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money" policy was a spectacular failure. been trying to keep out of circulation will be postponed, the school board will In the first place, it was not new at all with its hard money policy. But then not build a new school next year because being a hangover from the last century, they turned right around and issued new their bond issue will not sell except at and in the second place, it did not work securities with which to borrow that new prohibitive interest rates and, as the adexcept to hurt the little people. I think money back from the banks, so a good ministration spokesman frankly admitit should be clear that, in order to prove part of the new money will not help ted, there will be some business failures that the present administration is won small borrowers at all. This money pol- as the marginal producers unable to derful, it is not imperative to do every- icy imposes terrible hardship on the secure easy credit will be strangled out thing differently than it was done by small-business man who operates on of the economy. They feel it will be the Democrats.

small capital. Big business usually has healthy to diminish job opportunities, The Democrats made a pass at hard the resources to ride out such a policy. so that competition will be restored to money in 1937. Government economy A rise in interest rates preceded the the labor market. Pay is supposed to experts began worrying about inflation recession of 1921 and the depression of level off, maybe drop a little bit. There just as the country was pulling out of the 1930's. Of course, the administra- will be more unemployment. There are the depression. The price of cotton and tion is not foolish enough to want a full now only about 1.5 million unemployed, grain was rising fast, so it was decided scale depression. All they want is a little just about the all-time low, and, as the to apply the money brakes. The Fed- less employment or a little more unem

administration feels, a little more unemeral Reserve Board tightened credit by 'ployment. It is almost like wanting to ployment will bring flexibility, competiraising reserve requirements of banks. experiment with a small dose of polio tion and health to the labor market. The President made a speech about in- paralysis or a little pregnancy.

I would like to ask one question. How flation. The boom vanished, the coun With interest rates going higher and much unemployment is good? Do you try started back into a depression. The higher, it is harder and harder to bor

want 1 million or 2 million or 5 million policy had to be reversed. The admin- row this hard money everybody is talk- unemployed? Where do you draw the istration learned a lesson. One that the ing about. Reminds me of the Texas

Reminds me of the Texas line? I say that if one American famhard-money men could well profit from. farmer who was in desperate need. Sand ily's children go hungry because the

But no, the Federal Housing Admin was piled high on his drought-thirsty father cannot find a job, if one Ameriistration has upped its loan interest rate farm, his shoes had holes in them and

can farmer loses his crop because he canfrom 4 to 412 percent. The Agriculture he was wearing tattered old overalls. He not borrow money-the new hard Department has boosted its charge on thought that all he needed to get by was money—that one is too much. crop loans from 312 to 4 percent. The about $500 and that if he could borrow If you say that a little unemployment Treasury Department changed its long, that, it might tide him over until it is a good thing, tell us how much or how term interest rate from 212 to 344 per- rained again. Well, he read in the little. Where will you draw the linecent. Bank interest rates had to follow. newspaper an ad from a finance com

with John Jones or with Bill Smith ? This means higher interest costs for pany which said "Come right in and we How many broken homes, how many everybody. The credit tightening pol- will give you a signature loan.” So he

So he lost automobiles, how many exhausted icies are unnecessary. Inflation has al- went in, did the one thing he could do savings, how many hungry mouths, are ready run its course; shortages have dis- well-wrote out his signature. Then he a good thing? appeared, surpluses are appearing; the handed it to the man and held out his

Just tell us so that then we can go to peak of the homebuilding has passed. hand expectantly for the $500. The

the country and tell the people that you Agricultural income has already fallen; man said, "No," it was not quite that think two million or three or four million farm loans are being squeezed in a man- simple and what did the farmer have is the proper number of them to be ner similar to 1920 when an increase in for collateral. Well, this kind of con

unemployed, to be hungry, to be living the Federal Reserve rate started the fused the poor old farmer. He said, back in the days of the thirties. farmer on the road to ruin. This in, “After all, you advertised about the sig

If you do not think that this is a good crease of 1/2 percent in interest paid on nature and I have given you my signa- thing then perhaps it is time to change the present private debt of this Nation ture. What more could you want? I the policy. The American people are will cost those who borrow money don't know what this collateral is.” not mere statistics to be talked about as $1,500,000,000 a year. The administra- And the Lender said, “Sorry. You have if they are cattle, as in the old days when tion has said there will, of course, be reto have collateral or we can't loan you

we used to say that it would be a good adjustments sometimes to the advan the 500 bucks." Well, that still con- thing if we killed off about 100,000 hogs tage or detriment of one group or an- fused the farmer and they had quite a so that they would not glut the market. other. This statement, when taken with long discussion about it, as result of No, we are not statistics—we are peothe higher interest policy, makes it pretty which the farmer didn't get the loan. ple. And if you treat us as statistics obvious who will get the advantage.

