Page images

for 1 minute and to revise and extend my At the time this was imposed, many and finance, but in the field of social remarks.

years ago, I spoke against it at that progress. The SPEAKER. Is there objection to time. I pointed out it would not be taken In 1948 former President Harry S. the request of the gentleman from Ala- off in any one year, as was contemplated. Truman appointed him to his Cabinet bama?

It has run on for 12 years, and thou- to the position of Secretary of Labor, There was no objection.

sands of the smaller theaters have gone which position he filled with ability, with Mr. BATTLE. Mr. Speaker, as one of out of business. If we will repeal this distinction, with courage, and in an honthe Members introducing a resolution on tax it will prevent many thousand oth- orable and trustworthy manner. As the subject, House Concurrent Resolu- ers from going out of business.

President Truman well said in his statetion 136, I rise in support of the biparti

ment yesterday: san effort to bring about disarmament

Heand the end of this terrible war through THE LATE HONORABLE MAURICE J.


Maurice Tobin peaceful means. Let us not underestimate the psychological effort of a United Mr. MCCORMACK. Mr. Speaker, I was a great man, a great mayor of Boston, States proposal for the world to disarm ask unanimous consent to address the

and a great Governor of Massachusetts. He

was one of the best Secretaries of Labor this So the resources can be used for the House and to revise and extend my re

country ever had. benefit of the people instead of further marks. destruction. The United States is the The SPEAKER. Is there objection to I agree with President Truman. My most powerful nation in the world. Peo- the request of the gentleman from late friend, Maurice Tobin, will go down ple with the spirit of freedom in their Massachusetts?

in history as one of our greatest Secrehearts all over the globe, even behind the There was no objection.

taries of Labor. Maurice Tobin was very Iron Curtain, are looking to us for lead

Mr. MCCORMACK. Mr. Speaker, it is highly thought of by the late President ership. I should say especially those

a sad duty for me today to announce to Franklin D. Roosevelt as well as by forpeople behind the Iron Curtain are lookthe House of Representatives the death

mer President Harry S. Truman. He ing to us for leadership because they of a great American and public official, enjoyed the confidence and respect of know all too well the unbearable torture and a close personal friend of mine, the

those great Presidents. of living with a gun in their back, and former Secretary of Labor, Maurice J.

The relationship between Maurice they have recently shown by dramatic Tobin. When Mrs. McCormack and I

Tobin and myself was very close. Mrs. demonstrations that they are waiting for received the news of his sudden death, it

McCormack and I admired and respected a chance to overthrow their oppressors. was a distinct shock to the both of us.

him very much, and entertained for him Mr. Speaker, we must not be discour

The career of Maurice J. Tobin was

a strong feeling of friendship. I was aged in this great task. Often the sun shines brightest following a storm. I the story of Horatio Alger's characters.

most outstanding, resembling very much proud of the service that he rendered as

the story of Horatio Alger's characters. legislator, as school committeeman, as well remember talking with a friend one He took advantage of the opportunities proud of the outstanding service he ren

mayor, as Governor, and, above all, I was Monday morning at a meeting when I that existed under our form of governchanced to remark that it looked as if ment and rose to great heights in city,

dered to our country as Secretary of it were going to rain all week. My State, and Nation.

Labor. friend, to my surprise, indicated that

While he had a great career up to the

My late friend, Maurice Tobin, was things might not be so bad. That afterborn in Roxbury, a part of Boston, Mass.,

time of his death, it had only started. I noon the sun was shining brighter than

was looking to Maurice Tobin for further some 52 years ago. I knew his late public service, either in elective or apI had ever seen it before.

father and mother, both God-loving per- pointive office. We should combine this positive psy

pointive office. He had many years sons, and they imparted to Maurice chological approach with our necessary Tobin those teachings and fundamentals

ahead of him. His death came at a time armed might. Why not present to the Why not present to the that are based on truth, and that he

when at an early age, in a comparatively world a workable, peaceful alternative

short period of time, he had obtained a followed throughout his life. They with adequate safeguards?

wealth of knowledge and experience in equipped him for the interesting and Mr. Speaker, the countries which really outstanding life that he enjoyed at the

important and responsible positions that have peaceful intentions and unselfish

equipped him for greater public service, time of his death. motives regarding aggression and human

He enjoyed the confidence and the rerights can readily rally around a dis- determination, of courage, of devotion

The story of Maurice Tobin is one of spect of the people of Massachusetts and armament program with the proper safe

there is no question but what the future guards. The countries which are only all, he clearly evidenced throughout his

to duty, of loyalty to friends, and above held greater things in store for him. giving lip service to the dignity of man

