... Miscellaneous Papers Relating to Anthropology

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1883 - Mounds - 160 pages
 

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Page 100 - Etowah, about 2 miles below where it is crossed by the Chattanooga and Atlanta Railway, near Cartersville. Its form, size, and elevation are singular and imposing. It occupies the easterly point or angle of a large and luxuriant river bottom, a part of which is subject to inundations. The soil is a deep, rich, black loam, covering several hundred acres, which has been cultivated in corn and cotton since the Cherokees left it about forty years since. I was compelled, by bad weather, to make the survey...
Page 105 - ... pyramids, so common on the waters of the Gulf of Mexico, which have been by some archaeologists attributed to the present race of red men. In Florida and in Alabama, the early English and Spanish travelers found Indian caciques with their wigwams on the top of such mounds, around which were the A'illages of their tribe. Instances are given where Indian towns occupied spaces surrounded by ancient embankments of earth, both with and without mounds.
Page 102 - The ditch is reputed to have been 30 feet wide and 10 feet deep. Two hundred yards to the northeast of A are the remains of four low mounds within the ditch, near the large pits. Five hundred yards to the northwest, on the edge of the second terrace, is a mound which is yet eight feet high, although it has been industriously plowed over more than thirty years.
Page 71 - In 1812-'15 the first settlers found embankments from 3 to 4 feet high, and from 8 to 10 feet wide at the base. A forest of oak, hickory, sugar, and ash grew upon and near this work. It overlooked the valley to the south and east, and had a gateway at the southwest opening near a fine spring. The site has been plowed for more than fifty years ; and scarcely a trace of it remained in 1878.
Page 12 - ... to each other. The remains of the walls still stand to the height of about 20 inches. Judging from appearances, it would seem that each had been of a conical or dome-like form. They were composed wholly of stone, and the remains found in them were almost wholly decomposed. On the top of an opposite ridge to the west is another row, four in number, similar to those just described, except that the cists are square instead of circular, the sides being equal to the diameter of the former. In these...
Page 97 - Indians. pean manufacture have been unearthed under such circumstances that we feel justified in attributing them to the companions either of De Soto or of Louis de Velasco. It is a well-established fact that twelve priests, eight clergymen of inferior rank, and four monks accompanied the Adelantado's army. We are assured that the conversion of the natives was one of the avowed FIG.
Page 102 - At the base the ramp is 50 feet broad, growing narrower as you ascend. It curves to the right, and reaches the area on the top near its southwest corner. Twenty-five years since, before it was injured by cultivation, visitors could easily ride to the summit on horseback along the ramp. From this spot the view of the rich valley of the Etowah, towards the west, and of the picturesque hills which border it on either side, is one of surpassing beauty. "About 300 yards to the north rises the second terrace...
Page 121 - If you are, tell us so; that those of our nation who have become your children, and have determined to die so, may know what to do. In this case, one chief has said, he would ask you to put him out of his pain.
Page 101 - B is three feet higher than at C. All of them are truncated. The mound C is not a perfectly regular figure, but approaches a square, with one side broken into three lines. Its height above base is 18 feet. The bearing of its western side is north 10 west, and the length on the ground 47 paces, having been somewhat spread out by plowing around the foot. On the east is a ramp, with a slope of one to two degrees which allows of ready ascent by persons on foot.
Page 75 - ... author. The center of the mound, where not disturbed by former excavations, resembles an altar or fire-place where the fire had burned the earth to a brick-red. In the ashes and burnt earth were fragments of arrow-heads broken by the heat. The fire had been kindled on the mound when it was from 2 to 3 feet high. No human remains were discovered in this last excavation. A few scrapers were found, which are in the cabinets of the above-named gentlemen.

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