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by the conferees are in my opinion so which is increasing year by year. I have also requires carriers to prove they perform serious from the standpoint of the safety under study a recommendation which I a needed service. of millions of Americans who are travel- think has

great merit. I have submitted House-Senate conferees last week wrote into

At the urging of House Members, the ing the highways, that I propose to make it to traffic experts for their opinions

their report language "requiring” ICC to a brief speech at this time in opposition upon it. I have submitted it heretofore spend the $1,793,157 requested for this work to the conference report, in order that and I propose to do it again. It is a on “other work of greater impormy colleagues in the Senate may have proposal to require the placing of gover- tance." an opportunity between now and the nors on automobiles for the purpose of

I do not know what work of the Intertime the Senator from Massachusetts limiting their speed, except as to certain state Commerce Commission could be of

, calls up the conference report, to con- vehicles, such as ambulances and fire

greater importance than is the work of sider the objections to it which I now apparatus. raise.

Mr. President, if the facts are what I preventing highway fatalities. I do not My major premise is that, if adopted, have been led to believe them to be

know of any possible work, translated the conference report, as I am informed, namely, that the greatest cause of high- is this safety work. I think, Mr. Presi

into human values, more important than would I think constitute a serious threat way fatality is speed—then we had bet

dent, it is just as important that there to the safety of America's highways, be- ter do something about diminishing the

be safety regulations applying to intercause a member of the Interstate Com- cause. If we do not, then our neglect as

state trucks as that there be safety regumerce Commission advises that the Com- Senators and Representatives, it seems to lations applying to interstate trains. mission would feel that it would have no me, places a vast amount of blood on our

What would have happened, do you course of action to follow other than that hands. One cannot take a trip of 100

suppose, Mr. President, in the accident of abolishing its safety offices in the vari- miles or more in these days without ex

records of American railroads if Conous States. periencing with his own eyes the effect

gress years and years ago had followed Mr. SALTONSTALL. Mr. President, of speed in relation to the cause and ef

the recommendation set forth in this will the Senator yield? fect of highway accidents.

conference report? The conference reMr. MORSE. I yield to the Senator Improved highways do not solve the

port takes us back decades. I am for from Massachusetts.

problem, because the record is pretty sending the report back to conference Mr. SALTONSTALL. I thank the clear on the basis of the statistics which

with instructions that it not be subSenator. I was going to ask the Senator have been submitted to me to date, that mitted to the Senate until there is writto yield on another subject, but I may improved highways, such as the Penn

ten into it the Senate requirement that simply say to him on this subject that sylvania Turnpike, are proving to be the safety regulations of the Interstate the House conferees felt very, very among the most dangerous highways in Commerce Commission as administered strongly on the question, and refused America, since they are an invitation to

by the safety office be continued. to yield. While I should have preferred uncontrolled speed. Mr. President, there

The Washington Post story continues to have included in the bill the provision are many other causes, but let me say

as follows: concerning safety regulations, to which that liquor mixed with speed does not the Senator plans to address himself, in eliminate speed as one of the principal of California, who led the fight against the

Representative JOHN PHILLIPS, Republican order to get any conference report at causative factors in the fatalities result

ICC truck program, said it largely duplicated all the Senate conferees yielded on that ing from the mixing of liquor and speed. work the States do or should do. He added, matter. I shall certainly be glad to dis

I make these preliminary comments that ICC was not bound by the language cuss it with the Senator from Oregon in

on the whole question of traffic fatali- of the report. full and to advise him of everything I ties, a problem which I say is even larger

ICC officials doubted the Commission know about the subject when the report than the problem to which I shall direct

would continue the work, however, if the comes before the Senate.

conference report is allowed to stand. attention now, but relating to the one Mr. MORSE. Mr. President, I appre- to which I intend to direct attention.

"After all, we've got to go back for money

next year," said an ICC official. ciate the remarks of the Senator from

We cannot justify allowing tens of Massachusetts, setting forth his position thousands of fellow human beings to be

I respectfully say to my good friend, on the conference report. However, my However, my maimed and killed on the highways of

Mr. PHILLIPS, of California—and he is reply to him is, it would be better to have America, and take the position that,

my personal friend that if he does not no bill at all than to have deleted the after all, we have no legislative respon

mean to have the Interstate Commerce item to which I refer. Mr. President, sibility in regard to it. We do have, Mr.

Commission drop its safety work, he when we are dealing with a subject mat- President.

should support the elimination of that ter involving what I consider to be one

language from the report. I put to Mr.