His public and private life was exemlife his love of God and his love of counwill show their true colors with excuses

plary. The public success and progress try. I can remember him as a young and stalling tactics which will further

did not diminish, but enhanced his prialine the God-fearing and freedomman running for his first public office,

vate integrity and personal character. the house of representatives, that he loving peoples of the world against them

He was a man of deep religious faith. then clearly showed personality, energy, and hasten the ultimate destruction of

His family life was one of love and devoand resourcefulness which, as the years such forces within their own countries.

tion to Mrs. Tobin and their children. Mr. Speaker, I believe we can all sup

passed, developed, leading him along He was a good husband and a good port this resolution with a prayer that

more prominent pathways of public life. father. it will help to obtain ultimate peace and

As a young man he was first elected The Commonwealth of Massachusetts good will among men.

by the people of his ward to the Massa- and the Nation has lost a loyal son and chusetts House of Representatives. a fearless fighter for their interests. Our Thereafter he was elected to the Boston

country has lost a man whose career was REPEALING AMUSEMENT TAX ON

School Committee and reelected. At 36 and will continue to be an inspiration to THEATERS

years of age he was elected mayor of young and old alike because he worked

Boston, which position he filled for 2 and fought his way to high public trust Mr. WICKERSHAM. Mr. Speaker, I terms, covering a period of 8 years. He by virtue of his own natural ability and ask unanimous consent to address the

gave the city of Boston an administra- force and nobility of character. Our House for 1 minute and to revise and ex- tion that was outstanding and will place Nation has lost one of its abiest and tend my remarks.

him among the great mayors of Boston. devoted public servants. Mrs. McCorThe SPEAKER. Is there objection to In 1944, at 43 years of age, he was elected mack and I have lost a valued and loyal the request of the gentleman from Governor of the Commonwealth of Mas- friend. Oklahoma ?

sachusetts, serving as the chief execu- To Mrs. Tobin, his gracious and lovely There was no objection.

tive of Massachusetts for a period of 2 wife who was an inspiration to Maurice Mr. WICKERSHAM. Mr. Speaker, I years. He gave to the people of Massa- Tobin throughout their married life, and hope there will be no objection to the chusetts outstanding service and during to his fine family, Mrs. McCormack and I bill, H. R. 157, today, which repeals the his administration great progress was extend our heartfelt sympathy in their iniquitous amusement tax on theaters. made, not only in the field of business great loss and sorrow.

If young men in Massachusetts and

my profound sympathy in their hour of life, their sweetness, and many virtues. throughout the country will emulate the sorrow.

We extend to Mrs. Tobin and to the public and private life of Maurice Tobin, Mr. McCORMACK. Mr. Speaker, I

Mr. Speaker, I children our sincere condolences in this they will have an example to follow that yield to the gentlewoman from Massa- hour of their bereavement. will lead them to greatness and hap- chusetts, (Mrs. ROGERS].

Mr. ROONEY. Mr. Speaker, I was litpiness.

Mrs. ROGERS of Massachusetts. Mr. erally shocked yesterday when I heard Mr. MCCORMACK. I yield to the Speaker, yesterday as I was motoring to a television newscaster report the sudgentleman from Massachusetts [Mr. Boston a little boy tossed in the automo- den untimely passing of Maurice J. BOLAND).

bile a paper and said: “Maurice Tobin Tobin, of Massachusetts. Mr. BOLAND. Mr. Speaker, the news is dead." I was deeply shocked, but I It was my pleasure and privilege to of the sudden and unexpected death of realized that the spirit of Maurice Tobin have known Maurice Tobin quite intiMaurice J. Tobin has left thousands of was not dead, that all of the fine things mately and I admired him for his sterheavy hearts throughout the United Maurice Tobin did, lived and would live ling character and extraordinary ability. States. As a close friend of his, I find on. Coming down on the Federal I During his comparatively short lifetime it extremely difficult to realize that this thought of him. Always he asked every he was mayor of Boston, Governor of good and great man has been called from Massachusetts Member of Congress to Massachusetts, and Secretary of Labor our midst in the prime of his life. The ride in his automobile from the station under President Truman. story of Maurice J. Tobin has been writ- just one of the many kind things he did.

