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ACTS OF 1907.
CHAPTER 5686.—Employment of children—General provisions. Age limit SECTION 1. No child under twelve years of age shall be employed at factories, etc.
any time in any factory or work shops, bowling, alley, barroom, beer garden, place of amusement where intoxicating liquors are sold, or in
or about any mine or quarry. Employment SEC. 2. No child under twelve years of age shall be employed, rein vacation.
quired or permitted to work for wages or gain, to whomsoever payable, at any occupation at any time, except that during that portion of the year in which there is no public school in the city, town or school district in which such child shall be at the time living, such child may be employed in any store, office, hotel, mercantile estab
lishment, laundry or other reputable place of work not hereinabove Certificates. forbidden: Provided, That there shall first be obtained from the
county judge of the county or municipal judge of the town or city in which said store, office, hotel, mercantile establishment, or place of work is located a certificate authorizing such employment. Such certificate shall be issued by said county or municipal judge only upon the affidavit of the parent or guardian or person exercising parental control over said child, stating its age and date of birth, that there is no free public school then in session in the district, city or town where said child lives, and a certificate from a practicing physician that he has examined said child and that said child is, in his opinion, physically able to perform, with reasonable safety to itself, the work for which it is sought to be employed. Whenever it appears that a certificate of a county or municipal judge as herein provided shall have been obtained by a false statement as [to] the age of the child or other material facts, said judge shall revoke said certificate. The judge issuing a certificate shall receive the sum of twenty-five cents therefor, to be paid by the applicant. The certificate of the judge, together with copies of the affidavit of parent or guardian and certificate of the physician, shall be delivered to the employer and kept by him as herein provided: Provided further, That nothing herein contained shall be construed to prevent or abridge the right of a parent or guardian to require work from his child in his own vocation and
under his supervision and direction. Hours of labor. Sec. 3. Nó child under the age of twelve years shall be employed,
required or permitted to work for wages or gain, to whomsoever pay
able, longer than nine hours in any one day, or more than six days in Night work. any one week, nor after the hour of nine o'clock at night, nor before
the hour of six o'clock in the morning. Register. Sec. 4. It shall be the duty of every person, firm or corporation or
the agent or manager of any person, firm or corporation, employing minors under the age of twelve years, wherein by reason of the
nature of the employment, or the age of the minor, certificate and affidavits as herein above provided, are required to keep in the place of employment, a register or other convenient book or file for inspection containing all certificates and copies of affidavits and certificates furnished them in compliance with this act, so long as the person furnishing the same shall be in their employ; such register, book or file shall at all times be subject to the free inspection of any city, county or State officer of the county wherein said place of employment is located, or of the city or town marshal, or any member of the police force in whose territory or jurisdiction said place of employment may
be located. Enforcement. Sec. 5. It shall be the duty of the sheriff in whose county such place
of employment may be located, the city or town marshal or police officers within whose territory or jurisdiction such place of employment may be located, to enforce the provisions of this act, and to aid and assist in the prosecution of violations of the same before any court of competent jurisdiction: Provided, That nothing herein contained shall abridge or curtail the prosecution for violations of this act in any other way or manner consistent with the enforcement of the criminal laws of this State.
SEC. 6. Any parent, guardian or person exercising the parental Violations by
parents. authority over a child, who knowingly makes a false affidavit to any material fact as herein required, or who suffers or permits a child to be employed or to work in violation of this act or before the provisions hereof to be performed by him have been complied with, shall upon conviction be fined not more than five hundred dollars, or by imprisonment in the county jail not more than ninety days, or by both such fine and imprisonment.
Sec. 7. Any person, firm or corporation, or agent or manager of any By employers. corporation or firm, who shall violate or fail to comply with any of the provisions of this act, or shall hinder or delay any officer or his agent or deputies in the performance of their duties relative to the enforcement of this act, or refuse or hinder their access to the place of employment of such employer, or fail or refuse to keep for free inspection to such officer, or his agents or deputies, the register, book or file of certificates as herein provided, shall, upon conviction, be fined not more than one thousand dollars, or be imprisoned in the county jail not more than six months, or by both such fine and imprisonment.
Sec. 8. The performance of the work prohibited herein in any place Separate of employment by a minor for one day shall constitute a violation of lations. this act.