. That leads me to the subject matter of the most serious domestic problems of the conference report. I hope, when

PHILLIPS a very simple test. I say, "You which confronts us, namely, the problem the Senator from Massachusetts calls it

either mean it or you do not. Your obof highway fatalities, when we stop to think of the thousands of people who are up on Thursday or Friday, the report jective is either to end the safety work

of the Interstate Commerce Commission will be sent back to conference, because, killed each year on the highways, I am in my opinion, it cannot be justified in

or to continue it." astounded that there should be brought view of the elimination of the field safety

To come forward with a statement to back to the Senate a conference report offices of the Interstate Commerce Com

the press which he has released today which, apparently, the experts generally mission.

to the effect that this is only the lanagree would result, if it were adopted, in

guage of the report, in my judgment,

Mr. President, I hold in my hand an increasing the dangers to human life on

evades the issue which the conference our highways. I say there is a responsi- Post, headed, “If Congress Approves

article from this morning's Washington report now puts up to the Interstate bility resting upon the Congress, not only Report Seen as Putting End to ICC

Commerce Commission. to refuse to agree to the conference re

The entire Interstate Commerce ComTruck Regulations,” by Richard L. Lyons. mission’s Bureau of Motor Carriers' field port, but there is also a responsibility

I read: resting upon the Congress to proceed to

staff and all the motor carrier safety face the problem of fatalities on Amer

Federal regulation of interstate trucking work, including the safety regulation of ican highways; because we are not per

will end if the conference report on the first interstate trucks and buses will come forming the task in connection with independent offices appropriation bill is ap- to a halt the first of August if the Sentraffic safety which I think must be done, terests complained yesterday. proved by Congress as written, trucking in

ate agrees to the conference report on Mr. President, if there were turned

Interstate Commerce Commission regula, the first independent offices bill. loose men handling dangerous instru- tions require periodic inspection of vehicles,

That is the advice which comes from ments, and they were killing people by uniform running lights, brakes that stop in the Interstate Commerce Commission. the scores, we would not hesitate very a certain distance, flares or flags set out by That is the way the Commission looks long in the Congress to pass whatever trucks stopped on highways. They also limit

at the conference report, and rightly so. truck drivers to 10 hours at a stretch. legislation might be necessary in order

Mr. WELKER. Mr. President, will to bring to an end such a loss of human for ICC, said a survey of 461 carriers showed

W. Y. Blanning, director of motor carriers

the Senator from Oregon yield? life. Yet the fact is that somehow we deaths caused by accidents involving their

Mr. MORSE. I yield. have permitted ourselves to grow numb trucks dropped 42 percent 1 year after they Mr. WELKER. I wish to join the able in regard to the highway fatality list, had adopted ICC safety regulations. ICC Senator from Oregon with respect to

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his objections to the conference report. ganizations representing the motor car- Interstate Commerce Commission. Yet, Just a moment ago an official of the rier and allied industries requested the on the floor of the Senate a few minutes State of Idaho called me and told me of Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on ago the chairman of the committee said the disastrous effect it would have on the Independent Offices bill to take ac- the item had been eliminated from the the motor-carrier industry in my State tion to nullify the House language and conference report because the Senate should the conference report be ap- to make sure that the Commission re- conferees could not persuade the House proved. I certainly hope we can get our mained in this field as it is required by conferees to the contrary. colleagues to appreciate the dilemma in statuta. The Senate subcommittee Mr. President, as one Member of the which we shall find ourselves.

agreed with this point of view and so did Senate, I do not propose to have the Mr. MORSE. I want the Senator the full committee and the Senate. House of Representatives impose its will from Idaho to know that I appreciate The Senate committee in its report on me, when, in my opinion, by the imhis support in this matter, as I have said that it "disagrees with the House position of its will, the danger to the lives. always appreciated it in connection

it in connection recommendation for discontinuance of of fellow citizens traveling on the highwith other matters on which we have the safety and field work of the Bureau ways of the United States will be inseen eye to eye. The only reason why I of Motor Carriers with denial of funds creased. am bringing up this question, somewhat amounting to $1,793,157 for such work In my opinion, we have already waited out of order, is that I think a fair warn- and allocating that amount to other too long to adopt more effective trafic ing needs to be served on the Senate as work of the Commission." The com- regulations which would bring to an end, to what is implied in this report, because mittee went on to say that

or at least diminish, the great dangers to as Senators know, in the rush at the

It is advised that the upward trend of life on the highways of the country. I tail-end of a session of Congress, very fatalities and injuries on the highways of certainly shall be no party in support of frequently conference reports get the Nation requires more instead of less a conference report that increases the through the Senate without our taking activity on the part of this Bureau in the danger to the lives of fellow Americans

the safe a great deal of time to deliberate on formulation of regulations for

on the highways simply because some them. But here is one which is so serie transportation of explosives and other danous in its implications that I am taking

gerous articles and regulations governing group in the House of Representatives qualifications and maximum hours of serv

has been insistent for years that this time today-the conference report will

ice of drivers as well as safety of operation particularly activity of the Interstate not come up for possibly 2 or 3 days to and standards of equipment on motor

