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every contributory private pension plan So I cannot see how it can be claimed in the hands of the public, then not only established by an employer, the benefits that those contributing to social secu
would the interest on the bonds have to to an individual will be greater than rity are to any extent paying for their
be raised by general taxation, but additional his contributions. insurance twice over.
general taxes would have to be levied to But does this fact make the plan any
cover the deficit in old-age and survivors It seems to me that the test as to
insurance operations. Current payroll taxless an insurance plan?
whether this is or is not an honest trust ation to create a reserve fund therefore When a man takes out a private life fund is the question whether, when this makes possible the use of interest, which insurance policy and pays a $50 pre- money is needed by the Social Security the Government has to raise by taxation mium, dies the next day, and his widow System, it can call upon the trust fund anyway, for a purpose which would otherreceives $5,000, is it any less insurance for the money without in any way in- wise require further general taxation on its because she gets a $4,950 windfall? creasing the Government debt.
own account. If you take out a fire insurance policy It can.
It is evident, therefore, that the existe
ence of a reserve fund, especially when crefor $50 and your house burns down the Certainly if you or I put some money
ated under conditions of deficit financing, next day and the insurance company aside as a reserve for some contingency
may tend to lighten the future burden of pays you $10,000 for your loss, is it any and when this contingency arises we are old-age and survivors insurance on the Fedless insurance because you received able to spend this money without in- eral budget. a $9,950 windfall? creasing our debts, we would have had
I also wish to quote the unanimous In short, the fundamental principle a real reserve. This is the case with the report of the 17 members of the Adviof insurance is a sharing or pooling of trust fund. risks with the income and outgo balanc
sory Council on Social Security in 1948 For those who wish to pursue this
on this point: ing over a period of time. The impor- subject in more detail I urge them to tant point is not so much what you call study the following statement made by
This reserve has been invested in United
States Government securities, which, in the the program as the essential principles the social-security committees of
opinion of the Council, represent the proper underlying it. American Life Convention, Life Insur
form of investment for these funds. We do DO YOU HAVE TO PAY TWICE? ance Association of America, and the
not agree with those who criticize this form National Association of Life Under
of investment on the ground that the GovA common charge against the present
writers February 1945, pages 36–37: ernment spends for general purposes the system is that the taxpayer will have to pay twice for social security. Once
Taxes paid in excess of outgo for old-age
money received from the sale of securities
to that fund. and survivors insurance have so far ac
Actually such investment when he pays his social security concumulated a reserve fund ** * all of which,
is as reasonable and proper as is the investtribution and again when he pays his except for a relatively small amount of cash,
ment by life-insurance companies of their general taxes to redeem the Government
own reserve funds in Government secuhas been invested in United States Governbond now held by the insurance fund.
rities. The fact that the Government uses ment bonds. In addition to the present This
the proceeds received from the sales of secharge has been repeatedly and future levy of payroll taxes on workers
curities to pay the costs of the war and its made. It has been repeatedly investi- and their employers, other taxes must be
other expenses is entirely legitimate. It no gated by outstanding private insurance levied in the future in order to pay interest
more implies mishandling of moneys reand social-security experts in the counand principal on these bonds. If this is so,
ceived from the sale of securities to the try, by representatives of employers, why, it is sometimes asked, should payroll
trust fund than it does of the moneys retaxes to create a reserve fund be collected employees and the public.
ceived from the sale of United States secuin the first place? In other words, it is
rities to life-insurance companies, banks, or They have uniformly and unaniclaimed by some that the investment of old
individuals. mously reported that the charge is false. age and survivors insurance receipts in
The investment of the old-age and surThe reason for the misunderstanding Government bonds is unsound, because the
vivors insurance funds in Government seis that while the taxpayer has to pay Government spends the money and the only
curities does not mean that people have twice, he doesn't pay twice for his social assets the system has to show for it are in
been or will be taxed twice for the same bensecurity. He pays twice because he pays effect Treasury I O U's to itself.
efits, as has been charged. The following
The first step in understanding the prob- example illustrates this point: Suppose for two separate things.
