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of the new Joint Chiefs of Staff is worth other gentlemen in the Defense Depart- comes we shall have the bugs' out of the anything, then why, before arbitrarily ment had all the dollars they could pos- planes, and we shall be able to proceed making this heavy cut in funds, was sibly spend or commit, they made with production on a 24-hour schedule, there not a conference with the old Joint changes and deferments, and there were

changes and deferments, and there were and have an excellent production for Chiefs of Staff? In all sincerity I ask delays and slowups, and they made ex

delays and slowups, and they made ex- defense, but first we must be certain that whether it would not have been better tensions in the schedules.

we have developed just the type of mato have relied upon the decisions and I wish to say to the Senator from Mis chine we want." opinions of the old Joint Chiefs of Staff souri that I sat through the hearings in Mr. President, we appropriated the General Vandenberg, General Collins, the Appropriations Committee. I en funds which were requested. At this and Admiral Fechteler, as made in Octo deavored with all the ability. I possessed time I am stating a little of the history ber 1951 and continued and confirmed in to obtain all the facts. I had the feeling of this matter over the past 2 or 3 years, every quarter until March 1953—in that in the future we would get every- in connection with the committee hearterms of maintaining the program? thing on schedule, in accordance with ings, at which we received testimony Would not it have been better to have the schedules which previously had been from the Secretary of Defense and other maintained that program, instead of ar set. I had observed that at times there authorities in the Defense Department. bitrarily reducing it by billions of was as much as $102 billion in unex- They have said, "What we want is to dollars?

pended funds, although the amount make certain that we have ample funds, Mr. THYE. Mr. President, will the would change from time to time, some

in order that we can let the contracts, Senator from Michigan yield to me, to times decreasing to $99 billion or to $96 some of which will require from 18 permit me to ask a question of the Sen- billion, and with all of it committed on months to 2 years for completion." We ator from Missouri?

what might be called long-lead-time have given them the money. The disMr. FERGUSON. Mr. President, I am contracts. With all those figures and tinguished Senator from Virginia [Mr. glad to yield, and I ask unanimous con that situation in mind, and after having BYRD] will bear me out when I say there sent for that purpose.

worked for a period of several years have been times when $102 billion in The PRESIDING OFFICER. With with those officials, we find that a very total funds was lying on the barrelhead, out objection, it is so ordered.

forceful argument can be made, and it is and that only the mere scratch of a pen Mr. THYE. Mr. President, during the possible to throw a terrific scare, in distime I have served on the Appropriations cussing the proposed cut of $5 billion I wish to say one further word in conCommittee—not only this year, but when and in making statements to the effect nection with what we have endeavored the other political party had the chair that such a cut will seriously weaken to do. We have an able and distinmanship of the Subcommittee on Defense our air strength. Yet if that is the guished Secretary of Defense, who is a Appropriations, of which the Senator fact, why in the world did the Air Force realistic, sound businessman. I have from Michigan [Mr. FERGUSON] now is permit an accumulation of $99 billion

permit an accumulation of $99 billion greater confidence in the judgment of chairman I have noted that the Joint of funds on long-lead-time contracts? our President on the question now beChiefs of Staff, the Secretary of the Air Why did they translate those funds into fore the Senate than I would have in the Force, and the Secretary of Defense have finished products, ready for delivery at judgment of the average man, because changed their programs from time to the airbases, where they were on de- surely a military general of his ability time. At various times they have given mand.

and genius would not for one minute us whole lists of figures on what might Mr. SYMINGTON. Mr. President, will make a mistake which would jeopardize be called the trestleboard. They have the Senator permit me to answer the the security of the Nation, or which shown us pictures of numbers of planes question?

would jeopardize the life of one Ameriand of the planes they expected to be Mr. THYE. Mr. President, the Sena can youth. For that reason, I felt, after delivered in 1 month. Six months later tor from Missouri should let some of the listening to all the testimony, that we they would return with an entirely dif rest of us do a little talking. He should were justified in announcing our supferent set of figures and an entirely dif permit us to counsel with him. He port of the reduction that is proposed in ferent schedule of end achievement. should not be so impatient, and should the pending appropriation bill.