Commerce Commission should be forewarn the Senate as to what is in- vehicles.

brought to an end. I refuse to survolved in the report. I am satisfied that if the Senate will give heed to the argu

Every Senator can testify as his own render to what I believe is a short-sightments of the Senator from Idaho and

witness with respect to the correctness ed policy on the part of the House conof this observation of the Senate com

ferees, the Senator from Oregon there will be a

The Senate conference committee is chance of getting the report recommit- mittee. Each one of us who drives on ted.

the highways of America knows that the an agency of the Senate and we owe it to Mr. WELKER. Mr. President, will problem of safety involves a problem of the American people traveling on the the Senator from Oregon yield further? increasing danger on the highway, not highways of the United States to send

the committee back to conference with Mr. MORSE. I yield.

less danger. Mr. WELKER. Am I correct in my

I might give this personal testimony clear instructions that the Senate will understanding that if the conference

for a moment. It so happens that I have not agree to a conference report which report is adopted it will mean, in effect, completed the first leg of eight round will increase the traffic hazards on the the closing of the Interstate Commerce ington, D. C., with my car and a stock the groups that are qualified to speak on

highways of the Nation. trips between Eugene, Oreg., and Wash

Mr. President, listen to the names of Commission's field safety office?

trailer behind it. From my driving exMr. MORSE I am certain that will perience, I have had ample opportunity this subject, because they know whereof be the effect of it. Mr. WELKER. And there is no way and problems of the transcontinental to observe some of the traffic hazards they speak when it comes to traffic haz

ards on the highways of America. in which a carrier or anyone else can get highways of the United States. I have

Organizations supporting the Senate relief unless he first processes his ob- driven along with truck drivers. I make position and requesting that the House jection through the field office? Mr. MORSE. That is correct.

it a practice to stop at places where they action be rescinded included the Amer

eat and sleep. From my conversations ican Automobile Association, the AmerMr. WELKER. I thank the Senator with them and my observations of their ican Trucking Association, the National Mr. MORSE. Mr. President,

President, the work, I know something about what is Association of Motor Bus Operators, the House Appropriations Subcommittee on involved in driving large trucks, some

Brotherhood of Teamsters, the Truckthe independent offices bill recommend times with trailer trucks attached, across

ing Industry National Defense Commited to the full Appropriations Committee the highways of the United States.

tee, the Truck-Trailer Manufacturers and this committee adopted the recommendation to the effect that all funds how there could be submitted to the Sen

I am at a complete loss to understand Association, and the motor truck and bus

divisions of the Automobile Manufacturfor work relating to safety and field in

ers Association. ate any conference report which seeks the Bureau of Motor Carriers, amount to bring to an end Federal regulation of

These are associations and groups of ing to $1,793,157, be denied and that this

interstate trucking activities. It would industry and labor best qualified in the sum be distributed to other work of the

be just as sound to bring in a report entire country to speak and testify on Commission, "which the committee re

seeking to bring to an end safety regula- the merits of this proposal. They are gards as of greater importance than the tions on the railroads of America. The alarmed that there should come before use to which „such funds are presently safety of the American people demands the Senate a conference report which being applied."

and requires the action of the Interstate would bring to an end safety field offices It should be pointed out that the

Commerce Commission in imposing Fed- of the Interstate Commerce Commission. chairman of the subcommittee was Rep- eral safety regulations upon the truck- These are inspection offices, the offices resentative JOHN PHILLIPS, Republican ing industry of the United States.

that stand as guardians of the safety of of California, who has attempted to con

Mark you, Mr. President, this is not a

the American people on the highways. vince the House in the past several Con

Necessarily there is danger on the highgresses that funds for ICC safety and posed to the regulations. As will be seen case of the trucking industry being op

ways as a result of the heavy transport field work should be denied.