He told me about it one day and it seems you will not escape the wrath of free The high tide of the new hard money he finally found out what collateral men. policy was reached in April when the meant. Collateral, it seems, means that To those who might have the Midas Treasury put out $1,500,000,000 in 30- in order to borrow money you have to touch and who hope that times will get year bonds at an interest rate of 314 per- prove that you do not need it.

bad so they can buy up our national cent, 34 percent higher than before. It Most folks who have applied for loans wealth cheap, I would remind them of was a great day for hard money, but then

on businesses or to buy a new home or the old story that if you wish to increase a strange thing happened. The issue car recently have felt the effect of this your wealth at the expense of the Nasold under par when it was put on the drive for the sound dollar. They have tion's welfare, the Nation will collapse market. Long-term investors shunned experienced it in the form of higher and your wealth will go with it. Everyit. The people rejected it. The price of interest rates.

thing you touch may turn to gold but other bonds, both Government and pri Why does the small bank now have you cannot eat gold, you cannot defend vate, skidded fast, so that it is estimated trouble making loans? Because he too this Nation with it, and you will curse that in a single day the holders of Gov- ' has been hurt by the hard money policy. the day you ever attempted to. I would ernment bonds lost over $1 billion. Often their investments are in long- remind you of the old adage not to ask Seeing the disaster coming, the Treasury term bonds. With the bond market as for whom the bell tolls. When a small pretended to reverse this trend.

much as 10 points below par, they can business collapses or a farmer loses his The Federal Reserve banks went back not sell the old bonds to meet loan de- farm, when a mortgage is foreclosed on to the open market for the purchase of mands without taking a substantial loss. a working man, do not ask for whom it Treasury bills and certificates which The veteran's-loan program under the tolls for it tolls for you; because sooner mature in the short term of 90 days to 1 hard money policy has become a tragic or later you too will be engulfed in disyear. Then the Reserve Board ordered joke. No one wants to buy a veteran's aster. the lowering of the percentage of de mortgage paper yielding 412 percent We have heard a lot of talk about our posits which the commercial banks must when other rates are higher. The re huge national debt and the interest upon keep in reserve before they can legally sults are fewer homes being built for GI's. it. I would remind you that that debt make loans. It was hoped that these If this drive for the hard dollar goes was largely incurred on a 52-cent dolwould create over $8 billion worth of new through there will be a slow down of lar. Those who advocate the hardmoney which the administration had business activity. New plant additions money policy would in effect double our

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national debt because by making money We have all heard the remark along The report reads. hard, they would pay off the 52-cent the lines that what is good for Chase

The repressive measures affect not only dollar debt with dollars worth 100 cents. National Bank is good for the country. actual opponents, but also persons who are We have all heard of the danger which This is just another way of phrasing the suspected of professing religious or political exists in the chain reaction of atomic old refrain of special privilege for a few opinions running counter to the official ideenergy, but it is no more dangerous than means prosperity for all. I subscribe to ology. * * Most of the persons held in the chain reaction of economic catastro- the philosophy which says that what is

Soviet slave-labor camps are political offend

ers. * * * It appeared that, if the Soviet phe. When Farmer Jones, drought- good for the country is what is good

Government did not like people's opinions, stricken and on the cliff of despair can- for Chase National Bank, and I think

it condemned them to forced labor until not borrow money to tide him over until history will bear me out.

such time as they renounced those opinions better weather and better times, it means The great impersonal, cold onslaught or died in a camp. That was persecution that he cannot buy food or that new re- of a deflationary economic avalanche raised to the dignity of a system. frigerator, that new car, that new suit grinding ruthlessly on unchecked can

At another point, the report saysof clothes, pay his doctor or lawyer. only lead to panic and depression. To

page 428: That means that the local merchants are stop it is like trying to corral a mav

Forced labor in the Soviet Union was the caught with inventories on their hands erick brahma bull into a cattle chute. and cannot order from the wholesalers Of all the other dangers which our

central core of both the political and eco

nomic systems, and represented something or jobbers who, in turn, do not order Nation might face in these trying times, new in the world. It differed in many imfrom the factories, who, in turn, have to the danger of depression is the great portant respects from chattel slavery and produce less and have to lay off workers est, for that danger opens the floodgates from the penal systems of other countries. since there is less to sell and less people of communism more surely than any The Communist legal encyclopedia made it to buy all along the line. More and other thing and could let that bloody absolutely clear that the primary aim of the more people are laid off and less and less tide sweep this country.

forced-labor system was to crush those who people are able to buy so that when you

We should realize that at this time disagreed with the Communist Party and its

leaders. push the first domino in the line over you in our history, high interest means selfdo not just push one domino, you push interest for a few rather than the self The Soviet legal code sanctions the them all. They all topple one by one. interest of the Nation,

commitment of children to the slaveYes, big business and big lenders are

Hard money means hard times. Hard labor camps as early as 12 years of agein favor of hard money but these inter- times can mean a Nation lost.

page 430. The code also admits the ests who reside in our great cities should

general application of ex-post facto law. remember that those cities and those in

Under this principle, the victim may be

SLAVE LABOR IN THE WORKERS terests have as their foundation our lit

convicted in 1950, under a law promul

PARADISE tle farmers, our small businesses, our

gated in 1949, for an act committed in workers.