During his entire career he was in the

forefront in behalf of the laboring man. ten many times in the past—it is one I never sent to him for help without re

The sincerity of his convictions and the that will be penned many times in the ceiving it, the finest kind of help. He future. For, indeed, it is the story of never turned you aside. His spirit will spirit with which he gave his best to America's opportunities—her greatness live on to remind us that he was a great

every cause he espoused will long be re

membered by the people of our country. and her goodness. Born of immigrant Cabinet member, a great gift to labor, a

To his wife and children I extend my parents, newsboy, laborer, businessman, great gift to humanity. legislator, chairman of the school com- He was ill the last several months, I deepest sympathy. I am sure that a kind mittee—all combined to have the people understand, yet he did not falter. He

and compassionate Providence will comof Boston twice select him as their mayor.

fort them in this, their sad hour of was a great inspiration to us in Massa

bereavement. Then followed the highest honor that chusetts and to us in the Nation. the people of Massachusetts could be- What happened to him could happen

Mr. LANE. Mr. Speaker, tall, slender, stow on one of its own sons, Governor only in America. A young man with

handsome and with an amazing record of Massachusetts. Finally, he was called fine ambitions, he won the confidence

of success in public life, it did not seem by President Truman to the service of and help of members of both political possible that he would ever grow old. the United States as Secretary of Labor parties. He retained the confidence and

That is why it is so difficult to grasp This is a record that comes to but few respect of these loyal friends to the end. the fact that his vitality is stilled formen. Though he scaled the dizzy He had a wonderfully fine family, a ever. heights of political success, he always devoted wife and three children, all of Maurice J. Tobin was only 52 years of kept the basic virtues sharply in focus. them in their teens. They have lost a age when death suddenly drew the curAdoration for his God, devotion for his father whose every thought was for their tain on his career. magnificent wife and lovely children, welfare and happiness.

welfare and happiness. To them in From State representative, to Boston steadfast in his friendships, respect for their sudden bereavement goes the deep school committeeman, to mayor of Bosthose with whom he disagreed—these sympathetic condolences of us all.

ton, Governor of Massachusetts, and were his hallmarks. Possessed of tire

Secretary of Labor in President Tru

GENERAL PERMISSION TO EXTEND REMARKS less, unbounded energy, he realized that

Mr. McCORMACK. Mr. Speaker, I

man's Cabinet, he was considered to be each responsibility was but another op

one of the most promising prospects of ask unanimous consent that all Memportunity to better serve his God and

the Democratic Party on the national bers who desire to do so may have perhis country.

scene. mission to extend their remarks at this Though "he walked with kings, he point in the

RECORD on the life

and char

I first met him as a fellow member of never lost the common touch." acter of the late Maurice J. Tobin and

the Massachusetts Legislature where his He knew the problems of the people also that all Members may have 5 legis

Irish charm, his knowledge, and human because he was one of them. The menlative days in which to extend their re

nature, and his determination to master tally sick, the laborer, the veteran-all marks in the RECORD.

all of the complex public problems were his concern. As Governor of Massachusetts, he expanded and improved the request of the gentleman from Mas

The SPEAKER. Is there objection to proved that he had the qualities that

single out a man for outstanding leaderthe mental hospitals of our great State.

ship. sachusetts? He instituted one of the finest veterans

There was no objection.

He had a profound faith in the United housing projects in the entire United

Mr. RAYBURN. Mr. Speaker, the life

States, its people, and its democratic States.

of Maurice Tobin was a full and a great processes. Whenever he could tear himCracking the hard shell of politics at one. He truly served his day and gen

self away from his overtime work, you an early age, all through his life he eneration.

would find him attending a football or couraged young men to public service.

It is to be regretted that his life should

baseball game at night, especially when The numbers he assisted are countless not have been spared for many years that

a team from home was playing at and the success that they have attained he could have served even more fully.

Washington. has been remarkable. Indeed, he was in

Mr. KELLEY of Pennsylvania. Mr.

An exemplary family man, a devout life as he will be in death, an inspira- Speaker, I was grieved and saddened by Catholic, and a loyal Democrat, Maurice tion and brilliant example to young men.

Tobin lived a good and useful life in the the news of the death of Maurice Tobin, The values he pleaded for were the values former Secretary of Labor. He was an

few years granted to him, and was richthat made our people a great people. He unusual man and one of strong char

ly rewarded by the thousands of friends had faith in America, and this faith acter. He was deeply religious and prac

that he met along the way. drove him from coast to coast, from ticed the virtues of his religion. Few

He will always be remembered as one Canada to the gulf in bringing home to the American people the fullest meanmen whom I have known have com

of the few Democratic leaders who acmanded more esteem from their ac

tively campaigned for President Truman ing of our way of life. He has departed quaintances than did Maurice Tobin. I

in 1948, when all signs pointed toward this life at an early age. There is no enjoyed long association with him and

defeat. Such courage and loyalty are doubt but that he would have been learned that when he spoke of helping rare in political life. His faith was vincalled again by his people to their sery

his fellow men he meant it. The country dicated when Truman confounded all ice. His loss is great. The memory of suffers a great loss in his passing. A

the experts and turned defeat into vicwhat he stood for will live forever.

man of his character cannot easily be tory. That was the greatest moment in To his wonderful wife, to his three replaced.

