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The above estimates do not include costs for terminal improvements, such as proposed belt lines, paving, driveway, warehouses, extension of sewers, etc.

15. While the new harbor lines as indicated do not encroach upon the river as much as the city of St. Paul and the railroads wish, it is the opinion of this office that a further contraction of the high water channel would be dangerous, and should not be allowod, :

16. This has been quite a difficult problem to solve, there are so. many conflicting interests and desires; they all tend, however, to the encroachment and the narrowing of the present waterway. Viewed in the light of the low-water conditions that have prevailed during the last two years, such encroachment seems an easy, simple, and feasible thing to do, but, taking the records as a criterion and believing in the doctrine that what has happened once may happen again, the day of extreme floods will surely come again, and unless proper provision is made for such conditions as will then prevail disaster is sure to follow.

17. It is doubtful whether the changes as contemplated should be attempted at this time.

18. The city now is extending its municipal dock, shown on sheet No. 2. In its present condition and possible extension it is my opinion that the accommodation thus offered will be sufficient for several years to come.

19. If the change is authorized, I recommend that the work be done under the immediate supervision of this office; that a bond be furnished by the city in amount sufficient to guarantee the commencement, prosecution, and completion of the work within a reasonable time; that all responsibility for damages that may occur to any private property be assumed by the city of St. Paul; that proper evidence be furnished of the acquisition by the city of all riparian rights where changes in the harbor lines are made; that plans and a description of the methods of doing the work also be furnished by the city, stating the points of beginning, the amount proposed to be done each year, and the methods to be employed to protect the completed sections against injury by floods. All to be submitted for approval before any field work is begun, the idea being that the change, if undertaken, must be considered as a project embracing the whole stretch and not a section here and another there with no change in the intervening portions. An item covering the cost of such supervision and inspection is included in the estimate.

20. In the foregoing it is contemplated that the entire cost of the proposed changes shall be assumed by the city of St. Paul.

GEO. W. FREEMAN,

District Engineer.

(First indorsement.)
OFFICE, DIVISION ENGINEER, NORTHWESTERN Division,

Rock Island, I., March 3, 1919. To the CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, UNITED STATES ARMY.

1. Forwarded, concurring in the conclusions and recommendations of the district engineer.

2. The river and harbor act of July 27, 1916, provided for an examination of the Mississippi River at St. Paul, Minn., with a view to

securing certain information. The information called for was given in a report on a preliminary examination submitted under date of June 25, 1917.

3. The further survey report now submitted furnishes certain estimates of cost, and is in addition in effect a harbor line report, recommending certain changes in the lines heretofore approved by the Secretary of War with a view to affording a greater width of landing space along the left bank of the river and affording the city of St. Paul space and opportunity to construct terminal facilities.

A. MACKENZIE,

Major General, U. S. Army, Retired. [For report of the Board of Engineers for Rivers and Harbors on survey, see p. 3.]

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VALLEY CREEK, ALA,

L E T T E R

FROM

THE SECRETARY OF WAR,

TRANSMITTING,

WITH A LETTER FROM THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, REPORT ON

PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION OF VALLEY CREEK, JEFFERSON COUNTY, ALA.

JUNE 6, 1919.-Referred to the Committee on Rivers and Harbors and ordered to be

printed, with illustration.

WAR DEPARTMENT,

Washington, June 4, 1919. The SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

SIR: I have the honor to transmit herewith a letter from the Chief of Engineers, United States Army, of April 11 last, together with report from Maj. W. L. Guthrie, Corps of Engineers, dated January 22, 1917, with map, on a preliminary examination of Valley Creek, Jefferson County, Ala., made by him in compliance with the provisions of the river and harbor act approved July 27, 1916. Very respectfully,

NEWTON D. BAKER,

Secretary of War.

WAR DEPARTMENT,
OFFICE OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS,

Washington, April 11, 1919.
From: The Chief of Engineers, United States Army.
To: The Secretary of War.
Subject: Preliminary examination of Valley Creek, Ala.

1. There is submitted herewith for transmission to Congress report dated January 22, 1917, with map, by Maj: W. L. Guthrie, Corps of Engineers, on preliminary examination of Valley Creek, Jefferson County, Ala., authorized by the river and harbor act approved July 27, 1916.

2. Valley Creek rises in the vicinity of Birmingham, and passing near the western limits of the city of Bessemer, empties into the Black Warrior River about 3 miles below the junction of Mulberry and

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