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The Corporation Counsel, who is the head of the Law Department, receives $15,000 a year. He has charge of all the law business of the corporation, all

legal proceedings in opening, widening and closing streets, in Law Department. acquiring property for the city by condemnation proceedings,

and the preparation of all leases and contracts. He is the legal adviser of the Mayor, the presidents of the boroughs, the Board of Aldermen and every department.

The head of the Police Department is the Police Commissioner, whose term of office is five years. The act then says: "The said commissioner may, when

ever in the judgment of the Mayor of said city or the Police Department. Governor, the public interests shall so require, be removed

from office by either, and shall be ineligible for reappointment thereto. The successor in office of the said commissioner shall also be appointed by the Mayor of the city within ten days after any vacancy shall occur, and shall be removed by either the Mayor or Governor whenever the public interests so require. The salary of said Police Commissioner shall be $7,500 a year. The said commissioner shall have the power to appoint, from citizens of the United States and residents of the said city, and at pleasure remove, three deputies, to be known as first deputy commissioner, second deputy commissioner and third deputy commissioner. The Police Department consists also of fifteen inspectors, one captain to each fifty of the total number of patrolmen, except in the rural part of the city, sergeants of police, not exceeding four in number to each fifty of the total number of patrolmen; roundsmen not exceeding four in number to each fifty patrolmen; detective sergeants to the number authorized by law; the members of the telegraph force as specified in Section 277 of this act; the superintendent and inspectors of boilers as specified in Section 342 of this act; doormen of police, not exceeding two in number to each fifty of the total number of patrolmen; surgeons of police, not exceeding forty in number, one of whom shall be chief surgeon, and patrolmen to the number of 6,382."

The president of each borough is elected for four years. He has the following powers: "He may appoint and at pleasure remove a Commissioner of Public

Works for his borough, who may discharge all the administraBorough Officers. tive powers of the president of the borough relating to streets,

sewers public buildings and supplies conferred upon him by this act; and who shall, in the absence or illness of such president, discharge all the duties of such president. He shall, within the borough for which he shall have been elected, have cognizance and control: (1) of regulating, grading, curbing, flagging and guttering of streets and laying of crosswalks; (2) of constructing and repairing public roads; (3) of paving, repaving, resurfacing and repairing of all streets, and of the relaying of all pavements removed for any cause; (4) of the laying or relaying of surface railroad tracks in any public street or road, of the form of rail used, or character of foundation, and the method of construction, and of the restoration of the pavement or suface after such work; (5) of the Alling of sunken lots, fencing it vacant lots, digging down lots, and of licensing vaults under sidewalks; (6) of the removal of encumbrances; (7) of the issue of permits to builders and others to use or open the streets; (8) of the construction and maintenance of all bridges and tunnels which are within his borough and form a portion of the highways thereof, except such bridges as cross navigable streams; (9) of all subjects relating to the public sewers and drainage of his borough, and shall initiate the making of all plans for the drainage of his borough, except as otherwise specifically provided in this act. He shall have charge of the construction of all sewers in accordance with said plans. He shall have in charge the management, care and maintenance of tne sewer and drainage system of the borough of which he shall be president and the licensing of all cisterns and cesspools." The presidents of the boroughs of Queens and Richmond also have supervision of the street cleaning of their boroughs.

The act says in regard to the Bureau of Buildings: “There shall be in the office of each borough president a bureau to be known as “the Bureau of Buildings for the Borough of

The presidents of the boroughs of Bureau of Manhattan, The Bronx and Brooklyn shall,

each within the borBuildings. ough for which he is elected, appoint a superintendent of buildings

for the borough. The presidents of the boroughs of Queens and Richmond may, whenever appropriation is made therefor by the Board of Aldermen upon the recommendation of the Board of Estimate and Apportionment, each within the borough for which he is elected, in like manner appoint a superintendent of buildings for the borough. Each superintendent of buildings shall, within the borough or boroughs in which he has jurisdiction, have charge of the administration of, and it shall be his duty, subject to and in accordance with the general rules and regulations established by the president of the borough, to enforce such rules and regulations and the provisions of this chapter and of such ordinances as may be established by the Board of Aldermen and of the laws relating to the construction, alteration or removal of buildings or other structures erected or to be erected within such borough."

