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Chapel, Westminster Abbey. On the maternal side from Elder William Brewster, who wrote, in the cabin of the Mayflower, the first American Constitution. Was born at Lyme, Conn., June 5, 1862; son of John W. and Prudence (Gallup) Bill; attended Wesleyan Univ. and Conn. Normal Sch.; married, Lyme, Conn., Feb. 12, 1889, Caroline Lee Raymond; children: Hester R., J. Raymond, Edward Lyman, Jr. Editor and publisher The Music Trade Review, The Talking Machine World, El Mundo. Author: The Last of the Danvers; The Sword of the Pyramids; Hitting the Thought Trail. Officer in Dakota Territorial Militia; treas. N. Y. Comm’n to La. Purchase Exp’n, 1903-04; mem. B’d of Ed’n, New Rochelle. Mem. Nat. Geog. Soc., Shriner; mem. Sons of Revolution, Mayflower Soc. Clubs: N. Y. Press, Republican, Masonic, Wykagyl Country. Residence: Rochelle Park, New Rochelle, N. Y. Address: 373 Fourth Ave., N. Y. City.

Billingsley, Nathan B., president Pittsburgh, Lisbon & Western Railroad. Ofiice: Lisbon, 0. Born, October 9, 1850, in Columbiana County, 0. Educated at Mount Union College. Admitted to the bar of the state of Ohio in 1873. Soon thereafter became local counsel for two railroad companies in Ohio, and became general counsel for the predecessor of the Pittsburgh, Lisbon & Western in 1882. Became president of The Pittsburgh, Marion & Chicago Railway Company in 1888, which ofiice he resigned in 1893. In that year he was appointed a judge of the Court of Common Pleas, which ofiice he resigned in 1895, and again became general counsel for The Pittsburgh, Marion & Chicago Railway Company, and general counsel of The Pittsburgh, Lisbon & Western Railroad Company on the organization of that company as the successor of the Pittsburgh, Marion & Chicago in 1896. In 1902 was elected president of The Pittsburgh, Lisbon & \Vestern, which office he has ever since held. Is general counsel of The East Liverpool Traction & Light Company and allied railroads; also engaged in the general practice of law as a member of the firm of Billingsley, Moore & Van Fossan, Lisbon, 0.

Bingham, Robert Worth, lawyer and jurist of Louisville, Ky., was born Nov. 8, 1871, in Orange County, N. C. He has been county attorney, mayor of his city and chancellor of the Jefferson Circuit Court. He is president of the Kentucky Children’s Home Society; and president of the Board of Children’s Guardians. He is vice-president of the Danville Water Company; and vice-president of the Louisville Carriage Company.

Bird, Claire B., lawyer of Wausau, Wis., was born Oct. 27, 1868, in Jefierson, Wis. He received a‘ common school and academic education; and has attained success in the practice of law. In 1896 he was elected city attorney; and is now president of the Wisconsin State Bar Association.

Bird, George E., associate justice state Supreme Court of Maine, was born Sept. 1, 1847, in Portland, Maine. He was educated in the public schools of his native city; in 1869 received the degree of A.B. from Harvard; and subsequently received the degree of LL.D. from Bowdoin. In 1895 he was United States attorney for the Maine district; in 1893-95 was a representative in the Maine state legislature; and since 1907 he has been president of trustees of the North Yarmouth Academy. Since 1908 he has been associate justice of the state Supreme Court of Maine for term ending in 1915; and resides in Portland, Me.

Bird, Robert Montgomery, of University, Va. Chemistry. Was born Petersburg, Va., June 13, ’67. AB, B.S., HampdenSidney, ’97 ; Ph.D., Hopkins, ’01. Prof. science and math., Frederick Col., Md., ’98-’99; acting prof. chem., Miss. Agr. and Mech. Col., ’01-’02; acting prof. agr. chem. and chemist, Agr. Exp. Sta., Missouri, ’02-’03, instr. agr. chem., ’03-’05, asst. prof., ’05-’06, acting prof., ’06-’07; prof. chem., Virginia, ‘07-. F.A.A.; Chem. Soc. Certain reactions of orthosulphobenzoic acid; methods of analysis; the association of vanadium and petroleum; positive ions from non-metallic elements, etc.; editor of Modern Sc. Readers; author Typical Reactions of General Chem. (1912); A Text-book of General Chemistry (1914).