Today I have listened to my good not try to pull the rug from under us I may say to my distinguished friend, friend, the distinguished Senator from every time we make a statement. Let I am always perfectly happy to yield to Missouri [Mr. SYMINGTON], who for him be patient; we will give him any him, and I was not trying to be impolite merly was Secretary of the Air Force. amount of time.

or discourteous to him. However, the In the committee I have listened to dis We sat through the hearings. I wished Senator had been moving in a little tinguished and able officers give us re to be critical. I wanted our Nation to rapidly at times, and I simply wanted ports on what they were endeavoring to have, in terms of aerial strength, a de- to counsel with him a moment. achieve in the Air Force and what they fense second to none. I wanted our Na Mr. SYMINGTON. I appreciate the needed in the way of funds. Even while tion to be able, if occasion called for it, advice of my distinguished colleague, the Senator from Missouri was Secre to hit the enemy not only on one front, the Senator from Minnesota. In view tary of the Air Force, I have seen the but on all fronts. I wanted our Nation of his vast experience in the Senate, schedule changed and new reports given to have real air power. If it is a ques- of which I am aware, I apologize for havto us in regard to when the planes would tion of dollars, I will be found among the ing interrupted him. As a matter of be delivered. When we interrogated the Members of the Senate who will be vot- fact, this is the first time since I have Secretary and his staff assistants, the ing the dollars.

been in the Senate that I have ever retestimony always was that they had not Now for several years I have partici- quested the Senator from Minnesota to gotten all of the engineering difficulties pated in hearings on these appropria- yield, to my knowledge, on any point of or "bugs” out of the plane construction tions, and I have had the privilege of any kind whatever. Therefore, if I have in which they were engaged, but that looking respectfully to our leaders in the irritated or annoyed or hindered the within the course of a short time there Defense Department, among whom the Senator in the adquate and orderly preafter the engineering difficulties should distinguished Senator from Missouri tes- sentation of his views, I desire to apolobe over and they should be able to put tified in the past, just as the present gize to him deeply, and to assure him it the factories into full production. Secretary of the Air Force did this year. will never happen again.

Mr. President, if I did not have all I have seen the money pile up year after Mr. THYE. Mr. President, I merely this background information in my year, although production of the end want to say to the Senator that I was mind, I would be alarmed and fearful products was being slowed down, and occupying the chair this afternoon, and today that the proposed reduction in ap although we were receiving reports to I presided over the Senate for quite a propriations might be a serious mistake. the effect that, “The only reason why while. I was merely making a little obBut having had the benefit of listening we do not get this out as the end product servation, when I told the Senator that to such factual statements, as given to is that we do not have all the bugs' he seemed to move in a little too rapidly us in the committee during the past sev out of it; and if we did produce it now, at times. That was not by way of critieral years, I am not so alarmed as the it would not be the kind of machine we cism. It was done simply in a man-toSenator from Missouri apparently is, be want." I recall having them tell us, man, friendly manner. Once in a while cause I recall that at such times, when “We are going to have the plants and a Senator may show a little irritation; the Senator from Missouri, who then facilities and tools and the nucleus of an and to one who is presiding over the Senwas Secretary of the Air Force, and the organization, so that when an emergency ate, since all Senators are before him,

it is an easy matter for him to observe Mr. SYMINGTON. I decline to yield if the Senator from Minnesota finds his what takes place on the floor of the at this point.

name among the 9, I shall be glad to Senate.

Mr. LANGER. Mr. President, I de stand corrected. The 9 Senators who Mr. SYMINGTON. I deeply appreI deeply appre- mand the regular order.

voted for a higher appropriation than ciate the advice of the Senator from The PRESIDING OFFICER. The that provided by the House in House bill Minnesota.

Chair must state to the guests of the 4146, making appropriations for the NaMr. THYE. It is all given in good Senate in the galleries that they are tional Military Establishment approprianature and in a spirit of friendship. here as guests, and they are expected to tions, were the Senator from Alabama

Mr. SYMINGTON. I assure the Sen make no demonstrations. We shall ap [Mr. Hill], the Senator from Texas (Mr. ator I shall always treasure his advice in preciate their cooperation with us by Johnson), the Senator from California my memory.

making no demonstrations either of ap [Mr. Knowland], the Senator from OreMr. THYE. It is said with good will, proval or disapproval of what may be gon [Mr. Morsel, and the Senator from in a spirit of friendship for a Senator said by Senators.

South Dakota [Mr. Mundt]; the Senawhom I respect and admire very much. Mr. SYMINGTON. I thank the tor from Wyoming (Mr. O'Mahoney), Mr. SYMINGTON. I appreciate the Chair.

the Senator from Florida [Mr. Pepper), Senator's remarks very much, and I. Mr. THYE Mr. President, will the the Senator from Maine [Mrs. Smith). hope that at some time in the future I Senator yield for a question?

and the Senator from Alabama (Mr. may have an opportunity to reciprocate Mr. SYMINGTON. I should like to Sparkman). in offering the Senator from Minnesota continue for a moment, after which I Mr. THYE. What was the vote on? some advice that may be instructive to shall be glad to yield. The question Mr. SYMINGTON. The vote was on a him, as his advice has been to me.

arose on the subject of constantly refit committee amendment proposing to alMr. President, going back to the point ting and constantly changing the air low a 48-group Air Force instead of a at issue, I do not remember ever having planes.