lem is to agree that payroll taxes are colIt has been alleged often that the
some year in the future the outgo under the lected so that workers may currently make Government spends the money in the
old-age and survivors insurance system a contribution to the support of the old
should exceed payroll tax receipts by $100 social-security trust fund for its current age and survivors insurance system from
million. If there were then $5 billion of expenses, but the reason that the Govwhich they hope later to benefit. The money
United States 2-percent bonds in the trust ernment spends the money when it might conceivably be held in the form of
fund, they would produce interest amountissues any of its bonds—including those cash to be used when needed. However, the
ing to $100 million a year. This interest which it has sold to the trust fundis Government must currently borrow large
would, of course, have to be raised by taxbecause the Congress has appropriated sums, and will later need similar large
ation. But suppose there were no bonds in amounts for refinancing at least some of its and authorized certain sums to be
the trust fund. In that event, $100 million to rapidly maturing obligations. It is rea
cover the deficit in the old-age and survivors spent. sonable for the old-age and survivors in
insurance system would have to be raised by This money would be spent anyway surance system, if it has funds available,
taxation; and, in addition, another $100 milwhether or not such a trust fund was to take advantage of this opportunity to lion would have to be raised by taxation to in existence. And if the Treasury did earn interest on its money by purchasing pay interest on $5 billion of Government not sell its bonds to the trust fund it Government bonds. Moreover, Government bonds owned by someone else. The bonds would have to raise the money in some
bonds held in the old-age and survivors in- would be in other hands because if the Gov
surance trust fund can be converted into ernment had not been able to borrow from other way-either by selling bonds to
cash. The regular Treasury issues held may the old-age and survivors insurance trust individuals, banks, insurance compa
be sold directly to the public and the spe- fund, it would have had to borrow the same nies, and so forth, or Congress would
cial Treasury issues which are not negotia- amount from other sources. In other words, have to raise additional taxes to find the
ble are redeemable by the Treasury which the ownership of the $5 billion in bonds by money which it had instructed the exec- can obtain the money by selling to the the old-age and survivors insurance system utive department to spend.
public an equivalent amount of its regular would prevent the $100 million from having Bonds sold to the trust fund are as securities.
to be raised twice, quite the opposite from much a part of the national debt as are
Furthermore, the apparent double taxa- the double taxation that has been charged. any other obligations of the Govern
tion does not involve an avoidable burden
if it can be assumed that the excess of ment. It is true, of course, that when
The members of the Advisory Council are income over outgo which creates the reserve these bonds mature all taxpayers will
in unanimous agreement with the statement fund is used by the Government for some have to contribute to paying them off.
of the Advisory Council of 1938 to the effect essential purpose, and does not by its exBut all taxpayers would have had to istence and availability stimulate unneces
that the present provisions regarding the incontribute to paying off these bonds in
vestment of the moneys in the old-age and sary expenditures. The purchasing of bonds by the old-age and survivors insurance sys
survivors insurance trust fund do not inany case owing to the action of Contem means that later on, when it needs
volve any misuse of these moneys or engress in appropriating the money. The fact that these sums were in
money in excess of payroll tax receipts in danger the safety of the funds. vested in the trust fund does not add order to pay benefits, the interest (raised of
BLANKETING-IN THE PRESENT AGED course by general taxation) on the bonds one nickel to the amount which the tax
will be available to meet the additional One proposal which has been made is payers would have had to pay anyway benefit load. However, if the bonds had that all the present retired aged who are in redeeming these bonds when due. not been bought by the system but were not receiving insurance benefits should
be blanketed-in under the insurance would eventually be equal to from 15 to
would eventually be equal to from 15 to able to give it very prompt consideraprogram for a minimum benefit.
20 percent of the contributions income,' tion. The Chamber of Commerce of the It is the interest credited to the trust We should do so. United States has made this proposal fund for the use of the taxpayers' money President Eisenhower's recommendaUnder their proposal the cost of blan- before he receives benefits which is one tions to this end should be given priority keting-in the uninsured aged-includ- of the factors which helps make it pos- over any study, public hearings, or leging 2,600,000 persons now receiving as- sible to pay a worker upon retirement, islative program on the whole subject of sistance would be paid out of current or his close relatives upon his death, social security. contributions made by employers and more than he has contributed.
Our social security system cannot be employees.
Under pay-as-you-go interest earn- successful unless we take the first step of Under the chamber's proposal Con- ings would no longer be a major source making it all-embracive so that all the gress would then eliminate Federal of income to the fund.
gainfully employed will be covered by grants to the States for old-age assist- The end result would inevitably be
some form of public retirement system. ance. This cost is now borne out of gen- that 25 years from now, perhaps one
The first step and one that should be eral revenues.
quarter of social-security benefits would taken without delay is to broaden coverI find it difficult to justify paying the have to be paid from general taxes. age to the end that those not now procost of any benefits to uninsured persons Estimates are that this amount which tected are provided for. out of the contributions made on behalf would have to be charged to the general
As I have pointed out there are many of contributors to the insurance system taxpayer under a pay-as-you-go plan
taxpayer under a pay-as-you-go plan improvements that we should make in for their own future protection. might well be between two and two and
our social security program, but I beWe would be breaking faith with the one-half billion dollars a year. This
lieve we must put first things first.
