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DAY OF THE WEEK.

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The day of the week on which the accidents occurred is shown in Table 5.

As would naturally be expected, the smallest proportion of accidents occur on Sunday; in fact, it is in some respect surprising that the number of accidents on that day is as large as the table shows. For 1907 the grand total for all industries shows that 2.52 per cent of the accidents occurred on Sunday. Of the week days, Monday shows the highest proportion of accidents, this day having 16.94 per cent of the total. The proportion occurring on Tuesday is much less than that occurring on Monday, the proportion on Wednesday decreases still further, but on Thursday the proportion again increases and continues until Saturday, which has a proportion but slightly less than that for Monday. These proportions vary considerably from those shown by investigation of accidents in the year 1897. For the year 1897, Monday was also the day on which the highest proportion of accidents occurred, Tuesday showed a decrease, while Wednesday and Thursday had identically the same proportion, Friday had the lowest of any in the week, and Saturday showed a sharp increase over Friday, though still less than the proportion for Monday. The editors of the report suggest that the high accident rate for Monday, and also, perhaps, for Tuesday, may be caused by the holiday on Sunday; the use of alcohol and the fatigue following the Sunday holiday are suggested as the most likely causes of this higher proportion. In the following table special attention is given to the accident rates on Monday morning and Saturday afternoon.

For the separate industries, the accidents are distributed in practically the same way as shown by the total for all industries, though many of those groups show striking variations to the general rule of a lower proportion in the middle of the week with a high proportion at the beginning and end of the week. Thus, in case of the group designated as musical instruments (association 14) the highest proportion in 1907 occurs on Wednesday and Thursday with the lowest proportion on Tuesday and Saturday, while in 1897 the distribution followed the general rule; in the case of the South German Metal Working Association (association 12) the lowest proportion occurs on Saturday and the next lowest on Monday, with the highest on Tuesday, Friday, and Thursday. These exceptions, however, only emphasize the general rule that the first day of the week and the last day of the week contain the greatest risk for the workmen. The textile associations are conspicuous in having an unusually high proportion of their accidents on Saturday, and in some of the assotions, such as the association for Alsace-Lorraine (association 24), the proportion is practically double what it was during the middle of the week.

TABLE 5.-TIME OF ACCIDENT, DAY OF WEEK: PER CENT OF PERSONS INJURED, BY

DAY OF WEEK ON WHICH ACCIDENTS OCCURRED. Source: Amtliche Nachrichten des Reichs-Versicherungsamts, 1910. I Beihest, I Teil. Gewerbe-Unfall

statistik für das Jahr 1907, pp. 300 to 308.)

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4 South German iron and steel: 1907.

..(2,105 cases).. 1897.

(1,093 cases).. 5 Southwest German iron: 1907

.(821 cases).. 1897

(301 cases).. 6 Rhineland-Westphalian furnace and

rolling works:
1907.

(2,748 cases)..
1897.

(1,127 cases). 7 Machine building and small iron

wares:
1907.

(2,308 cases)..
1897

.(936 cases).. 8 Saxony-Thuringian iron and steel: 1907.

....(1,104 cases).. 1897

.(788 cases).. 9 Northeast iron and steel: 1907

(1,510 cases).. 1897

(746 cases).. 10 Silesian iron and steel: 1907.

(1.813 cases).. 1897

..(957 cases).. 11 Northwest iron and steel: 1907.

..(1,674 cases).. 1897.

(925 cases).

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13

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14

18. 67
16.94

Musical instruments:

1907.

1897 Glass:

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15

-(225 cases)..

16. 44 15. 11
.(89 cases)..

21. 45 11.36
(347 cases).. 3.79 23.03 12. 54
.(235 cases).. 9.01 15. 45 17.17
* Including blacksmithing, etc., in 1897.

1907 1897

15. 74
19.31

13. 99
10.30

16. 62
16.74

14. 29
12.02

TABLE 5.-TIME OF ACCIDENT, DAY OF WEEK: PER CENT OF PERSONS INJURED, BY

DAY OF WEEK ON WHICH ACCIDENTS OCCURRED-Continued.

