Hearings

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Page 50 - Interior, to make diligent investigation of the methods of mining, especially in relation to the safety of miners, and the appliances best adapted to prevent accidents, the possible improvement of conditions under which mining operations are carried on, the treatment of ores and other mineral substances, the use of explosives and electricity, the prevention of accidents...
Page 25 - Mines is charged with the investigation of the methods of mining, especially in relation to the safety of miners and the appliances best adapted to prevent accidents, the possible improvement of conditions under which mining operations are carried" on, the treatment of ores and other mineral substances, the use of explosives and electricity, the prevention of accidents...
Page 51 - Greater public authority, federal and state, to procure and disseminate information, and to establish and maintain on a uniform basis reasonable minimum standards of safety. In 1911, Dr. John Randolph Haynes, following his inquiry into coal-mine safety in America and abroad, addressed the annual meeting of the American Association for Labor Legislation on this subject. With eloquence and conviction he pictured the needless hazards in American mines. "Experience has shown at a frightful cost," he...
Page 49 - Familiarity with danger has always bred contempt for it among workers in extra-hazardous occupations, and the coal miners need to feel their increasing responsibility to exercise every practicable safety precaution. But it is nonsense to say — as one editor does and as certain propagandists would have the public believe — that "the coal miner of this generation is in danger only through carelessness, his own or that of a fellow worker.
Page 51 - Likewise much local jealousy to be overcome. (3) Shall we go directly for a federal constitutional amendment authorizing the establishment of national minimum standards of safety? Such amendment, which could be made only after a long campaign of education and favorable action by three-fourths of the states, is nevertheless thought necessary by some who have studied the problem most carefully. But by whatever additional public authority a national minimum of safety is finally assured, there will of...
Page 48 - While many of us oppose so-called government paternalism," concludes the safety committee, " yet we believe it is the duty of the Government to secure safety of life by wisely directed legislation. If the compulsion by the Government to use life-saving devices, as the air-brake and automatic coupler on our railroads, is proper, we believe the coal industry should prepare (especially in new operations) to universally adopt safety suggestions.
Page 49 - ... Already schedule rating has demonstrated its value in inducing the employer to reduce hazards as a method of reducing his insurance premium. The Association for Labor Legislation has long been impressed with this development in workmen's accident insurance, and the safety committee likewise notes its bearing upon mine safety. By this means, says the committee, "the direct cost of a mine with low safety standards is brought home to the operator. The system has proven a real safety incentive.
Page 51 - ... adoption of more uniform safety standards underground." It is interesting to note that our Federal experts already have up-to-date operating regulations in effect for the coal mines, now more than 100 in number, owned by the United States Government and operated under lease on the public lands.
Page 106 - Mines is hereby authorized to investigate all explosions and fires which may occur in mines, quarries, factories, warehouses, magazines, houses, cars, boats, conveyances, and all places in which explosives or the ingredients thereof are manufactured, transported, stored, or used, and shall, in his discretion, report his findings, in such manner as he may deem fit, to the proper Federal or State authorities, to the end that if such explosion has been brought about by a willful act the person or persons...

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