I believe that we cannot go into every employees and self-employed persons of would be more than twice the $900 milthis country who have paid social-secu- lion we are now paying out of general
lion we are now paying out of general proposal that everyone has ever made rity taxes if we were to use part of their revenues for old-age assistance.
and try and decide which are good and contributions to pay benefits to persons Some students of social security have which are bad. If we were to do this, it who had not contributed a single cent to suggested a plan by which one-third of
would take several years and in the the system.
the cost would be borne by the employer, meantime the people who are still exRETIREMENT TEST
one-third by the employee, and one-third cluded from the insurance system would
. Under the present law benefits are paid from general taxation,
be losing very valuable rights and very
valuable benefits. only to persons who have retired. This There might be merit to this sugges
I believe, therefore, that it is urgent was one of the principles upon which the tion, but we should not adopt policies
that we take immediate steps to extend calculations as to the amount of taxes to
which would inevitably result in such a
program without very carefully weigh- while, at the same time, study all of the be paid by employer and employee was
the coverage of the insurance system based. ing the consequences.
other changes that need to be made. Today a man is considered to have re- Under such a plan by 1980 somewhere
I recognize that there are many probtired only if he does not earn $75 a between three and four billion dollars lems connected with extending insurance month. This figure seems to me to be might have to be charged to the gen
coverage to the farmers and to the farmunrealistic. It is almost impossible for eral taxpayer.
hands and domestic help not covered by a worker to find even a part-time steady
It is because of the extreme impor- the present program. job which would pay him as little as this, tance of making such a basic change in
The problem has been studied by many and with the high cost of living it is dif- our program, without the most careful expert groups and all of them are conficult for the retired man to make both study, that I am opposing at this time
study, that I am opposing at this time vinced that there are no administrative ends meet.
the suggestion which has been made that or social reasons why we should delay in Certainly he should be allowed to earn we should freeze the social security tax extending protection to those not now at least $100 a month and still receive his for the coming year at 112 percent and
covered. social-security benefits, and I have intro
not allow it to rise to 2 percent as pro- The farmers, doctors, and other groups duced a bill to this effect. vided in the present law.
who are not covered are already helping However, if the retirement test were We are today making promises as to
to pay for the retirement benefit of the eliminated completely, it would cost the how much to pay those who retire in the
persons who are covered. Part of this system immediately $1,400,000,000 a year
distant future. To make no provision to cost is included in part in the price the and eventually from two to three billion raise the money to pay our promises individual pays for the manufactured a year more than at present.
to say to our children and grandchil- product he buys. It is only right and So I believe that it would be sounder dren: We made the promises, it is up to
proper that part of the cost of old-age to keep the retirement test but to liberal- you to fulfill them-seems to me to be protection be included in the price of ize it to meet current needs. cowardly.
the product which everyone buys.
But while the farmer and doctor is I have tried to briefly review some of paying for the old-age security of the In recent years there has been a good
the major changes we need in our social worker he is not now building up any deal of sentiment in favor of a so-called
security program. I have also pointed retirement protection for himself and pay-as-you-go financing plan instead of
out some of the problems which need his family, and what is of even greater the reserve financing embodied in the
further study and clarification. present law. A number of distinguished
importance to him, he is not building
The important thing is that we should up any insurance protection for his fampersons in business, finance, and insurance have stated that they are in favor
preserve the good features in our present ily in case of his premature death. of pay-as-you-go.
program and strengthen any weak spots If there are any individuals among we may find.
the noncovered group who do not wish Obviously, there is much in such a pol
President Eisenhower has recommendicy that seems attractive. However, I be
to be covered, they must remember that lieve that we must give very careful study
ed that the insurance system be extend- the system cannot become an unqualito the problem before we shift to such a
ed to cover the millions of persons who fied success without the broader cover
are excluded. The Secretary of the Deplan. There are some very important
age, and that, as is so often the case in a partment of Health, Education, and Wel- democratic Republic such as ours, they policy questions which must be decided before making a radical change from our
fare, Mrs. Oveta Culp Hobby, stated in must sacrifice their individual wishes to
the radio and television program conpresent method of financing.
the good of the greater number. ducted by President Eisenhower on June For instance, if we enact the so-called
Federal old-age and survivors insur3, 1953, that the administration will pay-as-you-go plan, how will we make up
ance is basically sound. We should take shortly send to the Congress a piece of the necessary steps promptly to expand the loss of interest which now accrues legislation which will extend the cover- and improve it. I shall make every effort under our reserve system? Will we in- age of old-age and survivors insurance to urge the Congress to strengthen the crease the taxes on employees or employ- benefits to millions not now covered. insurance system so that it will be a ers or will we make up the loss by a Gov- I hope that when this legislation is better and sounder program for all the ernment subsidy? The loss in interest transmitted to the Congress we will be American people.