The SPEAKER pro tempore. Under 1930. Wi.en in law or in morals can justifi- previous order of the House, the gen Guilt by association often is sufficient cation be found for deliberately moving tleman from Wisconsin [Mr. SMITH) is to send a person to a slave camp. to encourage “healthy unemployment”? recognized for 15 minutes.

the language of the Geneva report, While I can look only with misappre Mr. SMITZI of Wisconsin. Mr. Speak- "persons whose sole responsibility for a hension at the present situation, it er, the dark blight of slavery has settled crime lay in their being related to the should, I think, be clear that no person permanently upon more than 20 million persons accused, were punished for the however powerful, however popular, popular, human beings behind the Iron Curtain

crime.” however sincere, can be protected from of barbaric communism. This is the

Although so-called trials are held in the avenging wrath of indignant people conclusion reported by the United Nawho have found that the Government tions' committee on slave-labor camps,

many cases, anyone may be shipped off has deliberately planned to make money after a 2-year investigation under the to a slave camp without trial. hard to get.

auspices of the International Labor Or Under article 22 of the Basic Criminal Code For many years the party now in power ganization. The committee's report,

report, of the U. S. S. R., exile could be decreed by has beaten on the table and shouted published in Geneva on May 27, 1953, the state prosecutor against persons recogthe dome off the Capitol in attacks upon comprises 618 printed pages of authori

nized as being socially dangerous without

any criminal proceedings being taken Government interference, but here is tative documentation depicting Commu- against those persons, and even in cases Government interference at its worst. nist slavery in every facet of brutality, where they had been acquitted by a court A plan to raise interest to make money inhumanity-even stark savagery in the of the charge of committing a specific crime. hard to get hurts the little man and in deliberate extermination of peoples by

One of the witnesses before the United the long run benefits none.

slow starvation. Why no howls of anguish about this All this is accomplished with the sanc- Nations Commission was a man who had sort of Government control? If you tion of the Soviet criminal code, under served time in a Communist slave camp. say that hard money is a good thing, the legal euphemism of “corrective la- He testified: tell us what is good about ruined farm bor.” The story told in the Geneva Men are not only arrested for what they ers, more unemployment, and business report stands as a warning to free men did many years before, but for what their

relatives did in the pre-Communist days. failures. If you say that the people everywhere to guard jealously the prewant hard money, I would ask that cious heritage of constitutional protec Most arrests are made by the Ministry you point out a single instance where tions and rights.

of State Security_MGB, formerly the ordinary people anywhere have ever de

The American Federation of Labor, MVD and earlier the NKVD. clared themselves to be in favor of money which inspired and demanded the Ge

The court may, according to article 394 of that is hard to get. You can find where neva investigation, has performed a dis

the Code of Criminal Procedure, stop the the lenders have asked for hard money, tinguished service

for freedom. The part questioning of witnesses at any moment. It but not where the people have.

played by the A. F. of L. in this historic may refuse to permit pleading by the parties, My sympathies lie with the farmer, the exposé of Communist slave-labor camps and it may base its verdict on documents workingman, the small-business man.

is appreciated best by those who know and testimony which were not presented at Bryan expressed the idea of governthe true story of modern slavery, as now

the trial (p. 433). ment. One is that Congress should leg- reestablished in the whole broad domain

One of the organizations which preislate in order to make the wealthy peoof Godless communism.

sented testimony at Geneva was the As

The report finds that 15 million to ple richer hoping that by doing so the

sociation of Former Political Prisoners 20 million victims are to be found in prosperity of the rich would dribble down Russia's slave-labor camps on any given

of Soviet Labor Camps. to those below. day. The camp populations rotate, but

No one man of our association was ever The democratic idea is that if you the combined slave-labor force remains witnesses, or hire counsel to defend him

brought to trial, or permitted to confront make the ordinary people prosperous, practically constant. their prosperity will find its way up

self.

One of the main aims of the forced-labor through every group which rests above system in the Soviet Union is to crush all Anyone who opposes the Soviet Goythem. opposition.

ernment, on whatever policy, is classi

fied under the Communist Criminal Code In Estonia, alone, there are 42 slave Mr. WIER and to include an article as a terrorist. Says the code:

camps, with a population of approxi- from the Minneapolis Tribune. There is no difference as between the judi

mately 30,000, or about 12.5 percent of Mr. HALEY and to include an editorial. cial procedure and the administrative pro the entire labor force of that captive Mr. HARVEY and to include an article. cedure in respect of such crimes and, more republic.

Mr. SIMPSON of Illinois and to include important, there is no power of defense of Living conditions in the slave camps editorial from the Quincy (Ill.) the interested party. are extremely rigorous.

Herald Whig. In describing the Russian absorption Common criminals are placed in charge of

Mr. MCCORMACK and to include two of Latvia, the Geneva report gives this the political offenders.

editorials. account.

