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In the following table, showing the results of strikes, the cause is taken as the basis for the tabulation:

STRIKES, BY CAUSES AND RESULTS.

1907. (Strikes due to two or more causes have been tabulated under each cause; hence the totals for this table

do not agree with those for other tables.]

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The proportion of successful strikes was greatest in both years in case of strikes undertaken to prevent reduction of wages and least in those to secure the recognition of trade-unions and to affect regulations governing work. Of 120 strikes in 1907 in which wages were the subject, 50 per cent were reported as partly successful, 15.8 per cent as successful, and 26.7 per cent as failing. In 1908 there were 86 strikes on wage subjects, of which 31.4 per cent succeeded partly, 25.6 per cent succeeded, and 37.2 per cent failed. In neither year was a strike for the recognition of a trade-union successful, and of 21 strikes in the two years undertaken for the purpose of affecting regulations governing work, but 1 succeeded, though 7, or 53.8 per cent of those undertaken in 1907, are reported as partly successful, as were 2, or 25 per cent, of those in 1908.

The duration and results of strikes are shown in the table which follows:

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It is seen from the foregoing table that in 1907, of the 138 strikes reported, 69, or precisely one-half, lasted 7 days or less. Of These 15, or 21.7 per cent, succeeded; 26, or 37.7 per cent, succeeded partly, and 27, or 39.1 per cent, failed. In the case of 1 strike the result was not reported. Of strikes lasting longer than 7 days, 9, or 13 per cent, succeeded; 30, or 43.5 per cent, succeeded partly, and 22, or 31.9 per cent, failed. In 7 strikes the results were indefinite and in 1 strike the result was not reported.

In 1908 a larger proportion lasted not longer than 7 days, the number being 66 and the percentage 62.9; of these, 34.8 per cent succeeded, 22.7 per cent succeeded partly, and 37.9 per cent failed. Of strikes reported as of more than 7 days' duration, 37 in number, but 1 succeeded; 11, or 29.7 per cent, succeeded partly, and 19, or 51.4 per cent, failed.

85048°—Bull. 92-11-16

The following table shows the principal facts concerning strikes in 1907, classified according to methods of settlement:

STRIKES, BY METHODS OF SETTLEMENT.

1907.

hence (Where two or more methods of settlement have been employed, the data were reported in each case,

the totals for this table do not agree with those for other tables.]

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LOCKOUTS.—There were 16 lockouts reported in 1907, involving 59 establishments and affecting 3,508 persons. The most important lockout, with regard to the number of establishments and persons involved, occurred in the cigar industry. This lockout, which was sympathetic in character, involved 2,800 persons, employed in 37 establishments, and lasted 42 days. Eight other lockouts in the cigar industry affected 15 establishments, employing 111 persons, and caused a loss of 4,010 working-days. A lockout in the metal-working industry involved 304 persons and caused a loss of 608 working-days. Of 15 lockouts for which the facts were reported, 4 terminated favorably to the employers, 3 terminated favorably to the employees, and 5 were compromised. In 2 of the 3 remaining cases the results were indefinite and in 1 the result was unknown.

In 1908 there were reported 27 lockouts, affecting 1,515 workmen in 155 establishments. The time lost by the workmen locked out was 34,979 days, besides 6,287 days lost by others thrown out of employment on account of the lockouts. Of the 27 lockouts, 10, affecting 147 workmen, were among cigarmakers; 5, affecting 714 workmen, were in textile industries; and 1, affecting 365 workmen, was directed against engineers and firemen on steamboats. Questions of wages caused 7 lockouts, and a like number arose from disputes relative to the acceptance by employers of new contracts, while disputes as to trade unions occasioned 4 lockouts. From the employers' standpoint, 6 lockouts succeeded, 14 succeeded partly, and 4 failed. In 2 cases

2 the results were doubtful.

SPAIN.

Estadística de las Huelgas, 1907. Instituto de Reformas Sociales.

1908. 162 pp.

The present volume is the third report on strikes in Spain published by the Institute of Social Reform of that country. The data contained in the report relate to strikes occurring during the year 1907.

The number of employees in establishments involved in strikes, the number of strikes, and the number of strikers are shown in the following table, by sex of persons affected and by industries:

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During the year there were 118 strikes reported, in which 12,671 strikers were involved, of whom 11,920 were males and 751 were females. The largest number of strikers in any one industry was found in the building trades, which furnished 31 per cent of all strikers reported; one other strike, industry not specified, furnished 13.5 per cent, while mining and quarrying furnished 13.9 per cent of the total number of strikers.

The following table shows the strikes and strikers by industries and results:

STRIKES AND STRIKERS, BY INDUSTRIES AND RESULTS, 1907.

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Of the 118 strikes reported, 43, or 36.4 per cent, were successful, 16, or 13.6 per cent, were partially successful, and 59, or 50 per cent, failed. The number of strikers involved in strikes which were successful was 5,285, or 41.7 per cent of all strikers; in the strikes which were partly successful the number was 1,186, or 9.4 per cent of all strikers; and in strikes which failed it was 6,200, or 48.9 per cent of all strikers. In the building trades, which furnished the largest number of strikers, 82.8 per cent of the strikers were in strikes which were successful, 16.2 per cent were in strikes which were partly successful, and 1 per cent were in strikes which failed.

The following table shows the number of strikes, strikers, and the strikes in which employees and employers were organized, classified according to duration of strikes :

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