VOICE OF AMERICA
formation program for weeks and dailies and 61 weeklies in the provinces, Mr. McCORMACK. Mr. Speaker, I months to come: To shoot arrow after 83 literary, legal, medical, engineering, ask unanimous consent to address the arrow into that Achilles' heel of com- agricultural, and other journals, comic House for 15 minutes and to revise and munism, and I would like to see the pro- books for children, films and pamphlets extend my remarks and include a chart, gram kept equipped with a good bow and and leaflets and posters in immense if it is eligible to be printed, and also à a full quiver.
quantities, radio broadcasts in French letter from the national commander of We must all, you know, recognize the from Moscow, Budapest, Warsaw, and the American Legion.
sobering fact that, against our arrows Prague—all these are among the big, The SPEAKER. Is there objection to of propaganda, the Communist Party is booming guns in the French Communist the request of the gentleman from Mas- using guns of propaganda. If once this armory. The party puts between thirtysachusetts ?
month the Communists have committed five and thirty-eight million dollars into There was no objection.
a grave miscalculation, once this month its propaganda funds and 14,000 men Mr. MCCORMACK. Mr. Speaker, the they have also achieved a brilliant suc- and women into its propaganda personappropriations we are considering here cess—and that was in Italy. In Italy, nel, and the funds are simply the top of today are of extreme importance to in the vote for the Communist candidates an iceberg. The part underneath, the ternational security of the United States. increased over the vote for 1948. The money spent by front organizations and The peaceful stable world which we all Italian Communist Party, largest in the covert activities, is many times larger hoped for and expected after the end of Western World, does not conduct propa. than the part above the surface. It is the last war has never come about. In- ganda only in certain selected areas, and all the same story again. For every stead of international friendship and co
at certain selected times-election times. American information dollar in France, operation for world progress we are
It conducts propaganda all over Italy there are, at the.very least, 7 Communist faced today with acute international all the time—every day in the week. dollars; for every American information tension. Our Nation has been forced to The ramifications of its highly organized, worker, 61 Communist workers. The make severe economic sacrifices in order intensely implacable effort are stagger-arrow and the firecracker versus the gun to protect our security. We have made ing. To judge that effort by its mani- and the grenade. great sacrifices on the field of battle fold surface manifestations, and by con- It has been said before, and it should in order to protect our Nation and the servative intelligence estimates, it throws be said again, especially here and now, rest of the free world from aggression, 106,000 full-time workers and $24 million here in the House of the greatest country With the world in its present state, into propaganda every year. For every in the world, now, in this critical year of armed strength must necessarily inter- one American dollar spent on informa. 1953, so please permit me to say it: The fere with some of those great material tion in Italy, the Communists spend Communists put more effort into two advantages which our Nation enjoys. three and a half dollars. For every 1 countries, Italy and France, than we put I do not need to tell you who is re
American employee thrown into infor- into our effort throughout the world. sponsible for this sorry state of world mation work, the Communists throw Counting their effort in all countries, affairs. You all know that one nation 329. Some of their workers work gratis, Italy and France, inclusive, the Commuonly has destroyed world peace and cre- out of zeal. Others are provided by the nists outspend us, by at least sixteen and ated the present crisis. You all know party with jobs in front organizations, a half dollars to one, and they outman that one nation alone is trying to destroy and in private businesses. It is the us, by at least 166 workers to 1, in the the free countries of the world by ag- humiliating situation of the arrow ver- continuing war for men's minds. It is gression from without and subversion sus the gun, the firecracker versus the they, in short, who are fighting a war. from within. That nation is no democ- hand grenade.
We are fighting only a battle. Throughracy, it is a dictatorship of the worst What about France, the keystone of out the world, the Communists choose type. It is ruled by a small handful of the arch of European defense? If we to be major league. We choose to be cruel tyrants.
recognize it as the keystone, so do the minor league. Our country on the other hand is great Communists, you can be sure. With I do not claim that we should match because it has high ideals and because national elections taking place even- them dollar for dollar or worker for it stands on a firm moral foundation. tually in that country—and they may worker. Thank God, we have truth on Those ideals and those morals will not take place soon-what kind of apparatus our side, and you cannot estimate the permit us to wage unprovoked war. We will the Communists put to work? Tre- dollar potency of that. But we do have are the strongest nation in the world, mendous though the apparatus in Italy
mendous though the apparatus in Italy to make the truth known. It is one of but we fight only when attacked. No may be, the apparatus in France almost the paradoxes of our times that Communation need fear our strength unless it takes one's breath away. In France, nists, who are materialists, believe in is bent on aggression.
communism is practically a big business. making a powerful appeal to that spirWe have set the U.S. S. R. back on its It works with a big business budget and
It works with a big business budget and itual element in man: his mind and his heels. Despite the sacrifices we have operates at a big business profit. In- heart. They believe in putting immense made, we are in a very favorable posi- deed, communism in France might well amounts of money, immense accumulation and we cannot afford to relax our be said to be a state within a state.
tions of time and effort and conviction efforts. The people now understand the Communism controls the largest labor and fanaticism, into their detestable lies. Soviet menace and they are united union in France. There are thousands
There are thousands How much do we believe in putting into against it. The free nations understand of Communists in the French civil serv- our truth? this menace and are rapidly moving to ice. Three daily newspapers in Paris, 14 The chart referred to follows: strengthen themselves. When Americans are united and determined nothing
Balance sheet—the price of propaganda can stand before them. We must not relax our vigilance mili
Propaganda workers tarily or psychologically. The international information program must be
Communists United States Communists United States effectively continued. Now more than ever the United States Italy.