The MDV camp managers are given a

Mr. EDMONDSON and to include an edi

torial. One night alone in June 1941, 3,322 chil production bonus. dren under the age of 16, 5,302 women, and

Mr. CARNAHAN and to include extra

It is consequently to the advantage of the 6,447 men were torn away from their homes officials to obtain a maximum output by

neous matter. and families without trial-by a single ad

Mr. BOYKIN. setting very high-production norms, to keep ministrative order—were sent to slavery down expenditure on upkeep and food, to

Mr. GATHINGS and to include a speech thousands of miles away from their native use hunger as a means of exploitation, and

delivered by Hon. JAMES C. DAVIS, of country, to work in most severe climatic

even to eliminate the less productive ele Georgia, before the South Carolina Press conditions, with little food and under the

ments altogether. The prisoners are kept on Association at Blowing Rock, N. C., on constant supervision of their armed guards

a starvation diet. They are forced to work (p. 436).

Saturday, July 18, 1953. beyond their physical capacities, and their The petition filed at Geneva by the

living conditions are extremely primitive. A. F. of L. emphasized that the Soviet

They are poorly clothed and are exposed to
all the rigors of the climate. Medical care

LEAVE OF ABSENCE secret police were charged directly with

is either entirely lacking or totally inade By unanimous consent, leave of abresponsibility for 14 percent of all the quate,

sence was granted to: heavy construction work programed in The sickness and death rates caused by

Mr. WIGGLESWORTH (at the request of the 5-year plan for 1941. The A. F. of L. such a life are very high, and the convicts

have but slender chances of survival. In this document continued:

Mr. HESELTON) for the week of July 20, respect, the regulations of the Ukhta-Pechora

on account of illness. The MVD (now changed to MGB) was also

Camp are particularly revealing as to the Mr. SCHENCK (at the request of Mr. in charge of building and maintenance of

inhuman fate reserved for prisoners and their MCGREGOR) for an indefinite period, on all national roads, as well as the construcchildren.

account of illness. tion of railroads in isolated regions. Since

Since most of the prisoners in the camps the end of the war the MVD has also been

Mr. HOWELL (at the request of Mr. are regarded as being opposed to the regime, DURHAM) for July 20, 1953, on account of given additional responsibilities—the con

the government has adopted a systematic struction and operation of all atomic de

death in family. policy of extermination. In the Vorkuta velopment, the extraction of timber, gold,

Camp in 1938, for instance, 1,300 prisoners coal, chrome, oil, and the production of

were shot on the orders of a troika which consumer goods. had come from Moscow (p. 445).

SENATE BILLS REFERRED This makes the complete police state. Such is the picture today in the work

Bills and a concurrent resolution of In some segments of the economy ers' fatherland. There freedom is dead,

the Senate of the following titles were slave-labor production accounts for as and liberty is but a gnawing aspiration,

taken from the Speaker's table and, unmuch as one-half of the total produc- framed in the agonizing mirages of ever

der the rule, referred as follows: tion in a given industry. lasting starvation.

S. 61. An act for the relief of Hedwig Since 1938 approximately 75 percent of

Marek and Emma Elizabeth Marek; to the the gold production has been the result of

Committee on the Judiciary. forced labor. The Komi Republic was al FIRST INDEPENDENT OFFICES

S. 144. An act for the relief of the Cavalier most entirely in the hands of the MVD.

APPROPRIATIONS, 1954-CON County Fair Association; to the Committee Collective farms in that region were worked largely by families from the south who had

on the Judiciary. FERENCE REPORT

S. 205. An act for the relief of Evdoxia J. been exiled to the Komi Republic for resisting the policy of collectivization (p. 439).

Mr. PHILLIPS submitted a confer- Kitsos; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

ence report and statement on the bill S. 323. An act for the relief of Rose Cohen; In the testimony of the International H. R. 4663, making appropriations for

to the Committee on the Judiciary. Confederation of Free Trade Unions we the Executive office and sundry inde S. 541. An act to extend detention benefits read thatpendent executive bureaus, boards, com

under the War Claims Act of 1948 to em

ployees missions, etc., for the fiscal year 1954 The network of Soviet concentration camps

of contractors with the United is steadily spreading into the heart of the

States; to the Committee on Interstate and and for other purposes. Soviet Union. *

Foreign Commerce. Slave labor was first used in the lumber and mining industries.

S. 550. An act for the relief of Thomas O. The secret Gosplan of 1941 extended the use

EXTENSION OF REMARKS

Robitscher; to the Committee on the Juof slave labor to some branches of manufac

diciary.

By unanimous consent, permission to turing. This process has continued after the

S. 563. An act for the relief of Ronald Lee extend remarks in the Appendix of the war.

Shields; to the Committee on the Judiciary. RECORD, or to revise and extend remarks, S. 569. An act for the relief of Lina Anna The canal recently completed to conwas granted to:

Adelheid (Adam) Hoyer; to the Committee nect the River Volga with the White Sea

Mr. TALLE and to include pertinent on the Judiciary. was constructed entirely by slave labor. material relating to rehabilitation,

S. 596. An act for the relief of Alfonso AlNobody knows how many men were as Mr. ANGELL in two instances and to

bano; to the Committee on the Judiciary. signed to the job, but the number must include extraneous matter.

