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STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS AND STRIKERS AND EMPLOYEES LOCKED OUT, BY

METHODS OF SETTLEMENT AND YEARS, 1905 TO 1909. [The figures for the years previous to 1909 have been revised to include the results of disputes terminated

after the reports for those years were published.

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In each year most of the disputes were settled by direct arrangement or negotiation, the per cent of disputes settled by this method being 61.5, 70, 65.7, 62.9, and 62.2 of all disputes for the respective years 1905 to 1909. Disputes settled by submission of employees, replacement of employees, and closing of works together formed 28.8, 21, 26.6, 22.6, and 22.5 per cent of all disputes for the respective years. Sixty-two disputes, involving 46.3 per cent of all persons directly affected, were settled by arbitration and conciliation during 1909. The number of disputes so settled, however, is greater than the average for the four preceding years, which is 43.

NETHERLANDS.

Werkstakingen en Uitsluitingen in Nederland gedurende 1907. Werkstakingen en Uitsluitingen in Nederland gedurende 1908. Uitgegeven door het Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek. 1908. lxxviii, 69 pp. 1909. Ixxx, 62 pp..

These two volumes are the seventh and eighth annual reports of the Central Bureau of Statistics of the Netherlands on strikes and lockouts. As in previous reports, the information is given in the form of an analysis, with summary tables and a tabular statement showing in detail the important facts concerning each strike and lockout.

STRIKES.—The number of strikes reported in 1907 was 138 and in 1908 it was 108. These strikes involved 478 establishments and 11,646 strikers in 1907. Data are reported in 1908 for only 106 strikes, affecting 502 establishments, with but 5,650 persons striking. The number of strikes, establishments involved, strikers, and the aggregate days lost by strikers and by other employees in each group of industries are shown for each year in the table on next page.

STRIKES, STRIKERS, AND AGGREGATE DAYS LOST BY STRIKERS AND BY OTHER

EMPLOYEES, BY INDUSTRIES.

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It is seen by reference to the foregoing table that in both years the greatest number of strikes occurred in the building trades. Mining furnished the largest number of establishments involved in 1907, and agriculture in 1908. In 1907 transportation furnished the largest number of strikers, while in 1908 the largest number was found in agriculture. The greatest loss in working-days to strikers in 1907 took place in the transportation industry, and to employees other than strikers in textiles; in 1908 textiles showed the greatest loss in respect of both these items, though the reported loss to strikers in agriculture is nearly as great.

The results of strikes, arranged by industries, are shown in the table which follows:

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1 Not including 2 sympathetic strikes which ended with the original strikes; of these 1 succeeded and 1 failed.

Not including 1 sympathetic strike which ended with the original strike; this was compromised. 3 Not Including 4 sympathetic strikes, of which 1 succeeded, 1 failed, and 2 were compromised.

The following table shows the number of strikes, establishments involved, strikers, aggregate days of duration of strikes, and number of working-days lost by strikers and by other employees, the facts being classified according to causes or objects of strikes:

STRIKES, BY CAUSES OR OBJECTS.

1907. (Strikes due to two or more causes have been tabulated under each cause; hence the totals for this table do

not agree with those for other tables.)

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As in previous years, the strikes were mostly due to wage disputes, approximately 53 per cent, involving 63 per cent of the establishments, being attributable to this cause in 1907, while in 1908 such disputes amounted to nearly 56 per cent of the total number, and affected 73.5 per cent of the strikers.

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Of the 11,646 persons taking part in strikes in 1907, 5.45 per cent were in strikes which succeeded, 57.58 per cent were in strikes which succeeded partly, and 34.87 per cent were in strikes which failed. Of the remaining strikers 230, or 1.98 per cent of the entire number, were in strikes the results of which were indefinite, and 14, or 0.12 per cent, were in strikes the results of which were not reported.

In 1908 a considerably larger proportion (17.83 per cent) of the strikers were successful, while the number in strikes succeeding partly was much smaller than in the previous year. More than onehalf (57.2 per cent) of all strikers failed to gain the object of their strikes.

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