58-group Air Force, by reducing the Air defended the budget before the Senator Shortly after I left the Air Force, the Force authorization from $1,992,755,000 from Minnesota. I shall look up the Korean war began. We found that air to $1,415,000,000. record, for the purpose of verifying my plane production could not be carried Mr. THYE. Is the Senator speaking of statement. Perhaps the reason I do not on in the same way in which the pro the reduction in funds, or is he speaking remember it is because I have a poor duction of automobiles is handled. We of the funds impounded by President memory. But I do know that I defended

found it necessary to take back planes Truman? certain budgets when they came to the that had been produced and were being Mr. SYMINGTON. I may say respectSenate.

used for purposes of training, for a very fully to the Senator from Minnesota, I I should like to correct one statement simple reason, which I am sure the Sen

simple reason, which I am sure the Sen- am referring to what I was speaking the Senator made, to the effect that I ator from Minnesota would agree was about before. It was an appropriation always received enough money, as the valid, regardless of his interest in pro voted upon in 1949, for the fiscal year representative of the Air Force, and that

duction efficiency. We found that our 1950. The list I read gives the names I received all I wanted. Unfortunately, fliers could not live, flying the Saber of 9 great Senators who voted not to that is not true. The appropriation for jets they were then flying against the cut the Air Force from 58 groups to 48. which I wish the distinguished Senator

MIG-15. We therefore put them back I notice in this connection that among from Minnesota had voted, was in the

in production, and used them in further the Senators who did not vote at that summer of 1949. I wish I might add his

training, in order to make them better. time was my distinguished colleague name to the list of nine Senators

I respectfully submit that airplane fac from Minnesota, Mr. THYE. Now, Mr. President, let

tories cannot be operated in wartime Mr. THYE. Mr. President, in order us get this straight.

on the basis on which automobile plants that the RECORD may be absolutely clear Mr. SYMINGTON. May I ask the are run. It is necessary to make

on that question, it was at that particuSenator to observe the remonstrances

changes, in order to protect the lives of lar time that I and certain other Sen. that he gave to me? (Laughter.]

the men who are called upon to fight and ators were en route to England. This Mr. THYE. Yes.

defend our homes against an enemy. was what date in October 1949 ? Mr. SYMINGTON. I trust the SenMr. THYE. Mr. President, will the

Mr. SYMINGTON. The date is Au. ator will bear with any ignorance I may Senator yield for a question? have of parliamentary procedure, in

gust 26, 1949. Did the Senator make Mr. SYMINGTON. I am glad to

two trips to England ? view of his vast experience, and in view yield to the Senator for a question.

Mr. of my very considerable ignorance. The

THYE. I did not. Will the Mr. THYE. Is the Senator certain fact is that when it comes to the ques

Senator refer to the record again and as to how the Senator from Minnesota

find where the Senator from Minnesota tion of airplanes, I would hope that I

voted on the Air Force appropriation in could add the Senator's name to the

was at that time? I have never voted 1949? list of nine great Senators who in 1949

against an increase in air strength or

Mr. SYMINGTON. No, I am not, but voted not to reduce the appropriation for I have the vote here. I shall consult it, Air Force. It surprises me that I should

against appropriations of funds for the the Air Force. Had the Senate voted to and if I am wrong, I shall be happy to

be recorded as having voted in the give us the appropriation for the air

stand corrected, and shall be the first planes then contemplated, we would

negative. to apologize to my distinguished colhave had much less difficulty thereafter.

Mr. SYMINGTON. The vote shows league. Now, Mr. President, one more point.

that the Senator from Maine (Mr.

Mr. THYE. Mr. President, if the SenMr. FERGUSON. Mr. President, will

Brewster], the Senator from Ohio [Mr. ator will yield further, was it not in 1949 the Senator yield at that point?

Bricker], the Senator from New Hampthat the funds were impounded by the Mr. SYMINGTON. I yield.

shire [Mr. Bridges), the Senator from President? Mr. FERGUSON. That was the time

Indiana (Mr. Capehart], the Senator

Mr. FERGUSON. If the Senator will the President made the cut. What the

from Indiana (Mr. Jenner], and the Senyield, I may say that was in October Congress allowed, the President cut. Is

ator from Minnesota [Mr. Thye] were 1949. not that correct?

necessarily absent.

Mr. THYE. Then I may remind my Mr. THYE. Mr. President

The RECORD also shows the Senator friend that the Senator from Minnesota Mr. SYMINGTON. Mr. President, I voted for the 70-group Air Force, and was

from Connecticut, Mr. McMahon—I foryielded only to the Senator from Michi

one of those who were very much disap- got that great Senator-was paired with gan. I should like to make a correction, pointed when the President impounded

the Senator from Michigan [Mr. FERIt was in 1948 that we got the money.

GUSON], and it is stated: the funds. The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Mr. SYMINGTON. I may say to the

If present and voting, the Senator from Senate will be in order. Senator from Minnesota that if I am

Connecticut would vote “nay," and the SenMr. SYMINGTON. Mr. President, I

ator from Michigan would vote "yea." wrong in this matter, it will not be the am learning rapidly from the instruc first time that I have been wrong.

