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AN ACT to proride for the organization and maintenance of the Illinois Industrial
University. Section 1. Be it enneted by the People of the State of Illinois, represented in the General Assembly, That it shall be the duty of the governor of this state, withio ten dars from the passage of this act, to appoint five trustees, resident in each of the judical grand divisions of this state, who, together with one additional trustev, resident in each of the congressional districts of this state, to be appointed in like Danner, with their associates and successors, shall be a body corporate and politic, to be styled - The Board of Trustees of the Illinois Industrial University;" and by that name and style shall have perpetual succession, have power to contract and be contracted with, sue and be sued, to plead and to be impleaded, to acquire, bold and convey real and personal property; to have and use a common seal, and to alter the same at pleasure ; to make and establish by-laws, and to alter and repeal the same as they shall deem necessary, for the management or government, in all its various departments and relations, of the Illinois Industrial University, for the organization and endowment of which provision is made by this act. Said appointments to be subject to approval or rejection by the senate at its next regular session thereafter, and the appointees to be and they are hereby authorized to act as trustees as aforesaid, until their successors shall be appointed by the governor and soch appointment shall be approved by the senate.
$ 2. The members of the board of trustees, and their successors, shall hold their ofice for the term of six years each: Provided, That at the first regular meeting of said board, the said members shall determine, by lot, so that, as nearly as may be, ore-third shall hold their office for two years, one-third for four years, and one. third for six years from the first day of said meeting. The governor, by and with the advice and consent of the senate, shall fill all vacancies which may at any time oceur by expiration of term of office, or otherwise, in said board, by appointment of suitable persons resident in the respective grand divisions and congressional distriets in which such vacancies may occur. Said board of trustees may appoint an executive committee of their own number, who, when said board is not in session, shall have the management and control of the same, and for that purpose bave and exercise all the powers hereby conferred on said board which are necessary and proper for such object.
§ 3. In case the board of trustees shall at any time determine to establish a branch or department of said University at any points elected by them, such branch or department shall be under the control of the members of said board residing in the grand division and congressional district where such branch shall be located, unless otherwise ordered by said board of trustees: Provided, That no portion of the funds resulting from the congressional grant of land for the endowment of said University, or from any donation now or hereafter to be made by the county, city or town at or pear which the University is located, and no portion of the interest or proceeds of either of said funds, shall ever be applied to the support of any branch or department located outside of the county wherein said Uuiversity is located by this act.
§ 4. The first regular meeting of the board of trustees shall be held at such place as the governor may designate, on the second Tuesday in March, A. D. 1867, at which meeting they shall elect a regent of the University, who, together with the governor, superintendent of public instrnction, and president of the state agricultural society, shall be, ex officio, members of said board of trustees. Said regent, if
present, shall preside at all meetings of the board of trustees and of the faculty, and shall be charged with the general supervision of the educational facilities and interests of the University. His term of office shall be two years, and his compensation shall be fixed by the board of trustees.
$ 5. At the first, and at each biennial meeting thereafter, it shall be the duty of the board to appoint a treasurer, who shall not be a member of the board, and who shall give bonds, with such security as the board of trustees shall deem amply sufficient to guard the University from danger of loss or diminution of the funds intrusted to his care. The trustees may appoint, also, the corresponding secretary, whose duty it shall be, under the direction or with the approval of the trustees, to issue circulars, directions for procuring needful materials for conducting experiments, and eliciting instructive information from persons in various counties, selected for that purpose, and skilled in any branch of agricultural, mechanical and industrial art; and to do all other acts needful to enable him to prepare an annual report regarding the progress of the University, in each department thereof-recording any improvements and experiments made, with their costs and results, and such other matters, including state, industrial and economical statistics, as may be supposed useful; not less than five thousand copies of which reports shall be published annually, and one copy be transmitted by said corresponding secretary, by mail, free, to cach of the other colleges endowed under the provisions of an act of congress, approved July 2, 1862, entitled “An act donating lands to the several states and territories which may provide colleges for the benefit of agriculture and the me. chanic arts;” one copy to the United States secretary of the interior; and one thousand copies to the secretary of state of this state, for the state library, and for distribution among the members of the general assembly. Also, a recording secretary, whose duty it shall be to keep faithful record of the transactions of the boa:d of trustees, and prepare the same for publication in said annual report. The said treasurer, corresponding and recording secretaries to receive such compensation as the trustees may, fix, and to be paid in the same manner as the teachers aud other employees of the University are paid.