$10,000,000-$14,000,000 $4,021, 294 106, 516
329 Ratio. information program is an essential
312 to 1
324 to 1
14, 659 |
238 weapon in our armament of cold war. Ratio.
61 to 1 A few weeks ago the Communists in East
$1,600,000,000 $96, 047, 000 2,000,000
12, 220 Ratio...
1612 to 1
16612 to 1 Germany committed a grave miscalcu
1 lation. I want to see that miscalculation-their treatment of the workers of
with front organizations, with businesses, Soviet sector of Berlin-played up, and
and with Government bureaus.
1. If the personnel ratios shown on the played up again, so that every wage
In Italy, for example, in addition to the chart are higher than the dollar ratio, it is earner in the world will know about it,
106,000 full-time propagandists, it is estibecause many Communist propaganda work- mated that there are at least 360,000 perand think about it, and never forget it. ers serve gratis, out of zeal. Others are sons devoting part of their time to propaThat will be one of the tasks of the in- placed by the party in remunerative jobs ganda work.
7.2 to 1
2. The figure of $1,600,000,000 (spent for Public Works of the House by General
ADJOURNMENT overt Communist propaganda activities Reybold.
Mr. HALLECK. Mr. Speaker, I move only) does not include the propaganda ex- Mr. HELLER (at the request of Mr. that the House do now adjourn. penditures in Red China or the majority of
SHELLEY) in two instances and to include international front organizations and un
The motion was agreed to; accorddercover propaganda. two newspaper articles.
ingly (at 5 o'clock and 15 minutes p. m.)
Mr. PRICE in four instances and to in3. The figures shown on this chart are
the House adjourned until tomorrow, based on conservative estimates furnished clude extraneous matter. by United States Government sources. Mr. King of California and to include July 15, 1953, at 12 o'clock noon.
an address THE AMERICAN LEGION,
Mr. JONES of Alabama and to include EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATIONS, ETC. Washington, D. C., July 13, 1953. a letter.
Under clause 2 of rule XXIV, executive Hon. JOHN W. MCCORMACK,
Mr. MAGNUSON and to include an edi- communications were taken from the House Office Building, torial.
Speaker's table and referred as follows: Washington, D. C.
Mr. RHODES of Pennsylvania in two DEAR CONGRESSMAN MCCORMACK: The instances.
843. A letter from the Comptroller General American Legion, in formal resolutions
of the United States, transmitting a report
Mr. O'HARA of Illinois in four instances. adopted at its national conventions in 1950,
on the audit of the Panama Canal Company
Mr. MILLER of California to revise and 1951, and 1952, has stated that the way to
and the Canal Zone Government for the year victory in the battle for peace is to win the
extend the remarks he expects to make ended June 30, 1952, pursuant to the Governstruggle for the minds of men.
on the bill H. R. 6049 to appear in the ment Corporation Control Act (31 U, S. C. The American Legion thus has called for a Appendix.
841) and the Budget and Accounting Act, revitalized and independent overseas infor- Mr. McCARTHY and to include an edi- 1921 (31 U. S. C. 53) (H. Doc. No. 207); to the
Committee on Government Operations, and mation campaign, and it now stands squarely torial. behind the President's proposal of Reorgani
ordered to be printed.
Mr. DAVIS of Wisconsin to include in zation Plan No. 8 for that purpose.
844. A letter from the Secretary of Comhis remarks on the supplemental appro- merce, transmitting a report of the activities The House Appropriations Committee, priation bill certain extraneous mate- providing war-risk insurance and certain however, has recommended a cut of about rial.
marine and liability insurance for the Amer33 percent of President Eisenhower's request. This actually will amount to approximately
ican public, for the quarter ended June 30,
Mr. SMITH of Wisconsin in three in50 percent cut in the program after payment stances and to include extraneous matter. 1953, pursuant to Public Law 763, 81st Conof liquidation costs. We are convinced that
gress; to the Committee on Merchant Marine Mr. SIEMINSKI in two instances and to
and Fisheries. this represents too small an appropriation include extraneous matter.
845. A letter from the Acting Secretary of The American Legion, therefore, requests Mr. HAGEN of Minnesota and to in
the Treasury, transmitting a draft of a prothat the Congress appropriate sufficient clude extraneous matter.
posed bill entitled “A bill to authorize the funds to assure a vigorous and successful
Mr. PATTERSON (at the request of Mr. Coast Guard to accept, operate, and maincampaign in the war now raging throughout HALLECK) in two instances and to include tain a certain defense housing facility at the world for the minds of men. Now is not the time to cripple this vital activity; inextraneous matter.
