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Bushnell, John Ludlow, banker; born Springfield, Ohio, Feb. 15, 1872; son of Asa S. and Ellen L. (Ludlow) Bushnell; graduated from Princeton University, 1894; married, Springfield, Ohio, Oct. 14, 1896, Jessie M. Harwood; children: Asa, Edward, Suzanne. President Home Telephone Co., Springfield, Troy & Piqna Railway Co., and is now president First National Bank, Springfield, Ohio. Republican; Episcopalian. Club: Commercial. Residence: 1203 East High St. Ofiice: 411 Bushnell Building, Springfield.

Bussey, Thomas E, State senator, manufacturer, of Perry, N. Y., was born Troy, N. Y., Feb. 25, 1857; son Esek Bussey, stove manufacturer of Troy and Chicago, descendant George Bussey, who settled in Calvert Co., Md., from England, 1636, and Capt. Bennett Bussey, who organized the Silver Grays, Berkshire Co. militia, during Revolution; educated Mt. Anthony Sem., Bennington, Vt.; Troy Acad., Rensselaer Poly. Inst.; married Shelbyville, Ky., 1900, Bertha M. De Epping-Housen; children: Beatrice Della-Porta. Engaged in mf’g business, after period of travel; now engaged in mf’g. Pres. village of Perry during installation of water works and adoption of sewer system; represented town on County Board of Supervisors, four years, and chairman 1910; elected to State Senate, 1910; re-elected, 1912. Appt’d comm’r of Panama Exp ’n 1915, for State of N. Y.; mem. Judiciary Com. and Com. on Miscellaneous Corp’ns. Shriner, Elks, Moose, I. 0. 0. F. Address: Perry, N. Y.

Butler, Nicholas Murray, publicist and university president, was born April 2, 1862, in Elizabeth, N. J. He has been president of the Barnard College, Teachers’ College, and the College of Pharmacy. Since 1902 he has been president of Columbia University. He is the author of The Meaning of Education and other works. He is now president of the Paterson (New Jersey) Board of Education.

Butler, Thomas S., congressman, was born Nov. 4, 1855, in Pennsylvania. He is a member of the Chester County bar. He was a member of the fifty-fifth, fifty-sixth, fifty-seventh, fiftyeighth, fifty-ninth, sixtieth, sixty-first and sixty-second congresses as a Republican. He was reelected to the sixty-third congress from the Seventh District of Pennsylvania for the term of 191315; and resides in Winchester, Pa.

Butler, Willard Parker, lawyer; born in New York City, March 28, 1857 ; son of Benjamin F. and Ellen G. (Parker) Butler, his father being the second son of the late Benjamin F. Butler, Attorney-General in the Cabinet of Jackson and Van Buren, and one of the Revisors of the Statutes of the State of New York, and his mother being the eldest daughter of Dr. Willard Parker, the distinguished surgeon. Mr. Butler was graduated from Columbia University in 1878 (School of Mines) with the degree of E.M., afterward studied in the University of Berlin, and then attended the Columbia Law School, from which he was graduated LL.B.,

1883. He was admitted to the Bar of the State of New York, May 19, 1883, and has since practiced law continuously in New York City, now being a member of the law firm of Whitridge, Butler and Rice. He is a member of the Alumni Association of the School of Mines of Columbia University, of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York, was a member of the Psi Upsilon fraternity, Lambda Chapter, when at Columbia, and is a member of the Century, University and Down Town Clubs of New York. He is unmarried. Residence: 143 East 36th St., New York City, and Morristown, N. J. Ofiice: 59 Wall St., New York City.

Buttenwieser, Joseph L., real estate operator of New York City, born, Philadelphia, Pa., April 3, 1865; son of Laemmlein and Leah (Heller) Buttenwieser; graduated College City of N. Y., 1883; took third honorary oration and all medals and prizes in Latin and Greek during the entire course, having stood No. 1 during the entire five years of the course; won the prize debate, in which late Carl Schurz was judge of debate; graduated University Law School, N. Y. City, LL.B. (valedictorian), 1887; married N. Y. City, June 7, 1892, Lena Weil; children: Clara, Florence, Clarence Benjamin and Gertrude. After graduation from City College, taught public school, two and a half years; after graduation in law, went into real estate, both as operator and as builder, and has built over 300 houses, and bought and sold on own account over 1,100 houses in Manhattan. Took active part in agitation which resulted in repeal of the Annual Mortgage Tax Law and its substitution by the Mortgage Recording Tax Law; his speech on subject before joint Senate and Assembly Committees on Taxation and Retrenchment was printed at request and expense of the Allied Real Estate Interests, and by them distributed throughout state. Director Allied Real Estate Interests. Democrat; Jewish religion. Member Phi Beta Kappa Soc., member and vice-president College City of N. Y. Alumni Association, N. Y. University Law School. President Hebrew Technical Institute; trustee of Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society.