Maurice Tobin's career. fine children, Helen, Carol, and Mrs. Kelley and I knew the Tobins and It was proof of Truman's integrity Maurice, Jr., to his brothers, I express appreciated their good, Christian way of through thick and thin.

In the judgment of public opinion, he have exhausted their lives in the exact- To Mrs. Tobin and the splendid family won the greatest honor of all by the trib- ing field of political science have been as of children I extend my profound symute of being "A man of character."

universally trusted and acclaimed. pathy. Massachusetts has lost one of her most Maurice Tobin was born in humble popular sons. circumstances in Roxbury, Mass. He

OIL FOR EDUCATION-A TIME FOR The gap left in the leadership of the early decided that politics was the proDemocratic Party will be hard to fill. fession in which he could give the most

LEADERSHIP The Nation grieves for a public servant of himself and his talents in the service Mr. DAWSON of Utah. Mr. Speaker, who never forgot his humble origin and of his people and his country. His rise I ask unanimous consent to extend my who sacrificed himself for the people be- in his chosen field presents a rare record

remarks at this point in the RECORD. cause he had such faith in them and such of personal achievement. He began his

The SPEAKER. Is there objection to affection for them. service as a member of the Boston School

the request of the gentleman from Utah? Starting from the bottom, as a son of Committee and in rapid succession rose

There was no objection. immigrant parents, and as a newsboy, he

to the high responsibilities of mayor of Mr. DAWSON of Utah. Mr. Speaker, fought his way up the ladder of success

Boston, Governor of Massachusetts, and in his state of the Union message, Presiby dint of hard and honest work that Secretary of Labor in the Cabinet of

dent Eisenhower said: brought him recognition in the highest President Truman. Inevitably and con

Our school system demands some prompt, councils of the Nation. tinually, Maurice Tobin faced and over

effective help. During each of the last 2 came great odds throughout his whole He never sought wealth or power to

years, more than 1.5 million children have career. He hurled himself into every obassure himself of his superiority over jective with unsurpassed fervor and

swelled the elementary and secondary

school population of the country. Generally, other men as some do. Maurice Tobin

energy. His death at such an early age the school population is proportionately had a nobler objective—that of dedicat

cut short the further advancement in higher in States with low per capita income. ing his life to constructive service in benational service for which his whole life

This whole situation calls for careful conhalf of his fellow men. In that he suchad been in constant preparation.

gressional study and action. I am sure you ceeded as no other son of Massachusetts

share my conviction that the firm condi

The life of Maurice Tobin provides to before him during his long and illustrious

tions of Federal aid must be proyed need and our young people one of the brightest history.

proved lack of income. inspirations in our history toward the He was not afraid to live and he was opportunity that exists in America for

Mr. Speaker, the oil-for-education not afraid to die because he knew that one born obscurely to rise to the highest

amendment has had congressional the years that are spent in living for places in our national councils. The

study, and the time for action is now as others, whether they be long or short, honesty of his life's purpose will be his

H. R. 5134 comes back to this House for guide a man along the road to immost lasting and most fitting monument.

conference with the Senate. The Senmortality.

To his devoted and inspiring wife and

ate amendments include the oil-for-eduThe epitaph that he would like best is his three wonderful children, Helen,

cation amendment, a bipartisan propothis: “I hope that other young men now Carol Ann, and Maurice, Jr., and brothers

sal sponsored and supported by memdreaming of a public career may be en- James and Timothy, I wish to express my

bers of the majority and the minority couraged in some small way by my ex- profound sympathy. I know that Mau

parties in the other Chamber. ample to give to their city, their State, rice's high faith and courage will sus

This amendment conmits the Conand the Nation with honest minds and tain their sorrow with true Catholic un

gress to no definite scheme of Federal pure hearts, devoted to God and country. derstanding of the destiny of death.

aid to education; it includes no formuAs long as men try their level best we May the soul of a great man who worked

las for distribution nor does it designate have nothing to fear." so tirelessly for others rest in peace.

any specific educational activities to be To his bereaved family, we offer our Mr. GOODWIN. Mr. Speaker, I was

aided. All these questions are matters deep and abiding sympathy.

