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the Ohio Northern University; attended Zanerian College, and graduated from the Marietta Commercial College, Marietta, 0. He is an expert penman. For a number of years he was engaged as a stenographer and bookkeeper, and is now president of the Marietta Commercial College of Ohio.

Adams, Samuel Hopkins, author, journalist, of Ensenore, N.Y.; was born Dunkirk, N.Y., Jan. 26, 1871; son of Myron and Hester Rose (Hopkins) Adams; educated at Rochester Free Academy (grad. 1887); Hamilton College, A.B. 1891; married, Charleston, W.Va., Oct. 19, 1898, Elizabeth Ruffner Noyes; chil. dren: Hester Hopkins Adams, born 1900; Katherine Noyes, born 1902. Reporter and special writer N.Y. Sun, 1891-1900; managing editor McClure's Syndicate, 1900-02; advertising manager for McClure, Phillips & Co., publishers, 1902-04; on editorial staff McClure's Magazine, 1904-05; general magazine writer on public health and other topics, 1905-06. Author: Great American Fraud series (patent medicines) in Collier's Weekly; joint author (with Stewart Edward White) of The Mystery, 1907 (McClure); Author: Average Jones, 1911 (Bobbs-Merrill Co.); The Clarion, 1914 (Houghton Mifflin Co.); also of short stories in McClure's, Collier's, etc.; occasional contributor to editorial page of Collier's Weekly. Elected associate member Am. Med. Assn., 1913. Trustee of Hamilton College. Moderate Socialist. Recreations: Lawn tennis, fishing and sailing. Member Alpha Delta Phi fraternity. Clubs: Alpha Delta Phi, Players, Owasco Country.

Adams, William Crittenden, real estate operator, financier, of 100 Broadway, New York City, was born San Francisco, Cal., April 11, 1863; son of Samuel and Alice (White) Adams; graduate School of Applied Science, Columbia University, C.E.; married, Brooklyn, NY., Feb. 19, 1889, Grace Fairchild James; children : Crittenden Hull, James Fairchild, Darwin James. Engaged in real estate operations, New York City, making a specialty in mortgage loans. President Union Mortgage Co., Rutgers Realty Co., S. F. Adams Realty Co.; vice-president Fairchild Co., vice-president and trustee U.S. Savings Bank. Served in Seventh regiment New York N.G., seven years; in Troop 2, Squadron A, six years; service medal of State of N.Y. Republican. Presbyterian. Member Alumni Association, Columbia School of Mines. Clubs: Riding, Quill, Adirondack League, Union League, Barnard, Nassau Country, Lawyers.

Adams, W. I. Lincoln, president business corporations, of 135 W. 14th St., New York City, was born in New York City, Feb. 22, 1865; son of Washington Irving and Marion L. (Briggs) Adams; educated Montclair public schools; graduate high school, 1883; married, 1889, Grace Wilson; children: Wilson Irving, Marion Elizabeth, Briggs Kilburn, Carolyn Styles, W. I. Lincoln, Jr. President Styles & Cash, stationers and printers; the Sack ett & Wilhelms Co., lithographers and printers; director Dexter Folder Co.; treasurer Montclair Holding Co. Life member Am. Inst.; member Lafayette Lodge, No. 64, F. & A. M. ; ex-governor NJ. Society of Founders and Patriots of America; member Song American Revolution, Society Colonial Wars, Huguenot Society,


Society War of 1812. Trustee, First Congregational Society, Montclair, N.J.; vice-president Montclair Civic Association. Author: The Amateur Photographer, Sunlight and Shadow, In Nature's Image, Woodland and Meadow, Photographing in Old England. Clubs: Union League (N.Y. City).