Bishop, Clayton Henry, banker; born Mt. Liberty, Ohio, June_ 11, 1860; son of Allen S. and Ann Jeanett (Wayland) Bishop; educated Mt. Liberty High School; married Mt. Vernon, Ohio, Jan. 14, 1881, Elizabeth Bennington; children: Ray B., Guy C. President The Centerburg Savings Bank Company; Farmers’ Fertilizer Company; secretary and manager the Centerburg Building and Loan Company; director The Cleveland Natl. Fire Ins. Co., The Capital Limestone Co., The Pataskala & Hebron Telephone Co., The Johnstown & Croton Telephone Co., The Central Ohio Telephone Co.; senior member Bishop, Bishop & Darling, insurance and real estate. Republican; Methodist, Mason, Knight of Pythias. Address: Centerburg.

Bishop, Henry Alfred, director of corporations; born Bridgeport, Conn., Dec. 4, 1860; son of William B. and Julia Ann (Tomlinson) Bishop; educated in Yale College with class of 1884, did not graduate; married, Bridgeport, Conn., Feb. 6, 1883, Jessie Alvord Trubee. Engaged as general ticket agent 1881-1883; purchasing agent 18823-1885; assistant superintendent 1885-1886, Naugatuck Railroad; served as superintendent of I‘Iousatonic Railroad and later general superintendent of same and its branches; purchasing agent New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad, 1887-1902; acting vice-president and vice-president West Virginia Central and Pittsburgh and Western Maryland Railroads, 1902-1903, when resigned; now vice-president Pacific Iron Works, Herrick Complete Combination Co., Keystone Brake Shoe Co., Clapp Fire Resisting Paint Co.; director Read Carpet Co., Western Union Telegraph Co., American District Telegraph Co. of New Jersey, American Gramophone Co. of New Jersey, Connecticut Metal Co., Connecticut National Bank. Democratic candidate for secretary of state of Connecticut, 1888, and for lieutenant governor, 1904; member Connecticut House of Representatives, 1886; president Board of Police Commissioners of Bridgeport, Conn., 1888-1890. Episcopalian. Trustee Bridgeport Orphan Asylum; director Bridgeport Hospital, St. Vincent ’s Hospital, Connecticut Humane Society; president Bridgeport Public Library and Bridgeport Boys’ Club; member Sons of American Revolution, Society of Colonial Wars, Bridgeport Scientific and Historical Society, Mason (32°), Knight Templar. Clubs: Algonquin, Seaside, Brooklawn, Country, University, Bridgeport Yacht, Governor ’s Staff Association, Metabetchouan Fishing and Game, Union, New York Yacht, Yale, Strollers’, Manhasset Bay Yacht, Oldguard, New York Railroad, Bridgeport Democratic Ass’n, Transportation (New York); New England Railroad, Lincoln Farm Association (Maryland). Address: Bridgeport.

Bishopp, Fred Corry, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. Entomology. Virginia Dale, Colo., Jan. 14, 1884. BS., Colo. Agr. Coll., 1902; fellow, 1902-03. Asst. prof. entom. and zool., Md. Coll. and asst. state entomologist, 1904; special field agent, bur. entom., U. S. Dept. Agr., 1904-08; agent and expert, 1908. F.A.A.; Ass. Econ. Entom.; Entom. Soc. of America; Washington Entom. Soc.; Tex. Acad. Cotton insect pests. Life histories and economic features of the ticks of North America, Medical and Veterinary Entomology.