$ 6. No money shall be drawn from the treasury of the University, except by order of the board of trustees, on warrant of the regent, drawn upon the troasurer and countersigned by the recording secretary.
$ 7. The trustees shall have power to provide the requisite buildings, apparatus and conveniences; to fix the rates for tuition; to appoint such professors and instructors, and establish and provide for the management of such model farms, model art, and other departments and professorships, as may be required to teach, in the most thorough manner, such branches of learning as are related to agricul. ture and the mechanic arts, and military tactics, without excluding other scientific and classical studies. They may accept the endowments of voluntary professorships or departments in the University, from any person or persons or corporations who may proffer the same, and, at any regular meeting of the board, may prescribe rules and regulations in relation to such endowments, and declare on what general prinples they may be admitted : Provided, That such special voluntary endowments or professorships shall not be incompatible with the true design and scope of the act of congress, or of this act; and they shall, as far as practicable, arrange all the regular and more important courses of study and lectures in the University, so that the students may pass through and attend upon them during the six autumn and winter months, and be left free to return to their several practical arts and industries at
bome during the six spring and summer months of the year, or to remain in the Caiversity and pursue such optional studies or industrial avocations as they may elect: Prorided, That no student shall at any time be allowed to repain in or about the Caiversity in idleness, or without full mental or industrial occupation : And, gented, further, That the truste2s, in the exercise of any of the powers conferred by this act, shall not create any liability or indebtedness in excess of the funds in the hands of the treasurer of the University at the time of creating such liability or indebtedness, and which may be specially and properly applied to the payment of the same.
8. No stadent shall be admitted to instruction in any of the departments of the University who shall not have attained to the age of fifteen (15) years, and who shall not previously undergo a satisfactory examination in each of the branches ordirarily taught in the common schools of the state.
$ 9. Each county in this state shall be entitled to one honorary scholarship in the Epirersity, for the benefit of the descendants of the soldiers and seamen who served in the armies and navies of the United States during the late rebellionpreference being given to the children of such soldiers and seamen as are deceased or disabled ; and the board of trustees may, from time to time, add to the number cí bonorary scholarships when, in their judgment, such additions will not embarross the finances of the University; nor need these additions be confined to the defcendants of soldiers and seamen; such scholarships to be filled by transfer from the con non schools of said county, of such pupils aš shall, upon public examination, to be conducted as the board of trustees of the University may determine, be decided to have attained the greatest proficiency in the branches of learning usually tangtt in the common schools, and who shall be of good moral character, and not less than fifteen (15) years of age. Such pupils, so selected and transferred, shall be entitled to receive, without charge for tuition, instruction in any or all departosats of the University for a term of at least three (3) consecutive years: Proridad, Said pupil shall conform, in all respects, to the rules and regulations of the lairersity, established for the government of the pupils in attendance.
The faculty of the University shall consist of the chief instructors in each of the departments. No degrees shall be conferred nor diplomas awarded by authority of the board of trustees, or of the faculty, except that the trustees, on recommendation of the majority of the faculty, may authorize the regent of the Toiversity to issue to applicants certificates of scholarship, under the seal of the Ca.versity; which certificates shall, as far as practicable, set forth the precise atsaaments, as ascertained by special examination, of the parties applying for the save, respectively, in the various branches of learning they may have respectively stodied during the attendance in the University; and every pupil who shall have attended upon instruction in the University for not less than one year, maintaining, meanwbile, a good character for faithfulness in study and correctness of deportment,
od #bo may desire to cease such attendance, shall be entitled to receive such certificate of scholarship as is authorized by this section to be issued All certificates of seholarship shall be in the English language, unless the pupil should otherwise prefer; and all names and terms on labels, samples, specimens, books, charts and reports shall be expressed, as nearly as may be, in the English language.