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16. 94
15.95

17.07 15. 50

15. 57 16.40

13. 91 18. 08

19. 63 24. 36

20.00 20. 37

23. 26 24. 55

22. 12 19. 66

24.00 23.61

23. 18 19. 63

24. 41 24. 45

27. 96 20. 58

15.76 16.41

18.03 18. 22

17.75 13.83

19. 16 20. 63

16.51 16.10

14. 44 16.07

15. 67 14.49

15. 58 16. 58

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17.74 16. 66

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13. 86 16. 21

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TABLE 5.-TIME OF ACCIDENT, DAY OF WEEK: PER CENT OF PERSONS INJURED, BY

DAY OF WEEK ON WHICH ACCIDENTS OCCURRED-Continued.

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44

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BUILDING TRADES (NOT INCLUDING IN

STITUTES). 43 Hamburg building trades: 1907..

(505 cases).
1897.

.(302 cases).
Northeast building trades:
1907.

(1,927 cases)..
1897.

(1,680 cases). 45 Silesian-Posen building trades: 1907.

(1,084 cases).. 1897.

(717 cases).. 46 Hanover building trades: 1907...

(629 cases).. 1897

(457 cases).. 47 Magdeburg building trades: 1907..

(389 cases).. 1897

(179 cases).. 48 Saxony building trades: 1907..

(1,109 cases).. 1897.

(767 cases).. 49 Thuringian building trades: 1907

(391 cases). 1897

7239 cases).. 50 Hessen-Nassau building trades: 1907.

(694 cases).. 1897.

(474 cases).. 51 Rhineland - Westphalian building

trades:
1907

(1,855 cases)..
1897.

-(1,063 cases).. 52 Wurttemberg building trades: 1907...

.(583 cases).. 1897.

.(403 cases).. 53 Bavarian building trades: 1907.

(1,149 cases).. 1897

(1,175 cases).. 54 Southwest building trades: 1907

(716 cases).. 1897...

(474 cases).. 55 Printing and publishing: 1907

.(428 cases).. 1897..

(252 cases).. 56 Private railways: 1907.

(168 cases).. 1897

(125 cases).. 57 Street and small railroads: 1907..

485 cases).. 1897.

(168 cases).. 58 Express and storage: 1907.

.(3,932 cases).. 1897

.(1,426 cases).. 59 Livery, drayage, cartage, etc: 1907.

.(2,500 cases).. 1897..

-(1,242 cases)..

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60

INLAND NAVIGATION. West German inland navigation: 1907..

(276 cases).
1897.

.(155 cases)..
Elbe inland navigation:
1907.

.(325 cases)..
1897.

(216 cases)..

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61

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TABLE 5.-TIME OF ACCIDENT, DAY OF WEEK: PER CENT OF PERSONS INJURED, BY

DAY OF WEEK ON WHICH ACCIDENTS OCCURRED-Concluded.

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62 East German inland navigation: 1907.

..(152 cases).. 1897...

..(156 cases).. 63

Marine navigation (not including in-
stitute):
1907.

(459 cases)..
1897.

(397 cases)..
Engineering, excavating, etc. (not in-
cluding institute):
1907.

.(2,143 cases)..
1897.

(1,226 cases). 65 Meat products: 1907.

.(1,120 cases).. 1897.

.(329 cases).. 66 Blacksmithing, etc. 1907..

(929 cases).. 1897

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C. PUBLIC AUTHORITIES.

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Establishments of the naval adminis-
tration:
1907..

.(105 cases)..
1897.

.(86 cases).
Establishments of the military admin-
istration:
1907..

.(157 cases)..
1897..

.(190 cases). Postal and telegraph administration: 1907..

.(122 cases)..
1897..

(54 cases).
Railway administration:
1907.

.(3,316 cases)..
1897.

-(2,233 cases).
Dredging, towing, etc.:
1907.

.(79 cases)..
1897.

(52 cases)..
Building operations (States and Em-
pire):
1907.

(248 cases)..
1897.

(188 cases)..
Marine navigation:
1907.

..(1 case)..
1897.

.(5 cases)..
Building operations of local govern.
ments:
1907.

.(505 cases)..
1897.

-(262 cases)..

16. 21
15. 29

16. 64 17. 60

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1 Included in associations 4 to 11.

HOUR OF THE DAY.

Table 6 shows the distribution of the accidents throughout the various hours of the day, and in addition gives the proportion occurring on Monday morning and Saturday afternoon. In connection with this table attention should be called to Table '10, which shows the number of hours the injured person had been at work on the day when the accident occurred.

In Table 6 the day is divided into eight periods of three hours each; the result of this division is that there are only four periods for the time comprised between 6 a. m. and 6 p. m. As

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