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Fire Assn. of Philadelphia; born at Milton, Pa., June 25, 1864; educated at Princeton, where he was graduated in 1885. He has been connected with insurance since 1888, when he opened a local fire insurance agency at Milton. 1891-95 he was deputy insurance commissioner of Pennsylvania, resigning to become special agent for Pennsylvania for the Merchants’ Ins. Co., of Newark; was appointed special agent for the Fire Assn. of Philadelphia in February, 1901, and general agent in March, 1906. Address, 401 Walnut St., Philadelphia, Pa.

Brown, Lathrop, United States congressman from the first district of New York, was born Feb. 26, 1883, in New York City. He was elected to the sixty-third congress for the term of 1913-15, and resides in Long Island, N. Y.

Brown, Lawrason, physician of Saranac Lake, N. Y., was born, Baltimore, Md., Sept. 29, 1871; son of William Judson and Mary Louise (Lawrason) Brown; grad. Johns Hopkins Univ., A.B., 1895; M.D., 1900; unmarried. Asst. resident physician, Adirondack Cottage Sanitarium, 1900-01; resident physician, 1901-12; visiting physician to Adirondack Cottage Sanitarium and Reception Hosp. Mem. Assn. Am. Physicians, Am. Climatol. Assn. Nat. Assn. for Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis, Am. Med. Assn., Am. Sanatorium Assn., Bibliophile Soc., Boston; Phi Kappa Psi and Phi Beta Kappa Socs. Pres. Good Roads Assn. Club: Grolier (N. Y.).

Brown, Rome G., lawyer, born June 15, 1862, at Montpelier, Vt. A.B., Harvard, 1884. Since 1887 engaged in general practice in Minnesota, law of corporations, insurance, casualty, etc., and with special attention to the law of water rights. Lecturer on law of water rights in the law schools of University of Minnesota and University of North Dakota. Author of “Limitations of Federal Control of Water Powers,” “Conservation of Water Powers,” also several arguments against the judicial recall. Formerly president Minnesota State Bar Assn., and member executice committee American Bar Assn. Now chairman Minnesota State Board Commissioners Uniform Laws and vice-president National Conference Commissioners Uniform Laws. Also chairman American Bar Assn. Committee to Oppose the Judicial Recall. Address, 1006 Met. Life Bldg., Minneapolis, Minn.

Brown, Walston Hil], banker, financier; born in Cincinnati, Ohio. June 6, 1842; son of Augustus J. and Sarah M. (Hill) Brown; graduated from Columbia College, class of 1864, LL.B., Columbia College, A.B., A.M.; married, New York, 1888, Eva R. Ingersoll, daughter of Col. Robert G. Ingersoll; children: Eva Ingersoll, Robert Ingersoll. Was member of firm of Merriam & Brown; firm built Sioux City & St. Paul Railroad, and the St. Paul, Stillwater & Taylor ’s Falls Railroad. Afterwards was associated with H. H. Porter and David Dows in the reorganization and extension of the present Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railroad; was member of firm of Brown, Howard & Co., which built the Lake Erie & Western Railroad, the Toledo & Ohio Central Railroad, the Peoria, Decatur & Evansville Railroad, the Cincinnati, Duluth, South Shore & Atlantic Railroad,


Jackson & Mackinaw Railroad, Buffalo, Rochester & Pittsburgh Railroad, New York, Chicago & St. Louis Railroad (Nickel Plate), and one-half of the New York City Aqueduct, from Dobb’s Ferry to Croton Lake. Member of New York Stock Exchange since 1878. Member of Walston H. Brown & Brothers and president of Walston H. Brown Construction Co. Republican. Liberal Unitarian. Fellow'New York Academy of Design. Clubs: Union League; Ardsley, Sleepy Hollow, both in Westchester county, N. Y.; Down Town Association. Residence: Dobb’s Ferry, N. Y., and 117 East 21st St., N. Y. City. Ofiice: 45 Wall St., N. Y. City.

Brown, William G., congressman, was born April 7, 1856, in Kingwood, Va. He is a successful lawyer and banker; and is also extensive land owner. He was elected to the sixty-second and sixty-third congresses as a democrat; and resides in Kingwood, West Virginia.

Browne, Daniel G., banker; born in Ireland, Jan. 6, 1859; son of Thomas and Agnes (Gibson) Browne; educated in public schools of- Ireland; married, Fort Benton, Mont., April 8, 1883, Emma Wright; two sons. Has been engaged in government contracting and stock growing business; president Stockmen’s National Bank. Democrat. Episcopalian. Mason, Odd Fellow, Knight Templar. Club: Montana (Helena, Mont) Address: Fort Benton.

Browning, William J ., congressman, was born April 11, 1850, in Camden, N. J. In 1889-94 he was postmaster of Camden, N. J.; and in 1895-1911 was chief clerk in the United States house of representatives. He was elected to the sixty-second congress as a republican to fill a vacancy, was re-elected to the sixty-third congress for the term of 1913-15; and resides in Camden, N. J.