system which has developed in the truckRecognizing that this action would from telegrams I shall read before I fin

ing industry, as well as the great inhave the effect of nullifying the admin- ish my speech, it is a case of the truck- crease in pleasure cars. istration of the Motor Carrier Act and ing industry pleading for Federal regu- Mr. TOBEY. Mr. President, will the would, in effect, end the regulation of lation. It is a case in which both indus- Senator yield? interstate trucks and buses, including try and labor, in the field of the trucking Mr. MORSE. I yield. safety regulations, and standardization industry, recognize the importance of Mr. TOBEY. It might be of interest of equipment requirements, all those or- continuing the safety operations of the to the Senator from Oregon to know that counsel for the Interstate Commerce dation?" The fact is that our own Sen-task which confronts the Appropriations Commission has advised me that repre- ate conferees do not look upon it as a Committee of the Senate that the comsentatives of 40 State governments have recommendation. They do not want it mittee should always lean over backcommunicated with him to the effect that in there. They look upon it as an action ward to see to it that by way of apthey cannot live under the terms of this by the committee to bring to an end the propriations and action on appropriaconference report. The States cannot safety work of the Interstate Commerce tion bills, it does not, in effect, amend conduct the studies which are necessary, Commission. I quite agree with the the substantive statutes passed by the so that work must be taken care of by member of the Commission that that is Congress, falling within the jurisdiction the Interstate Commerce Commission. the only interpretation, in view of the of other committees. If there is to be a

Mr. MORSE. To use an illustration unequivocal language of the report, that proposal to end the work of the field for the purpose of exaggeration, but ex- any member of the Commission could safety offices of the Interstate Commerce aggeration for the purpose of emphasis, make.

Commission in respect to the regulation in a sense it would be just as sound to It should be pointed out, however, that of trucks and buses, such proposal ought say that Congress proposes to do away at no place in the bill itself, is there any to be put in bill form. It should then with Federal law enforcement officers in admonition to get out of the safety work be referred to the appropriate committhe field of criminal law, as to say that and abolish the field work of the Bureau tee, which would be the Committee on Congress proposes to do away with safety of Motor Carriers. It is understood that Interstate and Foreign Commerce; and officers in the field of traffic. If we did Mr. PHILLIPS is now taking the position that committee should submit its recomaway with law enforcement officers, the that this language is simply a committee mendation for or against such proposal. danger to human life would be increased, report and does not have the effect of No hearings have ever been held in the and we would understand that. We law. .

Senate on any such proposal as is sought would understand that we were taking One of the country's leading safety or- to be accomplished by the report of the away from law-abiding citizens protec- ganizations, which represents the pas- conference committee. tion from unlawful, criminal elements senger car owners, declared yesterday in What we are actually doing by way throughout the country.

the words of its executive vice-president, of denying funds in the Interstate ComYet here is a proposal in a conference Mr. Russell E. Singer, of the American merce Commission appropriation bill is report that seeks to place the American Automobile Association, that

amending an existing statute. We, the traveling public at the mercy of what- A vote for the conference report in its Congress, have said that the Interstate ever safety regulations may exist in this, present form is a vote for substantially in- Commerce Commission should exercise that, or any other local jurisdiction, as creased traffic deaths and injuries.

jurisdiction over the regulation of comne public travels across the country on

That is good enough for me, Mr. Presi

mon carriers on the highways in intertranscontinental highways. dent. This witness knows whereof he

state commerce; and yet, this conference We would go back 50 years if we speaks. This witness holds a position of

report seeks to deny to that Commission adopted that principle. Have we not responsibility which has brought him

the funds it needs to carry out that statulearned in the past 50 years that there are some problems national in scope and of America. This witness, the vice presiinto close study of the traffic problems tory mandate. It is amendment through

the back door. It is amendment, by way Federal in responsibility? We learned dent of the American Automobile Asso

of action on an appropriation bill, of a it in connection with the railroads. Cer

law which, if it is to be amended, should, ciation, solemnly warns the Senate tainly we should learn it, if we have not through my lips today that the adoption

I say be amended by a clear bill, after learned it by now, in connection with of this report would mean an increase

hearings, in which we can discuss the interstate traffic of interstate common in traffic deaths and injuries.

pros and cons of such proposal. carriers on the highways of the Nation.