Mr. THYE. Does the Senator find tions given me by the Senator from Mr. THYE. We all make mistakes. any comment about the Senator from Minnesota.

Mr. SYMINGTON. I should like to Minnesota ? Mr. THYE. Mr. President, will the read the names of the 9 Senators who Mr. SYMINGTON. Nothing except Senator yield for a question?

voted for the larger appropriation, and that he was absent from the Senate.

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Mr. THYE. That is correct.

is correct. The Corps. They are overshadowed by the 430,000,000 for research and development fact that the Senator read a certain roll- Air Force.

work in the military services for huncall and had no explanation for it would No major type combat aircraft are dreds of research projects. lead the general public to believe that I eliminated from the original program In this connection, the committee has had voted in the negative. That is my by this budget with the exception of the provided ample funds for continued reason for asking questions and develop- B-47's previously scheduled to equip progress in the field of guided missiles. ing the facts, because I have never voted combat training wings, and these air The committee received impressive against increasing the air strength, craft are not yet on order.

testimony in executive session from all Mr. SYMINGTON. I said the Senator By the way, these are only training three military services concerning progwas not one of the Senators who voted planes.

ress in this field. for increased air power.

Mr. MAYBANK. Mr. President, will In summary, the funds provided by Mr. THYE. That statement made it the Senator from Michigan yield?

the bill before the Senate will enable us seem that I had voted against it.

Mr. FERGUSON. I yield.

to continue our defense program on an Mr. SYMINGTON. I was surprised Mr. MAYBANK. I am glad the Sen- effective basis under a frugal managethat if the Senator was so interested, he ator mentioned that. I do not intend ment of the money. It does not provide was not paired for it instead of being to make a long speech. The Senator funds for financing the crash programs counted absent.

says these are only training planes. and easy spending of the past. At the Mr. THYE. The Senator from Mis Mr. FERGUSON. Yes; and they are same time, we have tried to provide necsouri will find that he will be absent at not yet on order.

essary funds below which we cannot times.

Mr. MAYBANK. There were 147 in safely go without endangering the whole Mr. SYMINGTON. I thank the 1 group and 53 in another group. complicated fabric of our military proSenator.

Because this is going to be an issue, a gram. We have kept both need and cost Mr. THYE. I would say, again, Mr. majority of the Democratic members in mind. It is our objective to achieve President, that I believe I have been on of the Appropriations Committee joined greater efficiency and economy, while the side of trying to make certain that with me in an amendment. As the continuing to improve the combat effecwe have proper air strength for the safe Senator knows, I offered the amendment tiveness of our forces. Our program ty of the Nation and the security of our in the committee, but it was defeated. calls for a total military strength of people. In this particular instance one I called up the Air Force today and was 3,356,000 as of June 30, 1954, with a reof the greatest military generals in the told that these B-47's, if we should ap duction to 3,300,000 if war ceases in history of the Nation, who is now the prove them, would be fast ships, needing Korea. President, sitting with his Defense Sec no further development, and they could While it is admittedly very difficult rétary, making a study of the overall be used in the wings in any emergency, to control the rate of expenditures, the question, looking at the huge unexpend whenever we wanted them.

Secretary of Defense and the National ed balance, determining what is best Mr. FERGUSON. That is not my Security Council have expressed the insofar as the overall security of our understanding from the record.

hope that the expenditures for the DeNation is concerned, both economically Mr. MAYBANK. That is the infor- partment of Defense military functions and militarily, came to the conclusion mation which I was given.

aim at a goal of $43.2 billion for the that we could reduce the defense budget Mr. FERGUSON. Mr. President, the 1954 fiscal year. by $5 billion. After due study and after funds provided in this bill, when con From the overall expenditure picture, hearing all the testimony, we in the sidered together with funds provided the there will be a planned increase in decommittee determined that we should Air Force in prior years by the Congress, fense spending during the current, 1954 support the President, the Secretary of will finance completely the procurement fiscal year. Last year the armed seryDefense, and their assistants, in this of aircraft for the full 143-wing program. ices spent a total of $43 billion, and general budget recommendation.

