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acquisition or loss of citizenship were existing after the coming into force of this Law.
12. This Law makes no alteration in any rights possessed by foreigners under existing regulations owing to their having resided or having been domiciled in the country for a certain length of time.
13. This present Law supersedes former Nationality Laws, and shall similarly be enforced throughout the whole Danish kingdom.
It does not relate to persons whose nationality is reserved in accordance with Article XIX of the Treaty of Peace of the 30th October, 1864.*
BRITISH NOTIFICATION respecting Sea Fisheries in the Territorial Waters of Iceland and the Faroe Islands. London, October, 1899.†
THE Board of Trade hereby call the attention of the owners and skippers of British trawlers to the existing laws respecting trawling, and the presence of fishing vessels with trawls on board, in the territorial waters of Iceland and the Faroe Islands. Translations of the Laws are annexed.‡
With reference to the expression "Stowed away on board" used, in relation to fishing gear, in both Laws, the Board of Trade have ascertained that the Danish authorities are of opinion that in order to fulfil the legal requirements of the
phrase it is necessary
(1.) That the otter boards of trawling gear should be stowed in their ordinary places on deck inside the bulwarks, or else that they should be put below deck; and
(2.) That the nets should be unshackled from the boards and should be put away or made fast in-board, either on deck or below deck and emptied of fish.
T. H. W. PELHAM, Assistant Secretary. Board of Trade, October, 1899.
DANISH LAW respecting the Prohibition of Fishing with Trawls within the Territorial Waters of Iceland. Amalienborg, April
WE, Christian IX, &c.
The Althing has adopted, and we have ratified with our consent, the following Law:
* See "State Papers." Vol. 54. Page 522.
"London Gazette," November 3, 1899.
See this page and page 351.
SEC. 1. Fishing by means of trawls is prohibited within the territorial waters of Iceland.
2. Breaches of Article 1 are punished by fines of 1,000 to 4,000 kroner, which go to the Icelandic Treasury, and all the fishing gear, including the drag-ropes, and all the catch on board shall be forfeited, and the proceeds thereof shall go to the Treasury. The ship may be seized and sold, after legal execution, to cover the fine and expenses.
3. If a fishing vessel is found within territorial waters with a trawl on board, although not engaged in fishing, it renders itself liable to a fine of from 200 to 2,000 kroner to the Treasury; should the same vessel be found a second time in territorial waters with such gear on board, it will be treated according to Section 2. These penalties shall not, however, be enforced in the following cases :
(1.) When vessels are in distress, in which are included vessels seeking harbour on account of want of provisions or coal.
(2.) When vessels are on their way to the fishing grounds, or from one fishing ground to another through the passage between the Westmann Isles and the coast of Iceland, or between Reykjanes and the Fuglasker Rocks, although within territorial limits, provided they do not stop.
(3.) When vessels are considered to have entered territorial waters unintentionally or in ignorance, owing to currents, or weather, or fog obscuring the land.
When ships seek the land to obtain provisions or coal, or pursue the course described in (2) aforesaid, the above exceptions are only allowed if all the fishing gear is stowed away on board while the ship is in territorial waters.
Home-owned (Icelandic or Danish) trawlers are at liberty to seek the land in order to discharge their fish, and to procure water and other necessaries under all circumstances, but their fishing gear must then also be stowed away.
4. Cases which arise out of breaches of this Law shall be treated as public police cases.
5. Laws No. 13 of the 9th of August, 1889, and No. 24 of the 10th November, 1894,* are repealed.
To which all whom it may concern must conform.
* See Vol. 19. Page 187.
DANISH LAW concerning the Prohibition of Trawling in the Territorial Waters of the Faroe Islands. February 1, 1899.
SEC. 1. Trawling is prohibited in the territorial waters of the Faroe Islands.
2. Breaches of Section 1 are punished by fines of 1,000 to 4,000 kroner to the Treasury, and all the fishing implements, including the cables that draw the trawl, and all the catch on board shall be forfeited and sold on behalf of the Treasury. The confiscated implements shall be made unfit for trawling. The ships may be arrested and sold after legal execution in payment of fines and expenses.