inexpressibly shocked to learn of the that this Congress or future Congresses When the shock of this tragedy has suden death of Hon. Maurice J. Tobin. may decide. The oil-for-education eased they will be consoled and strength- We served together in the Massachusetts amendment does only this: It dedicates ened by the knowledge that Maurice J. House of Representatives in 1927, and

to the exclusive use of education Federal Tobin left them with the finest heritage the friendship thus formed continued

revenues from the resources of the outer that any man can give to his wife and through the years during which he has

through the years during which he has continental Shelf. For 3 years, these children—the memory of his life that been steadily moving onward in a no- revenues may be used for defense purwas lived with high purpose and lasting table career of public service. Among

table career of public service. Among poses, but after that they will be used accomplishment.

all the notable sons of Massachusetts exclusively for educational grants in aid Mr. DONOHUE. Mr. Speaker, the who have achieved distinction in the to elementary, secondary, and higher startling news of the sudden and un- public service, his career is unmatched;

education. timely passing of Maurice J. Tobin has first, in a meteoric rise to public office Mr. Speaker, that is no new and unbrought a real sense of great personal with ever increasing power and respon- tried policy. It is an extension of the grief and loss to me. I was honored to sibility and, second, in the number and wisdom and foresight of those who in call him friend and have cherished our importance of offices held covering the 1785 reserved one section of each townassociation for over 15 years.

entire range of municipal, State, and ship in the Northwest Territory for the There are hundreds of men prominent national. He served his representative common schools. It is the continuation in all walks of life who are deeply sad- district in the legislature; the people of of the truly conservative, and therefore dened at his unexpected death. There Boston as school committeeman and truly progressive, policy of Justin Morare uncounted thousands of our so-called chairman; mayor of Boston, the largest

chairman; mayor of Boston, the largest rill, of Vermont, who was the author of average Americans who will grieve upon city in the Bay State; Governor of the the act of 1862 that granted public lands his passing because he truly lived and Commonwealth; and later as a member to each State for a college of agriculdied in the promotion of their welfare. of the Cabinet of the President of the ture and the mechanic arts. This great Maurice Tobin was a man of steel-ar- United States.

act was passed by a Republican Congress mored integrity, intense sincerity, zeal- His passing at the early age of 52 cuts and signed by President Abraham Linous devotion to principle, unique loyalty, short a career in which there was much coln in times no less perilous for this brilliant intelligence, persuasive person, promise of still further service to the Nation than our own. ality, persevering industry and endowed people of the state and Nation.

Mr. Speaker, I see the oil-for-educawith the impregnable courage of one who Maurice Tobin had a rare capacity tion amendment as an opportunity for knew his philosophy of life was that of for making friends and holding them. the Congress to back up the words of his Creator. He was as deeply interested He was blessed with a most attractive President Eisenhower with deeds. It is in the welfare of a train conductor as personality, the ability to inspire con- an opportunity for the party of Lincoln he was in the tremendous political de- fidence in all those with whom he came and Morrill to dedicate the revenues cisions of the President of the United in contact, and a seemingly endless ca- from another great natural resource, the States. His cheerful smile and friendly pacity for hard work and serious and

pacity for hard work and serious and submerged lands of the outer Continenwarmth made him beloved by kings and continuous application to whatever duty

continuous application to whatever duty tal Shelf, to the future of our most prethe underprivileged alike. Few men who he was called.

cious human resource, the school children of America. I hope the oil-for-education Mr. HOFFMAN of Michigan. Mr. A copy of the rules will be printed as amendment will come before this House Speaker, in the Los Angeles Daily News a footnote to what is here said today, for a vote and that it will some day be of Saturday, July 4, 1953, will be found and I assume that the Members of the numbered among those acts of Congress an editorial captioned, "Representative House have intelligence enough and, if that have furthered the cause of educa- HOFFMAN Sullies Congressional Honor.” they are interested, can readily detertion in the United States. A subsequent paragraph reads:

mine whether the rules were violated or The immorality of holding a congressional

whether they were not. hearing for the political purpose of influCOMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

encing a local election gave off such a stench 1 The committee rules, as originally adoptMr. ALLEN of Illinois, from the Com- that the full committee apparently wanted ed, were: mittee on Rules, reported the following no part of it.

RULES AND POLICY privileged resolution (H. Res. 296, Rept. The SPEAKER. The gentleman does [NOTE.—As used herein, House Rules refer No. 883), which was referred to the

not have to proceed any further. He to pages of Rules and Manual of the House of House Calendar and ordered to be

has stated a question of personal privi- Representatives for the 83d Cong. (H. Doc. printed: lege and is recognized for 1 hour.

No. 564, 82d Cong., 2d sess.). R. refers to Resolved, That the Committee on the Ju- Mr. HOFFMAN of Michigan.

page of the daily CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, 83d Mr.