S. 672. An act for the relief of Agostino have been enormous; for when the proj

Mr. CLARDY and to include an article.

Giusto; to the Committee on the Judiciary. ect was completed an official announce

s. 727. An act to provide that certain

Mr. BAKER and to include an editorial. ment in Moscow extended amnesty to

costs and expenses incurred in connection Mr. JONAS of North Carolina and to

with certain repayment contracts with irri127,000 canal diggers. Says the Geneva include an article.

gation districts approved by the acts of Conreport:

Mr. FARRINGTON in two instances and

gress of May 6, 1949 (63 Stat. 62), October That number was nearly the same as the to include extraneous matter.

27, 1949 (63 Stat. 941), and June 23, 1952 (66 total prison population in the Russian Em Mr. SIKES and to include a very able Stát. 151, 153) shall be nonreimbursable; to pire in 1914. The figure was staggering when statement from the pen of Stewart Alsop

the Committee on Interior and Insular it was considered that it represented am

Affairs. which appeared on July 19. nesties of persons connected with only two

Mr. PRICE in five instances and to in

S. 825. An act for the relief of Karin Rita projects out of hundreds of enterprises undertaken by the MVD. clude extraneous matter.

Grubb; to the Committee on the Judiciary. Mr. PERKINS and to include extrane

S. 887. An act to permit the exchange and

amendment of farm units on Federal irriThe report estimates that there are ous matter.

gation projects, and for other purposes; to more than 200 slave labor camps in the Mr. BYRD and to include extraneous the Committee on Interior and Insular U. S. S. R., 66 of which are in Siberia. matter.

Affairs.

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S. 1152. An act to extend for a period of 5 H. R. 1143. An act for the relief of Mary H. R. 765. An act for the relief of Tien Koo years the authority of the Secretary of Agri- Francina Marconi, Fernanda Guzzi, Anna Chen; culture to make loans to fur farmers; to the Ferraro, Mary Laudano, and Julia Pisano; H. R. 779. An act for the relief of Ida BaghCommittee on Agriculture.

H. R. 1211. An act for the relief of Isak dassarian; S. 1197. An act granting the consent of Benmuvhar;

H. R. 781. An act for the relief of Johanna Congress to the negotiation by the States of H. R. 1308. An act to amend the Color of C. Willemsen; Nebraska, Wyoming, and South Dakota of Title Act;

H. R. 819. An act for the relief of Monika certain compacts with respect to the use of H. R. 1330. An act for the relief of Mrs. Klein; waters common to two or more of said States; Liane Lieu and her son, Peter Lieu;

H. R. 820. An act for the relief of Mrs. Pia to the Committee on Interior and Insular H. R. 1571. An act to amend the Alaska Biondi; Affairs. game law;

H. R. 847. An act for the relief of Robert J. S. 1456. An act to amend the act entitled H. R. 1886. An act for the relief of Paul Rickards, Conception Sotelo Rickards, and "An act to authorize a permanent annual Myung Ha Chung;

Walter John Rickards; appropriation for the maintenance and op H. R. 2160. An act for the relief of Clem H. R. 892. An act for the relief of Betty eration of the Gorgas Memorial Labora intina Ferrara, Maria Garofalo, Rosetta Robertson and Irene Robertson; tory," approved May 7, 1928, as amended; to Savino, Maria Serra, Albina Zamunner, and H. R. 947. An act authorizing the Secretary the Committee on Foreign Affairs. Fedora Gazzarrini;

of the Interior to issue to Tom Gwin a patent S. 1704. An act for the relief of Christina H. R. 2392. An act for the relief of Lee in fee to certain lands in the State of MisPantelis Triantafilu; to the Committee on Kwang Nong (George Clifford Roeder); sissippi; the Judiciary.

H. R. 2506. An act for the relief of certain H. R. 978. An act for the relief of Harue S. 1955. An act for the relief of Giorgio members of the Missionary Sisters of the Fukushi; Salvini Thompson; to the Committee on Sacred Heart;

H. R. 1070. An act to amend title 28, United the Judiciary.

H. R. 2652. An act for the relief of Con States Code; S. 2137. An act to prohibit the blending stance Brouwer Scheffer;

H. R. 1106. An act for the relief of Hanneof wheat imported as unfit for human con H.R. 2779. An act to provide for perfecting lore Mayerl Fulbright; sumption with wheat suitable for human the title of C. A. Lundy to certain lands in H. R. 1143. An act for the relief of Mary consumption; to the Committee on the Ju the State of California heretofore patented Francina Marconi, Fernanda Guzzi, Anna diciary. by the United States;

Ferraro, Mary Laudano, and Julia Pisano; S. 2175. An act to amend title VI of the H. R. 2787. An act for the relief of Josefina H. R. 1211. An act for the relief of Isak Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946, as Hoorn (Dmytruk);

Bermuvhar; amended, with respect to the retirement of H. R. 3581. An act to further the policy H. R. 1308. An act to amend the Color of employees in the Legislative branch; to the enunciated in the act of October 26, 1949 Title Act; Committee on Post Office and Civil Service. (63 Stat. 927), to facilitate public participa H. R. 1330. An act for the relief of Mrs.

