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Of the 118 strikes, 65, or 55.1 per cent, involving 69.6 per cent of all strikers, lasted less than 11 days. In the 14 strikes, involving 1,013 strikers, which lasted longer than 30 days, the employees were organized in 13 instances and the employers in 7 instances.
The two following tables show the results of strikes and the days of duration, classified according to method of settlement:
STRIKES AND STRIKERS, BY RESULTS AND METHODS OF SETTLEMENT, 1907.
STRIKES AND STRIKERS, BY DURATION AND METHODS OF SETTLEMENT, 1907.
The group of strikes settled by the intervention of the authorities furnished the largest number of strikes and strikers in 1907. Of the strikers in such strikes, 3,911, or 55.2 per cent, were in strikes which were successful; 681, or 9.6 per cent, were in strikes which were partially successful; and 2,496, or 35.2 per cent, were in strikes which failed. As to duration, 64.6 per cent of the strikers engaged in strikes settled in this manner were in strikes which lasted 10 days and under, 23.5 per cent were in strikes lasting from 11 to 30 days, and 11.9 per cent were in strikes which continued longer than 30 days.
The results of strikes, classified according to cause, are shown in the following table:
It is seen from the foregoing table that the largest number of strikers participated in strikes concerning hours of labor. This cause alone furnished 30.4 per cent of all strikers for the year. Strikes resulting from wage disputes furnished 20 per cent of all strikers, and strikes in sympathy with other strikes furnished 18.6 per cent of all strikers. Of the strikes due to hours of labor, 70 per cent were successful, 10 per cent partly successful, and 20 per cent failed. The cause for the largest number of strikes was wage disputes, which alone furnished 28 per cent of all strikes; and it, where it occurred as a factor in combination with other causes, formed 34.7 per cent of all disputes. The cause next in importance as regards number of strikes was employment or discharge of employees, which furnished 24.6 per cent of all strikes.
Arbetsinställelser i Sverige under år 1908. Utgifven af K. Kom
merskollegii afdelning för arbetsstatistik. 1909.
This report covers strikes and lockouts occurring in Sweden in 1908, and follows the plan of a report covering the years 1902 to 1907, a digest of which appeared in Bulletin No. 86. The data pre sented are in the form of tables with general discussion and detailed accounts of a number of the more important disputes. Forms of the schedules of inquiry used are also given.
There were 302 labor disputes during the year, of which 229 were strikes, 38 were lockouts, and 35 are reported as mixed or indefinite.
The following table shows the number for each year from 1903 to 1908, together with the number of establishments and of employees affected, by classes of disputes:
LABOR DISPUTES, BY YEARS, 1903 TO 1908.
Mixed or indefinite.
ployees affect- ber.
affect- ber. in
The average number of persons affected by each strike in 1908 was 75, by each lockout 70, and by each dispute of a mixed or an indefinite character 586. Ninety per cent of all disputes affected from 1 to 5 establishments. The average was somewhat greater than for the preceding years, the number being 4.7 as against 2.5 in 1906 and 1907, 4.5 in 1905, and 3 in 1903 and 1904. The average in 1908 was, however, considerably affected by a single large strike.
The following table shows the disputes for each year, 1903 to 1908, classified according to results:
RESULTS OF LABOR DISPUTES, BY YEARS, 1903 TO 1908.
Wr-one per cent of the strikes, involving 22 per cent of the Sritis, resulted favorably to the employers; 27 per cent, involving
16 per cent of the strikers, resulted in favor of the employees, je 35 per cent of the strikes, in which 71 per cent of the employees Tere affected, were settled by compromise, leaving 4 per cent, afecting 1 per cent of the employees, in which the results were unkown.
In the following table are shown by groups of industries the number an i results of disputes and the number of establishments involved and employees affected:
LABOR DISPUTES, BY INDUSTRIES AND RESULTS, 1908.
Disputes in the building trades were the most numerous and of greatest magnitude of those occurring during 1908, the average number of establishments involved in each dispute being 13.7, and the averuye number of employees involved 298.3. The number of employees ufferted in this group during the year almost equaled the total for the period 1903 to 1907, the total for the 5 years being 19,644 as against 18,498 in 1908. In 19 strikes the employees succeeded, and in 14 they failed. In 28 disputes settlement was effected in each case by a compromise. The next largest number of strikers and of establishments involved was found in the clothing industry, and here, too, the number of strikes in which the employees were successful was somewhat greater than the number of those in which they failed, though more than one-half the total number of disputes were settled boy compromise.
The duration of labor disputes, grouped according to results, is shown in the next table:
Em- Dis- Emputes. ployees. putes. ployees. putes. ployees. putes. ployees. putes. ployees.
· From this table it appears that while the number of disputes lasting 7 days and under was 28.5 per cent of the total number, these disputes affected but 11.2 per cent of the total number of employees involved, indicating that those strikes of short duration were considerably below the average in importance. The largest group of employees affected (more than one-half the total) is found in the period, 91 to 180 days, in which 23 disputes fall, showing an average of 946.6 persons to each dispute. Of these important and severely contested disputes, 4 were settled in favor of the employees and 3 failed entirely from the standpoint of the workmen. A table carrying the analysis somewhat further shows that in the 16 disputes that were compromised, the employer gained the advantage in 3 cases, in which 3,549 employees were involved; that the employees were favored in 1 instance, involving 89 work people, and that in 12 disputes, affecting 15,519 employees, equal concessions were made.
The majority of disputes, 61.5 per cent, lasted not longer than 30 days, and affected only 23.4 per cent of the workmen.
The next table shows the results of disputes by the principal causes or objects.