Bruce, Matthew Linn, jurist of 68 William St., New York City, was born Mercersburg, Pa., Oct. 1, 1860; son James (D.D.) and Mary (Linn) Bruce; educated Andes (N. Y.) Acad. and Rutgers Coll., A.B. (valedictorian), 1884; married 1894, Mrs. Lillian (Ballantine) Knapp; daughter late Duncan Ballantine, of Andes, N. Y.; four children. Instr. Seymour Inst., Pine Plains, N. Y., 1884-1887, and Albany Boys’ Acad., 1887-1888; studied law in office of Cassius M. Shaw, Andes, N. Y.; admitted to bar, Sept., 1889; removed to N. Y. City, 1890; mn’g clerk in office of Hector M. Hitchings, 1890-1892; practiced law until appt’d, Dec., 1906, justice Supreme Court, 1st Dist., N. Y.; resumed practice in 1908; reappt’d justice Supreme Court in 1908 by Gov. Hughes. Counsel to Legislative Com., 1910. Campaign speaker in every Nat. and State campaign since 1888; pres. Republican Co. Com. of N. Y., 1903, and conducted campaign of Mayor Low for reelection; elected lieut.-gov. of N. Y., 1904, and renominated 1906, but failed of re-election. Presby’n; comm’r to Gen. Assembly Presby’n Ch., Buffalo, 1904. Mem. Ass’n Bar City of N. Y., N. Y. County Lawyers’ Ass’n, St. Andrew’s Soc. Club: Republican (v.-p.).

Bruce, William George, publisher and author of Milwaukee, Wis., where he was born March 17, 1856. He received a thorough education in the public and private schools of Milwaukee, Wis. He is the publisher of the American School Board Journal and the Industrial Arts Magazine, member of the Milwaukee school board. In 1903-06 he was a tax commissioner for the city of Milwaukee, Wis. In 1897 he managed the National Educational Association convention. In 1893 he was manager of the Milwaukee exhibits at the Columbian Exposition. In 1910 he was elected president of the Auditorium Board and in 1912 president of the Harbor Commission, and president of Central Association of Commercial Executives in 1913. He is the author of Bruce’s School Architecture, and Bruce’s Manual on School Administration, and a series of pamphlets on Taxation, Industrial Education and Industrial Insurance, Efiiciency and Business Promotion.

Bruckner, Henry, United States congressman from the twentysecond district of New York, was born June 17, 1871, in New York City. He is president of Bruckner Brothers, manufacturers; and has been commissioner of public works. He was elected to the sixty-third congress for the term of 1913-15; and resides in New York City.

Brumback, Arthur Marion, Granville, 0., was born Boise, Idaho, Dec. 7, 1869. A.B., Denison, 1892; A.M., California, 1893. Principal, Grace Sem., Centralia, Wash., 1894-96; prof. chem. and physics, McMinnville, 1896-1903; pres., 1903-05; prof. chem., Denison, 1905, F.A.A.; Chem. Soc. Babbit metals and other alloys; reduction of tin; heats of solution of certain salts.—Ore analysis.

Brumbaugh, Clement, United States congressman for the twelfth district of Ohio, was born Feb. 28, 1863, near Greenville, Ohio. He is a lawyer. He was elected to the sixty-third congress for the term of 1913-15; and resides in Columbus, Ohio.

Brush, Charles Francis, electrical engineer, inventor and scientist, of Cleveland, Ohio, was born March 17, 1849, in Euclid, Ohio. In 1869 he graduated with the degree of M. E. from the University of Michigan; and subsequently he received the degrees of MS. and Sc.S. from that institution of learning. He has also received the degrees of Ph.D. and LL.D. from the Western Reserve University; and the degree of LL.D. from Kenyon College. He was the inventor of commercial elcctric-arc-lighting. For this he was awarded the great Rumford Medal by the Academy of Arts and Science; and decorated by the French government. He is the founder of the Brush Electric Company; is president and director of many large corporations; and is past president of the Euclid Avenue National Bank of Cleveland, Ohio, and of the Chamber of Commerce. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science; a life member of the British association; and a member of many engineering and scientific societies.

Brush, Edward C., manager of the New England department, Pennsylvania Fire Ins. Co., of Philadelphia, Pa.; began insurance work in the home office of the Girard Fire and Marine Ins. Co. of Philadelphia, and was afterward connected with the Commercial Union of London, first as special agent for the Southern States, and afterward as special agent for New England. When the Boston Ins. Co., which had previously transacted only a marine business, opened its fire branch, he became manager of the new department, but resigned the appointment in 1902 to take his present position. Address: 137 Milk St., Boston, Mass.