S. 2320. An act to change the date for the tion in the preservation of sites, buildings, Liane Lieu and her son, Peter Lieu; beginning of annual assessment work on and objects of national significance or in H. R. 1571. An act to amend the Alaska mining claims held by location in the United terest by providing for a National Trust for game law; States, including the Territory of Alaska, Historic Preservation in the United States; H. R. 1886. An act for the relief of Paul from the 1st day of July to the 1st day of H. R. 3670. An act for the relief of Mrs. Myung Ha Chúng; October and to extend the time during Julia Gamroth;

H. R. 2160. An act for the relief of Cleminwhich annual assessment work on such H. R. 4110. An act for the relief of Mrs. tina Ferrara, Maria Garofalo, Rosetta Savino, claims may be made for the year beginning Marie Weir;

Maria Serra, Albina Zamunner, and Fedora July 1, 1952, to the 1st day of October H. R. 4302. An act to revive and reenact Gazzarrini; 1953; to the Committee on Interior and In the act entitled “An act authorizing the H. R. 2392. An act for the relief of Lee sular Affairs.

State of Michigan, acting through the In Kwang Nong (George Clifford Roeder); S. Con. Res. 41. Concurrent resolution fa ternational Bridge Authority of Michigan, H. R. 2506. An act for the relief of certain voring the suspension of deportation of cer to construct, maintain, and operate a toll members of the Missionary Sisters of the tain aliens; to the Committee on the Ju bridge or series of bridges, couseways, and Sacred Heart; diciary.

approaches thereto, across the Saint Marys H. R. 2652. An act for the relief of Con

River, from a point in or near the city of stance Brouwer Scheffer;
ENROLLED BILLS SIGNED

Sault Sainte Marie, Michigan, to a point in H. R. 2779. An act to provide for perfecting

the Province of Ontario, Canada", approved the title of C. A. Lundy to certain lands in Mr. LECOMPTE, from the Committee December 16, 1940; and

the State of California heretofore patented on House Administration, reported that

H. R. 5705. An act to amend the existing by the United States; that committee had examined and found law to provide for the automatic renewal of H. R. 2787. An act for the relief of Josefina

Hoorn (Dmytruk); truly enrolled bills of the House of the expiring 5-year-level-premium-term policies following titles, which were thereupon service life insurance. of United States Government and national H. R. 3581. An act to further the policy

enunciated in the act of October 26, 1949 (63 signed by the Speaker:

Stat. 927), to facilitate public participation H. R. 127. An act to quitclaim interest of

The SPEAKER announced his signa

in the preservation of sites, buildings, and the United States to certain land in Placer ture to enrolled joint resolutions of the objects of national significance or interest County, Calif.; Senate of the following titles:

by providing for a national trust for historic H. R. 233. An act to release all the right,

S. J. Res. 37. Joint resolution to authorize preservation in the United States; title, and interest of the United States in the erection of a memorial to Sara Louisa

H. R. 3670. An act for the relief of Mrs. and to all fissionable materials in certain Rittenhouse in Montrose Park, D. C.;

Julia Gamroth; land in Marion County, Ind.;

S. J. Res. 82. Joint resolution to provide for

H. R. 4110. An act for the relief of Mrs. H. R. 674. An act for the relief of Irene the reappointment of Robert V. Fleming as

Marie Weir; F. M. Boyle; citizen agent of the Board of Regents of the

H. R. 4302. An act to revive and reenact the H.R. 765. An act for the relief of Tien Smithsonian Institution; and

- act entitled "An act authorizing the State Koo Chen;

S. J. Res. 83. Joint resolution to provide of Michigan, acting through the InternaH. R. 779. An act for the relief of Ida Bagh- for the appointment of Owen Josephus Rob

tional Bridge Authority of Michigan, to condassarian; erts as a member of the Board of Regents of

struct, maintain, and operate a toll bridge H. R. 781. An act for the relief of Johanna C. Willemsen; the Smithsonian Institution.

or series of bridges, causeways, and ap

proaches thereto, across the St. Mary's River, H. R. 819. An act for the relief of Monika

from a point in or near the city of Sault Klein;

BILLS PRESENTED TO THE

Ste. Marie, Mich., to a point in the ProyH. R. 820. An act for the relief of Mrs. Pia

ince of Ontario, Canada," approved DecemBiondi;

