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School attendance,

females so employed, and shall permit the use of such seats by them when they are not necessarily engaged in the active duties for which

they are employed. Penalty. Sec. 3605. Any person, corporation or company violating any of the

provisions of this act, shall be punished by fine of not less than ten dollars nor more than thirty dollars for each offense.

Employment of children during school term. SECTION 4047a. In all school districts of this State, all parents, guardians and other persons having care of children shall instruct them, or cause them to be instructed, in reading, writing, spelling, English grammar, geography and arithmetic. In such districts, every parent, guardian or other person having charge of any child between the ages of eight (8) and sixteen (16) years, shall send such child to a

public, private or parochial school for the entire school year during Provisos. which the public schools are in session in such districts : Provided,

however, That this act shall not apply to children over fourteen (14) years of age where such child shall have completed the eighth grade, or may be eligible to enter any high school in such district, or where its help is necessary for its own or its parents' support, or where for good cause shown it would be for the best interests of such child to be relieved from the provisions of this act: Provided, further, That if such child is being sufficiently instructed at home by a person qualified, such child shail not be subject to the provisions of this act: And provided, further, That if a reputable physician within the district shall certify in writing that the child's bodily or mental condition does not permit its attendance at school, such child shall be exempt during such

period of disability from the requirements of this act. It shall be the Permits. duty of the superintendent of the school district, if there be such

superintendent, and, if not, then the county superintendent of schools, to hear and determine all applications of children desiring for any of the causes mentioned herein to be exempted from the provisions of this act, and if upon such application such superintendent hearing the same shall be of the opinion that such child is for any reason entitled to be exempted as aforesaid, then such superintendent shall issue a written permit to such child, stating therein his reasons for such exemption. An appeal may be taken from the decision of such superintendent so passing upon such application to the county court of the county in which such district lies, upon such child making such application and filing the same with the clerk or judge of said court within ten days after its refusal by such superintendent, for which no fee to exceed the sum of one dollar shall be charged, and the decision of the county court shall be final. An application for release from the provisions of this

act shall not be renewed oftener than once in three months. Employment Sec. 4047b. No child under the age of 14 years shall be employed by during school

'any person, persons, company, or corporations during the school term and while the public schools are in session, unless the parent, guardian or person in charge of such child shall have fully complied with section one of this act. Every such employer shall require proof of such compliance, and shall make and keep a written record of the proof given, which shall be subject to the inspection of the truant officer, superintendent of schools, or any school director of the district. Any employer employing any child contrary to the provisions of this section, shall be fined not less than twenty-five nor more than one hundred dollars.

SEC. 4047c. All minors over the age of 14 years and under the age of 16 years who can not read and write the English language, shall attend school at least one-half day of each day, or attend a public night school, or take regular private instruction from some person qualified, in the opinion of the county superintendent of schools, in which such district or the greater portion of the same lies, until such minor obtains a certificate from such superintendent that he or she can read at sight and write legibly, simple sentences in English. Every employer employing or having in employment any such minor shall exact as a condition of employment the school attendance or instruction required by this section, and shall on request of the truant officer, furnish the

term.

Illiterates.

evidence that such minor is complying with the requirements of this
section. Every employer failing to comply with the requirements of Proviso.
this section as to any minor employed by him or in his employ, shall be
fined not less than twenty-five dollars, and not more than one hundred
dollars: Provided, That any employer with the approval or consent of
the county superintendent of schools may make provision for the private
instruction of minors in his employ.

CONNECTICUT.

GENERAL STATUTES OF 1902.

Certain employments of children forbidden.

tions.

SECTION 1163. Every person who shall exhibit, use, employ, ap- Acrobatic and prentice, give away, let out, or otherwise dispose of any child under immoral occupathe age of twelve years, in or for the vocation, occupation, service, or purpose of rope or wire walking, dancing, skating, bicycling, or peddling, or as a gymnast, contortionist, rider, or acrobat, in any place whatever; or for or in any obscene, indecent, or immoral purpose, exhibition, or practice, whatsoever; or for or in any business, exhibition, or vocation, injurious to the health, or dangerous to the life or limb of such child; or who shall cause, procure, or encourage any such child to engage therein, shall be fined not more than two hundred and fifty dollars, or imprisonment not more than one year, or both. But nothing herein shall prevent the employment of any such child as a singer or musician, in any church or school, or in learning or teaching the science or practice of music.

Employment of children during school time-Illiterates.

SECTION 2119. Every person who shall employ a child under fourteen Employment years of age during the hours while the school which such child should during school

hours. attend is in session, and every person who shall authorize or permit on premises under his control any such child to be so employed, shall be fined not more than twenty dollars for every week in which such child is so employed.

SEC. 2120. È very parent or other person, having control of a child, False statewho shall make any false statement concerning the age of such child ments. with intent to deceive the town clerk or registrar of births, marriages, and deaths of any town, or the teacher of any school, or shall instruct a child to make any such false statement, shall be fined not more than twenty dollars.