Brush, Jacob Henry, banker; born in North Salem, N. Y., July 9, 1833; son of Albert and Julia (Birchard) Brush; educated in North Salem (N. Y.) Academy, Amenia (N. Y.) Conference Seminary, and Charlottesville (N. Y.) Conference Seminary; married Osage, Iowa, May 4, 1862, Julia Augusta Buckmaster; children: Francis Albert, Irving Henry, Anna, and Mamie. Worked on his father’s farm, Ridgbury, Conn., North Salem, and Brewster, N. Y., until 1852; clerk in father’s hotel and store until 1854 at Brewster; began banking as president of Brush and Meeker Bank, Decorah, Iowa, 1855; moved to Osage, Iowa, 1856, president of the Bank of J. H. Brush & Co., until 1865, when it reorganized as the Osage National Bank, and was its president until 1885. Member of Brush Brothers, real estate agents; builder and owner of the Osage Grist and Saw Mills and Grain Elevator; took stock in the Santa Rosa National Bank, Santa Rosa, Calif., which was organized in 1885; moved to Santa Rosa, 1888; built the Ukiah Water Works, 1892; bought the Santa Rosa street railroads, and operated them a few years, selling them to the Petaluma & Santa Rosa Railway Co.; was president and manager of the Merchants’ Lighting Co., sold to the Pacific Gas and Electric Co., built the Green Valley Cannery. Now president and director Santa Rosa National Bank, Ukiah Water Co., treasurerand director Green Valley Canning Co., director Union Trust-Savings Bank, Osage National Bank. Republican; Methodist Episcopalian; President Board of Trustees University of the Pacific, San Jose, Calif., and of the California Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Address: Santa Rosa.

Bruton, Clarence F., secretary of Commercial Club of Sikeston, Mo., was born in Centralia, Mo., June 5, 1870. He was educated in the public schools of Centralia, received a certificate to teach school but did not do so. Lived in St. Louis for eight years, then was in business with his brother at Sturgeon, Mo., then engaged in business for himself, afterwards moving to Oklahoma. He took the first census of Perry, Okla., that was ever taken of that place when it was nothing but tents and dug-outs. He returned to his native county after this and married in Sturgeon. Afterwards going again to Oklahoma and lived in El Reno and Geary for some five years, thence moving to Sikeston, Mo., where he now lives. While in Oklahoma the last time he sold dry goods in El Reno and Geary and also edited a newspaper at the latter place, but owing to the country being too transient and not of a permanent character he moved back to Missouri, where he sold goods for awhile and then embarked in the real estate business which he has conducted with signal success, being president of the C. F. Bruton Real Estate and Investment Co., of Sikeston, farms to some extent, and has varied interests. He is secretary of the Sikeston Commercial Club, vice-president of the Sikeston Building and Loan Association, deacon in the Christian

Church, also a member of its ofiicial board and one of the trustees. Has been a member of the Scott County Democratic Committee twice, secretary of the committee once, president of the Democratic Club three times; was Mayor of Sturgeon one term and has been offered the nomination for Representative several times, but as he has no “political bee” he has never run for office but once. He belongs to the I. 0. 0. F. Lodge. Mr. Bruton has the reputation of being the greatest booster and advertiser in Missouri, as he lives in the alluvial land which has been drained and reclaimed from the “swamps” he has a right to be proud of his country. He always boosts, and his home paper said of him once, ‘If he lived at the North Pole he would boost that his ice bill was nil.” He is married and has a happy home and three large, healthy and happy boys.

Bryan, Albert Hugh, supervising chemist, Arbuckle Bros., New York City, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C., was born in Indianapolis, Ind., July 27, 1874. BS., Purdue, 1898; A.C., 1899; MS., 1900. Asst. chemist, Ind. Agr. Exp. Sta., 1898-1900; chemist, Am. Beet Sugar Co., 1900-07; asst. chemist, bur. chem., U. S. Dept. Agr., 1907-09, chief, sugar lab., 1909-13. Chem. Soc.; Nat. Geog. Soc.; Ind. Acad.; Zucker Chem. Gesell. Washington Academy of Sciences; asst. editor Chemical Abstracts; member International Commission of Uniform Methods of Sugar Analysis; Polarization of sugars; maple sugar analysis; methods of determining sugars.—Sugar analysis; maple products, author of many papers on Sugar Topics.

Bryan, Nathan Philemon, United States senator from Florida, was born in Orange (now Lake) County, Fla., April 23, 1872; was graduated at Emory College, Oxford, Ga., in 1893; studied law at Washington and Lee University, graduating in 1895, and has since practiced law at Jacksonville; was chairman of the Board of Control of the Florida State Institutions of Higher Education 1905-1909; was nominated for United States senator in the democratic primary election of January 31, 1911, and elected by the legislature. His term of service will expire March 3 1917.

, Bryan, William Jennings, Secretary of State for the United States, was born March 19, 1860, in Salem City, Ill. His boyhood was passed on a farm near that place, and he attended the public

‘ schools for five years; he then took a course at Whipple Acad

emy; and he completed his education by a four years’ course at Illinois College. As a student in the law ofiice of Lyman Trumbull of Chicago, he attended the Union College of Law in Chicago till 1883, when he removed to Jacksonville, Ill., and practiced law there for four years. In 1887 located in Lincoln, Neb., and opened a law office. In 1891-95 he was a representative to the fifty-second and fifty-third congresses and his first speech gave him a national reputation; his speech on the repeal of the Sherman Act is considered a masterpiece of bimetallism. He was placed in nomination in 1896 for the presidency by_ the democratic, free silver and populistic parties, and led a brilliant campaign; and in 1900 and 1908 he was again defeated. He is pro

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