Page images


Hon. LYMAN D. STEVENS, Concord, President.
His ExceLLENCY HIRAM A. TUTTLE, A. M., ex officio,

Hon. FREDERICK SMYTH, Manchester, Treasurer.
SYDNEY B. WHITTEMORE, Esq., Colebrook.
Hon. GEORGE A. WASON, New Boston.
Hon. WARREN BROWN, Hampton Falls.
CHARLES W. STONE, A. M., East Andover.
CHARLES McDANIEL, Esq., West Springfield.
Hon. JOHN G. TALLANT, East Concord.

Hon. JOSEPH KIDDER, Manchester, Secretary


To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives :

The trustees of the New Hampshire College of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts respectfully submit their twentieth report, and, in compliance with a request from the United States treasury department, preface it with a resumé of the history of the college from its organization, to the passage of the act of the Legislature providing for its removal from Hanover to Durham. At the session of the Legislature of New Hampshire in 1866 an act was passed establishing the “ New Hampshire College of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts,” on the basis of the congressional land grant, and authorizing its location in Hanover and its connection with Dartmouth College. In accordance with this act, the institution was organized under a board of trustees appointed partly by the governor and council, and partly by the corporation of Dartmouth College, the authorized connection with Dartmouth College was effected, and the institution was opened to students in 1868. Hon. David Culver, of Lyme, had provided for the college in his will, upon the condition of its location in Lyme. This condition was not accepted, and the estate had gone to Dartmouth College to be used for agricultural instruction. This fact furnished one, and a strong reason, why the State College should be connected with Dartmouth College. This was more desirable by reason of the inadequate funds possessed by the State College. The 150,000 acres of the public land scrip was sold for $80,000 and the proceeds invested in state bonds yielding an income to the college of four thousand eight hundred dollars annually.

[ocr errors]

Under these circumstances the offer made by Dartmouth College of the free use of its recitation rooms, museum, and library, and to allow its professors to give instruction in the new institution at the reasonable compensation of two dollars per hour, was considered a great inducement. Rev. Asa D. Smith, D. D., LL. D., president of Dartmouth College, labored long to bring about the connection, and afterwards, as president of the State College, showed himself a friend of the institution and its students.

The New Hampshire College was apparently the only one of the land grant colleges organized in connection with an older institution and yet dependent upon its own income, except the privileges and facilities furnished by the connection.

The first professor was Ezekiel Webster Dimond, who was made professor of general and agricultural chemistry. Dr. Thomas Russell Crosby was instructor in animal and vegetable physiology, which was the second professorship established. On the faculty list the names of six of the professors and instructors of Dartmouth College appeared as instructors in intellectual and moral philosophy, rhetoric and history, natural philosophy, civil engineering, mathematics, and gymnastics.

At this time the College of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts was considered a department of Dartmouth College, and so received most of its instruction from the college professors, or from students in its graduate courses.

Since 1877, the college has had an independent faculty, and has employed other instructors only in exceptional cases. In 1878, the four members of the faculty gave nine tenths of all the instruction. In 1884, the five members of the faculty were giving even a larger proportion of the instruction. The number of the faculty was increased to seven in 1886, to eight in 1889, and to eleven in 1891.

In the first catalogue it was said of the courses of study, " It should be borne in mind that while agriculture, worthy of honor as the primitive pursuit of man, and as fundamental to the well being of every community, is to have a prominent

« PreviousContinue »