Cong., 1st sess. L. R. refers to page of the diciary, acting as a whole or by subcommit- Speaker, during this discussion an effort Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946, 79th tee, is authorized to make a full and com- will be made to confine it to the matters

Cong., Public Law 601.] plete investigation and study of the merits

set forth in this editorial. At a sub- To attain the objectives, facilitate the opof all claims against the United States for

sequent time, probably this evening if erations of the House Committee on Governcompensation for property damage, personal

ment Operations, the following statement of injuries, and death alleged to have been

time permits, I will take occasion to ancaused by the explosions which occurred swer the statements put in the RECORD

objectives and functions and rules are

adopted: at Texas City, Tex., on April 16 and 17, 1947. on Friday last, and I am asking considAs soon as practicable during the present eration of those statements by Mem

Objectives-Functions Congress the committee shall report to the bers of the House.

The first 15 words of the Constitution are House, or to the Clerk of the House if the

As I read those statements, they are

these: House is not in session, the results of its

All legislative powers herein granted shall extremely critical of my conduct as a investigation and study, together with its

be vested in a Congress of the United States." findings and such recommendations as it Representative of the House. I will be

To make effective use of that power, the deems advisable. very, very happy and grateful to you,

House created standing committees to assist For the purposes of this resolution the will appreciate your courtesy in reading it in writing legislation; in appraising the said committee, or any subcommittee there- them carefully, and then if you will be effectiveness of that legislation and in develof, is hereby authorized to sit and act dur

so generous as to listen to my subsequent oping such amendments or related legislaing the present Congress at such times and answer which I propose to make para

tion as may be deemed necessary to promote places within the United States whether

the general welfare of the people, preserve the House is in session, has recessed, or has graph by paragraph.

the security of the Nation. adjourned, to hold such hearings, and to I will read only part of this editorial,

To enable the standing committees of the require by subpena or otherwise the attend- and I read it because I also want to call

House to perform their duties, they have ance and testimony of such witnesses and your attention to another editorial from authority to call upon the executive departthe production of such books, records, cor- a different kind of a paper, a paper with ments to make available information which respondence, memoranda, papers, and docuAmerican views.

may be deemed necessary.1 ments, as it deems necessary. Subpenas may be issued over the signature of the

In addition to the authority conferred and I may say in the beginning that the

the duties imposed upon other standing chairman of the committee or any member Daily News of Los Angeles is one of those

committees of the House, the Government of the committee designated by him, and papers which takes a position to the ex- Operations Committee is also charged with may be served by any person designated by treme left of the position which, for over the duty of exercising continuous watchfulsuch chairman or member. The chairman

18 years, it has been my privilege to take ness over the execution by the administrative of the committee or any member thereof

agencies of the legislation adopted by Conmay administer oaths to witnesses. in this House. I would not say it is a

gress and with checking the expenditures of Communist paper, I do not think it is. With the following committee amend

those agencies so that ever greater economy It is what might be called a left-wing and efficiency may be obtained.? ment:

paper. It is a paper that vigorously and To attain its objectives, preliminary invesPage 1, line 3, after the word “merits", in

consistently supported the position of tigations, the taking of testimony, the maksert a comma and the words "if any." Dean Acheson and during a certain pe

ing of reports concisely and clearly stating

the facts, together with recommendations riod of time was an enthusiastic sup- of remedial methods and legislation, become COMMITTEE ON RULES

porter of Joe Stalin. In fairness I say necessary. Mr. ALLEN of Illinois. Mr. Speaker, that was not only at times when Stalin

Rules I ask unanimous consent that the Rules was not our ally but when he was. That Rule 1: (a) The rules of the House, insoCommittee may have until midnight to- information you should have in order to

far as they are applicable, shall govern the

committee and its subcommittees. night to file reports. give proper weight to these statements:

(b) The rules of the committee shall be The SPEAKER. Is there objection to

Representative CLARE HOFFMAN'S release the rules of the subcommittees. the request of the gentleman from Illi- of his subcommittee's report on the phony nois? public-housing hearing here without obtain

1 “It is, of course, well settled that ConThere was no objection.

ing the approval of the full House Govern-
ment Operations Committee of which he is

gress may make investigations in aid of chairman, has put the Republican Party into

legislation. E. g., McGrain v. Dougherty, SPECIAL ORDER GRANTED a pretty kettle of fish over the issue of

273 U. S. 135, 174, 47 S. Ct. 319, 71 L. Ed. 580, congressional morality.

50 A. L. R. 1; United States v. Norris, 300 Mr. HOFFMAN of Michigan asked

U. S. 564, 573, 57 S. Ct. 535, 81 L. Ed. 808. * * * and was given permission to address the

Now at the beginning we may assume Information gained by a committee of this House for 1 hour on today, 35 minutes

that the Daily News is not greatly wor- nature, provided its search for the truth on tomorrow and 25 minutes on Wednes- ried over any trouble that the Republican may not be frustrated by such obstructive

tactics as those employed by the appellant, day, following the legislative program Party may have gotten into. Hence let

might well aid Congress in performing its and any special orders heretofore en- us skip that part of it.

legislative duties, viz., in deciding that the tered.