Cape May, N. J.”; to the Committee on Mer
chant Marine and Fisheries. stead, now is the time to strike at the weak.
846. A letter from the Acting Commission. nesses and strife behind the Iron Curtain. The restrictions imposed by the House
SENATE BILLS REFERRED er, Immigration and Naturalization Service,
Department of Justice, transmitting copies commitee also would prevent any strength- A joint resolution of the Senate of the
of orders entered in cases where the authorening of the existing units of the agency.
following title was taken from the Speak- ity contained in section 212 (d) (3) of the To hold the various information programs
er's table and, under the rule, referred Immigration and Nationality Act was exerto personnel limitations of two-thirds of as follows:
cised in behalf of such aliens, pursuant to those now employed would have the effect of freezing each operation into a status quo S. J. Res. 97. Joint resolution to amend the
section 212 (d) (6) of the Immigration and
Nationality Act; to the Committee on the which the reorganization plan is intended to International Wheat Agreement Act of 1949;
Judiciary. improve. Such a limitation is completely to the Committee on Banking and Currency.
847. A letter from the Executive Secretary, contrary to the mandate of the American
National Munitions Control Board, transmitLegion. As their national commander, I know that
ENROLLED BILLS SIGNED
ting the semiannual report of the National
Munitions Control Board for the period July the strengthening of this propaganda cam- Mr. LECOMPTE, from the Committee 1, 1952, to December 31, 1952, pursuant to paign of the United States is a matter of direct interest to Legionnaires-as it is to all
on House Administration, reported that subsection (h), section 12 of the Neutrality Americans.
that committee had examined and found Act of 1939 (Public Resolution 54, 76th We will, therefore, appreciate very much truly enrolled bills of the House of the Cong.); to the Committee on Foreign Affairs. what you personally can do to make certain, following titles, which were thereupon in this field, that the United States does not signed by the Speaker:
REPORTS OF COMMITTEES ON PUBcome up with too little, too late.
H. R. 5451. An act to amend the wheatSincerely yours,
LIC BILLS AND RESOLUTIONS marketing quota provisions of the AgriculLEWIS K. GOUGH, tural Adjustment Act of 1938, as amended,
Under clause 2 of rule XIII, reports National Commander. and for other purposes; and
of committees were delivered to the Clerk H. R. 5710. An act to amend further the for printing and reference to the proper
Mutual Security Act of 1951, as amended, and calendar, as follows: EXTENSION OF REMARKS for other purposes.
Mr. MILLER of Nebraska: Committee on By unanimous consent, permission to
Interior and Insular Affairs. S. 630. An act extend remarks in the Appendix of the
BILLS PRESENTED TO THE
to authorize the conveyance for public-school RECORD, or to revise and extend remarks,
purposes of certain Federal land in Gettys
PRESIDENT was granted to:
burg National Military Park, and for other Mr. BURDICK.
Mr. LECOMPTE, from the Committee purposes; without amendment (Rept. No. on House Administration, reported that
783). Referred to the Committee of the Mr. LOVRE. that committee did on July 13, 1953, pre
Whole House on the State of the Union. Mr. HARVEY and to include an editosent to the President, for his approval, Interior and Insular Affairs. H. R. 5328.
Mr. MILLER of Nebraska: Committee on rial. Mr. ROBSION of Kentucky and to inbills of the House of the following titles:
A bill to provide for the use of the tribal clude an editorial.
H. R. 4072. An act relating to the disposi- funds of the Ute Mountain Tribe of the Ute
tion of certain former recreational demon- Mountain Reservation, to authorize a per Mr. WOLVERTON in three instances and
stration project lands by the Commonwealth capita payment out of such funds, and for to include extraneous matter.
of Virginia to the School Board of Mecklen- other purposes; with amendment (Rept. No. Mr. PRESTON to revise and extend the burg County, Va.;
784). Referred to the Committee of the remarks he expects to make in Commit- H. R. 5302. An act to provide for an addi- Whole House on the State of the Union. tee of the Whole during general debate
tional Assistant Postmaster General in the Mr. ARENDS: Committee on Armed Servon the bill H. R. 6200 and to include Post Office Department; and
ices. H. R. 5509. A bill to amend the Armyextraneous matter.
H. R. 6054. An act to amend the act of Navy Medical Service Corps Act of 1947 relat
April 6, 1949, to provide for additional emerMr. DEMPSEY and to include a state
ing to the percent of colonels in the Medigency assistance to farmers and stockmen, cal Service Corps, Regular Army; without ment made before the Committee on and for other purposes.
amendment (Rept. No. 785). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House on the Miss THOMPSON of Michigan: Committee maintenance of airports by the AdministraState of the Union.
on the Judiciary. H. R. 917. A bill for the tor of Civil Aeronautics, and for other purMr. HOPE: Committee of conference. H. R. relief of Luigi Lotito; without amendment poses; to the Committee on Interstate and 5451. A bill to amend the wheat market- (Rept. No. 795). Referred to the Committee Foreign Commerce. ing quota provisions of the Agricultural of the Whole House.
