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With such traits of character and such experience we should expect that in regard to temperance he would be an out and out teetotaler; that no other principle would meet the wants of his mind, or excite any interest in his bosom. In regard to slavery, the right of every man to freedom, to the ownership of himself, and wife and children; in short, to all the inalienable rights that appertain to every human being, would be the only principle on which he could stand; the only one he could advocate; in regard to, war, that it is inconsistent with the gospel and destructive to the best interests of mankind; that all war is sinful, for whatever purpose declared or waged.

Here, perhaps, we should say, Mr. D. though he takes, like most of the leading men in this country and Europe, who are engaged in the peace movement, the highest ground in regard to war, is not a technical non-resistant, and does not affiliate with those who repudiate the ballot-box and all connection with government.

One of the best works yet published, perhaps, on the religious aspects of the war question, is "The Bible against War," by Mr. Dresser. It is an elaborate view of the whole subject in all its bearings, as presented in the Old and New Testaments. It is a work which gives evidence of great ingenuity and research, and an excellent book of reference for any one who would examine the Bible argument against war. We reluctantly omit extracts that were prepared from that very able work.

Had we space many interesting extracts might be made from the miscellaneous articles which Mr. D. has written for the press. We give a fine portrait of our distinguished friend.

E.

Cushmans in the United States not descendants of Robert Cushman, the Puritan.

SARA CUSHMAN, m. Hodgkin, in 1636. See p. 99.

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JAMES CUSHMAN. His name is contained in a list of those in Scituate who were able to bear arms in 1643. He made his will in 1648, in which he is called "James Cushman, alias Coachman, of Seteaat." It was proved in Court 24 May 1648. His legacies were "to my cozen, John Twisden of Gordianna, in the county of Devon, in the Province of Mayne, five pounds. To William Wetherell of Seteaat, twenty shillings. To my cozine Mr. John Firniside of Duxbury, forty shillings. Also I appoint Thomas Lapham of Seteaat, sole Executor of this my last Will and Testament." His Inventory was taken 29 May 1648, and amounted to £29. 19s. 10d. This is all that is known of him. He was not probably of the Cushman family.

In a list of Alien Passengers bonded for their support at Boston,

were the following Cushmans: 1847, Eliza, aged 20; Hannah, 22, and Margaret 16, arrived in the ship St. Petersburgh from Ireland. Same year, John, aged 10, and Julia, 45, arrived in other ships from Ireland. In 1849, Mary Cashman, aged 30, arrived from Ireland. It is most probable that all the above were Cashmans in Ireland as that name is common there.

In the Philadelphia City Directory is the name of Bridget Cushman of Ireland. But she spells her name Cushing or "Coushion."

JAMES CUSHMAN of Caradock, Canada West, (one-fourth of a mile from the Railroad station at Eckfrid,) is the son of James, and has an uncle John who lived in Ohio. He says he thinks his father was from Ireland and d. when he was an infant. He does not know where he was b. but thinks it was east of Sandy Creek, in Otsego county, N. Y. He has resided at Caradock three years, and has never lived a longer time in one place.

He was b. 5 Feb. 1815, m. Martha Botely (?) 16 Jan. 1833. Had chil. :

James, b. 4 June 1834; Moses, b. 10 Nov. 1836; Jane, b. 5 June 1838, d.; Mary, b. 10 May 1840; Daniel, b. 10 June 1842; William, b. 20 Sept. 1844; Sarah, b. 14 Dec. 1846; Joseph, b. 17 Jan. 1849; Hannah, b. 15 July 1852.

The above is all the information we can obtain of him and of his father. It is not improbable that his father was from Ireland; and if so, not connected with the descendants of Robert Cushman, the Pilgrim.

MISS C. C. CUSHMAN, alias SUSE MORGAN. In 1851 the following appeared in a Southern newspaper:

"Miss Cushman, who undertook to walk 500 miles in as many hours, at St. Louis, had accomplished half the distance on the 22d ult."

The City Clerk of St. Louis, Mo., very kindly sent me a pamphlet of four pages, containing the "Biography of Miss C. C. Cushman, the Bloomer Pedestrian, now performing the extraordinary feat of walking 500 miles in 500 consecutive hours, at the Arsenal Grove Grounds," near St. Louis, and in an accompanying letter, remarks:

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"The proprietors of the Arsenal Grove, a place of public resort near St. Louis, to increase their business, procured the services of a notorious bawd known to men about town' as Suse Morgan. That person assuming the name of Caroline C. Cushman, undertook to perform the extraordinary feat above mentioned. The whole affair was a most gross and unmitigated hoax and humbug. The highly colored biography of the celebrated Miss Cushman, alias Suse Morgan, alias Fighting Sue,' was written by a wag of some notoriety in St. Louis, for the benefit of the proprietors of Arsenal Grove. I regret that your family name has been thus prostituted."

Our name and reputation is thus clear of the disgrace of having such a character among us.

In Mch. 1852, "Georgiana Cushman" was arraigned in the Police Court, Boston, for a robbery committed in a house of ill-fame. On enquiry we found that the name was a fictitious one, assumed for the purpose of concealing her true name. Thank Heaven we are again cleared of such characters.

i.

p.

F. See 53.

The following is an extract from the Plympton Chh. Records, vol. 30: "July 12, 1741. Solomon Cushman and Ruth his wife and John Bryant and Abigail his wife made a public confession for the sin of fornication, which was accepted by the chh." They were received in "full communion" in that chh. 19 July 1740.