Sec. 9. Nothing in this act shall be so construed as to apply to house- Exceptions. hold or agricultural work.
ARTICLE 3.-Earnings of married women. SECTION 11. All property of the wife at the time of her marriage, Earnings sepa
rate property. and all property given to, inherited, or acquired by her, shall remain her separate property, and not be liable for the debts of her husband.
CODE OF 1895.
VOL. II.-CIVIL CODE.
Limit of 18
Age of employment of telegraph operators on railroads.
Sec. 2238. Any railroad company violating the requirements of Penalty.
Earnings of married women. SECTION 2474. All property * acquired by the wife dur- Earnings sepaing coverture, shall vest in ard belong to the wife,
rate property. Hours of labor of minors—Corporal punishment. SECTION 2619. The hours of labor by all persons under twenty- Hours from one years of age, in all other si. e., than cotton or woolen mills, where sunrise to sunset. eleven hours is the limit] manufacturing establishments, or machine shops in this state, shall be from sunrise until sunset, the usual and customary times for meals being allowed from the same; and any contract made with such persons or their parents, guardians, or others, whereby a longer time for labor is agreed upon or provided for, shall be null and void, so far as relates to the enforcement of said contracts against such laborers.
[See section 3, act No. 399, Acts of 1906, below.)
SEC. 2620. No boss or other superior in any manufacturing estabishment forbid- lishment shall inflict corporeal (corporal] punishment upon minor
laborers; and the owners of such factory or machine shop shall be directly liable for all such conduct on the part of their employees; and such minor may sue in his own name for damages for such conduct, and the recovery shall be his own property, and not belong to his parents.
VOL. III.-PENAL CODE.
DIVISION 4.-Seats for female employees. Seats to be pro- SECTION 127. All persons and corporations employing females in vided.
manufacturing, mechanical or mercantile establishments, must provide suitable seats, and permit their use by such females when not necessarily engaged in the active duties for which they were employed. Any person who shall fail to comply with the requirements of this section and the officers of any corporation which shall fail to comply with said requirements shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
Employment of minors in barrooms.
Employment SECTION 445. If any person keeping or carrying on, either by himprohibited.
self or by another, a barroom, or other place where spirituous liquors are sold by retail to be drunk on the spot, shall employ a minor in such barroom or other place, he shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
Employment of children while parents live in idleness.
SECTION 453 (as amended by act, page 109, Acts of 1905).
Who are va
7. All persons who are able to work and do not work, and who have grants.
no property or other means of support, but hire out their minor chil. dren and live upon their wages, shall be deemed and considered vagrants.
Certain employments of children forbidden. Acrobatic, SECTION 706. Any person who shall sell, apprentice, give away, let mendicant, etc., out, or otherwise dispose of any child under twelve years, to any, peroccupations.
son, for the vocation, occupation, or service of rope or wire walking, begging, or as a gymnast, contortionist, circus rider, acrobat or clown, or for any indecent, obscene immoral exhibition, practice or pur
pose, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor. Misdemeanor. Sec. 707. Whenever a child shall be disposed of in violation of the
preceding section, the person who, under such selling, apprenticing or letting out, shall receive and use such child for any of the purposes condemned in said section, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
ACTS OF 1906.
Act. No. 399.--Employment of children in factories- Age limit-Night
Limit in 1907.
SECTION 1. From and after the approval of this act no child under ten years of age shall be employed or allowed to labor in or about any factory or manufacturing establishment within the State under any circumstances.
SEC. 2. On and after January 1, 1907, no child under twelve years of age shall be so employed, or allowed to labor, unless such child be an orphan and has no other means of support, or unless a widowed mother or an aged or disabled father is dependent upon the labor of such child,
in which event, before putting such child at such labor, such father shall produce and file in the office of such factory or manufacturing establishment, a certificate from the ordinary of the county in which such factory or establishment is located, certifying under his seal of office to the facts required to be shown as herein prescribed: Provided, That no ordinary shall issue any such certificate except upon strict proof in writing and under oath, clearly showing the necessary facts: And provided further, That no such certificate shall be granted for longer than one year, nor accepted by any employer after one year from the date of such certificate.