$ 11. So member of the board of trustees shall receive any compensation for attending on the meetings of the board. At all the stated and other meetings of the board of trustees, called by the regent or corresponding secretary, or any five
Societaet) established an Agricultural Esperiment Station on its farm at Maeckern, near that city. This example was soon imitated in other parts of Germany and the neighboring countries ; and at the present writing, 1867, there are of similar Experiment Stations in operation--in Prussia, 10; in Saxony, 4; in Bavaria, 3; in Austria, 3; in Brunswick, Hesse, Thuringia, Anhalt, Wirtemberg, Baden and Sweden, 1 each; making a total of 26, chiefly sustained by, and operating in, the interest of the agriculturists of those countries. These Stations give constant employment to 60 chemists and vegetable physiologists, of whom a large number are occnpied largely or exclusively with theoretical investigations; while the work of others is devoted to more practical matters, as testing the value of commercial fertilizers. Since 1859 a journal (Die Landwirthschaftlichen Versuchs Stationen- Agricultural Experiment Stations) has been published as the organ of these establishments, and the nine volumes now completed, together with the numerous reports of the Stations themselves, bave largely contributed the facts that are made use of in the following pages.”
“Such a Station,” according to Dr. Pugli, “should embrace a farm for experiments in the growth of crops, a chemical laboratory for examining them, and stalls, stables, etc., adapted to feeding animals, with a view of estimating the value of different kinds of food for cattle.” Perhaps the least expensive method of establishing such Stations in Ilinois, is to seek out our most intelligent and inquiring farmers, in different parts of the State, who in their own farms have already most of the means of experiment. Supply these men with meteorological instruments, and they can easily furnish meteorological reports. Supply them with seed and instructions as to the character of an experiment, and they can carry it out in a practical way. The same would be true with experiments in feeding, etc. As practical chemists, they would not often be competent; but, with this exception, our more intelligent farmers can be used as experimenters. Such men should be paid for their services an amount sufficient to insure the thorough performance of the duties wherewith they are charged, withont detriment to their private interests. If practicable, as it may be in sume cases, to bring into jux'aposition wiih such an experimental farmer, a college or high school, with its chemical apparatus and professor, and a meteorological observer, we could thus ensure a better quality of work in the division of labor. Probably such inay, soouer
or later, be the case at Chicago, Galesburg, Bloomington, Jacksonville, Alton, Irvington, and other points. These Stations, however, should at first go to the men and the communities who can appreciate their advantages; where enthusiasts will labor from their love of the subject, and where farmers will be willing to contribute something to support in their midst an attempt to throw the lights of science upon their arts of agriculture.
III. In accordance with the Congressional and Legislative acts the collection of State Industrial and Economical Statistics, is made a part of the duty of the Board of Trustees, and devolved upon the Corresponding Secretary. This can hardly be efficiently done without some grant of power under State law, or better, some State provision for a Statistical Bureau, from which the kind of statistics needed can be drawn. And in view of the strongly expressed opinions of our State Agricultural Society, and of our State Board of Equalization of Taxes, it may be hoped that the next Legislature will make provision for an annual collection of statistics, embracing the progress of Agriculture, Manufactures, Coinmerce, and other industrial pursuits, as well as vital and social statistics,
IV. The holding of Annual Conventions--either general, as of Farmers, or special, as of Fruit Growers, Wool Growers and Cattle Breeders—is an important aid in gathering facts and disseminating scientific knowledge, and may, perhaps, be regarded as within the province of th: Corresponding Secretary. The importance of these “ Farmers’ Institutes,” as they have been aptly termed, I have already insisted upon in a communication addressed to the Committee on Course of Study and Faculty of the University, and published in the Prairie Farmer of December 21st, 1567. I will ask leave to repeat my reasons in favor of such a course.
* 1. It'breaks ground' at the best point. The people of this State look to this Institution for something of more practical value in its immediate application to every-day affairs, than other Institutions have been in the habit of furnishing. A course of lectures and discussions of this kind will show that we are endeavoring to supply that want, and gain their good will to educational schemes of less obvious, though not less real, utility.
"2. Such a course will give a start in self education to a large class who cannot or will not attend the longer courses. The young, or the middle aged man who can spend a week or two in the discussion of topics relating to his every-day business, will go home with material for thought, and theories for better practice, that will last him for years. It will have a tendency also to draw persons into the longer