Adams, William Henry, mining engineer and metallurgist; born, Pontiac, Mich., June 14, 1843; son of Henry Perry and Eliza (Young) Adams; direct descendant of the Adams of Welsh history who landed in Plymouth Colony about 1637–families which gave two presidents to U.S. His father, Henry Perry Adams, civil engineer with record on Erie and Illinois canals and construction of railroads in Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, etc. He was brigadier-general under Fremont, St. Louis, Mo., 1861. On mother's side is direct descendant Rev. John Young, who brought a colony of Dissenters to America about 1646; who purchased the eastern end of Long Island from the Indians; who established his home and church at Southold, L.I., where he is buried under historic monument. Educated in public schools, Syracuse, N.Y., until 1860; Chicago University one year; specialized under tutors in engineering practice on railroads during vacation periods many years; on staff Brigadier-General H. P. Adams, fall 1861, at Canton, Mo.; member Ellsworth Zouaves, Chicago, Ill., 1862-63-64 ; with army and navy in Mississippi River campaigns 1862-63-64 and invalided home. Married Josephine A. Curtis at Quincy, Ill., April 17, 1865. Opened and managed copper mines; constructed and operated smelters and chemical works for utilization of pyrites-copper ores in Canada and U.S. and Mexico; opened and managed Louisa County (Va.) pyrites mines; extensive professional and technical work throughout the U.S. during the period between 1865 and 1906, since which special operations on Pacific coast connected with utilization of low-grade coals; recovery of iron and steel from black sands by new electric process smelting the magnetic ores. Member N.Y. Press Club (eighteen years), Reform Club, N.Y. (eight years); Geographic Society, N.Y. (ten years); Am. Inst. Mining Engrs. (thirty-three years), and Inst. Mechan. Engrs. (ten years) ; Engineers’ Club (twenty-two years); other clubs elsewhere, but never affiliated with secret societies. Contributor and correspondent of newspapers and technical journals every year since 1867; special work in “Mineral Industry," New York City, 1892-96. Residence: 978 Council Crest Drive. Address: Box 200, Portland, Ore.

Adamson, William Charles, congressman, was born Aug. 13, 1854, in Bowdon, Ga. He was judge of the city court of Carrollton from 1885 to 1889, and was attorney for the city of Carrollton for a number of years; and was presidential elector in 1892. He was a member of the fifty-fifth, fifty-sixth, fifty-seventh, fiftyeighth, fifty-ninth, sixtieth, sixty-first and sixty-second congresses as a democrat. He was re-elected to the sixty-third congress from the fourth district of Georgia for the term of 1913-15; and resides in Carrollton, Ga.


Affeld, Charles E., joint general agent at Chicago of the Hamburg-Bremen Ins. Co., born at Stettin, Germany, March 10, 1843; educated in the public schools of Chicago, to which place his parents had moved in 1847, and at a commercial college. He served through the Civil War in Co. B, First Regt. Ill. Artillery, and took up insurance work in 1868 as a broker. From 1871 to 1873 he was surveyor for the New York Underwriters' Agency, and since 1873 has been a member of the firm of Witkowsky & Affeld, and now Affeld, Tonk & Co., the Chicago Board of Trade, Union League and other clubs. Address, Chi

cago, Ni.

Agassiz, Rodolphe Louis, capitalist of 12 Ashburton Pl., Boston, Mass., was born Sept. 3, 1871, in Cambridge, Mass. He is vice-president of the Calumet and Hecla Mining Company; president of the Ahmeek Mining Company and president of the Isle Royale Copper Company and other corporations. He is also director of the American Trust Company, the Union Stock Yards of Chicago, the Walter Baker Company and other corporations.

Aiken, Wyatt, congressman, was born Dec. 14, 1863. In 1884-97 he was official court stenographer; and is now a successful farmer. He served in the Spanish-American War in the Aberville volunteers. In 1903-13 he was a democratic representative from South Carolina to the fifty-eighth, fifty-ninth, sixtieth, sixtyfirst and sixty-second congresses. He was re-elected to the sixtythird congress from the third district of South Carolina for the term of 1913-15; and resides in Abbeville, S.C.