PRESIDENT

ber 16, 1940; and H. R. 847. An act for the relief of Robert

Mr. LECOMPTE, from the Committee H. R. 5705. An act to amend the existing J. Rickards, Conception Sotelo Rickards, and Walter John Rickards;

on House Administration, reported that law to provide for the automatic renewal of H. R. 892. An act for the relief of Betty

that committee did on this day present expiring 5-year-level-premium-term policies Robertson and Irene Robertson;

to the President, for his approval, bills service life insurance. H. R. 947. An act authorizing the Secre

of the House of the following titles: tary of the Interior to issue to Tom Gwin H. R. 127. An act to quitclaim interest of a patent in fee to certain lands in the State the United States to certain land in Placer

ADJOURNMENT of Mississippi;

County, Calif.; H. R. 978. An act for the relief of Harue H. R. 233. An act to release all the right, Speaker, I move that the House do now

Mr. SMITH of Wisconsin. Mr. Fukushi;

title, and interest of the United States in H. R. 1070. An act to amend title 28, and to all fissionable materials in certain

adjourn. United States Code; land in Marion County, Ind.;

The motion was agreed to; accordH. R. 1106. An act for the relief of Han. H. R. 674. An act for the relief of Irene F. ingly (at 6 o'clock and 22 minutes p. m.), nelore Mayerl Fulbright; M. Boyle;

the House adjourned until tomorrow,

Tuesday, July 21, 1953, at 12 o'clock and offices, for the fiscal year ending June 30, [Introduced and referred July 20, 1953] noon.

1954, and for other purposes (Rept. No. 882). Under clause 4 of rule XXII, public Ordered to be printed.

bills and resolutions were introduced and EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATIONS, ETC.

[Submitted July 20, 1953]

severally referred as follows: Under clause 2 of rule XXIV, execuUnder clause 2 of rule XIII, reports of

By Mr. BENTLEY: tive communications were taken from

committees were delivered to the Clerk H. R. 6392. A bill to amend the Immigrathe Speaker's table and referred as fol- for printing and reference to the proper tion and Nationality Act in order to allow

credit for certain periods of civilian employlows:

calendar, as follows:
Mr. ALLEN of Illinois: Committee on

ment abroad by the Government of the 860. A letter from the Acting General

United States in satisfying the requirement Rules. House Resolution 296. Resolution Counsel, Office of the Secretary of Defense,

of 5 years' residence within the United transmitting a draft of legislation entitled authorizing the Committee on the Judiciary

States immediately preceding the date of "A bill to authorize the transfer to the Gov

to make an investigation of all claims arisernment of Japan of certain military equiping out of the explosions at Texas City, Tex.,

filing petition for naturalization; to the on April 16 and 17, 1947; without amendment

Committee on the Judiciary. ment, and for other purposes"; to the Com

By Mr. COLMER: (Rept. No. 883). Referred to the House mittee on Armed Seryices.

H. R. 6393. A bill granting the consent and Calendar. 861. A letter from the Director, Legisla

approval of Congress to an interstate foresttion and Liaison, Department of the Air

Mr. REES of Kansas: Committee on Post

fire-protection compact; to the Committee Office and Civil Service. H. R. 5959. A bill Force, transmitting a quarterly report rela

on the Judiciary. tive to the number of officers assigned or to exempt certain commissioned officers re

By Mr. CURTIS of Nebraska: detailed to permanent duty in the executive tired for disabilities caused by instrumental

H. R. 6394. A bill to amend the Social Secuelement of the Air Force at the seat of govities of war from the limitation prescribed

rity Act to extend for 6 months the period ernment, for the fourth quarter ending by law with respect to the combined rate of

for which wage credits are provided for miliJune 30, 1953, pursuant to section 201 (c) retired pay and of compensation as civilian

tary service; to the Committee on Ways and of the Air Force Organization Act of 1951, employees of the Government which retired

Means. Public Law 150, 82d Congress; to the Comofficers may receive; without amendment

By Mr. DOLLIVER: mittee on Armed Services. (Rept. No. 884). Referred to the Committee

H. R. 6395. A bill to amend the Interstate 862. A letter from the Comptroller Genof the Whole House on the State of the

Commerce Act, as amended, concerning reUnion. eral of the United States, transmitting a re

quests of common carriers for increased port on the audit of the Southwestern Power

Mr. ALLEN of Illinois: Committee on

transportation rates; to the Committee on Administration, an agency in the DepartRules. House Resolution 344. Resolution

Interstate and Foreign Commerce. ment of the Interior, covering the fiscal year for consideration of H. R. 6342, a bill to

By Mr. FORD: 1952, pursuant to the provisions of the

amend the Public Buildings Act of '1949 to H. R. 6396. A bill to provide that the tax Budget and Accounting Act, 1921 (31 U. S. C.

authorize the Administrator of General on admissions shall not apply in the case of 53), and the Accounting and Auditing Act

Services to acquire title to real property and plays presented by community theater groups of 1950 (31 U. S. C. 67); to the Committee to provide for the construction of certain

exempt under section 101 (6) of the Internal on Government Operations. public buildings thereon by executing pur

Revenue Code, where no part of the net earn863. A letter from the Acting Commischase contracts; to extend the authority of

ings inures to the benefit of any private sioner, Immigration and Naturalization

the Postmaster General to lease quarters for stockholder or individual; to the Committee Service, Department of Justice, transmitting

post-office purposes; and for other purposes; on Ways and Means. copies of orders granting the applications

without amendment (Rept. No. 885). Re By Mr. GRAHAM: for permanent residence filed by the subferred to the House Calendar.