HOFFMAN'S first violation of his own com- public welfare required the passage of new

mittee's rules occurred during the hearings statutes or changes in existing ones or that PERSONAL PRIVILEGE

in Los Angeles. They were televised, as you it did not."
no doubt have trouble forgetting.

United States v. Josephson (C. C. A. 2d
Mr. HOFFMAN of Michigan Mr.
Speaker, I rise to a question of personal

1947) 165 F. (20) 82, 89, cert. den. (1948) 333 Only the limited circulation of the

U. S. 838, rehearing den. 333 U. S. 858. privilege. News could have prevented it obtaining

2 Rule XI, sec. 8, House Rules 338, sec. 691; The SPEAKER. The gentleman will knowledge of the widespread approval of R. 17; L. R. 15, sec. 121 (b)-Rule XI (1) state his question of personal privilege. the hearings.


I might, by way of explanation, state Our rules provided—and I put that more could anyone ask, I do not know. that under the rules and I take consid- provision in myself our rules provided In Detroit our hearings were not teleerable pride in the opportunity I had to that hearings shall not be televised if vised because one member of the comwrite them, in outlining them first, in the witness objected. The written rules mittee, a member from the Labor Comsubmitting them to the committee, and do not now contain any provision on mittee who sat with us, thought they the adoption by the committee of those that subject-it was stricken but in all should not be, and with that I was in rules. Last week, appearing before the hearings conducted by me it is all left accord. House Committee on Rules, I filed a copy up to the discretion of the witness. And, Now, the reason why hearings are not of those rules with that group. You in California, when a witness or two, as televised, at least where I have anything know, they are considering the question I recall, did object, it was announced to say about it, are twofold. In the first of adopting rules of procedure for con- that the hearings would not, while they place, television in some communities is gressional investigations.

were on the stand, be televised. What

What comparatively new, and both witnesses

Rule 2: The regular meetings of the com- and may be served by any person designated Rule 19: Evidence received in executive mittee shall be held on the first and third by any such chairman or member.4

hearings shall not be released or included Wednesday of each month at 10 a. m., at Rule 10: Attendance at executive sessions in any report without the approval of a maroom No. 1501, New House Office Building, shall be limited to members of the commit- jority of the committee. at such other times as the chairman may tee or subcommittee and of the staff and

REPORTS appoint, and on the written request of a such other persons whose presence is re

Rule 20: No committee or subcommittee quorum of the committee.3 Subcommittee quested or consented to by the committee or meetings shall not be held when the full subcommittee.

report shall be made without the approval committee is meeting.

of a majority of the committee or subcom

Rule 11: All hearings conducted by the Rule 3: A majority of the committee shall

mittee; provided, however, that any memcommittee or any subcommittee shall be

ber of the committee or subcommittee may constitute a quorum; provided, however, that

open to the public, except executive sessions special subcommittees consisting of two or

make a report supplementary to or dissentfor marking up bills or where the commit

ing from the majority report. more members—at least one of whom shall

tee or subcommittee by a majority vote orbe a member of the minority-may be ap

Rule 21: No summary of a committee reders an executive session. pointed by the chairman, and, in such case,

port, prediction of the contents of such re

Rule 12: No one other than a member one member of the special subcommittee

port, or statement of conclusions concernof the committee or subcommittee as desig- ing any investigation should be made by a shall be a quorum for the purpose of tak

nated by the chairman or subcommittee ing sworn testimony only, provided that the

member of the committee or of the staff chairmen shall hold hearings. other member or members of the special

prior to the issuance of the report of the subcommittee shall have received reasonable

Rule 13: Hearings—the taking of testi- committee. notice thereof. Four members of a regular

mony—are to be conducted in an orderly, Rule 22: No member of the staff shall pubsubcommittee shall constitute a quorum.

dignified manner, the committee keeping in lish or release any report or statement allegRule 4: A member may vote by proxy on

mind the power of the Congress, the author- ing misconduct by any person in any matter any issue he may specify providing his proxy

ity of the committee, the attainment of the under investigation by the subcommittee.

objective sought, and the rights and priviis in writing, dated, and signed, but à proxy

Rule 23: No member of the staff shall, for may not be used for the purpose of creating leges of the witness.