By Mr. HOFFMAN of Michigan: Adjustment Act of 1938, as amended, and Mr. HILLINGS: Committee on the Judi- H. R. 6279. A bill to amend title VI of the for other purposes (Rept. No. 786). Ordered ciary. H. R. 953. A bill for the relief of Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946, as to be printed.
Jekabs Lenbergs; with amendment (Rept. amended, with respect to the retirement of
Committee on Post Office and Civil Service.
By Mr. REED of Illinois: VATE BILLS AND RESOLUTIONS ciary. H. R. 1124. A bill for the relief of H. R. 6280. A bill to extend temporarily the Under clause 2 of rule XIII, reports of No. 797). Referred to the Committee of the certain nationals of Germany with
respect to Gerda Goerauch; with amendment (Rept. rights of priority of nationals of Japan and ommittees were delivered to the Clerk Whole House.
applications for patents; to the Committee for printing and reference to the proper
Mr. WALTER: Committee on the Judiciary. on the Judiciary. calendar as follows: H. R. 1160. A bill for the relief of Cornelio
By Mr. REES of Kansas: Mr. BURDICK: Committee on the Judi- and Lucia Tequillo; with amendment (Rept. H. R. 6281. A bill to abolish free transmisciary. H. 'R. 806. A bill for the relief of No. 798). Referred to the Committee of the sion of official Government mail matter and Sullivan Construction Co.; without amend- Whole House.
certain other mail matter; to the Committee ment (Rept. No. 778). Referred to the Com- Mr. GRAHAM: Committee on the Judiciary. on Post Office and Civil Service. mittee of the Whole House. H. R. 1358. A bill for the relief of Dr. Mar
By Mr. REGAN: Mr. LANE: Committee on the Judiciary. celino J. Avecilla and Dr. Teodora A. Fide- H. R. 6282. A bill to terminate Federal H. R. 1130. A bill for the relief of Golda I. lino-Avecilla; without amendment (Rept. trust responsibility to the Alabama and Stegner; with amendment (Rept. No. 779). No. 799). Referred to the Committee of the Coushatta Tribes of Indians of Texas, and Referred to the Committee of the Whole Whole House.
for other purposes; to the Committee on House.
Mr. WALTER: Committee on the Judiciary. Interior and Insular Affairs. Mr. JONAS of Illinois: Committee on the H. R. 1496. A bill for the relief of Mrs. Her
By Mr. SHORT: Judiciary. H. R. 1689. A bill to confer jur- mine Lamb; with amendment (Rept. No. H. R. 6283. A bill to facilitate the settleisdiction upon the Tax Court of the United 800). Referred to the Committee of the ment of the accounts of deceased members of States to hear, determine, and render judg- Whole House.
the uniformed services, and for other purment upon a certain claim of the United
Miss THOMPSON of Michigan: Committee poses; to the Committee on Armed Services. States against the Frank M. Hill Machine Co., on the Judiciary. H. R. 1649. A bill for the H. R. 6284. A bill to authorize the Secretary Inc., of Walpole, Mass.; with amendment relief of Mrs. Gisela Walter Sizemore; with- of the Navy to transfer to the Common(Rept. No. 780). Referred to the Committee out amendment (Rept. No. 801). Referred wealth of Puerto Rico certain lands and imof the Whole House.
to the Committee of the Whole House. provements at the United States Naval StaMr. BURDICK: Committee on the Judi
Mr. WALTER: Committee on the Judiciary. tion, San Juan, P. R., in exchange for certain ciary. H. R. 5093. A bill for the relief of H. R. 1674. A bill for the relief of Setsuko other lands; to the Committee on Armed Mrs. Dorothy J. Williams, widow of Melvin
Motohara Kibler, widow of Robert Eugene Services. Edward Williams; without amendment Kibler; with amendment (Rept. No. 802). By Mr. THOMPSON of Louisiana: (Rept. No. 781). Referred to the Committee Referred to the Committee of the whole H. R. 6285. A bill to amend the Public of the Whole House. House.
Health Service Act to improve the leprosy Mr. ARENDS: Committee on Armed Serv
Mr. WALTER: Committee on the Judiciary. ices. H. R. 5416. A bill to authorize the H. R. 2162. A bill for the relief of Cyril
situation in the United States, and for other
purposes; to the Committee on Interstate and advancement of certain lieutenants on the
Claude Andersen, Patricia Andersen Hill, and Foreign Commerce. retired list of the Navy; without amendment Thelma Andersen McNeill; with amendment
By Mr. KEATING: (Rept. No. 782). Referred to the Committee
(Rept. No. 803). Referred to the Committee H. R. 6286. A bill granting the consent of of the Whole House. of the Whole House.