H. R. 6397. A bill to authorize the issuance jects, pursuant to section 4 of the Displaced

Mr. ALLEN of Illinois: Committee on of 247,000 special quota immigrant visas, and Persons Act of 1948, as amended; to the ComRules. House Resolution 345. Resolution

for other purposes; to the Committee on the mittee on the Judiciary.

for consideration of H. R. 6287. A bill to Judiciary. 864. A letter from the Secretary of Comextend and amend the Renegotiation Act of

By Mr. HAGEN of California: merce, transmitting the annual report of

1951; without amendment (Rept. No. 886). H. R. 6398. A bill to authorize the granting the Foreign-Trade Zones Board for the fiscal Referred to the House Calendar.

of national service life insurance to veterans year ended June 30, 1952, pursuant to sec

Mr. DAVIS of Wisconsin: Committee of

who were unable to produce evidence of good tion 16 of the Foreign-Trade Zones Act of

conference. H. R. 5376. A bill making ap health on the date of enactment of the June 18, 1934, as amended by Public Law

propriations for civil functions administered Servicemen's Indemnity Act of 1951 because 566, 81st Congress; to the Committee on

by the Department of the Army for the fiscal a symptom-free waiting period had not exWays and Means. year ending June 30, 1954, and for other

pired on that date; to the Committee on purposes (Rept. No. 889). Ordered to be Veterans Affairs. printed.

By Mr. HARRISON of Nebraska: REPORTS OF COMMITTEES ON

H. R. 6399. A bill to authorize the SecrePUBLIC BILLS AND RESOLU- REPORTS OF COMMITTEES ON PRI tary of Agriculture to require reasonable

bonds from packers; 'to the Committee on TIONS

VATE BILLS AND RESOLUTIONS

Agriculture. Under clause 2 of rule XIII, pursuant

Under clause 2 of rule XIII, reports of By Mr. HOFFMAN of Michigan: to the order of the House of July 17, 1953, committees were delivered to the Clerk H. R. 6400. A bill to amend the Legislative the following bill was reported on July for printing and reference to the proper

for printing and reference to the proper Reorganization Act of 1946, and for other 18, 1953: calendar, as follows:

purposes; to the Committee on Rules.

By Mr. JOHNSON: Mr. TABER: Committee on Appropriations. Mr. JONAS of Illinois: Committee on the

H. R. 6401. A bill to authorize additional H. R. 6391. A bill making appropriations Judiciary. H. R. 2032. A bill for the relief

appropriations for the Lower San Joaquin for Mutual Security for the fiscal year endof Clarence D. Newland; with amendment

River project; to the Committee on Public ing June 30, 1954, and for other purposes; (Rept. No. 887). Referred to the Committee

Works. without amendment (Rept. No. 880). Reof the Whole House.

By Mr. KING of California: ferred to the Committee of the Whole House

Mr. HOPE: Committee on Agriculture.

H. R. 6402. A bill to provide for abatement on the State of the Union. H. R. 3107. A bill to provide for the con

of jeopardy assessments when jeopardy does veyance of certain national forest land in Under clause 2 of rule XIII, pursuant Basalt, Colo.; with amendment (Rept. No.

not exist; to the Committee on Ways and

Means. to the order of the House of July 17, 1953, 888). Referred to the Committee of the

By Mr. MACK of Illinois: the following conference reports were Whole House.

H. R. 6403. A bill to amend the Railroad filed July 18, 1953:

Retirement Act of 1937 so as to permit inMr. PHILLIPS: Committee of conference. PUBLIC BILLS AND RESOLUTIONS

dividuals entitled to receive annuities or penH. R. 4663. A bill making appropriations

sions under that act to waive payment therefor the Executive Office and sundry inde Under clause 4 of rule XXII, pursuant of; to the Committee on Interstate and Forpendent executive bureaus, boards, commis- to the order of the House of July 17, 1953,

eign Commerce. sions, corporations, agencies, and offices, for

H. R. 6404. A bill to amend section 116 (a) the fiscal year ending June 30, 1954, and for the following bill was introduced on July

(2) of the Internal Revenue Code to proother purposes (Rept. No. 881). Ordered to 18, 1953:

vide that the exclusion therein provided for be printed.

By Mr. TABER:

the earned income of an individual who is Mr. PHILLIPS: Committee of conference. H. R. 6391. A bill making appropriations present in a foreign country for 17 months H. R. 5690. A bill making appropriations for for mutual security for the fiscal year ending shall apply only with respect to the first additional independent executive bureaus, June 30, 1954, and for other purposes; to the $5,000 of earned income in any one taxable boards, commissions, corporations, agencies, Committee on Appropriations.

year; to the Committee on Ways and Means.

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