compensation, publish any article or deliver a quorum.

any speech or lecture concerning the com

WITNESSES Rule 5: The chairman and the ranking

mittee or its activities while such person is

Rule 14: All witnesses at public or execuminority member of the committee shall be

a member of the staff. ex officio members of the regular subcom

tive hearings shall be sworn or shall affirm. Rule 24: Inasmuch as the chairman of the

Rule 15: So far as is practicable, all witmittees but not of special subcommittees

full committee is required to approve and unless appointed to such special subcom

nesses appearing before the committee or sign the vouchers for expenses, not only

subcommittee shall file advance written , those incurred by the full committee and its mittee, and shall have the right to vote on

statements of their proposed testimony and all matters pending before the regular sub

professional and clerical staff but by the committee. Any member of the committee

their oral testimony shall be limited to brief subcommittee employees and professional shall have the privilege of sitting with any

summaries of their argument. The staff staff, and to coordinate the activities of the regular subcommittee during its hearings or

shall prepare and furnish to the chairman committee and its subcommittees, the chair

of the committee (or subcommittee) before deliberations and may participate in them,

men of all subcommittees shall, before unbut shall not have authority to vote on any

each day's hearings, so far as is practicable, dertaking investigations or holding hearings, matter before the subcommittee. a short summary of the statement nd of

outline the purpose and scope of the proRule 6: Questions as to the order of busi.

what is expected to be developed by the tes- posed activity and furnish to the chairman ness, the procedure of the committee, or sub- timony of each witness.

an estimate of the expenses to be incurred. committee, shall, in the first instance, be

Rule 16: Any witness summoned at a Before employing personnel, the chairmen decided by the chairman, subject always to

public hearing, unless the committee or sub- of the subcommittees shall obtain the apan appeal to the committee or subcommittee. committee by a majority vote determines proval of the chairman to the employment

otherwise, may be accompanied by counsel and terms thereof. INVESTIGATIONS

who shall be permitted to advise the witness When submitting vouchers for the apRule 7: Investigations, insofar as possible,

as to his rights. Counsel shall not testify proval of the chairman, subcommittee chairshould always be made by experienced in- or make any statement without consent of a men shall certify that the disbursements dividuals of sound judgment and with the majority of the committee or subcommittee were necessary and reasonable in amount; single thought of obtaining the facts without present.

that the items for which charges are made in any way infringing upon the rights of

Rule 17: Members, as called upon by the

have been received; that the services for the citizen.

chairman, may, by clear, brief, and relevant which payment is sought have been renRule 8: No major investigation by a sub

questions, interrogate the witnesses, con- dered. committee shall be initiated without ap- suming—in the first instance—not more Rule 25: All subcommittee requests for proval of a majority of the subcommittee.

than 5 minutes. After each member has printing shall be filed with the clerk of the HEARINGS used or waived the 5 minutes allocated to committee and copies of hearings and re

ports of every nature shall, except as otherRule 9: For the purpose of performing him, other members may then continue their its duties, the committee, or any subcom

wise requested by the chairman, be delivinterrogation under the direction of the chairman.

ered to the committee. mittee thereof when authorized by the committee, is authorized to sit, hold hearings,

Rule 18: An accurate stenographic record

Rule 26: Inasmuch as the Legislative Reand act at such times and places within

organization Act of 1946, section 140 (a), shall be kept of all testimony. Any witness, the United States, whether or not the House by paying therefor, may have a stenographic

requires the Clerk of the House to collect is in session, is in recess, or has adjourned,

all committee records, each subcommittee transcript of his testimony given at public

shall file with the clerk of the committee to require by subpena or otherwise the at- hearings. The witness will be permitted, in

at the close of each Congress, all of its tendance of such witnesses and the pro- the presence of a member of the committee

records with an index in triplicate of all duction of such papers, documents, and staff, at the office of the committee, to ex

material filed. books, and to take such testimony as it amine the transcript of his own testimony On May 6, 1953, the following resolution deems necessary. Subpenas may be issued given at executive hearings, at such time

was adopted: under the signature of the chairman of the as may be specified by the chairman.

Resolved, That the chairman is authorized committee or of any subcommittee, or by any

to grant approval and authority on behalf of member designated by any such chairman, *Rule XI, sec. (8) (d), House Rules 338, the Committee to all subcommittees of the sec. 691; R. 17.

committee now or hereafter established to * Rule XI, sec. 24, House Rules 363 sec. • Rule XI, sec. 25 (f), House Rules 365, sec. have and exercise the powers, authority, and 734; R. 19. 735; R. 19; L. R. 22, sec. 133 (e).

functions granted to the committee by law

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