One effect, Mr. Singer said, would be

Therefore, in approaching the concluIt should be pointed out that the Sen

to abolish the enforcement activities of sion of this speech I leave with the Senate conferees have yielded to the posi- the ICC with regard to interstate truck ator from Massachusetts [Mr. SALTONtion of the House conferees and, accord

operations with consequent increased STALL] for answer when the conference ing to the House manager's statement danger for all who use the traffic lanes.

report comes up on the floor of the Sen. to the House, they have agreed "to the

ate, the following questions:

Thusproposal of the House requiring that the

First. Was it the intention of the consum of $1,793,157 requested for work He said

ferees to require the Interstate Comrelated to safety and field in the Bureau the ICC would be hamstrung in carrying merce Commission to close its field offices of Motor Carriers be distributed to other out its responsibilities for limiting hours of over the country, thus losing its longwork of the Commission which is rated continuous driving, safety equipment of trained labor force and to abandon its as of greater importance than such commercial vehicles, and minimum require- motor carrier safety activities in regard

, safety and field work.” ments as to qualifications of truckdrivers

to interstate trucks and busses? in interstate commerce. It now appears that in a statement in

Second. Is it not true that one of the the public press and in answer to various The effect of the conferees' action, if House conferees-namely, Representaqueries, Mr. Phillips, as chairman of the agreed to by both Houses will be to de- tive PHILLIPS, of California-has stated House conferees has indicated that this stroy the motor carrier regulation of in- in the committee report that it is just language does not require the Commis- terstate trucks and buses which has a committee report” and does not have sion to abolish its field offices and cease been in existence since 1935. It takes us the effect of law? its safety activities, but is only a rec- back beyond 1935. That is what the If that is what the committee intends, ommendation that it do so.

conference committee report proposes to my next question is: However, a member of the Interstate

do. The Commission has made it amply Third. On what grounds can you jusCommerce Commission, who has served

clear that without a field force to in- tify not striking the language from the on that Commission for some 25 years

vestigate violations and assemble evi- report, so as to leave no room for doubt and who is chairman of its administradence for prosecution, the act will have

as to the jurisdiction, the obligations, tive activities, is quoted as saying that no force. Moreover, it is quite clear that

and the duty of the Interstate Commerce the Commission would not dare refuse neither House has held hearings on the proposition of abolishing the safety and

Commission to spend this one-millionto abolish its field offices and its safety field offices of the Commisison and, if the seven-hundred-thousand-odd dollars for work in light of such language in the Congress wishes to do so, it should take safety regulations and their enforceHouse committee report. such action through its substantive com

ment? I say most respectfully again to my mittees, rather than by the denial of

Fourth. Did the Senate and House friend from California, “If you do not

funds by the appropriations commit conferees realize when they agreed to mean to have the Commission abolish its tees.

the House position that they were, in safety offices, then why not agree to That causes me to make the point- effect, removing the Federal Government strike the recommendation from the re- and I do so most respectfully and with from the regulation of equipment, hours port, if you think it is only a recommen- a keen appreciation of the tremendous of service, and certificates of convenience

and necessity in the interstate truck and I have been glad to do it, Mr. Presi- sible preventive measures, where we are bus operations?

dent, because they are right on the not duly concerned and anxious to do Fifth. Did the conferees know, and merits. I am speaking about an obliga. something about it. does the Senate know, that this drastic tion not only of the Independent Party, Yet, as a people, we seem to have action is being taken without any sanc- but I am speaking of an obligation of adopted a fatalistic attitude with respect tion by the two committees of the House the Democratic and Republican Parties to highway accidents. Oh, there are and Senate which are responsible for this in the United States Senate on the issue some who are devoted to correcting the type of legislation; namely, the Senate which is involved. It is an issue com- situation, but not a sufficient number. and House Interstate and Foreign Com- pletely lacking in partisanship. The at- We seem to think that it is an inevitable merce Committees?

tention of the Senate of the United consequence of the mad rush in which we Sixth. Does the Senate know that nei- States is called to a conference report live. I do not accept that premise. I ther of these committees has held hear- in which the Senate conferees have believe there are many things we can ings to deprive the ICC of jurisdiction yielded to the House on an issue that

do and should do to cut down the fataliover safety matters in the truck and bus increases the danger to the lives of

ties on the highways of America. industry? everyone who travels on the highways

I do not intend to take the time today Seventh. Do the Senate and House

of America, because it destroys the to discuss them, because I am having Members realize that this activity is not power of the Interstate Commerce Com

prepared some proposed legislation mission and its jurisdiction over safety which I believe will be helpful to that a duplication of effort of the States and that some 40 different states have so regulations on the highways, by deny- end, and I shall discuss the legislation signified in written documents?

ing them the funds with which to keep at some length when I bring it to the I shall come back to that question in

open their safety offices, thus automati- floor during one of my Friday afternoon

cally endangering the lives of everyone committee reports. a moment.

