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prospective commerce of Georgetown did not justify any increase in project dimensions. The Baltimore & Carolina Steamship Co. has recently withdrawn its service from both Georgetown and Charleston, and the Atlantic Coast Lumber Corporation, the largest exporter at Georgetown, has recently closed its plant temporarily.

5. In view of the failure of local interests to submit the further data which they alleged they possessed; of the decline of commerce at the port of Georgetown; and of the statement of Mr. Morgan above-mentioned, this office, adhering to its recommendations contained in preliminary report above, recommends that no further delay be permitted for the submission of data by interested parties.

G. R. LUKESH, Colonel, Corps of Engineers.

[For report of the Board of Engineers for Rivers and Harbors, see

p. 2.)

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CONGRESS, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. { PSOS

BAYOU TEXAR, FLA.

LETTER

FROM

THE SECRETARY OF WAR,

TRANSMITTING

WITH A LETTER FROM THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS REPORT ON PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION OF BAYOU TEXAR, FLA., INCLUDING ENTRANCE FROM PENSACOLA BAY.

OCTOBER 24, 1919.-Referred to the Committee on Rivers and Harbors and ordered

to be printed.

WAR DEPARTMENT,

Washington, October 22, 1919. The SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

SIR: I have the honor to transmit herewith a letter from the Chief of Engineers, United States Army, of 20th instant, together with report of Col. W. D. A. Anderson, Engineers, dated May 24, 1919, on a preliminary examination of Bayou Texar, including entrance from Pensacola Bay, Fla., authorized by the river and harbor act approved March 2, 1919. Very respectfully,

NEWTON D. BAKER,

Secretary of War.

ܙ•

WAR DEPARTMENT,
OFFICE OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS,

Washington, October 20, 1919.
From: The Chief of Engineers, United States Army.
To: The Secretary of War.
Subject: Preliminary examination of Bayou Texar, Fla.

1. There is submitted herewith, for transmission to Congress, report dated May 24, 1919, by Col. W. D. A. Anderson, Engineers, on preliminary examination authorized by the river and harbor act'approved March 2, 1919, of Bayou Texar, including entrance from Pensacola Bay, Fla.

2. Bayou Texar is an arm of Pensacola Bay, extending northerly from the easterly end of the city of Pensacola for a distance of 3; miles. At the mouth of the bayou there is an old timber jetty constructed by a local company. Alongside of this jetty the controlling depth is 2.1 feet at low tide, but greater depths exist above. No improvement of this locality has ever been made by the United States, and there have been no previous examinations with this object in view. There is no commerce on the bayou, and the district engineer states that its improvement would develop none except the removal of timber, which can now be floated out in small rafts. Improvement of the bayou as a harbor of refuge is advocated by the Pensacola Yacht Club, which offers to pay part of the cost, but in view of the proximity of Bayou Chico, which affords good shelter from storms, the district engineer states that the necessity for an additional facility of this nature is not apparent. He expresses the opinion, in which the division engineer concurs, that Bayou Texar is not worthy of improvement by the United States at the present time.

3. This report has been referred, as required by law, to the Board of Engineers for Rivers and Harbors, and attention is invited to its report herewith, dated July 15, 1919, concurring in the unfavorable views of the district and division engineers.

4. After due consideration of the above-mentioned reports, I concur in the views of the district engineer, the division engineer, and the Board of Engineers for Rivers and Harbors, and therefore report that the improvement by the United States of Bayou Texar, including entrance from Pensacola Bay, Fla., is not deemed advisable at the present time.

W. M. BLACK

Major General.

REPORT OF THE BOARD OF ENGINEERS FOR RIVERS AND HARBORS.

[4th indorsement).
THE BOARD OF ENGINEERS FOR RIVERS AND HARBORS,

July 15, 1919. To the Chief of Engineers, U. S. Army.

1. The following is in review of the district engineer's report authorized by the river and harbor act of March 2, 1919, on preliminary examination of Bayou Texar including entrance to Pensacola Bay, Fla.

2. Bayou Texar is an arm of Pensacola Bay, 34 miles in length, the entrance being at the eastern edge of the city of Pensacola. The mean range of tides is 1.4 feet. The controlling depth through the entrance is 2.1 feet, deeper water being found above. There is no commerce on the bayou at present, and improvement would develop none, but would facilitate the removal of timber which can now be floated out in small rafts. The local yacht club advocates the improvement of the bayou for use as a "harbor of safety," and offers to pay part of the cost. The district engineer states that good shelter is now afforded at Bayou Chico, 31 miles distant from Bayou Texar, and the necessity for the development of an additional facility of this nature is not apparent. He is of opinion, concurred in by the division engineer, that at present Bayou Texar is not worthy of improvement by the United States.

3. Interested parties were informed of the tenor of the district engineer's report and invited to submit statements and arguments to the board, but no communications on the subject have been received.