The act creates twenty-five districts of local improvements, divided as follows: 1. Richmond Borough. 2. Wards 1 and 2, Borough of Queens. 3. Wards

3, 4 and 5, Borough of Queens. 4. Third Senate District. 5. Local Boards. Fourth Senate District. 6. Wards 8, 30

31, Borough of Brooklyn. 7. Wards 10 and 12, Borough of Brooklyn. 8. Sixth Senate District. 9. Seventh Senate District. 10. Eighth Senate District. 11. Ninth Senate District. 12. Tenth Senate District. 13. Eleventh Senate District. 14. Twelfth Senate District. 15. Thirteenth Senate District. 16. Fourteenth Senate District. 17. Fifteenth Senate District. 18. Sixteenth Senate District. 19. Fifteenth and Seventeenth Assembly districts of the county of New York. 20. Eighteenth Senate District.

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21. Nineteenth and Twenty-first Assembly districts of the county of New York.

22. Thirty-first and Twenty-third Assembly districts of the county of New York.

23. Twentieth Senate District and that part of the Twenty-first Senate District in the Borough of Manhattan. 24. That part of the Twenty-first Senate District in the Borough of The Bronx west of the Bronx River. 25. That part of the Twenty-second Senate District east of the Bronx River. Each local board of improvement has as its members the president of the borough wherein the district is situated, and each member of the Board of Aldermen "who represents an aldermanic district within such local improvement district." The members of the local board serve as such members without compensation. The act then says: "A local board, subject to the restrictions provided by this act, shall have power to all cases where the cost of the improvement is to be met in whole or in part by assessments upon the property benefited to niitiate proceedings for the following purposes: To construct tunnels and bridges lying wholly within the borough; to acquire title to land for parks and squares, streets, sewers, tunnels and bridges, and approaches to bridges and tunnels; to open, close, extend, widen, grade, pave, regrade, repave and repair the streets, avenues and public places, and to construct sewers within the district; to flag or reflag, curb or recurb the sidewalks, and to relay crosswalks on such streets and avenues; to set or to reset street lamps, and to provide signs designating the names of streets. All resolutions affecting more than one local improvement district or the borough generally shall be adopted only at a joint meeting of all the local boards of the borough, and by a majority of the members of said boards."

The Commissioner of Water Supply, Gas and Electricity has charge of the supply and distribution of water, and also has the following duties: “Of the

making and performance of certain contracts when duly Department of authorized in accord with the provisions of this act, and for Water Supply, Gas the execution of the same in the matter of furnishing the and Electricity. city, or any part thereof, with gas, electricity, or any other

illuminant, or of steam; of the selecting, locating and removing and changing of lights for the use of the city; of the inspecting and testing of gas and electricity used for light, beating and power purposes, electric meters, electric wires and of all lights furnished to said city; and of the use and transmission of gas, electricity, pneumatic power and steam for all purposes in, upon, across, over and under all streets, roads, avenues, parks, public places and public buildings; of the construction of electric mains, conduits, conductors, and subways in any such streets, roads, avenues, parks and public places, and the granting of the permission to open streets, when approved by the borough president, and to open the same for the purpose of carrying on therein the business of transmitting, conducting, using and selling electricity, steam, or for the service of pneumatic tubes."

The Commissioner of Street Cleaning has charge of the sweeping and cleaning of the streets in the boroughs of Manhattan, The Bronx and Brooklyn, and

of the removal of_ashes and garbage in these boroughs. The Street Cleaning Commissioner of Bridges has charge of all the bridges and Bridges, Parks. of the operation of the railroad on the New-York and Brook

lyn Bridge, and of the construction and management of turtnels beneath navigable streams. The three Commissioners of Parks have charge of the parks in every borough; one has administrative jurisdiction in the boroughs of Manhattan and Richmond, one in the borough of The Bronx, and one in the boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens. Each Commissioner receives $5,000 salary.