Bispham, David Scull, musician and opera singer; born in Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 5, 1857; son of William D. and Jane (Scull) Bispham. He was educated at Haverford (Pennsylvania) College, in the class of 1876. He began his musical career as an amateur; studied for the operatic stage, and made his first appearance as a professional as the “Due de Longueville” in The Basoche, by Messager, at the Royal English Opera in London, in November, 1891. Since then he has been singing the principal baritone roles in German, French and Italian with the Royal Opera Company, Covent Garden, London, and the Metropolitan Opera Company in New York City. He entered into theatrical management in London, in November, 1906, producing and singing the title role in the romantic opera, “The Vicar of Wakefield,” the music by Liza Lehmann. Mr. Bispham’s recitals of classical songs are famous throughout the musical world. Address: Hotel Royalton of 44 West 44th St., New York City.

Bissell, Herbert Porter, jurist, Supreme Court Chambers, Buffalo, N. Y., was born, New London, Oneida Co., N. Y., Aug. 30, 1856; son, Amos Alanson and Susan Amelia (Willse) Bissell; prepared at DeVeaux Coll., Suspension Bridge, N. Y.; and at Gymnasium Catharinarium, Braunschweig, Germany; grad. Harvard Coll., A.B., 1880; married, 1883, Lucy Agnes Coffey; children: Mary R., Harriott A., Lucy A. Admitted to bar, 1883; mem. firm Bissell, Sicard, Bissell & Carey until 1896; afterwards of Bissell & Riley. Appt’d judge Supreme Court, 8th judicial dist. Nov. 9th, 1912, and elected to a full term of 14 years Nov. 4th, 1913. Democrat. Candidate for mayor of Buffalo, 1901; formerly pres. B’d of Ed’n, East Aurora, N. Y. Trustee DeVeaux Coll., 1887-1899; major and judge advocate N. G. N. Y., 1885-1893; on 8th Brigade staff. V.-p. The Niagara Gorge R. R. Co. Vestryman Episcopal Ch. Mem. N. Y. State Bar Ass’n, Lawyers Club of Buffalo, Sons Am. Revolution. Clubs: Ellicott (pres.), Buffalo, Harvard (Buffalo), Transportation, University (N. Y. City).

Bjornson, Gunna B. (republican), was born in Iceland, August 17, 1872, and came to America when four years of age. He has lived in Lyon County, Minnesota, for thirty-six years. He is in the newspaper business and has been editor and publisher of the Minnesota Mascot, published at Minneota, Minnesota, since April 15, 1900. He is married and lives in the village of Minneota, Lyon County.

Black, Ebenezer Charlton, educator and author, of 50 Kirtland St., Cambridge, Mass., was born June 18, 1861, in Liddesdale, Scotland. In 1875-82 he attended the Edinburgh university, and in 1902 received the degree of LL.D. from Glasgow university. In 1893-1907 he was director of the language and literature department of the New England conservatory of music; and since 1900 has been professor of English literature in the- Boston university. He is the author of Early Songs and Lyrics; a Shakespeare Handbook; and other works.

Black, Ralph Peters, engineer maintenance of way, Kanawha & Michigan Ry. Ofiice Charleston, W. Va. Born Feb. 22, 1881, at Sylvania, Ga. Graduated from University of South at Sewanee, Tenn., 1901, with degree of A.B.; 1901 to 1902, post graduate course Columbia University, New York. Entered railway service June, 1902, since which he has been consecutively to Sept., 1905, assistant on engineering corps Pittsburgh division Pennsylvania lines west of Pittsburgh; Sept., 1905, to Sept., 1907, assistant on engineering corps Indianapolis division same lines acting as resident engineer in charge of second track eontruction; Sept. 19, 1907, to Feb. 19, 1908, division engineer eastern division Toledo & Ohio Central Ry. ; Feb., 1908, to July, 1910, division engineer Kanawha & Michigan Ry.; July, 1910, to date, engineer maintenance of way same road. Is member American Society of Civil Engineers and a member of the American Railway Engineering Association.

