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29th day of May, 1845, by which it is stipulated, that the Contracting Parties shall each maintain on the West Coast of Africa a naval force of not less than 26 vessels, to be employed for the prevention of the Slave Trade, by closely watching all the parts of the West Coast where the Slave Trade is carried on, from Cape Verd to 19° 30′ south latitude, and by exercising all the powers vested in the crowns of France and Great Britain for such purposes: and we desire that you will take every opportunity and use your utmost efforts to effect the objects of this Convention,

You are to take the earliest opportunity of putting yourself in communication with the senior officer of the French squadron, for the purpose of co-operating with him in the execution of this Convention, and of concerting with him as to the best means of closely watching the parts of the African coast before described, by selecting and defining the stations to be established, and by taking the charge thereof either conjointly with the French cruizers, or separately with the force under your command, or by leaving the same to the French naval force, as may be deemed most expedient.

You will understand, however, that in the case of a station being specially committed to the charge of cruizers of either nation, the cruizers of the other nation may at any time enter the same for the purpose of exercising the rights respectively belonging to them for the suppression of the Slave Trade.

You will, in concert with the commander of the French squadron, determine with what Native Princes and Chiefs it may be necessary to negotiate Treaties for the suppression of the Slave Trade. And you are authorized to negotiate such Treaties, either personally or by an officer specially instructed for such purpose; such Treaties to be framed in accordance with the Draft of Engagement* forming Appendix to Section VII of

* APPENDIX TO SECTION VII. Draft of Engagement with the Chiefs of Africa. of Her Majesty's ship on the part of Her Majesty the Queen of England and the chiefs of- and of the neighbourhood, on the part of themselves and of their country, have agreed upon the following Articles and Conditions:

ART. I. The export of slaves to foreign countries is for ever abolished in the territories of the chiefs of - ; and the chiefs of - engage to make and proclaim a law prohibiting any of their subjects, or any person within their jurisdiction, from selling or assisting in the sale of any slave for transportation to a foreign country; and

the Instructions issued on the 12th of June, 1844, to Her Majesty's naval officers employed in the suppression of the Slave Trade.

Whenever it may be necessary to employ force to compel the due execution of any Treaty contracted with any native chief in virtue of this Convention, and to which both Her Majesty and the King of the French are parties, you will concert with the commander of the French squadron as to the employment of force for such purpose, and arrange, in concert with him, to act conjointly with the French force, or separately, as may be deemed most advisable; but with respect to these conjoint Treaties, you will not employ force without the consent of the commander of the French squadron.

It will be the duty of yourself and of the commanding officers of Her Majesty's ships under your orders, upon all occasions to communicate to the officers of the French squadron any information which may be of service in detecting the frauds of the Slave Traders, and especially to give notice of any vessel supposed to belong to France, and suspected of being engaged promise to inflict a severe punishment on any person who shall

the chiefs of

break this law.

II. No European, or other person whatever, shall be permitted to reside within the territory of the chiefs of - for the purpose of carrying on in any way the Traffic in Slaves; and no houses, or stores, or buildings of any kind whatever, shall be erected for the purpose of Slave Trade, within the territory of the chiefs of—————. III. If at any time it shall appear that Slave Trade has been carried on through or from the territory of the chiefs of, the Slave Trade may be put down by Great Britain by force upon that territory; and British officers may seize the boats of found anywhere carrying on the Slave Trade; and the chiefs of will subject themselves to a severe act of displeasure on the part of the Queen of England. IV. The subjects of the Queen of England may always trade freely with the people of in every article they may wish to buy and sell, in all the places and ports and rivers within the territories of the chiefs of, and throughout the whole of their dominions; and the chiefs of pledge themselves to show no favour, and give no privilege to the ships and traders of other countries, which they do not show to those of England.

For Contingent Cases.

ADDITIONAL ART. I. The slaves now held for exportation shall be delivered up to for the purpose of being carried to a British colony, and there liberated and all the implements of Slave Trade, and the barracoons, or buildings exclusively used in the Slave Trade, shall be forthwith destroyed.

II. Europeans or other persons now engaged in the Slave Trade, are to be expelled the country; the houses, stores, or buildings hitherto employed as slave factories, if not converted to lawful purposes within 3 months of the conclusion of this Engagement, are to be destroyed.

in the Slave Trade, which may be met with or heard of in the course of a cruize; and you will give directions to the officers under your orders to pay strict attention to this duty.

With respect to the visit, search and detention of vessels, belonging to nations between whom and Great Britain there are existing Treaties relating thereto and for the suppression of the Slave Trade, and also with respect to vessels not entitled to claim the flag of any nation, you will be guided by the instructions founded upon the statute passed in the 2nd and 3rd year of Her Majesty Queen Victoria, chap. 73,* and upon the Treaties in force with Foreign States, and the Acts of Parliament made in furtherance thereof, which have been delivered to you for your government; the present instructions in no respect interfering therewith.