An Art Commission has as its members the Mayor, the president of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the president of the New-York Public Library, the

president of the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences, one Art Commission. painter, one sculptor, one architect, and three other residents

of the city of New-York. The act then says: "Hereafter no work of art shall become the property of the city of New-York, by purchase, gift or otherwise, unless such work of art or a design of the same, together with a statement of the proposed location of such work of art, shall first have been submitted to and approved by the commission." The Department of Public Charities has as its head one Commissioner of

Public Charities, whose salary is $7,500 yearly. The commisPublic Charities. sioner has charge of all hospitals, asylums, almshouses and other

institutions for the care of the feeble minded, the sick and the destitute, except certain specified institutions. Bellevue Hospital and allied hospitals are in charge of a board of trustees

of seven persons, consisting of the Commissioner of Public Bellevue Hospital - Charities and six persons appointed by the Mayor. Department of

The Department of Correction has its head one Correction.

commissioner at a salary of $7,500. He has charge of all

institutions for the care and custody of criminals and misdemeanants, except certain specified institutions.

The Fire Department has one commissioner as its head, who receives $7,500 a year. He has charge of the government, management, maintenance and di

rection of the Fire Department of the city. The Department of Fire, Docks Docks and Ferries has as its head one commissioner, who receives and Ferries. $7,500 a year salary. He has exclusive charge of the wharf prop

erty belonging to the city of New-York, and of the repairing, rebuilding, altering and leasing of this property. He cannot, however, make any contract or execute any deed for the wharf property unless it has first been approved

as

by resolution in writing passed by the Commissioners of the Sinking Fund. The Dock Commissioner also is authorized to lease the franchise of ferries.

The Department of Taxes and Assessments has at its head five commissioners, one of whom is designated as the president. The salary of the president is

$8,000 a year, while that of the other commissioners is $7,000 a Taxes and year. The commissioners appoint forty deputy tax commissioners, Assessments. whose duty it is to assess all the taxable property in the several

districts to which they are assigned. The act then says: "There shall be kept in the several offices established by the Department of Taxes and Assessments books to be called 'the annual record of the assessed valuation of real and personal estate of the borough of

, in which shall be entered in detail the assessed valuations of such property within the limits of the several boroughs of the city of New-York as established by this act, which said books shall be open for public inspection, examination and correction from the second Monday in January until the first day of April in each year; but on said last mentioned day the same shall be closed to enable the Board of Taxes and Assessments to prepare assessment rolls of the several boroughs for delivery to the Board of Aldermen." The Mayor is authorized to appoint three persons to make assessments for

local improvements. The Controller, the Corporation CounBoard.of Assessors. sel and the president of the Department of Taxes and

Assessments by the terms of the act are the Board for the Revision of Assessments.

The Department of Education has at its head a Board of Education of forty-six members, appointed by the Mayor. The forty-six members of the

Board of Education are divided as follows: Borough of ManDepartment of hattan, 22; Borough of The Bronx, 4; Borough of Brooklyn, 14; Education. Borough of Queens, 4; Borough of Richmond, 2. The Board of

Education has the management and control of the public schools of the city. The act further says: "The Board of Education shall administer all moneys appropriated or available for educational purposes in the city of New-York, subject to the general provisions of this act relating to the audit and payment of salaries and other claims by the Department of Finance, Prior to February 15, 1902, the Board of Education shall divide the boroughs under its charge into forty-six school board districts, of which twenty-two shall be wholly in the Borough of Manhattan, tourteen wholly in the Borough of Brooklyn, four wholly in the Borough of The Bronx, four wholly in the Borough of Queens and two wholly in the Borough of Richmond. There shall be in each of said districts a local school board consisting of seven members, as follows: Five persons to be appointed by the president of the borough, a member of the Board of Education designated by the president of that board, and the district superintendent assigned to duty in such district by the city superintendent. Subject to regulation by the bylaws of the Board of Education, the duties and powers of the local school boards shall be as follows: In their respective districts they shall visit, at least once in every quarter, all the schools in the district, and inspect the wame, in respect to punctual and regular attendance of the pupils and teachers, the number and fidelity of the teachers, the studies, progress, order and discipline of the pupils, the cleanliness, safety, warming, ventilation and comfort of school premises, and the observance of the provisions of the school laws in respect to the teaching of sectarian doctrines or the use of sectarian books; and shall call the attention of the Board of Education, without delay, to every matter requiring official action. They shall also, on or before the first day of January and June of each year, make a written report to the Board of Education in respect to the condition of the schools, the efficiency of teachers, and wants of the district, especially in regard to schools and! school premises, They shall report immediately to the Board of Education whenever additional accommodation is necessary for kindergarten or elementary school purposes, with a recommendation of the sites within their respective district which they consider it necessary to acquire for such purposes. They shall also recommend the erection of such buildings on said sites or on any other property owned by the city of New-York, and such repairs or alterations of school buildings as they deem necessary or desirable. They shall have power, and it shall be their duty, to try charges made by a principal, & district superintendent, or by any parent or guardian of a pupil, residing in the district, against a teacher employed within their respective districts, for gross misconduct, insubordination, neglect of duty or inefficiency. On receiving notice of said charges they shall immediately proceed to try and determine the case and shall fix the penalty or punishment to be imposed for the offence committed, which shall consist of a fine, suspension for a fixed time without pay, or dismissal. Their determination upon such charges and the penalty or punishment imposed therefor shall be reported immediately to the Board of Education, which may reject, confirm or modify the determinations of the local board, and the penalty or punishment imposed and the decision of the board shall be final except as to matters in relation to which, under the general school laws of the State, an appeal may be taken to the State Superintendent of Public Instruction."