Ainey, William D. B., congressman, was born April 18, 1864, in New Milford, Pa. He was elected to the sixty-second congress as a republican to fill a vacancy, and was re-elected to the sixtythird congress for the term of 1913-15; and resides in Montrose, Pa.

Airey, Charles T., freight traffic manager Central of Georgia Railway; office, Savannah, Ga. Born Aug. 17, 1866. Entered railway service 1882 as clerk to master mechanic East Tennessee, Virginia & Georgia Railway at Selma, Ala., since which he has been consecutively 1885 to 1886, chief clerk to local agent same road at Macon, Ga.; 1886 to 1887, chief clerk local agent same road and Louisville & Nashville Road at Calera, Ala.; 1887 to 1889, ticket agent East Tennessee, Virginia & Georgia Railway at Selma, Ala. ; 1889 to 1893, engaged in the cotton business at Selma; 1893 to 1894, chief clerk to superintendent East Tennessee, Virginia & Georgia Railway at Macon, Ga.; 1894 to 1898, agent Southern Railway at Macon; 1898 to August, 1903, general agent Mobile & Ohio Road at Atlanta, Ga.; August, 1903 to August, 1904, general agent New York & Texas Steamship Company at Atlanta, Ga.; August, 1904, to April 1, 1907, assistant general freight agent Central of Georgia Railway; April 1, 1907, to date, freight traffic manager same road at Savannah, Ga.

Akers, James Byrnside, engineer maintenance of way, Southern Railway; office, Knoxville, Tenn. Born March 16, 1884, at Danville, Va. Graduated from Washington and Lee University, 1904, with degree of B.S., and in 1908 with degree of C.E. En

tered railway service, Sept. 1, 1904, as assistant supervisor Asheville division, Southern Railway, since which he has been consecutively Sept. 1, 1905, to April 1, 1906, levelman and transitman on location and surveys, South & Western Railway (now the Carolina, Clinchfield & Ohio Railway); April 1, 1906, to Aug. 20, 1911, successively transitman, Asheville division Southern Railway; transitman, Middle district and assistant engineer same district; Aug. 20, 1911, to April 1, 1912, acting engineer, maintenance of way, same road; April 1, 1912, to date, engineer maintenance of way, same road.

Alden, Cynthia Westover, editor and publisher of 96 5th Ave., New York City; was born at Afton, Ia., May 31, 1862; d. Oliver S. and Lucinda (Lewis) Westover; graduate State University of Colorado, A.B.; M. Litt., Alfred (N.Y.) University, 1905; m. New York City, 1896, John Alden. Taught in public schools at Boulder, Colo.; later private secretary of street cleaning commissioner, New York City; was editor Woman's Page, New York Recorder; Woman's Page, New York Tribune; member of the editorial staff of the Ladies' Home Journal for ten years. Founder and president-general, International Sunshine Society (Inc.), largest philanthropic newspaper society in the United States; membership over 300,000; founder of the Sunshine Blind Babies' Homes, nurseries, hospitals and kindergartens combined (only place in Empire State for blind babies). Author: Bushy (tale of child-life in Far West); Manhattan, Historic and Artistic; Women's Ways of Earning Money.

Alden, George Ira, 48 Queen St., Worcester, Mass. Manufacturing, Templeton, Mass., April 22, 1843; B.S., Harvard, 1868; M.M.E., Cornell, 1890; head department mechanical engineering, Worcester, 1868 to 1896; president Norton Company, president and general manager Norton Grinding Company, Worcester, Mass.; trustee Worcester Polytechnic Institute; trustee Worcester Grade Schools, 1913; member Worcester School Committee, 1894 (chairman two years); A.S.M.E. (vice-president, 1891-93); president Worcester Public Education Association, 1908-10.

Alden, John, of Pacific Mills, Lawrence, Mass.; was born at Randolph, Mass., May 9, 1856. B.S., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1877; assistant Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1877-78; chemist Pacific Mills, 1878; F.A.A.; Chemical Society; Society of Chemical Industry; Electrochemical Society; British Society Dyers and Colorists; Chemistry of Printing and Dyeing.