In addition to the provision for new spending plans call for expenditure of Mr. FERGUSON. . Mr. President, I aircraft for the modernization of the $43,200,000,000 during the coming year. should like to state a few figures, if I Air Force, funds are provided in this bill No one questions that, and it is required may do so, without interruption, and for continuing the necessary procure- for the production of military material. then I shall relinquish the floor.

ment of ground equipment, ammunition With the funds provided in this bill, The 120-wing program will provide for for combat operations and related equip that would leave an estimated unex114 wings to be activated and substan ment, including the latest electronic pended balance on June 30, 1954, of tially well equipped by the end of the devices.

about $51.2 billion, as compared with current fiscal year for the Air Force, • The Air Force is provided funds for the estimated unexpended balance, a and, in addition, 7 Air National Guard an average strength of 970,000 military carryover, of $62.6 billion on June 30, and Air Reserve wings all equipped with personnel in fiscal year 1954, with an end 1953. modern aircraft-a total of 121 wings to strength of 960,000 by June 30, 1954. As we all know, substantial unexbe attained this year. By June 30, 1955, This reduction of about 2 percent will pended carryover amounts are always the total number of wings for the Air be accomplished entirely by the elimi- necessary to provide for the lead time Force, provided by this bill, will be 120, nation of unnecessary overhead person- required in the production of military plus an additional 23 wings in the Air nel, such as excess bands, air police, and

nel, such as excess bands, air police, and material. Particularly is this true in National Guard and Air Reserve. All of so forth.

the early stages of a buildup period. these wings will be equipped with mod The committee has included in this Often lead times can be reduced, and ern aircraft, thus making a total of 143 bill rather large sums of money, $356 smaller amounts of money can be prowings.

million for the continued development, vided through intelligent planning. The Air Force is currently operating on a well-coordinated basis, of the pro Once the program is well under way, more than 27,000 airplanes of all types. gram for building up reserves of hard- and a reasonable level of production is The Navy and Marine air wings contain to-get machine tools and standby plant under way with designs becoming firm, another 10,000 aircraft, giving this coun- and manufacturing facilities. This is a there is a lesser requirement for advance try a total military aircraft strength of program which will assure the existence financing to provide for lead time. We 37,000. Of course, not all of these planes of a production base which can be swiftly are now approaching this stage of the are first line combat aircraft, but almost expanded if the need arises, and provides buildup period, and the estimated unall of them do have military effective the Nation with a national defense estab- expended balances reflect this fact, as ness under some conditions.

lishment that is much stronger than the does the amount provided in this approIf the combat planes in the Air Force, number of divisions or air wings we now priation bill. Marines, and Navy were all organized on have or plan to acquire.

Although our defense program started the basis of an Air Force wing, our mili This appropriation bill contains the after the Korean war, it was only partly tary air strength now would be the

tangible evidence that the new adminis, because of the Korean war. Hence that equivalent of 152 wings, and by June 30, tration and the committee have great program must go on even if a reliable 1956, this total air strength will rise to confidence in the research programs of peace comes

comes in Korea. Our major 176 equivalent wings.

the military services and a realization of danger remains. To cut any additional But very little has been said about the their importance to our long-time na funds from this appropriation bill would air strength of the Navy or the Marine tional security. This bill provides $1,- mean that we would be cutting into the

basic combat effectiveness and military Mr. DOUGLAS. The discussion this Mr. FERGUSON. Mr. President, I preparedness of the Armed Forces. afternoon has centered almost entirely ask unanimous consent that the com

We should also say to the Military on reductions in the Air Force. I wish mittee amendments be agreed to en Establishment that even with the present to ask the eminent Senator from Michi- bloc, and that the bill, as proposed to be budget, even with the present planned gan if the budget as proposed calls for amended, be considered as original text personnel, a duty rests upon them to a reduction in the number of Army com for the purpose of amendment; and that eliminate every dollar of extravagant bat divisions from 21 to 20, or a net re no point of order be waived. spending, every dollar that could be con duction of 1 division?

Mr. RUSSELL. The bill as proposed sidered "plush,” every dollar that it is · Mr. FERGUSON. Let me state the to be amended would be considered as possible to save. Certainly arbitrary and figures for the Senator from Illinois. original text for the purpose of amendcapricious across-the-board cuts could Under "Summary of forces-divi- ment, and any amendment would be in only result in upsetting the balance sions,” in the Truman budget, the num- . order. which must exist between the equip ber was 20; under the Eisenhower budget Mr. FERGUSON. That is correct. ment, the facilities-training stations, it is 20. That is the number of divi The PRESIDING OFFICER. Is there airfields, repair facilities, supply systems, sions planned as of June 30, 1954.

objection? The Chair hears none, and and so forth and the manpower to util Under "Regiments and RTC's," the es the request is agreed to. ize them. timates, respectively, are 18 and 18.

The amendments agreed to en bloc The present administration has shown For "Antiaircraft battalions,” the fig- are as follows: signs that it wishes to join in a reduc ures are, respectively, 117 and 117. So

On page 2, line 18, after the word “approtion in the budget. They want to help there is no difference.

priation”, to strike out "$37,000” and insert cut it. Otherwise, there is only one way Mr. DOUGLAS. Is it not true, or am "$55,000"; the budget can be cut, and that is by I misinformed, that the Bureau of the On page 4, line 12, after the figures "$365,means of what some persons call a meat Budget called for creation of an addi- 000,000”, to insert “and, in addition, the ax cut.

tional combat division during the entire Secretary of Defense may transfer from other

year, and the number of divisions has of Defense such amounts as may be necesI say frankly that unless this admin

appropriations available to the Department istration comes through with a plan of been held at 20?

sary"; production and an elimination of waste Mr. FERGUSON. I do not have any On page 6, line 3, after the word "Informaand extravagance, then Congress in the advice on that. The evidence presented tion", to strike out “$400,000” and insert coming January should take steps to pre to the committee, under “Summary of “$500,000"; vent a waste of money. forces,” was as I have read it.