4. There is apparently no commerce on this bayou, present or prospective, except possibly a small amount of timber that can be floated out under present conditions. It is evident, therefore, that the locality is not worthy of improvement in the interests of commerce and navigation. With respect to a “harbor of safety" for small craft, it appears that suitable shelter is available elsewhere in the vicinity. Moreover, such an improvement would be of local rather than general public interest. The board, therefore, concurs in the opinion of the district and division engineers, that it is not advisable for the United States to undertake the improvement of Bayou Texar, Fla., at the present time.

5. În compliance with law, the board reports that there are no questions of terminal facilities, water power, or other related subjects which could be coordinated with the suggested improvement in such manner as to render the work advisable in the interests of commerce and navigation For the board:

PETER C. HAINS,
Major General, U. S. Army, Retired,

Senior Member of the Board.

PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION OF BAYOU TEXAR, FLA.

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UNITED STATES ENGINEER OFFICE,

Montgomery, Ala., May 24, 1919. From: The District Engineer. To: The Chief of Engineers, U. S. Army.

(Through the Division Engineer.) Subject: Preliminary examination of Bayou Texar, Fla.

1. The following report of preliminary examination is submitted pursuant to letter of March 14, 1919, and section 6 of the River and Harbor act approved March 2, 1919, which reads as follows:

The Secretary of War is hereby authorized and directed to cause preliminary examinations and surveys to be made at the following-named localities, and a sufficient sum to pay the cost thereof may be allotted from the amount provided in this section: Bayou Texar, including entrance from Pensacola Bay, Fla.

2. Bayou Texar, an arm of Pensacola Bay, has its entrance therefrom at the eastern edge of the city of Pensacola, Coast and Geodetic Survey Chart No. 186. Bayou Texar has an extreme length of 34 miles and an average width of 750 feet. At its mouth the width is 275 feet. The waters are tidal. The mean range of tide is 1.4 feet. The range of tide during winter northers is from 1.5 feet below mean low water to mean low water (minus 1.5 to 0.0). The range of ordinary spring tide is from plus 0.75 to plus 2.5 feet. The range of ordinary neap tide is from zero to plus 1.25 feet. During ordinary storms the tides rise to about 3.5 feet. During equinoctial storms the tide rises to from plus 4.0 to plus 7.5 feet. In September, 1906, the tide reached 10.8 feet above mean low water. During ordinary and equinoctial storms the tide never falls to mean low water. There are no previous surveys or House documents. This bayou is crossed by three bridges, viz: The Louisville & Nashville Railroad bridge at the mouth of the bayou with span of 275 feet and overhead clearance of 141 feet at high tide; the Escambia County highway bridge, about } mile from the mouth, with span of 750 feet and overhead clearance of 8 feet; an abandoned electric-railway bridge 300 feet north of the county bridge with the same span and clearance. None of these bridges have draw spans. At the mouth of the bayou there is an old timber jetty about 1,600 feet long projecting in a southerly direction into the bay. The water just south of the end of this jetty is 10 feet deep at high tide; alongside the jetty into the bayou depths from 31 feet to 6 feet at high tide (2.1 to 4.6 at low tide) may be obtained by following a tortuous course for a distance of about 6,700 feet. North of this the depth increases to 10 and 11 feet at high tide (8.6 to 9.6 at low water). The best straight line route which could be selected would average not better than 21 feet at high tide (1.1 feet at low water), and points along this line are now bared at low water.

3. So far as is known, the only improvement of Bayou Texar which has been attempted is the construction of the timber jetty referred to in the preceding paragraph, and some dredging alongside this jetty. This work was done by H. Baars & Co., timber merchants, of Pensacola, with a view to storing timber in the bayou. This scheme has been abandoned by H. Baars & Co.

4. There is now no commerce on Bayou Texar. Improvement of the bayou would develop no commerce except in facilitating the removal of timber, which can now be floated out in small rafts. This timber is owned by private parties. Improvement of the bayou would not develop a public utility for commerce. The Pensacola Yacht Club advocates the improvement of Bayou Texar for use as a "harbor of safety," and offers to pay part of the cost. Inasmuch as Bayou Chico, 31 miles east of Bayou Texar, on Pensacola Bay, has recently been dredged by the Pensacola Shipbuilding Co., and now affords a good shelter from storms, the necessity for the development of an additional facility of this nature is not apparent.

5. There are no terminal or transfer facilities on Bayou Texar. There are no questions of water power involved, nor of land reclamation or control,

6. I am, therefore, of the opinion that Bayou Texar, including entrance from Pensacola Bay, is not at present worthy of any improvement by the United States and no survey is recommended.

W. D. A. ANDERSON,

Colonel of Engineers.

[Third indorsement.)

OFFICE DIVISION ENGINEER, NORTHEAST DIVISION,

Savannah, Ga., June 6, 1919. To the Chief of Engineers, U. S. Army.

1. The opinion of the district engineer that Bayou Texar, including entrance from Pensacola Bay, is not worthy of improvement by the United States at the present time is concurred in.

Thos. H. REES,
Colonel, Corps of Engineers,

Division Engineer.
O

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