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(d) No application shall be valid or claim thereunder enforceable unless filed within one year after the day upon which the injury occurred or the right thereto accrued.
Sec. 13. Any workman entitled to receive compensation under this act is required, if requested by the department, to submit himself for medical examination at a time and from time to time at a place reasonably convenient for the workman and as may be provided by the rules of the department. If the workman refuses to submit to any such examination, or obstructs the same, his rights to monthly payments shall be suspended until such examination has taken place, and no compensation shall be payable during or for account of such period.
ŠEC. 14. Whenever any accident occurs to any workman it shall be the duty of the employer to at once report such accident and the injury resulting therefrom to the department, and also to any local representative of the department. Such report shall state:
1. The time, cause and nature of the accident and injuries, and the probable duration of the injury resulting therefrom.
2. Whether the accident arose out of or in the course of the injured person's employment.
3. Any other matters the rules and regulations of the department may prescribe.
Sec. 15. The books, records and pay rolls of the employer pertinent to the administration of this act shall always be open to inspection by the department or its traveling auditor, agent or assistant, for the purpose of ascertaining the correctness of the pay roll, the men employed, and such other information as may be necessary for the department and its management under this act. Refusal on the part of the employer to submit said books, records and pay rolls for such inspection to any member of the commission, or any assistant presenting written authority from the commission, shall subject the offending employer to a penalty of one hundred dollars for each offense, to be collected by civil action in the name of the State and paid into the accident fund, and the individual who shall personally give such refusal shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
Sec. 16. Any employer who shall misrepresent to the department the amount of pay roll upon which the premium under this act is based shall be liable to the State in ten times the amount of the difference in premium paid and the amount the employer should have paid. The liability to the State under this section shall be enforced in a civil action in the name of the State. All sums collected under this section shall be paid into the accident fund.
Sec. 17. Whenever the State, county or any municipal corporation shall engage in any extra hazardous work in which workmen are employed for wages, this act shall be applicable thereto. The employer's payments into the accident fund shall be made from the treasury of the State, county or municipality. If said work is being done by contract, the pay roll of the contractor and the subcontractor shall be the basis of computation, and in the case of contract work consuming less than one year in performance the required payment into the accident fund shall be based upon the total pay roll. The contractor and any subcontractor shall be subject to the provisions of the act, and the State for its general fund, the county or municipal corporation shall be entitled to collect from the contractor the full amount payable to the accident fund, and the contractor, in turn shall be entitled to collect from the subcontractor his proportionate amount of the payment. The provisions of this section shall apply to all extra hazardous work done by contract, except that in private work the contractor shall be responsible, primarily and directly, to the accident fund for the proper percentage of the total pay roll of the work and the owner of the property affected by the contract shall be surety for such payments. Whenever and so long as, by State law, city charter or municipal ordinance, provision is made for municipal employes injured in the course of employment, such employees shall not be entitled to the benefits of this act and shall not be included in the pay roll of the municipality under this act.
Sec. 18. The provisions of this act shall apply to employers and workmen engaged in intrastate and also in interstate or foreign commerce, for whom a rule of liability or method of compensation has been or may be established by the Congress of the United States, only to the extent that their mutual connection with intrastate work may and shall be clearly separable and distinguishable from interstate or foreign commerce, except that any such employer and any of his workmen working only in this State may, with the approval of the department, and so far as not forbidden by any act of Congress, voluntarily accept the provisions of this act by filing written acceptances with the department. Such acceptances, when filed with and approved by the department, shall subject the acceptors irrevocably to the provisions of this act to all intents and purposes as if they had been originally included in its terms. Payment of premium shall be on the basis of the pay roll of the workmen who accept as aforesaid.
Sec. 19. Any employer and his employes engaged in works not extra hazardous may, by their joint election, filed with the department, accept the provisions of this act, and such acceptances, when approved by the department, shall subject them irrevocably to the provisions of this act to all intents and purposes as if they had been originally included in its terms. Ninety per cent of the minimum rate specified in section 4 shall be applicable to such case until otherwise provided by law.
