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15 miles 40 miles acre Albany appearance bany basswood boats breadth building bushels called Canandarqua cattle cents cleared climate common commonly considerable quantities considered contains conveyed Corn creek creek rises distance dollars dollars an acre dwelling houses east England excellent fall farm feet five flats formed four French frequently Genesee river Geneva grain ground grows growth half handsome head hilly horses hundred improvement Indians inhabitants killed lake Erie lake Ontario lands less manufactured maple Maryland miles miles in length mill navigate nearly neighbourhood Niagara occasions Ohio outlet oxen Pennsylvania pleasant population pounds principal probably produce raised remarkable running salt season Seneca lake settlement side situated snow soil sold sometimes sorts spring sugar summer supplied Susquehanna river thence timber Tioga river town transported trees twenty upwards usually week westerly course wild winter woods York
Page 5 - ... mostly timbered with oak. Where the sugar maple and basswood are most common, the land is generally esteemed best for grass, and probably for grain, and is experienced to be durable ; and lands which produce mostly beech timber, are considered as generally clayey, wet and cold. A considerable portion of the better part of the country is timbered with oak, and lands on which it is of a large growth are by many esteemed the most durable, although at first not productive of as good crops as maple...
Page 9 - ... they become scarce, as population increases. Squirrels are so numerous in some years as considerably to injure corn ; and upwards of 2000 of them have sometimes been killed in a day, which is occasionally appointed for that purpose by the inhabitants ; the most common kinds of them are the black, and the red ; the grey coloured being very scarce.
Page 22 - ... provisions, are used at the markets of Canandarqua and Geneva, at Niagara, and by settlers emigrating into the country. Cattle commonly sell for money at a good price, and as this country is very favorable for raising them, they will probably become the principal article for market ; many being of opinion that the raising of stock is more profitable as well as easier than any mode of farming. The following is a list of prices of articles, and the rates of wages since January 1801 : Wheat, from...
Page 23 - ... and some persons, by saving their ashes or by manufacturing them, have nearly cleared the cost of improving land; the wages of a laborer, $10 to $15 a month and board; a suit of clothes made at $4 to $5; a pair of shoes, $1.75 to $2.50.
Page 11 - ... distance of 10 to 60 miles, and is sold and also exchanged for grain, near Geneva, at a dollar a bushel. Near the head of the Genesee river there is a remarkable spring, the water issuing. from it being covered with a sort of oil called by the Indians Seneca Oil, which is excellent for wounds and other medicinal uses. A considerable quantity of Plaister of Paris was lately discovered near Geneva, which is reported to be of a good quality.
Page 8 - ... break up about the middle of March. The cheapness and fertility of land in this country, together with its easy communications with different markets, and the temperateness, and healthiness of the climate in general, are advantages, not possessed in an equal degree in other new settlements, which render this country an object worthy of attention to those who wish their estates in a few years to increase in extent and value.
Page 18 - In the beginning of the year 1800^ snow fell in most places about three feet deep but there is no other instance known of so great a fall of it. The continuation of snow, besides its usefulness to grain, renders sleighs common and convenient for the transportation of produce to market, a pair of horses travelling, with thirty bushels, at the rate of 35 or 40 miles in a day. The winters usually break up about the middle of March.