The Department of Health has at its head a Commissioner of Health, the Police Commissioner and the Health Officer of the Port. It is the duty of the

Department of Health to enforce all the laws of the state in Department regard to the preservation of human life. This includes all laws of Health. relative to cleanliness, the sale of unwholesome food and the purity

of the water supply. The Board of Health is authorized to establish and maintain hospitals for the care of persons sick with contagious diseases. Births, deaths and marriages are reported to the Board of Health, whose members koep a record of them.

The Tenement House Department has at its head a Tenement House Commissioner, whose salary is $7,500 a year. The department is divided into a new building

bureau, an inspection bureau and a bureau of records. The Tenement House building bureau examines plans for the light and ventilaDepartment. lation of tenement houses, the inspection bureau inspects all

completed tenement houses and records all violations of the tenement house laws and ordinances, and the bureau of records contains a record of every tenement house in the city. The City Court of New-York and the Municipal Court are continued. The

several boroughs are divided into districts, in each of which sesInferior

sions of the Municipal Court are held. In The Bronx, two disLocal Courts. tricts; Manhattan, thirteen districts; Brooklyn, five districts;

Queens, three districts; Richmond, two districts. For the purpose of the administration of criminal justice the city is divided into two divisions, the first division embracing the boroughs of The Bronx and of Manhat

tan and the second division embracing the boroughs of Inferior Courts Brooklyn, Queens and Richmond. The Board of City Magisof Criminal

trates in the first division consists of twelve magistrates, Jurisdiction.

while in the second division there are fifteen magistrates, ten

of whom are residents of Brooklyn, three of Queens, and two of the Borough of Richmond. In the first division the magistrates are appointed by the Mayor. At the general city election of November, 1901, one City Magistrate was elected in each Congress District of Kings County, and two City Magistrates at Large, and this principle of electing the City Magistrates is hereafter to be continued in the Borough of Brooklyn. City Magistrates in the Borough of Brooklyn who were appointed after January 31, 1899, are to hold office until their successors are elected at à general election to be held in 1907. Magistrates are to be elected in the boroughs of Queens and Richmond in 1905 and 1907.

In 1898 the Mayor appointed ten marshals, to hold office for six Marshals.

years.

The city publishes a City Record, in which are printed corBoard of poration notices relating to the various boroughs. When they City Record. relate to the Borough of Brooklyn they are also published in the

newspapers of that borough. The charter provides for the election of four coroners in the Borough of

Manhattan, two in the Borough of The Bronx, two in the Borough of Coroners. Brooklyn, two in the Borough of Queens, and one in the Borough

of Richmond, all for a term of four years.

