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The following table shows the number of strikes and of strikers in 1908 according to duration and results:

STRIKES AND STRIKERS, BY DURATION AND RESULTS, 1908.

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STRIKES DURING FIFTEEN YEARS.--The summaries for the years 1894 to 1908 were compiled partly from the report for 1908 and partly from previous reports. The following table shows the number of strikes and strikers, establishments affected, and working-days lost in Austria for the period during which the Ministry of Commerce has published reports on strikes:

STRIKES AND STRIKERS, ESTABLISHMENTS AFFECTED, AND WORKING-DAYS LOST,

BY YEARS, 1894 TO 1908.

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The number of strikes and the number of strikers for each year of the 15-year period are shown, by industries, in the following table:

STRIKES AND STRIKERS, BY INDUSTRIES AND YEARS, 1894 TO 1908.

STRIKES.

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The causes of strikes for each year of the period are shown in the following table, the cause and not the strike being the unit:

STRIKES, BY CAUSES AND YEARS, 1894 TO 1908. [Strikes due to two or more causes have been tabulated under each cause; hence the yearly totals for this

table, if computed, would not agree with those for the preceding tables.]

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The following table shows, for both strikes and strikers, during each year of the period, the results expressed in percentages:

PER CENT OF STRIKES AND OF STRIKERS, BY RESULTS, FOR EACH YEAR, 1894

TO 1908.

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LOCKOUTS.-There were 35 lockouts reported in 1908 as compared with 26 in 1907. The number of lockouts due to reported causes were 14 due to differences concerning wages and hours of labor, 12 due to strikes, and 5 to threatened strikes, and 4 due to other causes, The following table shows the number of lockouts, establishments affected, and number of employees locked out for each year of the period, 1895 to 1908:

LOCKOUTS, ESTABLISHMENTS AFFECTED, AND EMPLOYEES LOCKED OUT, BY

YEARS, 1895 TO 1908.

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Statistique des Grèves et des Recours à la Conciliation et à l'Arbitrage Sur

venus Pendant l'Année 1908. Direction du Travail, Ministère du Travail et de la Prévoyance Sociale. xviii, 550 pp.

The present volume is the eighteenth of a series of annual reports on strikes and conciliation and arbitration issued by the French Labor Bureau. The information is presented in the same form as in previous reports.

STRIKES.—During the year 1908 there were 1,073 strikes, involving 4,641 establishments, 99,042 strikers, and 9,196 other persons thrown out of work on account of strikes. Of the strikers 89.3 per cent were men, 8.1 per cent were women, and 2.6 per cent were children. The strikes caused a loss of 1,479,071 working-days by strikers and 241,672 by other employees thrown out of work, a total of 1,720,743 workingdays. In 1907 there were 1,275 strikes, in which 197,961 strikers were involved, causing a loss of 3,048,446 working-days by the strikers, and a total of 3,562,220 working-days for strikers and other persons thrown out of work by reason of strikes. The average number of days lost per striker in 1908 was 15, being the same as in 1907.

Of the 1,073 strikes in 1908, 841 involved but 1 establishment each, 86 involved from 2 to 5 establishments, 53 involved from 6 to 10 establishments, 49 involved from 11 to 25 establishments, 35 involved from 26 to 50 establishments, and 7 involved from 51 to 100 establishments. Of the remaining strikes 2 involved over 100 establishments each, 1 involved 200, and 1 involved 300 establishments. In

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one strike of agricultural laborers the exact number of establishments affected could not be ascertained.

In 837 strikes all or a part of the striking employees were organized. The employers were organized in 557 strikes. Five workingmen's unions and 5 employers' associations were organized during the progress of or immediately following strikes. As a result of strikes 5 workingmen's unions and 1 employers' association dissolved. In 46 strikes regular aid was given by labor organizations to their striking members and in some cases to strikers not members. In 2 strikes, employees who remained at work gave a part of their earnings to an association furnishing aid to strikers.

Of the 1,073 strikes, 185, or 17.24 per cent of all strikes, involving 20,133 strikers, or 20.33 per cent of all strikers, succeeded; 324 strikes, or 30.20 per cent of all strikes, involving 46,599 strikers, or 47.05 per cent of all strikers, succeeded partly; and 564 strikes, or 52.56 per cent of all strikes, involving 32,310 strikers, or 32.62 per cent of all strikers, failed. In 688 strikes the striking employees were time workers, while in 183 others, they worked by the piece, and in the remaining 202 by both time and piece.

The following table shows, by groups of industries, the number of strikes, strikers, and establishments affected, according to the results of strikes; also the days of work lost by all employees and the number of strikers per 1,000 working people in each group of industries for the year 1908:

STRIKES, ESTABLISHMENTS AFFECTED, AND STRIKERS, BY RESULTS, AND WORK.

ING-DAYS LOST, FOR EACH GROUP OF INDUSTRIES, 1908.

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