Elements of chemistry: theoretical and practical, Volume 1

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Contents

Law of Equivalent Proportions
16
Tables of Equivalent Numbers
17
220
19
4059
20
PARAGRAPH PAGE
22
Elasticity of Solids and Liquids
26
Combining ProportionsEquivalentsAtoms 14 Application of the Law of Equivalent Proportions 15 Law of Volumes
27
Symbolic Notation
30
3139
31
English System of Weights and Measures 18 French System of Weights and Measures 19 The Balance
32
Specific Gravity
34
Specific Gravity of Liquids 22 Specific Gravity of Solids
35
The Hydrometer
38
Correction for Weighings taken in
39
Reunion of Divided Surfaces
44
31
46
36
51
38
53
88
58
Laws of the Diffusion of Liquids
59
Endosmosis and Exosmosis
60
The OsmometerConditions of Osmose
61
DialysisCrystalloidsColloids
62
Flow of Liquids through Capillary Tubes
63
Adhesion of Gases to LiquidsSolubility of Gases
64
Cements
65
Desiccation of Gases
66
Diffusion of Gases
67
Effusion of Gases
68
Transpiration of Gases
69
Passage of Gases through Diaphragms
70
Separation of Bodies by Cold or Heat
71
Solution
78
Reflection from Plane Surfaces
97
Reflection from Curved Surfaces
98
Refraction
99
Law of the Sines
100
Refraction at Inclined Surfaces
101
Total Reflection
102
Wollastons Method of ascertaining Refractive Power
103
Prismatic Analysis of Light
104
I02
105
Fixed Lines in the SpectrumFraunhofers Lines
106
108136 108
108
Modes of obtaining Crystals
109
Change in the Refrangibility of LightFluorescence
110
Adhesion between Liquids
111
Circumstances which modify Crystalline Form
112
Velocity of LightIts Measurement
113
14 Frequency of Undulation in Different colours 115 Interference
115
Change of Bulk in the act of Solidification 77 Development of Crystalline Form in Solids 78 Structure of CrystalsCleavage
116
Goniometers
117
The Reflecting Goniometer
118
Polarization of Light by Double Refraction
119
Symmetry of Crystalline Form 82 Classification of Crystals
120
Distinction between Common and Polarized Light
121
Polarization by a Bundle of Plates
122
Effect of the Analyser in rotating the Plane of Polarization
123
Colours of Polarized Light
124
Colours in Plates cut perpendicular to the Axis
125
Coloured Circular Polarization
126
Magnetic Polarization
127
Isomorphism
128
Chemical bearings of Isomorphism
130
Isomorphous Groups
131
Dimorphism
132
Allotropy
134
Air ThermometersDifferential Thermoscope
135
PARAGRAPH
136
Expansion of Solids
213
Expansion of Liquids
214
Tests of a good Thermometer
220
Force exerted by Expansion
226
Determination of the Specific Gravity of Vapours
232
422
237
Inequality in the Rate of Conduction in different Directions
240
Gulf Stream
246
Law of Cooling by Radiation
252
Influence of Structure on Diathermacy
259
Methods of Measuriug Specific Heat
265
Relation of Specific Heat to Atomic Weight
272
22
274
NO
276
Disappearance of Heat during LiquefactionLatent Heat
278
Regelation of
285
Influence of Adhesion on the Boiling Point
291
Electrotype or Voltatype Processes
292
128
295
356
296
Production of Cold during Evaporation
297
130
298
131
299
132
300
134
304
Distillation
305
Influence of Light in producing Chemical Changes 89 Sources of Light 90 Theories of LightUndulations gi Illustration of Undulations from Sound 9...
306
140
310
141
311
142
312
Daltons Law of the Tension of Vapours
313
Daniells Hygrometer
319
144
323
145
325
146
326
357
331
Spheroidal State produced by Heat
332
Researches of Favre and Silbermann
339
Mercurial Calorimeter
346
Heat Absorbed during Solution of Salts
354
Simple Facts connected with Electricity
373
Distribution of the Electric Charge
380
The Leyden
386
Specific Induction
393
Velocity of Discharge
399
Other Sources of ElectricityHeatFracture
407
Galvanic or Voltaic Electricity 413511
413
Summary of the Effects produced by the Conducting Wire
419
Energy of the Current proportionate to the Chemical Activity
427
Circuits with One Metal and Two Liquids
433
General Summary
439
Differences between a Simple and a Compound Circuit
446
The Voltameter
453
Processes of Voltaic Discharge
459
Heating Effects in Wires
465
Chemical Actions
475
Electrochemical Actions
481
Unequal transfer of Ions during Electrolysis
488
Nascent state of Bodies
495
ElectroMagnetism
512
Ampères Theory of ElectroMagnetism
519
MagnetoElectricity
530
Henrys Coils
539
547553
547
Animal Electricity
553
Diamagnetism
560
Law of Diamagnetic Repulsion
566
Cohesion Figures
574
INDEX
578

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Page 329 - On partially liquefying carbonic acid by pressure alone, and gradually raising at the same time the temperature to 88° Fahr., the surface of demarcation between the liquid and gas became fainter, lost its curvature, and at last disappeared. The space was then occupied by a homogeneous fluid, which exhibited, when the pressure was suddenly diminished or the temperature slightly lowered, a peculiar appearance of moving or flickering striae throughout its entire mass. At temperatures above 88° no...
Page 211 - Temperature may be conceived to depend upon the velocities of the vibrations; increase of capacity on the motion being performed in greater space ; and the diminution of temperature during the conversion of solids into fluids or gases, may be explained on the idea of the loss of vibratory motion, in consequence of the revolution of particles round their axes, at the moment when the body becomes fluid or aeriform, or from the loss of rapidity of vibration in consequence of the motion of the particles...
Page 585 - With Additions by Professors AGASSIZ, PIERCE, and GRAY; 12 Maps and Engravings on Steel, some Coloured, and copious Index.
Page 211 - It seems possible to account for all the phenomena of heat, if it be supposed that in solids the particles are in a constant state of vibratory motion, the particles of the hottest bodies moving with the greatest velocity...
Page 206 - ... passing from the solid to the liquid, and from the liquid to the gaseous form, or the contrary, occasioning endless vicissitudes of temperature over the globe.
Page 585 - Reprinted from Williams's Holy City. With Illustrations. 9s. Plan of Jerusalem, from the Ordnance Survey. With a Memoir. Reprinted from Wuliams's Holy City.

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