SEC. 20. Any employer, workman, beneficiary, or person feeling aggrieved at any decision of the department affecting his interests under this act may have the same reviewed by a proceeding for that purpose, in the nature of an appeal, initiated in the superior court of the county of his residence (except as otherwise provided in subdivi. sion (1) of section numbered 5) in so far as such decision rests upon questions of fact, or of the proper application of the provisions of this act, it being the intent that matters resting in the discretion of the department shall not be subject to review. The proceedings in every such appeal shall be informal and summary, but full opportunity to be heard shall be had before judgment is pronounced. No such appeal shall be entertained unless notice of appeal shall have been served by mail or personally upon some member of the commission within twenty days following the rendition of the decision appealed from and communication thereof to the person afiected thereby. No bond shall be required, except that an appeal by the employer from a decision of the department under section 9 shall be inefiectual unlere, within five days following the service of notice thereof, a bond, with surety satisfactory to the court, shall be filed, conditioned to perform the judgment of the court. Except in the case last named an appeal shall not be a stay. The calling of a jury shall rest in the discretion of the court except that in cases arising under sections 9, 15 and 16 either party shall be entitled to a jury trial upon demand. It shall be unlawful for any attorney engaged in any such appeal to charge or receive any fee therein in excess of a reasonable fee, to be fixed by the court in the case, and, if the decision of the department shall be reversed or modified, such fee and the fees of medical and other witnesses and the costs shall be payable out of the administration fund, if the accident fund is affected by the litigation. In other respects the practice in civil cases shall apply. Appeal shall lie from the judgment of the superior court as in other civil
The attorney general shall be the legal adviser of the department and shall represent it in all proceedings, whenever so requested by any of the commissioners. In all court proceedings under or pursuant to this act the decision of the department shall be prima facie correct, and the burden of proof shall be upon the party attacking the same.
Sec. 21. The administration of this act is imposed upon a department, to be known as the industrial insurance department, to consist of three commissioners to be appointed by the governor. One of them shall hold office for the first two years, another for the first four years, and another for the first six years following the passage and approval of this act. Thereafter the term shall be six years. Each commissioner shall hold until his successor shall be appointed and shall have qualified. A decision of any question arising under this act concurred in by two of the commissioners shall be the decision of the department. The governor may at any time remove any commissioner from office in his discretion, but within ten days following any such removal the governor shall file in the office of the secretary of state a statement of his reasons therefor. The commission shall select one of their members as chairman. The main office of the commission shall be at the State capitol, but branch offices may be established at other places in the State. Each member of the commission shall have power to issue subpænas requiring the attendance of witnesses and the production of books and documents.
SEC. 22. The salary of each of the commissioners shall be thirty-six hundred dollars per annum, and he shall be allowed his actual and necessary traveling and incidental expenses; and any assistant to the commissioners shall be paid for each full day's service rendered by him, his actual and necessary traveling expenses and such com pensation as the commission may deem proper, not to exceed six dollars per day to an auditor, or five dollars per day to any other assistant.
Sec. 23. The commissioners may appoint a suflicient number of auditors and assistants to aid them in the administration of this act, at an expense not to exceed $5,000 per month. They may employ one or more physicians in each county for the purpose of official medical examinations, whose compensation shall be limited to five dollars for each examination and report therein. They may procure such record books as they may deem necessary for the record of the financial transactions and statistical data of the department, and the necessary documents, forms and blanks. They may establish and require all employers to install and maintain an uniform form of pay roll.
Sec. 24. The commission shall, in accordance with the provisions of this act: 1. Establish and promulgate rules governing the administration of this act.
2. Ascertain and establish the amounts to be paid into and out of the accident fund.
3. Regulate the proof of accident and extent thereof, the proof of death and the proof of relationship and the extent of dependency.
4. Supervise the medical, surgical and hospital treatment to the intent that same may be in all cases suitable and wholesome.
5. Issue proper receipts for moneys received, and certificates for benefits accrued and accruing.
6. Investigate the cause of all serious injuries and report to the governor from time to time any violations or laxity in performance of protective statutes or regulations coming under the observation of the department.
7. Compile and preserve statistics showing the number of accidents occurring in the establishment or works of each employer, the liabilities and expenditures of the accident fund on account of, and the premium collected from the same, and hospital charges and expenses.
8. Make annual reports to the governor (one of them not more than sixty nor less than thirty days prior to each regular session of the legislature) of the workings of the department, and showing the financial status and the outstanding obligations of the accident fund, and the statistics aforesaid.
Sec. 25. Upon the appeal of any workman from any decision of the department affecting the extent of his injuries or the progress of the same, the court may appoint not to exceed three physicians to examine the physical condition of the appellant, who shall make to the court their report thereon, and they may be interrogated before the court by or on behalf of the appellant in relation to the same. The fee of each shall be fixed by the court, but shall not exceed ten dollars per day each.