MAYORS OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK. The following table gives a list of the Mayors of New York since 1665, when Thomas Willett was appointed by the Governor of the Province. The office was filled by the same appointing power until 1784, when for six years the power was vested in the Appointing Board of the State of New York. From 1820 to 1830, when the charter was amended, the Common Council was the appointing power. R. A. Van Wyck was the first Mayor elected under the Greater New York charter: Mayors. Terms. Il Mayors. | Terms. 11

Mayors. | Terms. 1 Thos. Willett. 1665 34J Jansen.... |1725-1726 65W. F. Have2 T. Delavall.. 1666 35 Robt. Lurting|1726–1735

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1845-1846 3 Thos. Willett. 1667 36 Paul Richard. 1735–1739 66 A. H. Mickle. 1846-1847 4 C. Steenwyck. 1668–1670 37 J. Cruger, sr. 1739-1744 67 Wm. V. Brady 1847-1848 5 T. Delavall... 1671 38 S. Bayard.... 1744-1747 68|W.

F.

Have6 M. Nicolls... 1672 39 Edw. Holland 1747-1757

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1848-1849 7J. Lawrence. 1673 40 J. Cruger, jr. (1757-1766 69 C. S. Woodhull 1849-1851 8 Wm. Dervall. 1675 41 W. Hicks..... 1766-1776 70(A. C. Kingsland 1851-1853 9 N. de Meyer. 1676 42 D. Matthews

71 J. A. Westervelt 1853-1855 10 S. v. Cortlandt 1677

(Tory)

1776-1784 72 Fernando Wood 1855-1858 11 T. Delavall... 1678 43 James Duane. 1784-1789 73 D. F. Tiemann. 1858-1860 12F. Rombouts. 1679 44 R. Varick.... 1789-1801 74 Fernando Wood 1860-1862 13 William Dyre. 1680–1681 45 E. Livingston 1801-1803 75 George Opdyke. 1862–1864 14 C. Steenwyck. 1682-1683 46 De W. Clinton 1803-1807 76 C. G. Gunther. 1864-1866 15 G. Minville... 1684 47 M. Willett... 1807-1808 77 J. T. Hoffman. (1866–1868 16 N. Bayard.... 1685 48 De W. Clinton 1808-1810 78 T. Coman (act.) 1868 17 s. v. Cortlandt|1686-1687 49 Jacob Radcliff 1810-1811 79 A. Oakey Hall. 1869–1872 18 P. Delanoy... (1689-1690 50 (De W. Clinton 1811-1815

80W.

F. Have19 J. Lawrence.. 1691 51 J. Ferguson.. 1815

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1873-1874 20 A. de Peyster 1692-1695 52 Jacob Radcliff 1815-1818 81 S BH. Vance(act) 1874 21/Wm. Merritt. 1695-1698 53C. D. Colden. 1818-1821 821W. H. Wickham 1875-1876 22 J. de Peyster. 1698-1699 54 (Stephen Allen (1821-1824 83 Smith Ely.... 1877-1878 23 David Provost 1699-1700 55 W. Paulding. 1825-1826 84 Edward Cooper. 1879-1880 241. de Riemer. 1700-1701 56 Philip Hone. . 1826-1827 85 Wm. R. Grace. (1881-1882 25 Thomas Noell 1701-1702 57 W. Paulding. 1827-1829 86 Franklin Edson. 1883–1884 26 Philip_French 1702–1703 58 Walter Bowne 1829-1833 87|Wm. R. Grace. 1885-1886 27/Wm. Peartree 1703-1707 59 Gideon Lee... 1833-1834 88 A, S, Hewitt... (1887-1888 28 E. Wilson.... 1707-1710 60C. W. Law

89 Hugh J, Grant. 1889-1892 29 J. v. Cortlandt 1710-1711

1834-1837 90 (T. F. Gilroy....(1893-1894 30 C. Heathcote. 1711-1714 61 Aaron Clark. 1837-1839 91 Wm. L. Strong. 1895-1897 31 John Johnson. 1714-1719 62 I. L. Varian. 1839-1841 92 R. A. Van Wyck 1898–1901 32 J. v. Cortlandt 1719-1720 63 R. H. Morris. 1841-1844 93 Seth Low....... 1902-1904 33 Robt. Walters 1720-1723 | 64 James Harper 1844-1848 94 G. B. McClellan (1904-1910 NEW YORK CITY BUDGET, 1907 AND 1908. Statement showing appropriations made for the years 1907 and 1908 by the Board of

rence ...

