Page images

SEC. 7. The chief justice of the State of Delaware is hereby Female in authorized and required within sixty days after the passage of spector. this act to appoint a female inspector, whose duty it shall be to visit from time to time all stores, mills, factories and other places of business where female labor is employed and to duly enforce the provisions of this act. Whenever said inspector shall ascertain that the provisions of this act or any of them are being violated by any employer in New Castle County, it shall be the duty of said inspector to serve upon such violator of the provisions of this act written notice that unless such employer shall conform to the requirements of this act, and wholly cease any violation thereof within ten days from the services of such notice, such employer will be prosecuted under the provisions of this act. And it shall further be the duty of said inspector in case of the neglect or failure of such employer, who has received such notice, to conform to the provisions of this act, and to cease all violaticas thereof within ten days from the said service of said notice, to institute the prosecution of such recalcitrant employer or employers under the provisions of this act, by swearing out before any justice of the peace in New Castle County resident in the hundred where said employer may have his, her or its place of business, or in an adjacent hundred, the necessary warrant or complaint and thereupon to assist and enforce the prosecution of the person or corporation so complained of to the full extent of her power, and it shall further be the duty of such inspector in case any prosecutions under the provisions of this act shall be begun or instituted by any other person than such inspector, to aid, further and assist such independent prosecution of such employer to the best of her power, and whenever such independent prosecution of any such employer shall be begun by any person other than said inspector it shall be the duty of the justice of the peace before whom such complaint shall be made to straightway notify by due course of mail the inspector appointed under this act, informing such inspector of the name of the complainant and defendant, of the names of the witnesses indorsed upon said complaint and of the day, hour and place fixed for the hearing of said cause. SEC. 8. It shall be the duty of every employer of female labor in Access to

workrooms. New Castle County, whether to the number of ten or upward or less, to permit said inspector to have full and free access at any time during the working noon hours of said employees to the place of business of such employer where such employees are employed, and in case any such employer shall refuse such inspector full and free access to his place of business as aforesaid, or shall in any way hinder or prevent the full performance of her duties of inspection under the provisions of this act, such employer shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon every conviction of such interference with said inspector in the performance of her duties, shall pay a fine to New Castle County of ten dollars, which fine shall be collected in the same manner as the other fines and penalties heretofore provided for in this act. SEC. 9.

The provisions of this act shall apply to and Law applies, be enforced only in duly incorporated towns and cities in New where. Castle County,

ACTS OF 1905.

[ocr errors]

CHAPTER 123.—Employment of children.

SECTION 1. From and after the first day of July one thousand Age limit. nine hundred and five, no child or minor under the age of fourteen years shall be employed in any factory, workshop or establishment where the manufacture of any goods whatever is carried on.

SEC. 2. From and after the first day of July one thousand nine hundred and five no child between the ages of fourteen and six- tendance. teen years shall be employed in any factory, workshop or establishment where the manufacture of any kind of goods whatever is carried on, unless such child shall have attended, within twelve


a t.

months immediately preceding such employment some public, day or night school, or some well recognized school ; such attendance to be for five days or evenings every week during a period of at least twelve consecutive weeks which may be divided into two terms of six consecutive weeks, so far as the arrangement of school terms will permit, and unless such child, or his parents or guardians, shall have presented to the manufacturer or other employer seeking to employ such child a certificate giving the names of parents or guardian, the name and number of the school attended, and the number of weeks in attendance such certificate to be signed by the teacher or teachers of such child: Provided, That in case the age of the child be not known, such teacher shall certify that the age given is the true age, to the best of his or her

knowledge or belief. Hours of la

SEC. 3. No child or children under the age of sixteen years shall bor.

be employed in any factory, workshop or establishment where the manufacture of any kind of goods is carried on for a longer period than nine hours a day or fifty-four hours a week : And further provided, That every such child so employed shall be entitled to not less than thirty minutes for meal at noon, and every employer shall post in a conspicuous place, where such minor children are employed a printed notice, stating that the maximum work hours required in any one week shall not exceed fifty-four hours. The governor shall immediately after the passage of this bill, appoint by and with the advice and consent of the senate some suitable person, who shall be a resident and citizen of this State, who shall be designated and known by the official title of