on the highways. Eighth. Do the Members of the Sen

However, I pause long enough to say

Mr. President, listen to some of those that with the knowledge of 38,000 lives ate realize that many of the activities

for whom I speak here today. I read a of truck and bus companies, being inter

lost in traffic each year, we certainly state in character, cannot possibly be telegram from R. R. Mikesell, president

telegram from R. R. Mikesell, president cannot justify supporting a group of handled by the individual States

of the Joint Council of Drivers, No. 37, conferees who bring in a conference re

of Portland, Oreg. The telegram reads port which at least raises a serious questhrough their State and local police?

as follows: That takes me back for a moment to

tion as to whether the Interstate Comthe question of State regulation. I can

PORTLAND, OREG., July 21, 1953. merce Commission can do any further think of no way of bringing about greater Senator WAYNE MORSE,

work in safety control and which causes

Senate Office Building, confusion and chaos in interstate com

members of the Commission to state the

Washington, D. C.: merce via common carrier on the high

Conference report of independent offices result of it would be to close down their ways of America than to leave the ques

bill abolishes all funds for maintaining safety offices. tion of safety regulations open to the highway safety and field enforcement of In- Mr. President, we cannot justify such States. Imagine the complexity of regu- terstate Commerce Commission regulations action on moral grounds. As I have been lations we would have. Bear in mind the as applied to the trucking industry. All field heard to say before, one of the responsihole we would find in the safety regu

offices are discontinued and only a central bilities of statesmanship is to translate

office maintained in Washington, D.C. Only moral obligations and moral principles lations if we left the subject to the

chaos could result in the trucking industry States. That policy would not provide from such action. Please do all in your

into effective legislation. We are walkus with uniform protection across the power to see that sufficient funds are allo- ing out on a great moral obligation we country. It would leave the traveling cated to carry on these vital functions of the owe the traveling public if we adopt the public at the mercy of the States, which Interstate Commerce Commission.

conference report. As these witnesses was the situation prevailing before we

JOINT COUNCIL OF DRIVERS, No. 37, testify in the telegrams which I have beprovided for interstate regulation of

R. R. MIKESELL, President.

fore me, it will have the effect of throwsafety appliances on the railroads of The next telegram comes from Mr. ing into chaos the safety program of the America.

Leland James, of the Consolidated Interstate Commerce Commission. It took years, as history shows, to Freightways, Inc. I know Mr. James I have two more telegrams. The next place on the railroads of America the very well. He is a very substantial and telegram is from Mr. Robert R. Knipe, safety appliances necessary to protect reliable citizen, who knows the trucking management director of the Oregon both the workers and the public. We industry from A to Z. He knows whereof Motor Transport Association. It reads did it by Federal regulation. In my he speaks when he refers to the hazards as follows: judgment efficiency and effectiveness re- on the highways of America. His tele

PORTLAND, OREG., July 20, 1953. quire the application of the same prin- gram reads as follows:

Senator WAYNE MORSE, ciple to the common carriers on the

PORTLAND, OREG., July 20, 1953.

Senate Office Building, highways. We have been applying the Senator WAYNE MORSE,

Washington, D.C.: principle since 1935. The conference re- Senate Office Building,

The motor carrier industry in Oregon port is a decided backward march.

Washington, D. C.:

urgently requests you do everything possible Mr. President, it is a proposal which,

Conference report on H. R. 4663, independ- to stop adoption of conference report on as the vice president of the Automobile

ent offices appropriation, prohibits ICC ex- H. R. 4663, independent offices appropriaAssociation so clearly pointed out, if of motor carriers. This will close all field penditure on safety and field work bureau tions. Abolition of safety and field offices

of the Bureau of Motor Carriers can mean adopted will be translated into the loss offices, including district office in Portland,

only chaos to this industry. Further it can of lives of fellow Americans. If ve adopt and end all truck enforcement. Such a pol

be expected to increase highway death toll. it, Mr. President—and I say this re- icy will bring chaos to the industry and re

The motor carrier industry needs your assistspectfully-we will be walking out on

sult due to greater hazard on highways in
increase in accident and death toll beyond

ance on this legislation. May we have your our social obligations to the people of the United States to protect them by ities can be carried on without increased apthe current 38,000 per year. Present activ

views on H. R. 4663?

ROBERT R. KNIPE, necessary regulations against the great propriation by merely removing prohibition

Managing Director, Oregon Motor dangers of the common carriers rum- on expenditures on safety and field work.

Transport Association. bling along on the highways.

Strongly urge that such action be taken.

LELAND JAMES, Mr. President, I do not intend to speak

The last telegram is from John V.