Blackman, Frederick Leonard, congressman, was born Sept. 15, 1873, in Polk County, Ga. For four years he was city attorney of Anniston, Ala.; and in 1900-10 was a member of the Alabama State Senate. He was elected a member of the sixty-second congress and re-elected to the sixty-third congress for the term of 1913-15; and resides in Anniston, Ala.

Blackstone, Han‘iet, portrait painter of Glencoe, Ill., was born in New Hartford, N. Y. She was a pupil of Julian Academy in Paris. Member Chicago Society of Arts; American Women ’s Art Association, Paris; Society International of Arts and Letters, Paris.

Blackwell, Francis Ogden, consulting engineer; born in New York City, June 23, 1867; son of James and Augusta (Mills) Blackwell. He was graduated from Princeton University with the degree of CE. in 1887, and immediately thereafter began practice as an engineer, and he is now a member of the firm of Viele, Blackwell & Buck, consulting engineers. He has been identified as electric and hydraulic engineer in the construction and equipment of many large power plants. Mr. Blackwell is a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers, British Institution of Civil Engineers, American Institute of Electrical

Engineers, American Institute of Mining Engineers, and the University, Princeton and Engineers Clubs. He married Anita Searles of New York City. Residence: Englewood, N. J. Ofiice: 49 Wall St., New York City.

‘Blaine, George W., banker and grape grower; born North East, Pa., March 6, 1849; son of A. W. and Sarah (Platt) Blaine; educated in North East High School; married, North East, Pa., Sept. 25, 1872, Annie M. Hampson; one daughter, Ruth H., born 1877 (died 1879). President First National Bank of North East, Pa., Blaine-Mackay-Lee Company, Merchant Mills and Coal Company, North East Cider Works Company, American Beauty Stove Company, Erie, Pa.; owner of the Blaine Grape Juice Company, North East, Pa. Republican; Presbyterian. President North East Cemetery Association; president Erie County Horticultural Society. Club: North East (president). Address: North East.

Blair, Francis (3., state superintendent of public instruction of Springfield, Ill., was born in October, 1864, in Nashville, Ill. He graduated from the Illinois State Normal University, received the degree of BS. from Swarthmore College, and the degree of LL.B. from Colgate’s University. He has been a teacher, principal and superintendent of schools in Illinois and Buffalo, N. Y.; and supervisor of the training department in the Eastern Illinois Normal School. Since 1906 he has been superintendent of public instruction for the State of Illinois.

Blair, Robert W., lawyer, of Topeka, Kan., was born March 17, 1865, in Doylestown, Pa. He is engaged in the general practice of law; is general attorney for the Union Pacific Railway Company; and has filled various positions of trust and honor.

Blair, Watson Franklin, financier and capitalist of 720 Rush St., Chicago, Ill., was ‘born Jan. 29, 1854, in Michigan City, Ind. He is a director of the Chicago Corn Exchange National Bank. He is first vice-president of the Field museum of natural history.

Blake, Clarence John, physician; born in Boston, Massachusetts, Feb. 23, 1843; son of John H. and Sarah Anna (Howe) Blake. He studied medicine at Harvard University graduating from the medical school in 1865 with the degree of M. D., and from the medical department of the University of Vienna, Austria, in 1867. After some years in graduate study abroad at Vienna, Austria, and Munich, Bavaria, Dr. Blake returned to the United States, and, settling in his home city, began to practice his profession. He has specialized in diseases of the ear and particularly in practical research work, including telephony. In 1871 he was connected with the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary as aural surgeon and in the same year was appointed instructor in otology at the medical school of Harvard University, becoming professor in 1890. From 1879 to 1882 he was editor of the American Journal of Otology. He is a member (and former president) of the American Otological Society, and of various medical and scientific societies. He is author, in collaboration with Dr. Henry Ottridge Reik, of: Operative Otology, published in 1906, and of numerous papers on acoustics

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