Factory and workshop inspector,” and who shall receive a salary of one thousand dollars per year, payable in equal quarterly installments of two hundred and fifty dollars, and who shall hold office for the term of two years; the said inspector shall be empowered to visit and inspect at all reasonable hours and as often as practicable all factories, workshop's [workshops] and other establishments in this State, where the manufacture or sale of any kind of goods is carried on, and it shall be the duty of the said inspector to enforce the provisions of this act and to prosecute all violations of the same as hereinafter provided, and he shall have the power to demand a certificate of physical fitness from some regularly licensed physician of the State or county in which such establishment is located in the case of a child under sixteen years of age, who may seem physically unable to perform the labor at which such child may be employed, and the said inspector shall have power to prohibit the employment of any such child under the age of sixteen years, who shall be unable to obtain such

certificate. Register. SEC. 4. It shall be the duty of every person or corporation em

ploying a child or children under the provisions of this act to keep a register, in which shall be recorded the name, age, day of birth and place of residence of every child under the age of sixteen years so employed by such person or corporation, and it shall be unlawful for any person or corporation to employ any minor under the age of sixteen years unless there is furnished to said person or corporation a sworn statement made by the parent or guardian of such minor, stating the name, date and place of birth of such

minor. Penalty. SEC. 5. Every person, or the officer or officers of any corporation

violating the provisions of this act shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof shall be fined a sum not less than fifty dollars nor more than one hundred dollars for each and

every such offense. Enforce- SEC. 6. It shall be the duty of such factory or workshop inspector Sec. 7. The provisions of this act shall not apply to any person Canneries, or corporation engaged in the canning or preserving of fruits, veg

appointed under the provisions of this act to inspect the sanitary conditions of any factory workshop or other establishment, wherein minors are employed in accordance with the provisions of this act and to make report in writing of his findings to the gove ernor, to the board of health of the city of Wilmington and the State board of health quarterly, or more frequently if he shall deem it necessary.


etc. etables or provisions or in the carrying on of any agricultural business or to any person or persons, firm or corporation, engaged in the manufacture of fruit and berry baskets."

SEC. 8. In every case where it shall appear to the satisfaction of Widow's the inspector appointed under the provisions of this act, that any

child. child or children under the age of sixteen years is a means of support and maintenance of a widowed mother that in every such case, the inspector may in his discretion issue a certificate to such child or children authorizing their employment, any provisions of this act to the contrary notwithstanding.


ACTS OF U. S. CONGRESS, 1898–99.

CHAPTER 429.—TITLE 2.-Employment of women and minors in




SECTION 478. No licensee under a barroom license shall employ, Employment or permit to be employed, or allow any female or minor

* prohibited. to sell, give, furnish, or distribute any intoxicating drinks or any admixture thereof, ale, wine, or beer to any person or persons.

ACTS OF U. S. CONGRESS, 1899–1900.

CHAPTER 786.-TITLE 2.-Earnings of married women.

SECTION 28. A wife may receive the wages of her personal labor, 'Earnings sepand maintain an action therefor in her own name and hold the arate property. same in her own right, and she may prosecute and defend all actions for the preservation and protection of her rights and property as if unmarried.



[Approved March 3, 1901 ; amended January 31 and June 30, 1902. ]

Certain employments of children forbidden.




Any person, having in his custody or Acrobatic and control a child under the age of fourteen years, who shall in any cupations.

mendicant way dispose of it with a view to its being einployed as an acrobat, or a gymnast, or a contortionist, or a circus rider, or a ropewalker, or in any exhibition of like dangerous character, or as a beggar, or mendicant, or pauper, or street singer, or street musician; or any person who shall take, receive, hire, employ, use, exhibit, or have in custody any child of the age last named for any of the purposes last enumerated, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, when convicted thereof, shall be subject to punishment by a fine of not more than two hundred and fifty dollars, or by imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years, or both.

Earnings of married women.



SECTION 1151. All the property, real, personal, and mixed, Earnings sepbelonging to a woman at the time of her marriage, and all such arate property. property which she may acquire or receive after her marriage from any person whomsoever

by her own skill, labor, or personal exertions

shall be her own property as absolutely as if she were unmarried, and shall be protected from the debts of the husband and shall not in any way be liable for the payment thereof :


[ocr errors]

ACTS OF U. S. CONGRESS, 1894-95.

CHAPTER 192.–Seats for female employees.

[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

Seats to be SECTION 1. All persons who employ females in stores, shops, provided. offices, or manufactories as clerks, assistants, operatives, or help

ers in any business, trade, or occupation carried on or operated
by them in the District of Columbia, shall be required to procure
and provide proper and suitable seats for all such females and
shall permit the use of such seats, rests, or stools, as may be
necessary, and shall not make any rules, regulations, or orders
preventing the use of such stools or seats when any such female
employees are not actively employed in their work in such busi-

ness or employment. Penalty.

SEC. 2. If any employer of female help in the District of Colum). bia, shall neglect or refuse to provide seats, as provided in this act, or shall make any rules, orders, or regulations in his shop, store, or other place of business, requiring females to remain standing when not necessarily employed in service or labor therein, he shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof in any court of competent jurisdiction shall be liable to a fine therefor in a sum not to exceed twenty-five dollars, with costs, in the discretion of the court.