Consolidated Freightways, Inc. long today. The representative of the

Lawrence, American Trucking Associa

tions, Inc.: Independent Party is proud of the fact We have cause to pause when we rethat great forces in this country have ap- alize that the highway toll is now 38,000

WASHINGTON, D. C., July 20, 1953.

Senator WAYNE MORSE, pealed to him in recent hours to take human lives. Mr. President, show me

United States Senate, to the floor of the Senate and call at- any other field of endeavor in our do

Washington, D. C.: tention to the inherent dangers con- mestic life, wherein life is being lost, Conference report on H. R. 4663, independtained in the conference report.

and the loss could be prevented by sen- ent offices appropriations, prohibits any ex

mo

car

396

1, 474

penditures on safety and field work, Bureau

There being no objection, the tables · Mr. MORSE. Mr. President, I also ask of Motor Carriers Interstate Commerce Com- were ordered to be printed in the RECORD, unanimous consent to have printed at mission. For all practical purposes this as follows:

this point in the RECORD an article enends all enforcement of part 2, Interstate Commerce Act. Most important adoption of Deaths from motor-vehicle accidents, by

titled "Report Seen as Putting End to House version of report by conferees wipes.

class of accident: United States

ICC Truck Regulations." The article out safety regulation conceded by 40 States [Exclusive of deaths among Armed Forces overseas,

was written by Richard Lyons, and was to be vital factor in reducing highway death

1940-49]

published in the Washington Post of totoll which amounted to 38,000 last year. We

day, July 21. urge that something be done to remove this

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Year Total

Auto

Motor- There being no objection, the article

street prohibition placed on this humanitarian un

train bile 1

cycle 2

was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, dertaking and that Senate report prevail.

as follows:
JOHN V. LAWRENCE,
American Trucking Associations, Inc.

1936
38, 089 35, 761 1, 697 269

362

REPORT SEEN AS PUTTING END TO ICC TRUCK 193739, 643 37, 205 1, 810 264 364

REGULATIONS Mr. President, I close by saying that

32, 582 | 30, 564 1, 489

165 364
1939
32, 386 30, 468 1, 329 150 439

(By Richard L. Lyons) sometimes issues are controversial, and 1940

34, 501 32, 245 1, 707 132 417

Federal regulation of interstate trucking sometimes there is great merit on both 1941

39, 969 37, 512 1,840

118

499
1942-
28, 30926, 043

1, 754 124 388 will end if the conference report on the first sides of an issue. When I find such an

1943.-
23, 823 | 21, 851

1, 448

171 353 Independent Offices appropriation bill is apissue, I have the highest regard and re- 1944

24, 282 | 22, 048 1, 663 175

proved by Congress as written, trucking in1945

28, 07625, 672 1, 703 163 538 spect for the views which differ from my

1946-
33, 41130, 827

1, 703
174 707

terests complained yesterday. own. However, in this case, I cannot 1947

32, 697 30, 074

1, 736

102 785 Interstate Commerce Commission regula1948

32, 259 reconcile with the performance of my

29, 915

83 787 tions require periodic inspection of vehicles, 1949-

31, 701 duty as a Senator, support for the con

uniform running lights, brakes that stop in ference report, when apparently there

a certain distance, flares or flags set out by 1 Excludes collisions with trains or streetcars.

trucks stopped on highways. They also limit are only two reasons why the report is 2 Excludes collisions with automobiles.

truckdrivers to 10 hours at a stretch. before us. One is the argument of some Source: Federal Security Agency, Public Health Service, National Office of Vital Statistics.

W. Y. Blanning, director of motor carriers that here is an opportunity to make a Death rates for motor-vehicle accidents, deaths caused by accidents involving their

for ICC, said a survey of 461 carriers showed saving of approximately $1,750,000. The other is that it is said we have no choice

death-registration States, 1914-49

trucks dropped 42 percent 1 year after they because our conferees could not persuade

[Rates per 100,000 estimated midyear population] had adopted ICC safety regulations. ICC the conferees on the part of the House.

Rate also requires carriers to prove they perform 1915..

5.8 Mr. President, persuasion is a two-way

a needed service. 1916.

7.1 1917

8.6

At the urging of House Members, the street. Adoption of a conference report

1918

9.3

House-Senate conferees last week wrote inis a two-way street, and agreement by 1919.

9.3 to their report language "requiring" ICC to conferees to a report is a two-way street.

1920.

10.3 1921.

11.3

spend the $1,793,157 requested for this work I happen to be one Member of the Senate

1922.

