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hearts of all the members. It should be recorded of him that he led not only in this project, but in many more, and always succeeded in bringing other men around him who took up his enterprises and carried them on to completion. The members of this Association will always be grateful that John F. Wallace was its first President and leader at the beginning of this great and successful organization.

Mr. W. C. Cushing (Pennsylvania) :-My tribute to Mr. Wallace is also because of his being one of the chief founders of this Association, and it was his sponsorship of the Association that hastened my becoming a member of it. I offer, therefore, my sincere tribute to his memory on that account.

Mr. William McNab (Grand Trunk) :-As one of the Past-Presidents of this Association, I esteem it a privilege to pay a tribute to the memory of John F. Wallace. Those of us who are not resident in the City of Chicago or along the lines of the Illinois Central, which were the scenes of many of his activities, and were not in the inner circle of his acquaintanceship, will remember him better, as two of the speakers have already said, on account of his activities in the early days of the Association. He was the guiding spirit in the administration of the affairs of this body in its formative stage, as well as in its subsequent development. Through his guiding genius, skill, forethought and interest, this Association has obtained the high standing it has to-day among the technical bodies of the world. Those of us who were present at the first convention twenty-two years ago, will remember some of his statements made at that time-one of which was that the printed Proceedings of the Association in the future would be the textbooks on the several subjects that were dealt with, and that there would be fewer books written by private Engineers on such subjects. How that prediction has been fulfilled, you all know. I have much pleasure in paying my personal tribute to Mr. Wallace's worth as an Engineer and as an administrator.

Mr. A. S. Baldwin (Illinois Central) :- I do not think that I can add anything—the facts have been given in regard to Mr. John F. Wallace, but I cannot allow an occasion of this kind to pass without at least an effort to pay a tribute to him which is due from me on account of my association with him on the Illinois Central Railroad, and my appreciation of his ability and his character.

When I came to the Illinois Central Railroad, Mr. Wallace was the Assistant General Manager. Very shortly thereafter he was promotrd to General Manager, and he was only General Manager for a comparatively short time before he went to the Panama Canal. I was with him, however, a sufficient length of time to enable me to appreciate his ability and his character. He was a man of untiring energy. He was devoted to his profession.

He had the highest ideals of the ethics of his profession, and certainly he served that profession with great distinction. We remember the passage from the oration of Mark Anthony at the bier of Cæsar—“The evil that men do lives after them, the good is oft interred with their bones"; oft, but not always. The hold that Mr. Wallace had on the hearts of the Engineers of the country, and above all, on the members of this particular Association, in the formation of which he was so largely responsible, will cause him to live in their hearts and keep his memory green, and all of us should endeavor to see that that memory is kept green and free from stain. That is the duty of those of us who are members of this Association, and which they have seen, year after year, grow from the small institution it was when he started it, to one of the most commanding positions in the world in its particular specialty.

Mr. C. F. Loweth (Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul) :-I think it is a high testimonial to the memory of John F. Wallace that such a large number are assembled in this meeting; this Association highly honors itself in setting apart this hour to the memory of one of its founders, its first President, a notable and useful citizen and a true gentleman.

I first met Mr. Wallace more than thirty years ago, and before he became connected with the Illinois Central Railroad. We met briefly in a small town in Iowa. The building of a highway toll bridge over the Mississippi River was under consideration, and the committee having the matter in charge had invited myself and another Engineer, also in private practice, to confer with reference to the engineering services incident to the construction of the proposed bridge. I had made my proposition to the committee, as had also the other Engineer, and they were being considered. In the meantime, while looking the ground over, I was met by a gentleman who introduced himself as Mr. Wallace. He stated that he had heard of the project and had come to the city to inquire about it, and asked me what the status of the negotiations for engineering services were.

I explained the matter frankly, as I understood it. He replied, in effect, that as he had not been invited by the committee, and that the matter was at that time so far along, he would not follow it up further, but would take the first train for home. This he did.