Sec. 26. Disbursement out of the funds shall be made only upon warrants drawn by the State auditor upon vouchers therefor transmitted to him by the department and audited by him. The State treasurer shall pay every warrant out of the fund upon which it is drawn. If, at any time, there shall not be sufficient money in the fund on which any such warrant shall have been drawn wherewith to pay the same, the employer on account of whose workman it was that the warrant was drawn shall pay the same, and he shall be credited upon his next following contribution to such fund the amount so paid with interest thereon at the legal rate from the date of such payment to the date such next following contribution became payable, and if the amount of the credit shall exceed the amount of the contribution, he shall have a warrant upon the same fund for the excess, and if any such warrant shall not be so paid, it shall remain, nevertheless, payable out of the fund. The State treasurer shall to such extent as shall appear to him to be advisable keep the moneys of the unsegregated portion of the accident fund invested at interest in the class of securities provided by law for the investment of the permanent school fund. The State treasurer shall be liable on his official bond for the safe custody of the moneys and securities of the accident fund, but all the provisions of an act approved February 21, 1907, entitled "An act to provide for State depositories and to regulate the deposits of State moneys therein,” shall be applied to said moneys and the handling thereof by the State treasurer.
Sec. 27. If any employer shall be adjudicated to be outside the lawful scope of this act, the act shall not apply to him or his workman, or if any workman shall be adjudicated to be outside the lawful scope of this act because of remoteness of his work from the hazard of his employer's work, any such adjudication shall not impair the validity of this act in other respects, and in every such case an accounting in accordance with the justice of the case shall be had of moneys received. If the provisions of section 4 of this act for the creation of the accident fund, or the provisions of this act making the compensation to the workman provided in it exclusive of any other remedy on the part of the workman shall be held invalid the entire act shall be thereby invalidated except the provisions of section 31, and an accounting according to the justice of the case shall be had of moneys received. In other respects an adjudication of invalidity of any part of this act shall not affect the validity of the act as a whole or any other part thereof.
SEC. 28. If the provisions of this act relative to compensation for injuries to or death of workmen become invalid because of any adjudication, or be repealed, the period intervening between the occurrence of an injury or death, not previously compensated for under this act by lump payment or completed monthly payments, and such repeal or the rendition of the final adjudication of the invalidity shall not be computed as a part of the time limited by law for the commencement of any action relating to such injury or death: Provided, That such action be commenced within one year after such repeal or adjudication; but in any such action any sum paid out of the accident fund to the workman on account of injury, to whom the action is prosecuted, shall be taken into account or disposed of as follows: If the defendant employer shall have paid without delinquency into the accident fund the payment provided by section 4, such sums shall be credited upon the recovery as payment thereon, otherwise the sum shall not be so credited nut shall be deducted from the rum collected and be paid into the said fund from which they had been previou-ly di-burred.
Sec. 29. There is hereby appropriated out of the State treasury the sum of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary, to be known as the administration fund, out of which the salaries, traveling and office expenses of the department shall be paid, and al:o all other expenses of the administration of the accident fund; and there is hereby appropriated out of the accident fund for the purpose to which said fund is applicable the sum of $1,500,000, or so much thereof as shall be necessary for the purposes of this act.
Sec. 30. Nothing in this act contained shall repeal any existing law providing for the installation or maintenance of any device, means or method for the prevention of accidents in extra hazardous work or for a penalty or punishment for failure to install or maintain any such protective device, means or method, but sections 8, 9, and 10 of the act approved March 6, 1905, entitled: "An act providing for the protection and health of employes in factories, mills or workshops, where machinery is used, and providing for suits to recover damages sustained by the violation thereof, and prescribing a punishment for the violation thereof and repealing an art entitled, 'An act providing for the protection of employes in factories, mille, or workshops where machinery is used, and providing for the punishment of the violation thereof, approved March 6, 1903,' and repealing all other acts or parts of acts in conflict herewithi,” are hereby repealed, except as to any cause of action which shall have accrued thereunder prior to October 1, 1911.
Sec. 31. If this act shall be hereafter repealed, all moneys which are in the accident fund at the time of the repeal shall be subject to such disposition as may be provided by the legislature, and in default of such legislative provision distribution thereof shall be in accordance with the justice of the matter, due regard being had to obligations of compensation incurred and existing.
Sec. 32. This act shall not affect any action pending or cause of action existing on the 30th day of September, 1911.
CHAPTER 50, LAWS OF 1911.
SECTION 1. There are added to the statutes thirty-two new sections to read:
Section 2394-1. In any action to recover damages for a personal injury sustained within this State by an employee while engaged in the line of his duty as such, or for death resulting from personal injury so sustained, in which recovery is sought upon the ground of want of ordinary care of the employer, or of any officer, agent, or servant of the employer, it shall not be a defense:
1. That the employee either expressly or impliedly assumed the risk of the hazard complained of.
2. When such employer has at the time of the accident in a common employment four or more employes, that the injury or death was caused in whole or in part by the want of ordinary care of a fellow servant.
Any employer who has elected to pay compensation as hereinafter provided shall not be subject to the provisions of this section 2394-1.
Sec. 2394—2. No contract, rule, or regulation, shall exempt the employer from any of the provisions of the preceding section of this act.