12. 4

on "other work * * * of greater importance." who says—and I say it most respectfully 1923.

14.6 Representative JOHN PHILLIPS, Republican, 1924.

15.3 and kindly—that when a conference

California, who led the fight against the ICC 1925.

16.8 committee brings to the Senate a report, 1926.

-19.9

truck program, said it largely duplicated 1927

21.6

work the States do or should do. He added the adoption of which will, in my judg

1928.

23. 2 that ICC was not bound by the language of ment, endanger the lives of those who 1929.

25. 5

the report. travel on the highways, by elimination

1930.

26.7 1931.

ICC officials doubted the Commission

27.1 of the safety work of the Interstate Com- 1932.

23. 6 would continue the work, however, if the merce Commission, then the answer I

1933.

25.0 conference report is allowed to stand. “After 1934.

28.6 must give is clear. In that case I believe

all, we've got to go back for money next 1935

28. 6 I am required to say to the conferees,

29.7

year,” said an ICC official. “Return to the conference and remain in

1937.

30.8 1938.

25.1

Mr. MORSE. Mr. President, I conconference with the House conferees un- 1939

24. 7 clude my observations by pointing out til New Year's Day, if necessary; but do

1940.

26. 1

that in 1950, almost 16 million American 1941.

30.0 not bring back to the Senate a report

21. 2

people were involved in automobile acwhich will yield on the proposition of

1943.

17.8

cidents. There were 41,300 fatalities. 1944.

18.3 doing everything we-should do and

21. 2 In my judgment we cannot look at these everything we can do to protect the lives 1946

23.9 tables and consider the facts behind 1947.

22.8 of the traveling public.”

1948.

22.1

them without being convinced that in Mr. President, I say to the conference 1949...

21.3 connection with the adoption of the concommittee that the evidence from the Data exclude deaths among armed forces overseas, ference report, we should not follow any expert witnesses against the report is 1940-49. Rates based on population excluding armed

course of action which will decrease acforces overseas, 1940-49. overwhelming. In my judgment we can

Source: Federal Security Agency, Public Health cident control in the United States. not accede to the report and still live up Service, National Office of Vital Statistics. to what I think is our clear duty as rep- Age of drivers motor-vehicle traffic accidents, resentatives of the people; namely, to

1950

MESSAGE FROM THE HOUSE translate a moral obligation into legislation, and to take action to make sure

A message from the House of RepreIn fatal accidents (24

In all accidents that the minimum controls necessary to

sentatives, by Mr. Bartlett, one of its States)

(23 States) protect the public welfare are enacted

clerks, announced that the House had Age group

passed, without amendment, the followinto law.

Num- Per

PerMr. President, I ask unanimous con

ing bills of the Senate: ber

Number cent

cent sent to have printed at this point in the

S. 67. An act for the relief of Anastasia RECORD three tables from the 1952 World

John Tsamisis;
All ages.---

41,300

100 115, 950,000 100 Almanac, the first being the one ap

S. 69. An act for the relief of Dr. Peter C. T.
Under 18 years.

1,800
4 650, 000

4

Kao; pearing on page 442, under the heading 18-20 years.-

3, 500

8 1, 250, 000 8 S. 143. An act for the relief of Hanni Ma"Deaths from Motor Vehicle Accidents,

21-24 years.
6, 400 162, 250,000 14

rie Matuschke;
25-44 years.

20, 500 50 8,250,000 by Class of Accident: United States”; the 45-64 years

7, 100 17 | 2,950,000

S. 196. An act for the relief of Alejandro second being entitled “Death Rates for 65 years and over. 2,000 5 600,000 4 de la Cruz Hernandez; Motor Vehicle Accidents, Death Regis

S. 486. An act for the relief of Che Kil tration States, 1914–49; and the third

Sex of driver: Reports from 26 States in 1950 indicated Bok; that 2,900 women drivers were involved in fatal accidents

S. 556. An act for the relief of Marinella table appearing on page 443, under the and 1,725,000 in all accidents, 7 percent and 11 percent,

Taletti; respectively, of all drivers involved in accidents. title "Age of Drivers, Motor-Vehicle

No information is available on the relative amount of S. 615. An act for the relief of Altoon Traffic Accidents, 1950."

driving done by men and women.
The distribution by age of driver, of miles driven, or

Saprichian; and
The PRESIDING OFFICER. Is there
number of licensed drivers is not known.

S. 669. An act for the relief of Helene objection?

Source: Reports of State traffic authorities.

Olga Iwasenko. XCIX- -587

52

18

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