We give the above (not a very uncommon occurrence at that day) as an indication of the state of public morals and public sentiment of that age. The parties concerned were considered as respectable people, and the foregoing did not affect their standing in the chh. or the community. In some particulars, at least, the public morals of the 19th century are superior to those of the 18th.

Extract from the Plymouth Colony Records, vol. iv. p. 90:

"March 7, 1644-5. Thomas Cushman, for committing carnall coppulation with his now wife, before marriage, but after contract is centanced by the court to pay five pounds according to the law, and for the latter ple of the law referring to imprisonment, is referred to further consideration."

G.

CHARLES KETCHAM, of Penn Yan, N. Y., a descendant of the 8th generation from Robert Cushman, was b. in Kent, (Dutchess) now Putnam county, N. Y., 26 Feb. 1813. His paternal grandfather, Joseph Ketcham, served his country in the war of the Revolution, together with many more of the same name.' His father, Jonathan

1 The Ketchams were noted for their patriotism and love of country during the Revolutionary War. In Aug. 1775, an Association was formed in Dutchess and other counties in New York, for prosecuting that war. (See page 155.) Twenty-eight of that name joined that Association in the counties of Orange, Dutchess and Suffolk, N. Y., and signed a compact for that purpose. Can any other name show more?

Ketcham, was b. 22 Feb. 1789, and his mother, Matilda, third dau. of Consider Cushman, (see 1037,) was b. 4 Mch. 1789.

In 1815 his parents removed from his birthplace to Benton, (then Ontario,) now Yates county, N. Y., and there lived and were subjected to the usual labors and privations of pioneer settlers. The subject of this brief sketch had only the advantages of a rather poor common school education. But his desire for knowledge caused him to improve the circumstances in which he was placed, and he acquired an education sufficient in those days to become a school teacher. For five years he was engaged in teaching during the winter months and working on his father's farm in the summer. As a teacher he acquired a good report, and had the entire confidence of his pupils. as well as their parents, a conclusive evidence of his "talent and tact," as well as good judgment as a school-master.

He was m. 1 May 1836, to Aurelia, only dau. of Dr. N. L. Kidder, and in the Spring of 1838 commenced farming on his own account, which employment he followed four years and then went into the "lumbering business," which occupation he has followed extensively and successfully eleven years.

Having a natural "mechanical genius," to which his mind and studies had always been devoted, in 1851 he made great improvements in saw mills and other machinery for getting out lumber in all its various departments, and which has nearly revolutionized that business and greatly benefitted as well the consumer as the lumberman. In July 1853, while superintending the construction of some mills at Baltimore, Md., he met with a misfortune, by the explosion of melted iron, which injured his eyes and made a scar that will last through life.

In another pursuit he has also been remarkably successful. In sheep shearing he had no equal. In the Spring of 1848 he sheared in one day one hundred and twenty-three sheep, and in 1849 the astonishing number of one hundred and fifty-two sheep in one day!

In 1849 he became a member of the I. O. of O. F., and in 1851 took the highest degree in that order of Masonry; and he has ever proved himself, by his deeds, a true and worthy brother of the Masonic Fraternity.

In his politics he has ever been of the Democratic Republican school,believing that the principles of the Democratic party, as laid down by President Jefferson, and carried out by his successors, tend to promote the highest good of man and of the community. Hence he has ever been a devoted advocate and supporter of Democratic men and measures.

He has held several offices by election by the people, and has always proved satisfactory to his constituents. But meanness and political dishonesty he repudiates from the bottom of his heart. The doctrine of too many, that "all's fair in politics," finds no favor with him. "The greatest good of the greatest number," is the basis of his political and social life. He is emphatically a man of integrity. Every one feels that he can be trusted, for he has never forfeited their confidence.

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He is much resorted to by his neighbors as a 66 peace maker in the settlement of difficulties between man and man, in which he has been remarkably successful. He is so well known in that capacity that it is frequently remarked that "when he gets a case, the lawyers lose it." He has, therefore, been a valuable member of community, and has ever been a zealous supporter of the institution of religion and philanthropy,- believing that one of the highest duties of life is, to lead the mind

"From nature up to nature's God."

We subjoin a fac-simile of his autograph, written in 1854./

Charles Ketcham

H.

DR. SHERIDAN MUSPRATT. [Having been very kindly furnished with engraved portraits of this very distinguished gentleman, we give a brief sketch of his life, although he is connected with the Cushmans only by marriage. The principal facts are taken from his "Biography," published in London, England, in 1852, by a “London Barrister-at-Law."]

James Sheridan Muspratt was b. in Dublin, Ireland, 8 Mch. 1821, and is the eldest son of Mr. James Muspratt of Seaforth Hall, near Liverpool, well known for his success as a chemical manufacturer. The early education of the subject of this memoir was placed in the hands of Rev. M. Hird of Winwick, Lancashire, and afterwards of Dr. Cowan, near Liverpool. In early life he evinced a tact for the study of chemistry and displayed remarkable power of thought and memory.

"At thirteen he traveled through France and part of Germany, and, on his return took the first step towards future achievements by repairing to the Andersonian University of Glasgow, where for nine months he studied in the laboratory of Professor Graham, whom he afterwards followed to London, when that gentleman took the chair of the late Dr. Turner, in the University College in Gower street. About this period and before he reached the age of seventeen, he had already made sufficient progress to be entrusted with the chemical department at the works of Peel Thompson, in Manchester; and also published a paper upon Chloride of Lime, which attracted considerable attention. Proceeding to America he there entered into a trading partnership, but soon discovered, by the loss of some thousands, that he was better fitted for the laboratory than the Exchange. The result was, that he retired from a field for which Nature had

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