I thought at the time and frequently since, that he decided as he did out of what he regarded as the proper professional ethics of the situation. This incident occurred before there was a written code of ethics, or even a generally understood unwritten code governing the ethics of competition between Consulting Engineers in private practice. As in later years I became better acquainted with Mr. Wallace, I often looked back to our first meeting and realized that he was a man whose actions were not conformed to written or unwritten codes of ethics, but rather that his character was of that high order which made his actions those upon which ethics are built upon and formulated.

Although I never knew Mr. Wallace intimately, my acquaintance was not only a source of pleasure and satisfaction but of inspiration, and I esteemed him not only as an able Engineer of the highest character, but as a useful citizen and true gentleman whom it was a pleasure to know and whose memory is cherished.

Mr. C. A. Morse (Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific) :-My first acquaintance with Mr. Wallace was twenty years ago this summer, by accident, on a train. I was connected with the Santa Fe road, and a gentleman riding on the train, who discovered that I was the Engineer of the road, came around and spoke to me, and said he had built the Sibley Bridge on the Santa Fe. I found it was Mr. Wallace. For many years I had the pleasure of meeting Mr. Wallace, and I was one of practically all the Engineers in the country who felt aggrieved at and condemned the criticism of Mr. Wallace in connection with the Panama Canal.

The President :-Mr. G. J. Bell was associated with Mr. Wallace on the Keithburg Bridge. If Mr. Bell is present we will be very much pleased to hear from him.

Mr. T. L. Condron :-I think that everyone who has spoken of Mr. Wallace up to this moment has been a railroad man, and I deem it a privilege to testify to the high appreciation of Mr. Wallace by those who are not in the employ directly of any railroad. I represent the Consulting Engineer members of this Association. Twenty-two years ago I joined this Association at the invitation of Mr. Wallace, and if for no other reason, I have always felt under many obligations to Mr. Wallace for that opportunity of becoming one. of the early members of the original American ' Railway Engineering and Maintenance of Way Association.

There is one thing that is most in my mind about Mr. Wallace, and that is, he was a man of unusual breadth of vision, both as an Engineer and as an executive. He had the vision of the future of this great organization at the very first convention which was held. I think he saw it as it stands to-day. I have considered, and I know we all consider, that it has been a wonderfully useful and valuable adjunct to the entire engineering profession, and as representing those Engineers not in railroad employ, I offer this testimonial of respect and esteem to Mr. Wallace's memory.

Mr. J. L. Campbell (El Paso & Southwestern) :-As one of the railway Engineers not having the privilege of a personal association with Mr. Wallace in his work as an Engineer, I wish to add a word in commemoration of his character as an Engineer and a man. Young Engineers of this country as they start out in their work have certain examples before them. The men who are these examples become their heroes and their models. Mr. Wallace was an outstanding figure in the engineering world in that respect and there were thousands of young Engineers all over the country to whom Mr. Wallace and men like him were models and in this respect Mr. Wallace is not dead but still lives. d observe in the testimony being given of his character at this time that, while you are paying tribute to him as a great Engineer you are, fundamentally and back of that, paying tribute to a great man. Back of every great Engineer there is a great man. It requires a great man, a man of sterling character, a man possessing those personal qualifications and character that Mr. Wallace possessed, to make a truly great Engineer--a man who, after his death, will stand a living force in the community. I speak of Mr. Wallace, the man, particularly.

Mr. G. J. Ray (Delaware, Lackawanna & Western) :-I am glad to say a word at this time in behalf of Mr. Wallace. I was fortunate enough

to be under Mr. Wallace as a superior officer of the railroad during the first five years of my railroad career.

I always respected him, and I will never forget my first meeting with Mr. Wallace. I had a table in the draughting room of the general office. My work was on the line most of the time, but I was generally in the office some time during the evening, and I was usually there at 5:30, after every one else was out of the room. Mr. Wallace came in to find someone to fix up a blueprint for him. He looked around the room and naturally came to me, as there was no one else there. I fixed it up for him. It was something that he wanted to send out that night, and he never forgot me from that time. I was surprised and amazed that he remembered my name, and knew me by name, after having come back from the Panama Canal, when I met him in New York one evening. I had not the slightest idea that he would remember me, but he did, and he also remembered my connection with the road.