Buttles, Marvin Dugro, insurance broker, of 767 Fifth Ave., New York City, was born, N. Y. City, Sept. 12, 1870; son of Marvin Stephen and Dorothea Wilhelmina (Dugro) Buttles; educated, public schools, Columbia Grammar School, Columbia College, A.B., 1890. Entered insurance business, 1894; was asst. sec. Manhattan Fire Ins. Co.; dir. and pres. Hamilton Fire Ins. Co. of N. Y., and U. S. mgr. for several European companies; now dir. Bretagne Co., owners of Hotel Savoy. Mem. Delta Kappa Epsilon.

Butts, Samuel J ., banker, land owner, born at Elkhardt, Ind., Nov. 22, 1844; educated common schools; married, Mulvane, Kan., Feb. 11, 1885, to Emma L. Parker; five children. President Protection State Bank, Protection, Kan.; director Black Bear Mining Co., of Sacramento, Calif. Civil War Veteran. Republican. Address, Mulvane.

Bryan, James Wesley, United States congressman at large from Washington, was born March 11, 1874, in Lake Charles, La. He has been city attorney; and a member of the state senate. He was elected to the sixty-third congress for the term of 1913-15; and resides in Seattle, Wash.

Byrne, F. M., governor of the state of South Dakota. He is

governor of South Dakota for the term of 1913-15; and resides in Pierre, S. D.

By'rnes, James Francis, congressman, was born in Charleston, S. C., May 2, 1879; received only a common school education. In 1900 was appointed ofiicial court reporter of the Second Circuit of South Carolina. For several years edited a newspaper. In 1903 was admitted to the bar, and in 1908 was elected solicitor of the Second Circuit of South Carolina; was married in 1906. In 1910, receiving the Democratic nomination over two opponents, was elected to the sixty-second and sixty-third congresses without opposition.

By'rns, Joseph W., congressman, was born July 20, 1869, near Cedar Hill, Tenn. He was educated in the public schools of his native county; and he graduated from the law department of the Vanderbilt University at Nashville, Tenn. He at once attained prominence as a noted lawyer of Nashville, Tenn. In 1895-97 and 1899 he was a member of the Tennessee House of Representatives and in 1899 was a speaker of the House. In 1901 he was a member of the Tennessee State Senate; and in 1904 was a Democratic elector. In 1909-11 he was a representative from Tennessee to the sixty-first and sixty-second congresses as a Democrat; and was re-elected to the sixty-third congress for term of 1913-15; and resides in Nashville, Tenn.

Cabot, Philip, manufacturer, capitalist and banker; born Aug. 11, 1872; son of James Elliot and Elizabeth (Dwight) Cabot; graduated from Harvard University, A.B., 1894. Partner White, Weld & Co. President and director Turners Falls Co., Amherst Power Co., Amherst Gas Co., Easthampton Gas Co., Agawam Electric Co., A. H. Hews & Co., 'vice-president and director Greenfield Electric Light & Power Co., Fall River Electric Light Co. Trustee Provident Institution for Savings, Boston and Washington Water Power Co., Spokane. Director Hood Rubber Co. of Boston, Mutual National Bank of Boston, Rivett, Lathe & Grinder Co. of Boston. Residence, 3 Marlboro St., Boston. Ofiice, 111 Devonshire St., Boston.

Cadman, Samuel Parkes, clergyman of 2 Spencer Pl., Brooklyn, N. Y., born Shropshire, England, Dec. 18, 1864; son of Samuel and Betsy (Parkes) Cadman; educated Richmond College of London University, London (D.D., Wesleyan and Syracuse Universities), S.T.D., Columbia University, 1913; D.H.L., University of Vermont, 1913; married Esther Lillian Wooding; children: Frederick Leslie, Marie Isabel, Lillian Esther. Pastor Met. Temple, Manhattan, 1895-1901; pastor Central Cong’l Church, Brooklyn, since 1901; chaplain 23d Reg’t, N. Y. N. G.; pres. Missionary Training Inst., Brooklyn; trustee Brooklyn Inst., Hartford Theol. Sem.; acting pres. Adelphi College, Brooklyn; director Am.

Board of Comm ’rs for Foreign Missions and Cong’l Home Missionary Soc., Brooklyn Clerical Union.

Cadwalader, John, lawyer and capitalist of 1519 Locust St., Philadelphia, Pa., was born June 27, 1843, in Philadelphia, Pa. He is president of the New York and Baltimore transportation line and other corporations.

Caillé, Augustus, physician, of 753 Madison Ave., New York City, was born Madison, Ind., 1854, of exiled Huguenot descent; grad. N.Y. Coll. of Pharmacy, 1873; Univ. of Wiirzburg, Germany, M.D., 1877; Coll. of Phys. and. Surg. (Columbia, N.Y.), M.D., 1881 ; since which time has been in active practice in N. Y. City; has been delegate to Internat. Med. Congress and published numerous library and professional articles and pamphlets and large work on Differential Diagnosis and Treatment of Diseases. Fellow of N. Y. Acad. of Medicine; visiting physician to N. Y. Post-Grad. and German Hosps.; consulting physician to Isabella Home and Hosp.; prof. children ’s diseases, N. Y. Post-Grad. Med. Sch., and ex-pres. Am. Pediatric Soc., and appt’d mem. Med. Reserve Corps, U. S. A., by Pres. Roosevelt, 1908.