3. If a fishing vessel is found within territorial waters with a trawl on board, although not engaged in fishing, it is liable to fines of 200 to 2,000 kroner to the Treasury. If the same vessel is found a second time in the territorial waters with these implements on board it will be treated according to Section 2. These penalties shall not, however, be enforced in the following cases :
(1.) When vessels are in distress, which includes vessels that require to seek a harbour on account of the want of provisions or coal.
(2.) When vessels are considered to have entered territorial waters unintentionally or in ignorance, owing to currents, or weather, or fog obscuring the land.
(3.) When vessels on the way to the fishing grounds, or going from one fishing ground to another, pass the Straits between the Islands without stopping.
The exceptions in favour of ships referred to in paragraph 3 of this section and of ships seeking the land to obtain provisions or coal, are only allowed on the condition that all the fishing gear is stowed away on board while the ship is in territorial waters.
Home-owned (belonging to the Faroe Islands or Danish) trawlers are always at liberty to seek the land in order to discharge their fish and to procure water and other necessaries, but their fishing implements must then also be stowed away on board.
4. Actions which arise out of breaches of this Law shall be treated as public police actions.
5. This Law shall come into force the 1st of February,
BRITISH NOTIFICATION of the Danish Law of April 7, 1900, respecting Illegal Trawling in Territorial Waters. London, May, 1900.*
Territorial Waters of Denmark.
NOTICE is hereby given to British fishermen that a new Law has come into force in Denmark by which the penalty for illegal trawling in the territorial waters of that country has been increased.
Translation of the Law is appended.
It should be borne in mind that as regards the Danish Coast bordering on the North Sea, south of Hanstholm Lighthouse, Articles II and III of the North Sea Fisheries Convention, 1882,† to which Denmark is a party, apply.
These Articles are as follows:—
"ART. II. The fishermen of each country shall enjoy the exclusive right of fishery within the distance of three miles from low-water mark along the whole extent of the coasts of their respective countries, as well as of the dependent islands and banks.
"As regards bays, the distance of three miles shall be measured from a straight line drawn across the bay, in the part nearest the entrance, at the first point where the width does not exceed ten miles.
"The present Article shall not in any way prejudice the freedom of navigation and anchorage in territorial waters accorded to fishing boats, provided they conform to the special police regulations enacted by the Powers to whom the shore belongs.
"III. The miles mentioned in the preceding Article are geographical miles, whereof 60 make a degree of latitude." T. H. W. PELHAM, Assistant-Secretary. Fisheries and Harbour Department, Board of Trade, May,
DANISH LAW establishing increased Penalties under Law No. 56 of April 5th, 1888, Section 58, so far as relates to Illegal Trawl Fishery. April 7, 1900.
ILLEGAL fishery by means of trawl, in Danish territorial waters (see Law No. 56 of April 5th, 1888, Section 1, No. 2), is
+ Sce Vol. 15. Page 791.
* "London Gazette," May 11, 1900.
to be punished with fines of from 500 to 4,000 crowns, payable to the Treasury.
In fixing the punishment regard is to be had to whether the illegal fishery has been carried out by means of steam, which is to constitute an aggravating circumstance. The illegal fishing instruments, including the hawser which has been used for the illegal fishery, as well as the captured fish on board, are to be forfeited to the Treasury. The vessel may be laid under embargo, in accordance with an eventual decree to that effect, and sold to cover fines and costs.
This Law is to take effect immediately.
AGREEMENT between Great Britain and Egypt, relative to the Future Administration of the Soudan. Signed at Cairo, January 19, 1899.
WHEREAS certain provinces in the Soudan which were in rebellion against the authority of His Highness the Khedive have now been reconquered by the joint military and financial efforts of Her Britannic Majesty's Government and the Government of His Highness the Khedive;
And whereas it has become necessary to decide upon a system for the administration of, and for the making of laws for the said reconquered provinces, under which due allowance may be made for the backward and unsettled condition of large portions thereof, and the varying requirements of different localities;
And whereas it is desired to give effect to the claims which have accrued to Her Britannic Majesty's Government, by right of conquest, to share in the present settlement and future working and development of the said system of administration boblegislation;
4. Actereas it is conceived that for many purposes Wadi treated as public may be most effectively administered in con5. This Law Sharonquered provinces to which they are
greed and declared by and between the rized for that purpose, as follows:Soudan" in this Agreement means all e 22nd parallel of latitude, which-