On page 6, line 16, after the word "for”, to Let me conclude by pointing out that Mr. DOUGLAS. Can the chairman

strike out “$500,000,000” and insert “$250,

000,000"; and in line 17, after the word this bill was considered by the commit assure us that there will be no reduc

"than", to strike out "$100,000,000” and intee with our national defense uppermost tion in the number of divisions as com

sert "$50,000,000"; in mind. It was not considered on the

pared with the number that

was · On page 7, at the beginning of line 15, to basis of partisanship or politics—there planned?

strike out "enlisted"; and on page 8, line 1, should be no politics in our national Mr. FERGUSON. That is correct. after the word “activities”, to strike out security.

However, I will have that checked at “$4,708,859,000” and insert "$4,713,859,000"; I believe the bill as reported by the once through the Pentagon.

On page 10, line 2, after the word "mili

tary”, to strike out "and civilian"; and on committee is a good bill, and one that

Mr. LONG. Mr. President, I believe

page 11, line 1, after the word "Government”, provides adequate financing for the con the Senator from Michigan deserves our to strike out "$4,329,594,000” and insert tinued strengthening of our national de congratulations and compliments upon a “$4,355,750,000"; fense. It is a bill for national security, very diligent, conscientious job as chair On page 14, line 1, after the word "exand I urge Senators to support it.

man of the subcommittee. We who have pended", to strike out “No part of any funds Mr. LONG. Mr. President, I made an observed him at his task realize that it herein appropriated shall be used to maininquiry awhile ago regarding coopera was not easy. But certainly, in pursu- cility for any of the technical services of the

aid tion that had been received by some of ance of his practice, he has made every Army at any place within or without the us who had tried to find some way of

effort to achieve economies that could continental limits of the United States either saving money in the Military Estab be made.

directly or in collaboration with any other lishment. I wish to read an excerpt I only hope we can follow through year department or agency of the Government or from the Sarnoff Commission Report, after year in paring down the unneces

with any private concern"; indicating that the Sarnoff Commission sary expenditures to the point that one aries”, to strike out "$185,873,000” and in

On page 18, line 25, after the word "salmay not have had all the cooperation

of these days the taxpayer can expect sert "$200,864,500"; it should have received in suggesting that he, too, will share in the relief for

On page 19, line 19, after the word "salreductions that many of us would have which he has waited so long.

aries", to strike out "$927,000,000" and inliked to make. I read from page 28 Mr. FERGUSON. I certainly appre- sert "$952,000,000"; of the report, paragraph 4, as follows: ciate the remarks of the Senator from On page 20, at the beginning of line 9, to That the Commission has received tons Louisiana.

strike out "$1,379,000,000" and insert "$1,of information and not an ounce of inter


Mr. SALTONSTALL. Mr. President, pretation on the problems it is expected to will the Senator yield for a question?

On page 21, line 16, after the word "approconsider and upon which it is to make its

priation", to strike out "$691,500,000" and recommendations. Cooperation of the sery

Mr. FERGUSON. I yield.

insert."$731,500,000"; and on page 22, line 2, ices boils down to furnishing the Commis

Mr. SALTONSTALL. The Senator after the word "exceed", to strike out "$3,sion with voluminous, lengthy, and compli from Michigan has made a unanimous- 285,339,000” and insert "$3,325,339,000"; cated documents, of all sorts, which deal consent request that all the committee

At the beginning of line 20, to strike out largely with the past rather than the fu. amendments be agreed to en bloc. Per

"$114,700,000" and insert "$115,500,000"; ture and which leave the reader with a

On page 26, at the beginning of line 24, sonally I opposed in the committee, and greater sense of bewilderment after than he

to strike out “$104,000,000" and insert I wish to oppose on the floor of the Sen- “$104,234,000"; had before reading-these documents.

ate, the committee amendment to section On page 28, line 10, after the word "veThat is what the Sarnoff Commission 643. If the request of the Senator from hicles," to strike out "$600,000,000” and insert thought of the cooperation they received Michigan is granted, will it be possible "$615,000,000"; from the armed services.

for the Senator from Massachusetts to On page 28, line 22, after the word "miliMr. FERGUSON. Mr. President, I ask oppose that amendment?

tary," to strike out "and civilian”; and on

page 29, at the beginning of line 25, to strike unanimous consent that the committee The PRESIDING OFFICER. It will. out "$3,050,000,000" and insert "$3,169,862,amendments may be agreed to en bloc, Is there objection to the request of the 500"; and that the bill as so amended be con Senator from Michigan?