Calder, William M., congressman, was born March 3, 1869, in Brooklyn, N. Y. He received his education in the public schools of BrooklynLN. Y.; and at the Cooper Institute of N. Y. City. He is a builder, having erected nearly one thousand houses in the borough of Brooklyn. He was building commissioner of the borough of Brooklyn in 1902-03. He was elected to the fiftyninth, sixtieth, sixty-first and sixty-second congresses. He was re-elected to the sixty-third congress from the Sixtieth District of N. Y. for the term of 1913-15; and resides in Brooklyn, N. Y.

Caldwell, Alexander, soldier, banker and United States senator, of Leavenworth, Kans., was born March 1, 1830, in Huntington County, Pa. He enlisted in 1847 as a soldier in the Mexican War, entering his father’s company, who was killed at one of the gates of the City of Mexico. He went in 1861 to Kansas, where he engaged in the transportation of military supplies to the various posts on the plains, and was afterward largely interested in the building of railroads and bridges. In 1871-75 he was United States senator. He was president of Kansas Manufacturing Co. in 1877-97, and since then president of the First National Bank of Leavenworth, Kans.

Calkins, Franklin Welles, author, born in Iowa Co., Wis., 1857; son of J. F. and A. L. Calkins. He received private and academic education. With his parents, in 1865, moved, by emigrant ox-team to Northwest Iowa on Dakota frontier; lived for some years on cattle ranch and, with half a dozen homesteaders, when nearest marketing point was eighty miles distant. He visited the Black Hills, seven months after Custer’s exploring expedition, and continued exploration personally to many sections of this gold-bearing region. Was captured as (unwilling) trespasser on Indian lands, by expedition led by Chief Spotted Tail of Sioux and Captain Benteen of U. S. Army; prisoner for three weeks in Indian country. In this experience and in subsequent travels and sojourns he gained that interest in American frontier life and experience which, with some years of western work as railway contractor, has furnished the setting for his stories. His studies of bird and animal life have given him place as a naturalist. Since the age of 22 has been one of the leading contributors to the Youth’s Companion. His activities have not been confined to the writing of stories. He was educated for the law, had some practice as counselor, and his occupations have included ranching, real estate brokerage, and railway building. Among his juvenile books are: Frontier Sketches, Indian Tales, Hunting Stories. My Host the Enemy and the Cougar Tamer are books of short stories for readers of all ages. Two Wilderness Voyages is a tale, founded on actual experience of two small Sioux, who escaped from captivity and traveled 1,000 miles across a hostile wilderness. The Wooing of Takala is a novel dealing solely with Indian characters, and from the inside, the author having intimate knowledge of Dakota wild life and of the Sioux tongue. Address, Lake Minnisacha, Dent, Minnesota. .

Call, William Timothy, publisher of 114 Liberty St., New York City; born Bangor, Me., July 8, 1856; son of Timothy and Louisa Green (Short) Call; educated Bowdoin Coll., class of 1880; did not grad., but left after two years; married June 29, 1892, Eleanor Margaret McCartie; children: Richard William, born April 26, 1893 (died July 23, 1907); Charles Robert, born June 7, 1896 (died Nov. 26, 1897). Sec. and treas. The Gage Publishing Co. Author: Two Little Palmers; Remarkable Autographs; Josh Hayseed’s Trip to New York; Ritter’s Book of Mock Trials; Poker Points; Ellsworth’s Checker Book; R. D. Yates’ Checker Player; The Common Checker Player; The Safe Checker Player; Literature of Checkers; Vocabulary of Checkers; Sci‘c'rtific Solitaire; The Little Grammar. Club, N. Y. Press. Address, 114 Liberty St., New York City.

Callan, Peter A., physician, New York City, degree from N. Y. Univ., 1867. House surgeon Charity Hosp., 1867-68; asst. surgeon U. S. Navy, 1868-72; attending ophthalmic surgeon, Central Dispensary, 1874; Dermitt Dispensary, 1877; consulting surgeon, N. Y. Eye and Ear Infirmary; ophthalmic surgeon, St. Vincent’s and Columbus Hosps. Mem. County Med. Soc., State Med. Soc., Am. Ophthal. Soc., Acad. of Medicine, Mutual Aid and Am. Med. Assns. Address, 452 Fifth Ave., N. Y. City.

Callaway, Oscar, congressman, was born Oct. 2, 1872, at Harmony Hill, Tex. He was elected to that ofiice in November of that year; was nominated over Congressman 0. W. Gillespie and Senator D. M. Alexander in the July primaries, 1910, and was elected to the sixty-second congress. He was re-elected to the sixty-third congress for the term of 1913-15.

Calnan, J. W., Berthold, of the Second Legislative District, was born at Manawa, Wis., May 23, 1876. Received his education in the common schools of his state and at the Oshkosh State Normal School. Came to North Dakota as a homesteader in 1905, and engaged in the occupation of farming. Is at present engaged in the hardware and furniture business. Has held many local

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