Congress to a compact between the State of Mr. GRAHAM: Committee on the Judici
Mr. WALTER: Committee on the Judiciary. New Jersey and the State of New York known ary. S. 247. An act for the relief of Frans
H. R. 2602. A bill for the relief of Elzbieta as the waterfront commission compact, and Gunnink; without amendment (Rept. No.
Grzymkowska Jarosz; without amendment for other purposes; to the Committee on the 787). Referred to the Committee of the
(Rept. No. 804). Referred to the Committee Judiciary. Whole House. of the Whole House.
By Mr. REED of New York: Mr. GRAHAM: Committee on the Judici.
Mr. GRAHAM: Committee on the Judi- H. R. 6287. A bill to extend and amend the aryS. 385. An act for the relief of Anna
ciary. H. R. 2622. A bill for the relief of Renegotiation Act of 1951; to the Committee Solenniani; without amendment (Rept. No.
Maria Teresa Ortega Perez; with amendment on Ways and Means. 788). Referred to the Committee of the
(Rept. No. 805). Referred to the Committee Whole House.
By Mr. DAWSON of Utah: of the Whole House.
H. R. 6288. A bill to amend the Internal Mr. GRAHAM: Committee on the Judici
Miss THOMPSON of Michigan: Committee Revenue Code to provide that State welfare ary. S. 781. An act for the relief of Dr.
on the Judiciary. H. R. 2623. A bill for the Jacob Griffel; without amendment (Rept. No.
agencies may be furnished with information relief of Jose M. Thomasa-Sanchez; with regarding the income-tax exemptions 789). Referred to the Committee of the
amendment (Rept. No. 806). Referred to claimed by individuals receiving or applying Whole House.
the Committee of the Whole House. Mr. GRAHAM: Committee on the Judici.
for certain public assistance benefits; to the
Mr. GRAHAM: Committee on the Judi- Committee on Ways and Means. ary. S. 1791. An act for the relief of Leong ciary. H. R. 3728. A bill for the relief of
By Mr. HALEY: Walk Hong; without amendment (Rept. No.
Helen Gertrude Koubek; with amendment 790). Referred to the Committee of the
H. R. 6289. A bill to declare that the United (Rept. No. 807). Referred to the Committee States holds certain lands for the Seminole Whole House. of the Whole House.
Tribe of Florida; to the Committee on InMr. GRAHAM: Committee on the Judici
terior and Insular Affairs. ary. Senate Concurrent Resolution 34. Concurrent resolution favoring the granting
By Mrs. HARDEN:
H. R. 6290. A bill to discontinue certain re. of the status of permanent residence to cer- PUBLIC BILLS AND RESOLUTIONS tain aliens; with amendment (Rept. No. 791).
ports now required by law; to the Committee Referred to the Committee of the whole
Under clause 4 of rule XXII, public on Government Operations. House. bills and resolutions were introduced and
By Mr. TALLE: Mr. GRAHAM: Committee on the Judici- severally referred as follows:
H. R. 6291. A bill authorizing the construcary. H. R. 723. A bill for the relief of Mrs.
tion of flood-control works on the upper
By Mr. ALLEN of California: Fumiko Sawai Skovran; with amendment
Iowa River, Iowa; to the Committee on Pub
H. R. 6276. A bill to amend the Ship Mort(Rept. No. 792). Referred to the Committee
lic Works. gage Act, 1920, as amended; to the Commit. of the Whole House.
By Mr. BERRY: tee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries. Miss THOMPSON of Michigan: Committee
H. J. Res. 298. Joint resolution authorizing
By Mr. CURTIS of Nebraska: on the Judiciary. H. R. 752. A bill for the
an appropriation for the construction, exten
H. R. 6277. A bill to amend the Internal relief of Francoise Bresnahan; with amend
sion, and improvement of a grade-school ment (Rept. No. 793). Referred to the Com
Revenue Code with respect to the time of fil- building in the town of Mission, S. Dak.; to mittee of the Whole House,
ing of noncorporate income-tax returns, and the Committee on Interior and Insular AfMiss THOMPSON of Michigan: Committee
for other purposes; to the Committee on fairs. on the Judiciary. H. R. 907. A bill for the Ways and Means.
By Mr. PATTERSON: relief of Wolodymyr Hirniak; with amend
By Mr. FALLON:
H. J. Res. 299. Joint resolution providing ment (Rept. No. 794). Referred to the Com- H. R. 6278. A bill to declare a policy with for a survey of Newington Hospital, Newingmittee of the Whole House,
respect to the operation, management, or ton, Conn., to determine the feasibility of