You are not to capture, visit, or in any way interfere with vessels of France; and you will give strict instructions to the commanding officers of cruizers under your orders to abstain therefrom. At the same time you will remember that the King of the French is far from claiming that the flag of France should give immunity to those who have no right to bear it; and that Great Britain will not allow vessels of other nations to escape visit and examination by merely hoisting a French flag, or the flag of any other nation with which Great Britain has not, by existing Treaty, the right of search. Accordingly, when from intelligence which the officer commanding Her Majesty's cruizer may have received, or from the manoeuvres of the vessel, or other sufficient cause, he may have reason to believe that the vessel does not belong to the nation indicated by her colours, he is, if the state of the weather will admit of it, to go a-head of the suspected vessel, after communicating his intention by hailing, and to drop a boat on board of her to ascertain her nationality, without causing her detention, in the event of her really proving to be a vessel of the nation the colours of which she has displayed, and therefore one which he is not authorized to search; but should the strength of the wind or other circumstance render such mode of visiting the stranger impracticable, he is to require the suspected vessel to be brought to, in order that her nationality may be ascertained; and he will

* See Vol. 5, Page 427.

be justified in enforcing it, if necessary:-understanding always, that he is not to resort to any coercive measure until every other shall have failed; and the officer who boards the stranger is to be instructed merely in the first instance to satisfy himself by the vessel's papers, or other proof, of her nationality; and if she prove really to be a vessel of the nation designated by her colours, and one which he is not authorized to search, he is to lose no time in quitting her, offering to note on the papers of the vessel the cause of his having suspected her nationality, as well as the number of minutes the vessel was detained (if detained at all) for the object in question; such notation to be signed by the boarding officer, specifying his rank and the name of Her Majesty's cruizer; and whether the commander of the visited vessel consents to such notation on the vessel's papers or not (and it is not to be done without his consent), all the said particulars are to be immediately inserted in the log-book of Her Majesty's cruizer; and a full and complete statement of the circumstances is to be sent, addressed to the Secretary of the Admiralty, by the first opportunity, direct to England; and also a similar statement to you as senior officer on the station, to be forwarded by you to our Secretary, accompanied by any remarks you may have reason to make thereon.

The commanding officers of Her Majesty's vessels must bear in mind that the duty of executing the instruction immediately preceding, must be discharged with great care and circumspection. For if any injury be occasioned by examination without sufficient cause, or by the examination being improperly conducted, compensation must be made to the party aggrieved; and the officer who may cause an examination to be made without sufficient cause, or who may conduct it improperly, will incur the displeasure of Her Majesty's Government.

Of course in cases when the suspicion of the commander turns out to be well founded, and the vessel boarded proves, notwithstanding her colours, not to belong to the nation designated by those colours, the commander of Her Majesty's cruizer will deal with her as he would have been authorized and required to do had she not hoisted a false flag.

Given under our hands, &c.

See Instructions for the Commander of the French Squadron, Page 351.

CONVENTION entre la France et la Grande Bretagne, pour la Suppression de la Traite des Noirs. Signé à Londres, le 29 Mai, 1845*.

[See English version, Page 338.]

SA Majesté la Reine du Royaume Uni de la Grande Bretagne et d'Irlande, et Sa Majesté le Roi des Français, considérant que les Conventions du 30 Novembre, 1831, et du 22 Mars, 1833,† ont atteint leur but, en prévenant la Traite des Noirs sous les pavillons Anglais et Français, mais que ce trafic odieux subsiste encore, et que les dites Conventions sont insuffisantes pour en assurer la suppression complète; Sa Majesté le Roi des Français ayant témoigné le désir d'adopter pour la suppression de la Traite, des mesures plus efficaces que celles qui sont prévues par ces Conventions; et Sa Majesté la Reine du Royaume Uni de la Grande Bretagne et d'Irlande ayant à cœur de concourir à ce dessein; elles ont résolu de conclure une nouvelle Convention, qui sera substituée entre les deux Hautes Parties Contractantes, au lieu et place des dites Conventions de 1831 et 1833; et à cet effet elles ont nommé pour leurs Plénipotentiaires, savoir:

Sa Majesté la Reine du Royaume Uni de la Grande Bretagne et d'Irlande, le Très Honorable George, Comte d'Aberdeen, Vicomte Gordon, Vicomte Formartine, Lord Haddo, Methlick, Tarvis, et Kellie, Pair du Royaume Uni, Conseiller de Sa Majesté en son Conseil Privé, Chevalier du Très Ancien et Très Noble Ordre du Chardon, et Principal Secrétaire d'Etat de Sa Majesté ayant le Département des Affaires Etrangères; et le Très Honorable Stephen Lushington, Conseiller de Sa Majesté en son Conseil Privé, et Juge de sa Haute Cour d'Amirauté;

Et Sa Majesté le Roi des Français, le Sieur Louis de Beaupoil, Comte de Sainte Aulaire, Pair de France, Grand-Croix de l'Ordre Royal de la Légion d'Honneur, Grand-Croix de l'Ordre de Léopold de Belgique, son Ambassadeur près Sa Majesté Britannique; Et le Sieur Charles Léonce Achille Victor, Duc de Broglie, Pair de France, Grand-Croix de l'Ordre Royal de la Légion d'Honneur, Vice-Président de la Chambre des Pairs: Lesquels, après s'être communiqués leur pleins-pouvoirs * Ratifications exchanged at London, June 7, 1845. + See Vol. 4, Pages 109, 115.

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