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Estimate and Apportionment under authority of Section 226 of the Greater New
York Charter:

City of New York.
Budget for Budget for
1907.

1908.

Increase. | Decrease. Mayoralty

$70,500 00
$70,900 00

$400 00
Board of Aldermen and City
Clerk

235, 702 00 238,856 00 3,154,00 Department of Finance (in

cluding Chamberlain's office) 1,243,480 00) 1,359,740 00 116,260 001 Interest, city debt.

20,799,880 82 24,576,522 57 3,776,641 75 Redemption, city debt.

8,898,795 86 9,767,161 67 868,365 81 Intalments payable in 1907-08 5,559, 768 69 6,111,088 62 551,319 93 State taxes 175,704 13

$75,704 13 Rents

409,752 89 755,835 96 346,083 07 Law Department

685,000 00 784,370 00 99,370 00 President Manhattan Borough 2,370,804 51 2,715,428 75 144,624 24 President Bronx Borough.

1,338, 050 00 1,512,975 85 174,925 85 President Brooklyn Borough. 1,795, 139 92 2,019,952 45 224,812 53 President Queens Borough. 1,148,808 63 1,282,827 50 134,018 87 President Richmond Borough 570, 480 00 637,018 00 66,538 00 Department of Bridges.

547,545 60 569,545 60 22,000 00 Department of Water Supply, Gas and Electricity.

5,409,543 25 5,919,056 81 509,513 56 Department of Parks...

2,657.863 93 3,078,252 00 420,388 07 Department Public Charities. 2,218,844 59 2,287,944 59 69, 100 00 Bellevue and Allied Hospitals 773,947 21 926, 202 00 152,254 79 Department of Correction.. 1,000,059 50 1,175,145 50 175,086 00 Department of Health.

1,847,819 66 2,279,849 50 432,029 84 Tenement House Department. 669,833 08 643,227 00

26,606 08 Police Department

13,849,841 41 14,350,499 49 500,658 08 Board of Elections.

1,015,850 00 1,035,850 00 20,000 00 Department of Street Cleaning 6,258,257 17 6,632,856 19 374,599 02 Fire Department..

6,883,495 07 7,483,485 50 599,990 43 Department of Taxes and Assessments

400, 600 00 455, 150 00 54,550 00 Board of Assessors.

41,100 00
45,400 00

4,300 00 Armory Board

101,250 00 101, 250 00
Department of Education. 24,915,928 16 26,712,963 59 1,797,035 43
College of the City of New
York

455,333 68 494,000 00 38,666 32
Normal College of the City of
New York

250,000 00 308,400 00 58,400 00 Coroners

157,300 00 157,300 00 Commissioners of Accounts.

175,000 00 225, 110 00 50,110 00 Commissioner of Licenses..

54,500 00 54,500 00 Civil Service Commission..

135,000 00 145,000 00 10,000 00 Board of City Record.

1,114,378 30 1,174,500 00 60,121 70 Examining Board of Plumbers 6,059 00

6,259 00

200 00 For library purposes....

846.325 80 954,400 68 108,074 88
The City Court of New York.. 144,750 00 231, 750 00 87,000 00
Municipal Courts, City of New
York

489, 250 00 809,950 001 320,700 001
Court of Special Sessions,
First Division

88,270 00 Court of

102,550 00 Special Sessions,

15,850 00

1,570 00
Children's Court
Court of Special Sessions,
Second Division

66,800 00 Court of Special Sessions,

76,100 00
12,500 00

3,200 00 Children's Court

WILL) 1
City Magistrates' Courts, First)
Division

194,900 00 223, 400 00 28,500 00
City Magistrates' Courts, Sec-
ond Division

219,600 00 225,100 00 5,500 00 For charitable institutions.

3,767,819 40 4,167,349 40 399,530 00 Miscellaneous

574,153 90 584,609 67 10,455 77 Totals

|$122,756,666 16/$135,474,403 89|$12,820,047 941 $102,310 21 County of New York.

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Board of City Record, New

York County

$

000 oo! $62,500 001

$12,500 001

1State taxes for 1908 are distributed in the several county budgets for 1908 as obligations to the state for court expenses.

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