SEC. 3. On and after January 1, 1908, no child under fourteen years Night work in of age shall be employed or allowed to labor in or about any factory or manufacturing establishment within this State between the hours of seven p. m. and six a. m.
Sec. 4. On and after January 1, 1908, no child, except as heretofore Illiterates. provided, under fourteen years of age shall be employed or allowed to labor in or about any factory or manufacturing establishment within this State, unless he or she can write his or her name and simple sentences, and shall have attended school for twelve weeks of the preceding School attendyear, six weeks of which school attendance shall be consecutive; and no ance. such child as aforesaid between the ages of fourteen and eighteen years shall be so employed unless such child shall have attended school for twelve weeks of the preceding year, six weeks of which school attendance shall be consecutive; and at the end of each year, until such child shall have passed the public school age, an affidavit certifying
Certificates. to such attendance, as is required by this section, shall be furnished to the employer by the parent or guardian or person sustaining parental relation to such child. The provisions of this section shall apply only to children entering such employment at the age of fourteen years or less.
Sec. 5. It shall be unlawful for any owner, superintendent, agent or any other person acting for or in behalf of any factory or manufacturing establishment to hire or employ any child unless there is first provided and placed on file in the office of such employer an affidavit signed by the parent, guardian, or person standing in parental relation thereto, certifying to the age and date of birth of such child, and other facts required in this act. Any person knowingly furnishing a false affidavit as to the age, or as to any other facts required in this act, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor. Sec. 6. The affidavit and certificates required in this act shall be, Inspection of
. open to inspection by the grand juries of any county where such factory or manufacturing establishments are located.
Sec. 7. Any person or agent, or representative of any firm or corporation, who shall violate any provision of this act shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor,
Any parent, guardian, or other person standing in parental relation to a child, who shall hire or place for employment or labor in or about any factory or manufacturing establishment within this State a child in violation of any provision of this act, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor.
Affidavits as to age.
Earnings of married women. SECTION 2253. All work and labor performed, or services rendered Earnings sepaby a married woman for or to a person other than her husband and rate property. children, shall, unless there is an express agreement on her part to the contrary, be presumed to be performed or rendered on her separate account.
ACTS OF 1907.
Employment (4) That no holder of a license for a saloon business shall employ any prohibited.
minor in or about the room or place where intoxicating liquors are furnished or sold:
ARTICLE 13.—Employment of children in mines. - SECTION 4. The employment of children under the age of fourteen (14) years in underground mines is prohibited.
PART II.-CIVIL CODE.
Earnings of minors.
Wages to be SECTION 2073. The wages of a minor employed in service may be paid minor, paid to him, unless within thirty days after the commencement of the
service, the parent or guardian entitdel sentitled] thereto gives the employer notice that he claims such wag[e]s.
ACTS OF 1907.
Employment of children.
(Page 248.) SECTION 1. No child under fourteen years of age shall be emAge limit.
ployed, permitted or suffered to work in or in connection with any mine, factory, workshop, mercantile establishment, store, telegraph
or telephone office, laundry, restaurant, hotel, apartment house, or in Employment the distribution or transmission of merchandise or messages. It shall during school be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation to employ any child hours.
under fourteen years of age in any such business or service whatever during the hours in which the public schools of the district in which
the child resides are in session, or before the hour of six o'clock in the Night work. morning, or after the hour of nine o'clock in the evening: Provided,
any such child, over the age of twelve years may be employed at any of the occupations mentioned in this act during the regular vacations of two weeks or more of the public schools of the district in which such child resides.
SEC. 2. No minor who is under sixteen years of age shall be employed or permitted to work at any gainful occupation during the hours that the public schools of the school district in which he resides are in session, unless he can read at sight and write legibly simple sentences in the English language, and has received instruction in spelling, English grammar, and geography and is familiar with the fundamental operations of arithmetic up to and including fractions, or has similar
attainments in another language. Register. Sec. 3. Every person, firm, corporation, agent or officer of a firm or
corporation employing or permitting minors under sixteen years of age and over fourteen years of age to work in any mine, factory, workshop, mercantile establishment, store, telegraph or telephone office, laundry, restaurant, hotel, apartment house, or in the distribution or trans