Sec. 2394-3. Except as regards employees working in shops or offices of a railroad company, who are within the provisions of subsection 9 of section 1816 of the statutes, as amended by chapter 254 of the laws of 1907, the term "employer" as used in the two preceding sections of this act shall not include any railroad company as defined in subsection 7 of said section 1816 as amended, vaid section 1816 and amendatory acts being continued in force unaifected, except as aforesaid, by the preceding sections of this act.
Sec. 2394–4. Liability for the compensation hereinafter provided for, in lieu of any other liability whatsoever, shall exist against an employer for any personal injury accidentally sustained by his employee, and for his death, is the injury shall proximately cause death, in those cases where the following conditions of compensation concur:
1. Where, at the time of the accident, both the employer and employee are subject to the provisions of this act according to the succeeding sections hereof.
2. Where, at the time of the accident, the employee is performing service growing out of and incidental to his employment.
3. Where the injury is proximately caused by accident, and is not so caused by willful misconduct.
And where such conditions of compensation exist for any personal injury or death, the right to the recovery of such compensation pursuant to the provisions of this act, and acts amendatory thereof, shall be the exclusive remedy against the employer for such injury or death; in all other cases the liability of the employer shall be the same as if this and the succeeding sections of this act had not been passed, but shall be subject to the provisions of the preceding sections of this act.
Sec. 2394-5. The following shall constitute employers subject to the provisions of this act within the meaning of the preceding section:
1. The State, and each county, city, town, village, and school district therein.
2. Every person, firm, and private corporation (including any public service corporation), who has any person in service under any contract of hire, express or implied, oral or written, and who, at or prior to the time of the accident to the employee for which compensation under this act may be claimed, shall, in the manner provided in the next section, have elected to become subject to the provisions of this act, and who shall not, prior to such accident, have effected a withdrawal of such election, in the manner provided in the next section.
Sec. 2394-6. Such election on the part of the employer shall be made by filing with the industrial accident board, hereinafter provided for, a written statement to the effect that he accepts the provisions of this act, the filing of which statement shall operate, within the meaning of section 2394—5 of this act, to subject such employer to the provisions of this act and all acts amendatory thereof for the term of one year from the date of the filing of such statement, and thereafter, without further act on his part, for successive terms of one year each, unless such employer shall, at least sixty days prior to the expiration of such first or any succeeding year, file in the office of said board a notice in writing to the effect that he desires to withdraw his election to be subject to the provisions of the act.
Sec. 2394—7. The term "employee" as used in section 2394—4 of this act shall be construed to mean:
1. Every person in the service of the State, or of any county, city, town, village, or school district therein, under any appointment, or contract of hire, express or implied, oral or written, except any official of the State, or of any county, city, town, village, or school district therein: Provided, That one, employed by a contractor, who has contracted with a county, city, town, village, school district, or the State, through its representatives, shall not be considered an employee of the State, county, city, town, village, or school district which made the contract.
2. Every person in the service of another under any contract of hire, express or implied, oral or written, including aliens, and also including minors who are legally permitted to work under the laws of the State (who, for the purposes of the next section of this act, shall be considered the same and shall have the same power of contracting as adult employees), but not including any person whose employment is but casual or is not in the usual course of the trade, business, profession, or occupation of his employer.
Sec. 2394–8. Any employee as defined in subsection 1 of the preceding section shall be subject to the provisions of this act and of any act amendatory thereof. Any employee as defined in subsection 2 of the preceding section shall be deemed to have accepted and shall, within the meaning of section 2394-4 of this act, be subject to the provisions of this act and of any act amendatory thereof, if, at the time of the accident upon which liability is claimed:
1. The employer charged with such liability is subject to the provisions of this act, whether the employee has actual notice thereof or not; and
2. Such employee shall not, at the time of entering into his contract of hire, express or implied, with such employer, have given to his employer notice in writing that he elects not to be subject to the provisions of this act; or, in the event that such contract of hire was made in advance of such employer becoming subject to the provisions of the act, such employee shall have given to his employer notice in writing that he elects to be subject to such provisions, or without giving either of such notices, shall have remained in the service of such employer for thirty days after the employer has filed with said board an election to be subject to the terms of this act. Sec. 2394-9. Where liability for compensation under this act exists,
shall be as provided in the following schedule:
1. Such medical and surgical treatment, medicines, medical and surgical supplies, crutches, and apparatus, as may be reasonably required at the time of the injury and thereafter during the disability, but not exceeding ninety days, to cure and relieve from the effects of the injury, the same to be provided by the employer; and in case of his neglect or refusal seasonably to do so, the employer to be liable for the reasonable expense incurred by or on behalf of the employee in providing the same.