Sec. 2121. The school visitors or the town school committee in every Visitors. town shall, once or more in every year, examine into the situation of the children employed in all manufacturing establishments, and ascertain whether all the provisions of this chapter are duly observed, and report all violations thereof to the prosecuting authority.

Sec. 2147. No person over fourteen and under sixteen years of age, who can not read and write, shall be employed in any town where public evening schools are established unless he can produce every school month of twenty days a certificate from the teacher of an evening school showing that he has attended such school eighteen consecutive evenings in the current school month, and is a regular attendant. Every person who shall employ a child contrary to the provisions of this section shall be fined not more than fifty dollars, and the State board of education shall enforce the provisions of this section as provided in section 4707.

Illiterates.

Employment of children on elevators. SECTION 2614. No person, partnership, or corporation shall permit Emplo y ment or employ a person under the age of sixteen years to have the care, 16.

of children under custody, operation, or management of an elevator. Every person, partnership, or corporation violating any provision of this section shall forfeit not more than twenty-five dollars for each offense.

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Seats for females.

Certificates.

Employment of minors in barrooms, etc. Employment SECTION 2682. No person having a license under the provisions prohibited.

of this title shall employ any minor as bartender, porter, or in any other capacity, in any saloon where spirituous and intoxicating liquors are kept for sale, and upon such employment the county commissioners shall revoke the license of such person.

Earnings of married women. Earnings sepa- SECTION 4545.

The separate earnings of the wife shall be rate property.

her sole property.

Employment of women and children-Age limit. SECTION 4703. Every person, partnership, or corporation, employing females in any mercantile, mechanical, or manufacturing establishment shall furnish and provide suitable seats for the use of all females so employed, and shall permit the use of such seats by said females when they are not necessarily engaged in the active duties for which they are employed. Every person, partnership, or corporation violating any provision of this section shall be fined not more than fifty

dollars. Age limit. ŠEC. 4704. No child under fourteen years of age shall be em

ployed in any mechanical, mercantile, or manufacturing establishment.

Sec. 4705 (as amended by chapter 115, Acts of 1905). Every person or corporation employing a child under sixteen years of age in any mechanical, mercantile, or manufacturing establishment shall obtain a certificate showing that the child is over fourteen years of age. Such certificate shall be signed by the registrar of births, marriages, and deaths or by the town clerk of the town where the child was born, or by a teacher of the school which the child last attended, or by the person having custody of the register of said school. If á child was not born in the United States, the State board of education may investigate and, if it appears that said child is over fourteen years of age, may grant a certificate accordingly, and this certificate may be accepted as evidence of age. The parent or guardian of any child shall state, under oath, to the secretary or agent of the State board of education, the date of birth of the child, and shall present any family record, passport, or other documentary evidence which said board may require, showing the age of the child. The said secretary or agents may administer the oath required by this section. Every employer or other person having control of any establishment or premises where children under sixteen years of age are employed, who shall neglect to have and keep on file the certificates described in this section, or to show the same, with a list of the names of such children so employed, to the secretary or an agent of the State board of education, or to an agent of the board of school visitors, town school committee, or board of education, as the case may be, of the town in which the establishment or premises are located, when demanded during the usual business hours, shall be fined not more than one

hundred dollars. Penalty SEC. 4706. Every person acting for himself, or as agent of a mechan

ical, mercantile, or manufacturing establishment, who shall employ, authorize, or permit to be employed in such establishment any child, in violation of any provision of section 4704 or 4705, shall be fined not more than sixty dollars, and every week of such illegal employment shall be a distinct offense: Provided, That no person shall be punished under this section for the employment of any child, when at the time of such employment the employer shall obtain, and thereafter during such employment keep on file, the certificate provided for in section

4705. Enforcement. Sec, 4707. It shall be the duty of the State board of education, and

the school visitors, boards of education, and town school committees to enforce sections 4704, 4705, and 4706; and for that purpose the State board of education may appoint agents, under its supervision and control, for terms of not more than one year, who shall be paid not to exceed fíve dollars a day for time actually employed and necessary

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expenses, and whose accounts shall be approved by said board and audited by the comptroller. The agents so appointed may be directed by said board to enforce the provisions of the law requiring the attendance of children at school and to perform any duties necessary or proper for the due execution of the duties and powers of the board.

ACTS OF 1907.