Alderman, L. R., educator and school superintendent of Portland, Ore., was born Oct. 29, 1872, in Dayton, Ore. He has been superintendent of schools in Eugene, Ore., and state superintendent of public instruction at Salem. He is now city superintendent of schools for Portland, Ore.

Alderson, William Atkinson, lawyer; born at St. Charles, Mo., Oct. 1, 1856; son of Benjamin Amos and Mary L. (Baker) A. Educated at public and private schools, St. Charles, Mo.; West Nottingham Academy, Maryland; graduate of Lafayette College, Easton, Pa., 1878; studied law in office of T. F. McDearmon, St.

Charles. Married Maude V. Webster, Jan. 1, 1907. Moved to California in 1900. Member, Masons, K. of P., Loyal Order of Moose. Residence, 1227 Leighton Ave.; office, 207 S. Broadway, Los Angeles, Cal.

Alerding, Rt. Rev. Herman Joseph, bishop of Fort Wayne; born April 13, 1845, at Westphalia ; educated in parish schools of Corpus Christi Church, Newport, Ky.; diocesan College at Vincennes, Ind.; St. Thomas Preparatory Seminary, Bardstown, Ky.; Śt. Meinrad's Seminary, Spencer County, Ind.; ordained priest, September 22, 1868, assistant priest at St. Joseph's Church, Terre Haute, Ind., for three years; pastor of Cambridge City, Ind., and its missions, three years; organizer of St. Joseph's Church at Indianapolis, Ind., and its pastor twenty-six years; consecrated bishop of Fort Wayne, Ind., Nov. 30, 1900; author of “The Diocese of Vincennes,” 1883 (Carlon & Hollenbeck, Indianapolis); “The Diocese of Fort Wayne,” 1907 (The Archer Printing Co., Fort Wayne); and some pamphlets: “Plymouth Rock and Maryland,” etc. Address, 1140 Clinton St., Fort Wayne, Ind.

Aleshire, James Buchanan, quartermaster general, U.S. Army; born in Gallipolis, Ohio, Oct. 31, 1856; son of Reuben and Margaret (Shepard) Aleshire. He was graduated from the U.S. Military Academy, in 1880, and was assigned to duty with the Cavalry arm. In 1895 he was transferred to the quartermaster's department, and in the Spanish-American War was chief quartermaster of volunteers as major and lieutenant-colonel. He was discharged from the volunteer service May 1, 1901, and reached his majority in the quartermaster department of the regular service Feb. 2, 1901. In 1907, upon the retirement of Quartermaster-General Humphrey he was appointed quartermaster-general of the army with the rank of brigadier-general, and in 1912 was promoted to the rank of major-general. General Aleshire has had a brilliant career in active service, having served against the Apache Indians, 1881-1882; in the Crow or “Swordbearer” Campaign, 1887; in the operations in Cuba and on the China Relief Expedition. He also served two years and six months in the Philippines. He married in Dubuque, Iowa, Nov. 3, 1886, Harriet A. Dana. Residence: 2343 S St., N.W., Washington, D.C.

Alexander, Charles Beatty, lawyer and capitalist of_165 Broadway, New York City, was born Dec. 6, 1849 in New York City. He received the degrees of A.B., LL.B., A.M., LL.D., and Litt.D. He was admitted to bar, New York City, on June 17, 1872, and since admission has been continuously in practice; was a member of firm of Alexander & Green until end of 1912. He has been concerned in many of the largest litigations during the past forty years; eminent as adviser of corporations and estate. He is a director and member of the executive committee Equitable Life Assurance Society of United States, trustee Equitable Trust Company; director of the Mt. Morris Bank and several other corporations. Clubs: Union, University, Riding, Tuxedo, Metropolitan, Army and Navy, N.Y., Yacht and others.

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