On page 32, line 1, after the word "awards”, sidered as the original text for the pur

Mr. FERGUSON. I believe that it will to strike out “$3,270,000,000” and insert pose of amendment, and that no points still be possible for the Senator from

"$3,300,000,000"; of order shall be waived. Massachusetts to oppose any committee to strike out “$440,000,000” and insert

On page 32, line 6, after the word "things," Mr. DOUGLAS. Mr. President, will amendment.

"$475,000,000"; the Senator yield?

Mr. RUSSELL. Mr. President, may On page 36, line 15, after the word “conMr. FERGUSON. I yield. we have the request stated again?

cerned,” to insert a semicolon and "and all XCIX -596

necessary expenses, at the seat of govern for the adjustment of the sales prices in makes it unfeasible to participate in frement of the United States of America or else such commissary stores to the extent neces quent or regular aerial flights." where, in connection with (1) instruction sary to furnish sufficient gross revenue from On page 53, line 14, after the word "grades”, and training, including tuition, specifically sales of commissary stores to make such to insert a colon and the following proviso: approved by the Secretary of the Department reimbursement: Provided, That such com "Provided, That the officer of the Army now concerned and not otherwise provided for, of missaries as are established within the con assigned as special assistant to the Compcivilian employees, and (2) communication tinental limits of the United States in pur troller, Department of Defense, shall, effecand other services and supplies as may be suance of the provisions of this section shall tive upon the date of enactment of this act, necessary to carry out the purposes of this be operated for the sole use of members of be considered to hold the grade of major act";

the Armed Forces and their immediate fam general for all purposes, and while so servOn page 39, line 23, after the figures ilies: Provided further, That under such ing shall receive the pay and allowances of “$35,000”, to insert “except units for the regulations as may be issued pursuant to an officer of that grade and his length of Alaska Communications System the indi this section all utilities may be furnished service, and when retired under any provividual cost shall not exceed $40,000";

without cost to the commissary stores out sion of law shall be advanced on the retired On page 40, line 8, after the word "of", to side the continental United States and in list to such grade and shall receive retired strike out "$225" and insert "$240"; Alaska."

or retirement pay at the rate prescribed by On page 43, after line 2, to strike out: And insert:

law computed on the basis of the basic pay "SEC. 618. No appropriation contained in "SEC. 624. No appropriation contained in

which he would receive if serving on active this act shall be available for expenses of this act shall, after December 31, 1953, be

duty in such grade." operation of messes (other than organized available in connection with the operation

On page 54, after line 12, to strike out: messes the operating expenses of which are of commissary stores, within the continental

"SEC. 633. None of the funds provided in financed principally from nonappropriated United States, of the agencies of the Depart

this act shall be available for training in funds) at which meals are sold to officers or ment of Defense, unless the Secretary of

any legal profession nor for the payment civilians except under regulations approved Defense has certified that items normally

of tuition for training in such profession by the Secretary of Defense, which shall procured from commissary stores are not

in excess of 20 persons at any one time, ex(except under unusual or extraordinary cir otherwise available at a reasonable distance

clusive of students in ROTC units, and excumstances) establish rates for such meals and a reasonable price in satisfactory qual

clusive of those persons attending law sufficient to provide reimbursement of oper ity and quantity to the military and civilian

courses on July 10, 1952, until such persons ating expenses and food costs to the appro employees of the Department of Defense, and

have completed their courses." priations concerned which rate shall in no

And insert: that privately operated organizations are case be less than $2.25 per day: Provided, unwilling or unable to operate on military

"SEC. 633. None of the funds provided in That, for the purposes of this section pay reservations, such commissaries to provide

this act shall be available for training in ments for meals at the rates established here. necessary goods and services at reasonable

any legal profession nor for the payment under may be made in cash or by deduc rates and in the quality and quantity re

of tuition for training in such profession: tions from the pay of civilian employees.” quired: Provided, That commissary stores

Provided, That nothing contained in this act And insert: are hereby authorized to be operated by pri

shall prohibit persons now attending law "SEC. 618. No appropriation contained vate persons and privately owned organi

courses from completing same.” in this act shall be available for exzations under such regulations as may be

On page 55, line 1, after the word "ex

ceed", to strike out "$5,000,000" and insert penses of operation of messes at which approved by the Secretary of Defense";

"$4,500,000"; meals are sold to officers or civilians except On page 49, line 20, to strike out "nine" under regulations approved by the Secre and insert "twelve”;

On page 55, after line 2, to strike out:

"SEC. 635. No part of the funds approtary of Defense which shall establish rates On page 50, after line 20, to strike out:

priated in this act for procurement which for such meals sufficient to provide reim "SEC. 628. Notwithstanding any other probursement of operating expenses and food

are limited for obligation during fiscal year vision of law, Executive order, or regulation, 1954 shall be obligated during the last 2 costs to the appropriations concerned which no part of the appropriations in this or any months of the fiscal year at a monthly rate rate shall not be less than $2.25 per day, other act shall be available for any expenses more than 125 percent of the average monthly except (1) when officers are subsisted in of operating aircraft under the jurisdiction rate of obligation during the first 10 months messes with enlisted personnel, the rate of the Armed Forces unless (1) the primary of the year." shall be $1.60, or (2) when officers are sub- duty of officers of the flight crew of such And insert: sisted in messes operated with appropriated aircraft involves participation in operational "SEC. 635. Not more than 20 percent of the funds but where food costs are not borne or training flights; or (2) the duty of such

appropriations in this act which are limby appropriated funds, the rate for operat officers is under orders prescribing participa ited for obligation during fiscal year 1954 ing expenses shall be $1.15 per day, or (3) tion in aerial flights for not to exceed 12 shall be obligated during the last 2 months under unusual or extraordinary circum hours, with a variation of 30 minutes more of the fiscal year"; stances including (a) meals sold in combat or less, during any 3 consecutive calendar On page 55, after line 20, to strike out: areas or aboard ships, (b) to operating crews months: Provided, That, during the fiscal "SEC. 637. During the fiscal year 1954, the of aircraft in flight, (c) to patients in hos year 1954, officers of the Armed Forces other agencies of the Department of Defense may pitals, (d) to food advisory personnel sub wise entitled to receive flight pay and who accept real property, the use of real propsisted at messes in connection with their have held aeronautical ratings or designa erty, services, and commodities from foreign assigned duties, (e) to meals served during tions for not less than 15 years shall be en countries for the use of the United States maneuvers and field exercises, (f) to troop titled to receive flight pay at the rates pre in accordance with mutual-defense agreemovements, (g) and to catastrophe feed scribed in section 204 (b) of the Career Com ments or occupational arrangements; and ing: Provided, That nothing herein shall pensation Act of 1949, without regard to any such agencies may use the same for the supapply to organized messes the operating ex provision of law or Executive order prescrib port of the United States forces in such areas penses of which are financed principally ing minimum flight requirements."

without specific appropriation therefor." from nonappropriated funds. For purposes And insert:

And insert: of this section payments for meals at the "SEC. 628. Notwithstanding

other "SEC. 637. Amounts appropriated in this rates established hereunder may be made

provision of law, Executive order, or regula act may be used for purchase of foreign curin cash or by deductions from the pay of tion, no part of the appropriations in this or rencies (including foreign currencies and civilian employees";

any other act shall be available for any ex credits owed to or owned by the United On page 46, after line 3, to strike out: penses of operating aircraft under the juris States): Provided, That such currencies or

"SEC. 624. No appropriation contained in diction of the Armed Forces for the purpose credits are authorized to be made available this act shall be available in connection of proficiency fiying except in accordance for use, without reimbursement to the Treaswith the operation of commissary stores of with regulations issued by the Secretaries ury, for liquidation of obligations legally the agencies of the Department of Defense of the Departments concerned and approved incurred against such currencies prior to for the cost of purchase (including com by the Secretary of Defense which shall July 1, 1953." mercial transportation in the United States establish proficiency standards and maxi On page 56, after line 22, to strike out: to the place of sale but excluding all trans mum and minimum flying hours for this "SEC. 640. No part of the funds appropriportation outside the United States) and purpose, but not to exceed 100 hours during ated in this or any other act shall be availmaintenance of operating equipment and the fiscal year 1954: Provided, That, during able for the payment to any United States supplies, and for the actual or estimated the fiscal year 1954, without regard to any

citizen resident in one of its Territories or cost of utilities as may be furnished by the provision of law or Executive order prescrib

possessions, of any station, subsistence, quarGovernment and of shrinkage, spoilage, and ing minimum flight requirements, such reg

ters, or other foreign duty allowances over pilferage of merchandise under the control ulations may provide for the payment of

and above the authorized pay and allowof such commissary stores, except as au

ances for comparable grade or rating in the thorized under regulations promulgated by flight pay at the rates prescribed in section

continental United States unless such perthe Secretaries of the military departments 204 (b) of the Career Compensation Act of

son is serving outside the Territory or posconcerned, with the approval of the Secre1949 (63 Stat. 802) to certain officers of the

session in which he is resident." tary of Defense, which regulations shall pro Armed Forces otherwise entitled to receive

On page 57, line 5, to change the section vide for reimbursement therefor to the ap flight pay (1) who have held aeronautical

number from “641" to "640"; and in line 7, propriations concerned and, notwithstand ratings or designations for not less than 20 after the word “officers", to insert above the ing any other provision of law, shall provide years, or (2) whose particular assignment grade of first lieutenant in the Army, or

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