CHAPTER 251.-Hours of labor of women and children. SECTION 1. No minor under sixteen years of age, and no woman, Limit of 10 shall be employed in laboring in any manufacturing, mechanical, or hours per day. mercantile establishment more than ten hours in any day, except when it is necessary to make repairs to prevent the interruption of the ordinary running of the machinery, or where a different apportionment of the hours of labor is made for the sole purpose of making a shorter day's work for one day of the week. Every employer shall post in a conspicuous place in every room where such persons are employed a notice stating the number of hours of work required of them on each day of the week, and the employment of any such person for a longer time in any day than so stated shall be a violation of this section, unless it appears that such employment is to make up for time lost on some previous day of the same week in consequence of the stopping of machinery upon which such person was employed or dependent for employment, but in no case shall the hours of labor exceed fifty-eight hours per week.

in a week: Provided, That in case any employer shall, on or before the first day of January of any year, give notice to his employees, by notices posted as hereinbefore provided, that the hours of labor of minors under sixteen years of age and of women employed by him, as aforesaid, shall not exceed fifty-five in any week during the months of June, July, and August of the ensuing year, then said employer may employ such minors and women not to exceed sixty hours in any week during said year, except during said months of June, July, and August. Nothing in this act shall be construed as repealing any provision of section 2116 of the General Statutes or any amendments thereto.

Sec. 2. Every person who willfully employs, or has in his employ- Violations. ment, or under his charge, any person in violation of this act, and every parent or guardian who permits any such minor to be so employed, shall be fined not more than twenty dollars for each offense. A certificate of the age of a minor, made as provided in section 4705 of the General Statutes and amendments thereof, shall be conclusive evidence of his age upon the trial of any person other than the parent or guardian for violation of any provision of this act.

DELAWARE.

REVISED CODE OF 1852, EDITION OF 1893.

CHAPTER 76.Earnings of married women.

(Page 600.) SECTION 3. Any married woman may receive the wages of her per- Earnings sepasonal labor not performed for family, maintain an action therefor in her rate property. own name, and hold them in her own right against her husband or any other person;

CHAPTER 127.--Seats for female employees.

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(Page 932.)

SECTION 1. Every person or corporation employing female employees Seats to be proin any manufacturing, mechanical or mercantile establishments in this vided. State shall provide suitable seats for the use of the female employees 80 employed, and shall permit the use of such by them when not necessarily engaged in the active duties for which they are employed.

SEC. 2. Any person, firm or corporation violating any of the provi- Penalty. sions of this act, shall be punished by a fine of not less than twenty-five dollars ($25) nor more than fifty dollars ($50) for each offense.

CHAPTER 131.-Certain employments of children forbidden.

(Page 954.)

etc.,

Acrobatic, SECTION 2. Any person having the care, custody, or control of mendicant, any minor child under the age of fifteen years who shall in any

occupations.

manner sell, apprentice, give away, or otherwise dispose of such minor, or any person who shall take, receive, or employ such child for the vocation or occupation of rope or wire walking or dancing, or as an acrobat or gymnast, or any person who, having the care, custody, or control of any minor child whatsoever, and shall sell, apprentice, give away, or otherwise dispose of such minor, or who shall take, receive, or employ such minor for begging or any obscure [sic], indecent, or illegal exhibition or vocation, or any vocation injurious to the health or dangerous to the life or limb of such child engaged therein, or for the purpose of prostitution, or any person who shall retain, harbor, or employ any minor child in or about any assignation house or brothel, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof before any justice of the peace or court of record shall be fined not less tha twenty dollars nor more than one hundred dollars for each and every offense.

ACTS OF 1897.

CHAPTER 452.-Factories and workshopsProvisions for female

employeesNew Castle County.

Seats.

to be warm.

Dressing SECTION 1 (as amended by chapter 453, Acts of 1897). It shall rooms, etc.

be the duty of every person or corporation employing female labor to the number of ten or upwards in New Castle County to provide, within three months after the passage of this act, a room or rooms, plainly and appropriately furnished, for such female employees to dress, wash and lunch in, separate and apart from the male employees of such person or corporation, allowing in said separate room or rooms [sic] ; and further, to provide washing sinks for such female employees, separate and apart from such male employees, allowing one such washing sink to each fifteen of such female employees employed by such person or corporation ; and further, to provide water-closets for such female employees, separate from those used by such male employees: Provided, That nothing in this section shall apply to canning establishments doing business in the rural districts of said county.

SEC. 2. It shall be the duty of every storekeeper in New Castle County to provide seats for his or her clerks and employees, so

that when unemployed such clerks and employees may be seated. Workrooms Sec. 3. It shall be the duty of every person or corporation em

ploying female labor to provide such places for such female employees to work in during cold weather as shall be reasonably

and comfortably warm. Abusive, etc., SEC. 4. It shall be unlawful for any employer of female labor, language. or any overseer, superintendent, foreman or boss of any such

employer of female labor to use toward female employees any abusive, indecent or profane language, or to in any manner abuse, misuse, unnecessarily expose to hardship, or maltreat any such

female employee. Penalty. SEC. 5. Any person violating any provision of section 4 of this

act shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be fined not less than ten and not exceeding one hundred dollars for each offense; any person or corporation violating any provision of the first, second and third sections of this act shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be fined the sum of ten dollars, and shall be subject to the further penalty of ten dollars for each day thereafter during which such corporation or person shall refuse or neglect to provide the furnished rooms, seats, appliances or furnish the heat therein mentioned.

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