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NOTES TO TABLE II.

The principal increases shown in cases where a comparison with 1914–15 is possible are explained in the following notes, but allowance must be made generally for the effect of increased prices reflected in pay and supplies (a) Old Age Pensions.-Scale of pensions doubled by the Old Age Pensions

Act, 1919. Additional charge under Blind Persons Act, 1920.

Increase in the number of pensioners through growth of population. (b) Education.Developments under the Education Acts of 1918, increased

grants for higher education, and growth of grants to meet increased

local expenditure, principally on teachers' salaries. (c) Agriculture.—Growth of grants for education and research, for small

holdings and improvement of cultivation, and for eradication of disease and improvement of breeding of live stock ; Grant to

Development Fund (£250,000); State Forestry. (d) Health.-New grants for maternity and child welfare, for welfare of

the blind, and for treatment of venereal disease, and increased grants

for treatment of tuberculosis. (e) Health and Unemployment Insurance.—Growth of Health benefits and

grants ; extension of Unemployment benefit under the Acts of

1920, 1921 and 1922. (1) Police (Great Britain).—New and increased police grants from 1919. (9) Irish Lund.Payment of Land Purchase Annuities, Northern Ireland,

(£659,000) under the Government of Ireland Act, 1920. (h) Foreign and Colonial Services.- Charges arising out of the war, e.g., Administration of Tanganyika (late German

East Africa) (£750,000), the League of Nations, including International Labour Organisation (£130,000), extra telegrams and special missions

(£90,000).
) Administration Expenses.—The net charge for war bonus to the Civil

Service falls to the amount of £2,400,000 on this head, but the
Estimate for 1923-24 also includes-
(1) new charges, e.g., under Aliens Restrictions Acts, 1914 and

1919, Government of India Act, 1919, Census Act, 1920 ;
(2) new Departments, e.g., Ministry of Transport, Department of

Overseas Trade, National Savings Committee, Mines Department, Government Actuary's Department.

TABLE III.

PARTICULARS OF (I) Personnel of THE ARMY, NAVY, AND AIR FORCE AND (II) STAFFS

(OTHER THAN INDUSTRIAL STAFF) EMPLOYED IN Various GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENTS.

1914
(Pre-
war).

llth
November,

1918
(Armis-
tice).

Increase (+) or

Decrease (-) 1st April, 1st April, 1st April, 1st April, 1st April, 1st April, 1923, 1919. 1920. 1921. 1922. 1923. over llth

November, 1918

(Armistice).

...

...

(1) Personnel of Army,

Navy, and Air Force : Army

174,500 3,996,000 2,303,000 471,500 312,000 196,000 156.000 – 3,840,000 Navy

145,600 436,000 267,000 135,000 123,000 121,400 99.500 - 336,500 Air Force

293,000 108,000 27,000 25,500 27,300 28,000 - 265,000 Total

320,100 4,725,000 2,678,000 633,500 460,500 344,700 283,5001 - 4,441,500 (II) Staffs of Government Departments : (d) (C) (C) (c)

(d) (d) War Office (a)

2,800 18,324 13,994 7,434 7,607 5,760 4,685 - 13,639 Admiralty

5,400 20,457 18,581 13,432 11,504 9,109 8,203 - 12,254 Air Ministry (6)

4,646 4,090 2,837 2,156 1.854 1.644 -3,002 Post Office

208.900 197,315 200,487 209,269 208,804 185,196 181,173 - 16,142 Ministry of Pensions

8,561 12,663 24,169 26,015 22,919 23,552 +14,991 Inland Revenue

15,800 16,949 18,434 19,446 21,557 20,645 20.410 +3,461 Ministry of Labour 4,400 8,484 25,777 17,835 24,354 20,579 15,462 +6,978 Customs and Excise 10,300 11,164 11,785 12,602 12,568 11,487 11,640 +476 Disposal and Liquida

65,142 35,922 11,440 2,567 1,680 1,037 -64,105 tion Commission (late Ministry of Muni

tions). Ministry of Health 3,200 3,233 4,252 5,820 6,137 4,163 3,871

+638 Board of Trade 2,500 7,036 6,730 5,410 5,306

4,657

5,030 -2,006 Board of Trade-Food

9,181 6,010 4,142

1,599 385

90 – 9,091 Department (late

Ministry of Food). Board of Trade-Ship

2,690 2,157 1,102

765
477

319 -2,371 ping Liquidation De. partment (late Ministry of Shipping). Ministry of Agriculture 3,000 3,451 3,694 3,446 3,497 2,722 2,480 -971

and Fisheries. Office of Works... 700 2,050 2,100 2,907 3,328 3,092 3,013

+963 Other Departments 21,900 39,342 27,844 28,783 29,100 | 22,996 22,389 - 16,953 Total

278,900 418,025 394,529 370.374 366,894 317,721 304,998 - 113,027

The figures of 1914 are approximate. Figures of Departmental Staffs during the war period cannot be made available without disproportionate expenditure of labour and money.

(a) The War Office figures exclude Record Office and Pay Office Staffs numbering 5,000 in 1914, 35,000 at the date of the Armistice and 5,386 on the 1st January, 1923.

(6) The Air Ministry Figures exclude Unit and Command Office Staffs numbering 1,300 at the date of the Armistice and 1.489 on the 1st January, 1923.

(c) The War Office figures at these dates exclude the staffs of Ordnance Factories which are included in the figures for the Ministry of Munitions.

(d) Ireland.—The figures for the years 1914 to 1921 inclusive include all staff engaged on Irish services. The number of such staff in 1914 was 24,800. The figures for the years 1922 and 1923 exclude staff (numbering 19,513 at 1st April, 1923), transferred to the Governments of Northern Ireland and of the Irish Free State, and staff, (numbering 5,492 at 1st April, 1923), engaged on Reserved or Agency Services in Ireland, the cost of which is met finally from Irish revenues. The staff engaged on Imperial services in connection with Ireland (i e., War Pensions, etc.) numbered 9.9 on 1st April, 1923 ; this staff is included in the table above.

(41E01) Wt. 1618–518 1500 5/23 H, St. G. 18

YEAR ENDED 31ST MARCH 1923.

AN ACCOUNT of the PUBLIC INCOME and EXPENDITURE

of the UNITED KINGDOM in the Year ended the 31st day of March 1923; together with the BALANCES in the EXCHEQUER on the 1st April 1922; the RECEIPTS and PAYMENTS (not being Income and Expenditure) in the Year ended 31st March 1923; and the BALANCES in the EXCHEQUER on that day.

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H.M. STATIONERY OFFICE at the following addresses : IMPERIAL HOUSE, KINGSWAY, LONDON, W.C. 2, and 28, ABINGDON STREET, LONDON, S.W.1; 37, PÉTER STREET, MANCHESTER; 1, ST. ANDREW'S CRESCENT, CARDIFF;

or 120, GEORGE STREET, EDINBURGH.

1923.
Price 2d. Net.

YEAR ENDED 31st

PART 1.-AN ACCOUNT of the PUBLIC INCOME in the Year ended the 31st March 1923, prepared in compliance with

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