I had the pleasure during last year to be associated with Mr. Wallace in work in New York. I was a member of a committee that met every week for about three months. Mr. Wallace was chairman of the committee, and I can say he was the same Mr. Wallace he always was, and I was surprised to note how interested he was in all the old boys. I talked with him on several different occasions in the summer about the boys who were with the Illinois Central while he was connected with the road.

I assure you that it is a great pleasure for me to say a word in his behalf. It was a great shock to hear of his death only a week or so after one of these meetings in New York.

Mr. E. H. Lee (Chicago & Western Indiana) :-Circumstances brought me in contact with Mr. Wallace earlier than most of the speakers who have already addressed you. Although I never was intimately associated with him, my acquaintance with him when he and I were first here in Chicago attracted my attention to his ability and force of character. Ever since that time I have watched his progress, and I now feel it a great privilege to say a brief word of tribute to his memory.

From the words of appreciation already spoken, those unacquainted with Mr. Wallace will understand how great was his ability in a technical way, as an executive, as a man of broad mind. His intellect was a jewel having many facets. His career is a good illustration of the fact that great success in any field of endeavos is usually dependent on a combination of great intellectual qualities together with other more homely qualities. He was a typical man whose success may be attributed to the uniform strength in every link of the chain of his characteristics. He had outstanding and shining abilities that attracted men's attention. He had other homelier qualities, not so striking, but which contributed to the unusual measure of his success.

I remember being on a train with Mr. Wallace some fifteen years ago, bound to a convention of the American Society of Civil Engineers. We were the only two men on the train bound for that meeting, and it was

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therefore my privilege to enjoy his society for the better part of the day. I was surprised at the intimate personal character of his conversation, and the impression I secured was as to his possession of some of the more homely virtues. I am referring to them, as they may be of value to us as men, as railroad men, and as Engineers. One thing that appealed to me in his conversation was his great interest in his friends, the value he set upon them, and the affection he had for them. He realized that friends are any man's best asset.

Another of his characteristics was that he was a man of thrift. He told me of his personal experiences, of his early struggles to make ends meet, and how from the first day that he had ever earned a dollar, he had saved a certain portion of that dollar. He said, "I have lived under the greatest pressure; I was married young; but I have never failed to set aside that same fixed ratio of my earnings from that day to this."

: think that the homely virtues that were so distinctly impressed upon me on that trip-the value of friends, and the need to cultivate them; the value of thrift, and the ability to practice self-denial, in order to secure independence-are things that are well worthy of note in a passing word of tribute to the founder of this Association, the man whose memory we all honor, John Findley Wallace.

Mr. W. M. Camp (Railway Review) :-I can recall so many admirable things about John F. Wallace, whom I knew personally, that I feel I should say something on this occasion. Mr. Wallace was a successful Engineer. His memory will live in history, not only as a great Engineer, but, what is more, as a great man. I have been pleased to hear that side of his character emphasized at this meeting.

I believe that his success depended upon a number of qualities, rather than upon any one in particular. He was a man of sound education, a man of exceptional ability, and he was a broadminded man.

Speaking of his connection with the history of this Association, as others have done, I can easily remember my first meeting with Mr. Wallace, when he sent for me to come to see him. He was then either the Chief Engineer, or Assistant General Manager, of the Illinois Central Railroad. He said to me: "Mr. Torrey and I have put our heads together, and are going to start this Association, and we want you to come in with us." I said: “But, Mr. Wallace, I am out of the railroad service.” He replied: "We don't care anything about that. We will have a good many men outside of the railroad service as members of this Association."

I think Mr. Wallace's idea in that respect was to gather into this Association not only men who were actively engaged in railroad service, but others who at any time had had experience of railway engineeringcollege professors, or former railroad Engineers, who had become contractors or Consulting Engineers. I believe that Mr. Wallace's idea on that combination of experience in the membership of this Association is what has made this Association the institution of worldwide authority that it now stands for.

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