 9. 03 28. 46 16. 677.64 6. 45) 5. 81 2. 58 61 Elbe inland navigation; 1907.

(325 cases). 93) 1.86 16. 10 33. 13 14. 24 19.50 8.05 6.19 3.08 5.85) 2. 46 1.85 1897

(216 cases).. 2.00 6.00 18. 50 27.00 13. 50 19.50 6.50 7.00 2.31 4.17 3. 70 93 62 East German inland naviga

tion:
1907......

(152 cases). . 4.05 3.38 12.84 27.03 9. 46 24.32 11. 497.43 1.97 4.61 4.61 1.32 1897........ (156 cases). . 1.92 1.28 9. 62 35. 90 11.54 21.15 8. 33 10. 26 5.13 3. 21) 2. 56 63 Marine navigation (not in

cluding institute):
1907.

...(459 cases).. 7. 69 6. 46| 16.63 22.58 11. 41 17.62 8.68 8.93 1.74 2. 61] 2. 40 1897.......

.(397 cases). . 4. 701 6. 711 19.13 25. 84) 11. 411 17. 11l 8. 39 6. 711 2.02 3.271 3.781 1.76

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