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(7) Recommendations for Future Work The Committee recommends that the incompleted subjects, Nos. 3, 4, 5 and 6 above, be continued and suggests that in addition, consideration be given to the assignment of the following:

(1) The preparation of plans for end, corner and gate posts of concrete and for a method of bracing same.

(2) That, if possible, arrangements be made for the test of line posts constructed in accordance with tentative plans of the Committee.

(3) Make a study and report on means used for preventing the accumulation of snow and for its removal.

CONCLUSIONS Your Committee recommends that the statement in Appendix A relating to the location of signs be adopted and printed in the Manual.

Respectfully submitted,
THE COMMITTEE ON Signs, FENCES AND Crossings,

MARO JOHNSON, Chairman.

LOCATION OF SIGNS G. N. EDMONDSON, Chairman; L. C. LAWTON, Vice-Chairman; ARTHUR ANDERSON, ARTHUR CRUMPTON, W. C. SWARTOUT, Sub-Committee.

In studying the location of signs, the Committee considered the safety of employees, visibility, uniformity of location, clearance and width of roadbed.

A circular was sent to a large number of railroads asking for information as to their general practice in locating signs, with the purpose of finding out if there were any unusual conditions which should be taken into consideration, also with the idea of avoiding a recommendation that would vary too much from present practice. The information obtained included the location of signs, with relation to the track; location with relation to the objects affected, and details of any local, State, or Public Service Commission laws or orders applying to the location of signs.

Summary of Replies to Questionnaire Distances from the Track: The replies to the questionnaire show considerable variation in the distances used, but the majority are less than recommended in this report.

Distances along Track, from the object affected: In most instances, the sign itself indicates the location. Where it does not, varying locations are given in the replies.

Laws or Orders of Public Utilities Commissions : These affect primarily highway crossings, drawbridges and whistle posts. The questionnaire does not disclose any law or order which will conflict with, or vary much, from the recommendations of this report. If such variations do occur, the law, of course, will govern.

Safety and Clearance are naturally combined. This Association has previously adopted a clearance diagram applying to bridges requiring horizontal clearance of eight feet from the center of the track and signs should not encroach on this.

The Committee believes it would generally be better to adopt a uniform distance for all signs wherever possible rather than vary it for different classes of signs, the main consideration being safety for employees, which condition is controlled by distance from the track.

Roadbed width may also be considered important, and by roadbed width we mean the width of sub-grade. The Association has adopted a roadbed with a 10 ft. shoulder, where ordinary depths of ballast are used, and has also adopted a 11 ft. 1/2 in. shoulder where sub-ballast is used.

Information acquired in March and April, 1921, from 34 different railroads shows the following widths of roadbed in use:

Class A Track Class B Track Class C Track

On Embankments

7'6" to 11'6"
7'6" to 10'6"
7'0" to 10'0"

In Cuts
7'6" to 11'6"
7'6" to 10'6"
7'0" to 9'0"

LOCATION OF SIGNS Signs Primarily for the Information of Trainmen

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Railroad Crossing

Distant (one mile).
Close 1400 st. more or less).

10'-4' 10'-4'

One mile. 400' more or less.

CROSSING

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-8

Junction-- (One mile)

1

M (JUNCTION

10'-4'

One mile.

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Station-(One mile).

10'-4'

One mile.

STATION

8

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Yard-(One mile).

10'44'

One mile.

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One mile. 400' more or less.

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Name or Purpose of Sign

Sketch of Sign.

Distance at right angles from center line of track to nearest face or

edge of Sign.

Distance along track from Sign to object, or condition which it de

scribes or designates.

10'-4'

50 ft.

Track Pan Posts

*Between tracks vary distance out, According to track centers,

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LOCATION OF SIGNS-Continued Signs for the Information of Passengers and Employees Other Than Trainmen, Though Incidentally Used by Them

Bridge Numbers

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70

10'-0"

10'44" Right angles to track and side most

conspicuous to passenger trains

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(14/15

Section

Parallel to track near right of way line.

Name or Purpose of Sign.

Sketch of Sign.

Distance from center line of track to near.
est face or edge of Sign where the track
governs the location and side of

track on which located.

Distance from other objective as station or property line to Sign where such object governs

the location.

Mile Post

118 ELEVATION

10'-4'
*North or east side of track or in direc-

tion leading from principal termini.

SECTION

Sub-division and Section.

7 22 11

Parallel to track near right of way line.

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General Remarks: +"In accordance with information shown on plans already adopted."

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