[ocr errors]

ACTS OF U. S. CONGRESS, 1897–98.

CHAPTER 8.-Factories and workshops-Water-closets.



clos- SECTION 9. Every building in said District

where per ets to be pro- sons are employed or intended to be employed in any trade or vided.

business, shall be provided with sufficient and suitable privy ac-
commodations, having regard to the number of persons employed in
or in attendance at such building; and also where persons of both
sexes are employed or intended to be employed, or in attendance,
with sufficient, suitable, and separate privy accommodations for
persons of each sex. It shall be unlawful for any owner or agent
to put any person or persons in possession of any building, or any
part thereof, not provided with privy accommodations as afore-
said, except a watchman for the purpose of guarding such build-
ing or part thereof.

ACTS OF U. S. CONGRESS, 1905–1906.

CHAPTER 3054.—Employment of children-School attendance.

a t.

School tendance quired.

SECTION 1. Every parent, guardian, or other person residing in
re- the District of Columbia having charge and control of a child

between the ages of eight and fourteen years shall cause such
child to be regularly instructed in the elementary branches of
knowledge, including reading, writing, English grammar, geos
raphy, and arithmetic, and pursuant to this end every such parent,
guardian, or other person aforesaid shall cause any child under
the charge and control of such person to attend some public,
private, or parochial school during the period of each year the
public schools in the District are in session, on the customary days
and during the customary hours of the school term.

No child shall
be credited with attendance upon a private or parochial school
unless the attendance officer hereinafter provided for receives a
certificate of attendance signed by the person in charge of such
school. A child between the ages aforesaid may be excused from
school attendance or instruction upon presentation of satisfactory
evidence to the superintendent of schools that such child is being
or has been within said year instructed a like period of time in
the branches taught in the public schools, or that such child has
acquired these branches of learning, or that the physical or mental
condition of such child is such as to render such attendance or
instruction inexpedient or impracticable.

SEC. 5. Any person who induces or attempts to induce any child Penalty. to be absent unlawfully from school, or who knowingly employs or harbors while school is in session any child absent unlawfully from school, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and be punished by a fine of not more than twenty dollars. SEC. 6. The officers empowered under this act shall visit any Enforce.

ment, place or establishment where minor children are employed to ascertain whether the provisions of this law are duly complied with, and shall as often as twice a year demand from all employers of such children a list of children employed, with their names and ages.



Earnings of married women. SECTION 2593. A married woman's wages and earnings acquired Earnings sepby her in any employment separate from her husband shall be her

arate property. separate property and subject to her own disposal, and she shall be entitled to sue for and recover the same as though she were a single woman.

Seats for employees in stores, etc. SECTION 3235. If any merchant, storekeeper, employer of male Seats to be or female clerks, salesmen, cash boys or cash girls, or other as- provided. sistants, in mercantile or other business pursuits, requiring such employees to stand or walk during their active duties, neglect to furnish at their own cost or expense suitable chairs, stools or sliding seats attached to the counters or walls, for the use of such employees when not engaged in their active work, and not required to be on their feet in the proper performance of their several duties; or refuse to permit their said employees to make reasonable use of said seats during business hours, for purposes of necessary rest, and when such use will not interfere with humane or reasonable requirements of their employment, he shall, upon conviction thereof, be punished by a fine of not more than one hundred dollars, or imprisonment not exceeding sixty days.

Certain employments of children forbidden. SECTION 3237. Whoever takes, receives, hires, employs, uses, Acrobatic, exhibits or in any manner or under any pretense sells, appren

mendicant,etc., tices, gives away, lets out or otherwise disposes of to any person

occupations. any child under the age of fourteen years for or in the vocation, occupation, service or purpose of singing, playing on musical instruments, rope or wire walking, dancing, begging or peddling, or as a contortionist, rider, acrobat, or for or in any obscene, indecent or immoral purpose, exhibition or practice, or for or in any business, exhibition or vocation injurious to the health or dangerous to the life or limbs of such child, or causes or procures, or encourages any such child to engage therein,

or has in custody any such child for any of the purposes aforesaid, shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars, or imprisoned not more than six months. Nothing contained in this section shall apply to or affect the employment or use of any such child as a singer or musician in any church, school or academy, or at any amateur concert or entertainment, or in learning the science or practice of music and social dancing.

Employment of children. SECTION 3728. Whoever hires or employs or causes to be hired Consent of or employed any minor, knowing such minor to be under the age parents reof fifteen years and under the legal control of another, without quired. the consent of those having such legal control, for more than sixty days, shall be punished by imprisonment not exceeding sixty days or by fine not exceeding twenty dollars.



[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »