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ALABAMA.

CODE OF 1897.

CIVIL CODE.

Earnings of married women.

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Earning 8 SECTION 2.521. The earnings of the wife are her separate propseparate prop

erty ; erty.

Employment of women and children in mincs.

Employment SECTION 2933. Yo woman, nor any boy under the age of twelve prohibited.

years, shall be employed to work or labor in or about any mine in this State.

Seats for female employees.

Seats to be SECTION 5512. Any person, owning or controlling a store or shop provided. in which any female is employed as a clerk or saleswoman, who

fails to provide such female with proper accommodations for sitting and resting when not actively engaged in the work of her employment, or who fails to permit her to do so when not so engaged, must, on conviction, be fined not less than ten dollars.

ACTS OF 1903.

Act No. 57.-Employment of children.

(Page 68.)

Age limit. SECTION 1. No child under the age of twelve (12) years shall be

employed in or about any factory or manufacturing establishment within this State unless a widowed mother or aged or disabled father is dependent upon the labor of such child, or in case a child is an orphan and has no other means of support. Yo child under the age of ten (10) years shall be so employed under any

circumstances. Certificate.

SEC. 2. It shall be unlawful for any factory or manufacturing establishment to hire or to employ any child unless there is first provided and placed on file in the office of such employer an affidavit signed by the parent or guardian or person standing (in] parental relation thereto, certifying the age and date of birth of said child; any person knowingly furnishing a false certificate of the age of such child shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be brought before some justice of the peace or other court or officer having jurisdiction for trial, and upon conviction shall be punished by a fine of not less than five nor more than one hundred dollars, or be sentenced to hard labor for a term not ex

ceeding three months. Night work.

Sec. 3. No child under the age of thirteen (13) years shall be employed at labor or detained in any factory or manufacturing establishment in this State between the hours of 7 p. m. and 6 a. m. standard time, and no child under the age of sixteen (16) years

shall be so employed or detained between said hours for more than Hours of la- forty-eight hours in any one week; and no child under the age of

twelve shall be employed or detained in any factory or manufacturing establishment for more than sixty-six (66) hours in any one

Week. Penalty.

SEC. 4. Any person, persons or corporation or representative of such corporation who violates any of the provisions of this act, or who willfully or knowingly suffers or permits any child to be employed in violation of its provisions, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction shall be punished by a fine of not more than ($200) two hundred dollars.

bor.

ACTS OF 1907.

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Act No. 341.-Hiring out children to support parents in idleness. SECTION 1. * * * (1) or any person who has no property sufficient who are for his support, and who is able to work and does not work, but hires grants. out his children or allows them to hire out: * Is hereby declared to be a vagrant, and must on conviction be fined not more than five hundred dollars ($500.00), and may also be sentenced to hard labor for the county for not more than 12 months: Provided, however, That Proof. in no presocution (prosecution) under this act shall the burden of proof rest upon the State to establish the fact that the defendant has no property sufficient for his support, nor means of a fair, honest and reputable livelihood, but whenever it shall be established by the proof in any prosecution under this act that the defendant is able and does not work, but hires out his minor children or allows them to hire out, then, or in either of such events, a prima facie case of guilt is hereby declared to be established *, and the burden of proof shall be upon the defendant to show that he has sufficient property from which to obtain a support, or sufficient means of maintaining a fair, honest and reputable livelihood: * Provided, however, That in all prosecutions under this act where the burden of proof is placed upon the defendant, if the evidence introduced by the defendant is sufficient when considered with all of the evidence in the case to raise a reasonable doubt as to his guilt he shall be entitled to an acquittal: And provided further, That the provisions of this act shall not apply to persons who are idle under strike orders or lockouts.

Act No. 776.- Employment of children in factories. SECTION 1. No child under twelve years of age, shall be employed Age limit. or permitted to work in or be in or about any mill, factory, or manufacturing establishment in this State, and this provision shall be in force and effect from and after January 1, 1908. One year after the provisions School attendof this section as above set forth go into force and effect, no child ance. between the ages of twelve and sixteen years shall be employed or be permitted to work or [be] detained in or about any mill, factory, or manufacturing establishment in this State unless such child shalí attend school for eight weeks in every year of employment, six weeks of which shall be consecutive.

SEC. 2. No child under the age of fourteen years shall be so employed Hours oi labor. or detained in or be in or about any mill, factory, or manufacturing establishment within this State for more than sixty hours in any one week, the provisions of this section shall be in force and effect from and after January 1, 1908.

SEC. 3. No child under sixteen years of age shall be employed or Night work. detained in, or be in or about any mill, factory, or manufacturing establishment within this State, between the hours of seven o'clock p. m., and six o'clock a. m. standard time, and no child over sixteen and under eighteen years of age shall be so employed or detained between said hours for more than eight hours in any one night, the provisions of this section shall be in force and effect from and after January 1, 1908.

Sec. 4. It shall be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation to employ, or detain in or permit to work in, or be in or about any mill, factory, or manufacturing establishment any child under eighteen years of age, without first requiring said child to present on a blank furnished by the employer, the form of which shall be provided by the inspector, the affidavit of the parent or guardian or other person standing in parental relation to such child, stating the date and place of birth of said child. Said affidavit shall be filed by such employers within ten days after the employment of such child, in the office of the judge of probate of said county, and shall be numbered and labeled with the name of the child, and a complete index thereof made and preserved as other records in said office. For the services so rendered the judge of probate shall receive from the county treasury ten cents for each such affidavit. A copy of said affidavit shall be forwarded, within ten days after the employment of such child, to the inspector, Montgomery, Alabama.

Certificates.

Penalty. Sec. 5. Any person, firm or corporation who violates any of the pro

visions of this act, or who knowingly permits any child to be employed or detained in, or be in or about his, their or its mills, factory or manufacturing establishments, contrary to the provisions of this act, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and on conviction shall be punished by fine of not less than fifty dollars nor more than one hundred dollars,

for each offense. Same subject. Sec. 6. Any person, firm or corporation, who violates any provisions

of this article, or who employs any child, or knowing permits any child to be employed, or to work in or about, or be detained in or be about any mill, factory or manufacturing establishment contrary to law, or who fails or refuses to obey promptly every lawful order or direction given by the inspector under this law, must on conviction be fined not less than fifty dollars nor more than one hundred lollars (dollars), and upon a second conviction, for any violation of this law, must be fined not less than one hundred nor more than five hundred dollars, and if a natural person be sentenced to hard labor for not more than six months, and any person, who knowingly makes any

false aflidavit, when an affidavit is required hereby is guilty of perjury. Inspection. SEC. 7. The inspector of jails and almshouses is charged with the

duty of inspecting all mills, factories and manufacturing establishments wherein women and children work, and he must inspect every such mill, factory or manufacturing establishment at least four times a year if practicable, without notice of his purpose to do so. He shall thoroughly inspect such manufacturing establishments, and ascertain their sanitary condition, and whether a good supply of fresh drinking water and fresh air and suitable water-closets for the women and girls are provided, separate and apart from those for the use of boys and men and particularly the ages and conditions of the children employed, at work in, or detained herein; and shall carefully.examine all affidavits filed in the probate office under this law and in connection therewith, the children named therein and all other matters concerning the operation and condition of the manufacturing establishments in which children work or are detained, or make written orders requiring correction of any defects in or about the mill, or manufacturing establishment, and make written report to the governor of every examination of every manufacturing establishment inspected by him, and note every refusal or failure to comply with or observe the law, in any respect, which reports must be published

annually. Duty to Sec. 8. It shall be the duty of the inspector to remove from any move children. mill, factory or manufacturing establishment, any child found work

ing, or detained therein contrary to law, and to remove therefrom any child who is afflicted with any infections (sic), contagious or communicable disease. The judgment of the inspector as to the removal of any child shall be final and conclusive.

Seč. 9. It shall be the duty of the inspector to institute prosecutions against the owners, operators, managers and superintendents of any such mill, factory or manufacturing establishment, for every violation of law that they may discover, and to furnish to the solicitor

of the circuit or county the names and addresses of all necessary witIlindering SEC. 10. The inspector shall have free access at any time, to any inspector, ete.

mill, factory or manufacturing establishment wherein women and children work, or are detained, and any person who refuses to allow the inspector to have free access to a manufacturing establishment and every part thereof, or who hinders or obstructs him in inspection, or makes any false or misleading statement to the inspector about the establishment, its operation or condition, or about any person working or detained therein or who fails to have a plainly printed copy of this law posted up in the office and in every room in which any person works in the mill, factory or manufacturing establishment, must on conviction be fined not less than one hundred nor more than five hundred dollars, and on subsequent conviction be fined not less than five hundred dollars and may be sentenced to hard labor for

not more than one year. Disobeying Sec. 11. Any owner or manager of a mill, factory or manufacturing

establishment who disobeys any order of the inspector, removing a

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Enforcement,

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orders.

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child from the mill, factory or manufacturing establishment; or who permits any child who has been removed by the inspector to return to work therein, or to be in or about the mill, factory or manufacturing establishment without the written permission of the inspector must on conviction be fined not less than fifty dollars, nor more than one hundred dollars.

Sec. 12. The inspector of jails and almshouses is authorized to Clerk. employ a competent clerk with the approval of the governor who shall be authorized to perform the same duties as by law the inspector is authorized to perform and shall have and exercise the same powers under the direction of the inspector as the inspector has by law. The annual salary of the clerk of the inspector shall be eighteen hundred dollars, payable monthly out of the State treasury as clerks of the other departments are paid, and appropriation therefor is hereby made for the payment thereof.

Sec. 13. This act shall apply only to manufacturing establishments Application engaged in manufacturing or working in cotton, wool, clothing, tobacco, printing and binding, glass or any other kind of work that is injurious to health when carried on in doors.

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law.

ARIZONA.

hours.

REVISED STATUTES OF 1901.

Employment of children-School attendance. PARAGRAPII 2231 (as amended by chapter 67, Acts of 1907). No Employinent child under the age of fourteen years shall be employed by any per-during sehool son, persons, company or corporation during the school hours of any school day of the school term of the public school in the school district where such child resides, unless such child has been excused from attendance on instruction, as provided in this section. Every such employer shall require proof that such child has been excused from such attendance, and shall keep a record of such proof, which shall be open to the inspection of any peace officer or school trustee of the district. Any employer employing any child contrary to the provisions of this section shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and liable to a fine of not less than twenty-five ($25.00) dollars, nor more than one hundred ($100.00) dollars, to be placed to the credit of the school fund of the district. Every parent, guardian, or other person in the Territory of Arizona, having control of any child between the ages of eight and fourteen years (or of any child of the age of fourteen Age of attend. and under the age of sixteen, who is unable to read and write in the ance. English language), shall be required to send such child to a public school or private school taught by a competent instructor for a period of six schools [sic] months of which twenty school weeksshall be consecutive, in each school year, said child to begin attendance on school within two weeks after the opening of school for the admission of pupils: Provided, That such parent, guardian or other person having control of such child shall be excused from such duty by the board of trustees of the district whenever it shall be shown to its satisfaction that one of the following reasons exist (sic) therefor:

1. That such child is taught at home by a competent instructor in the branches taught in the primary and grammar schools of the Territory.

2. That such child has already completed the grammar school course prescribed by the Territorial board of education.

3. That such child is in such physical or mental condition (as declared by a competent physician, if required by the board) to render such attendance inexpedient or impracticable.

4. That circumstances rendering, attendance impracticable or dangerous to health, owing to unusual storm, or other sufficient cause, shall work an exemption from the penalties of this act.

ACTS OF 1907. CHAPTER 13.–Employment of women and minors in saloons. Section 1. It shall be unlawful for the owner of any saloon within Employment the Territory of Arizona to permit any woman or minor, either for prohibited.

Proviso.

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hire or otherwise, to sing, to recite, to dance, to play on any musical
instrument, to give any theatrical or other exhibition, to drink, serve
drinks or any other form of refreshment or viands, or to solicit for
the purchase of [or] sale thereof; to engage in, or to take part in, any
game of chance or amusement, or to loiter in any saloon or in any
room or apartment, except the lobby of a legitimate hotel, opening

from or into any saloon within the Territory of Arizona. Penalty.

Sec. 2. Any person who shall violate any provision of this act
shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof,
shall be punished by a fine of not less than fifty. dollars, nor more
than three hundred dollars, or by imprisonment in the county jail
for not less than thirty days or more than one hundred and eighty
days, or by both such fine and imprisonment in the discretion of the
court.

ARKANSAS.
DIGEST OF 1904,

Earnings of married women.
Earnings sep-
arate property married woman
SECTION 5214. The property, both real and personal, which any

* has acquired by her trade, business,
labor or services carried on or performed on her sole or separate account

and the rents, issues and proceeds of all such property shall, notwithstanding her marriage, be and remain her sole and separate property, and may be used, collected and invested by her, in her own name, and shall not be subject to the interference or control of her husband or liable for his debts, except such debts as may have been contracted for the support of herself or her children by her as his agent.

Employment of women and children in mines.
Employment SECTION 5343. No person under the age of fourteen years, or female
prohibited.

of any age, shall be permitted to enter any mine to work therein; nor
shall any boy under the age of sixteen years, unless he can read and
write, be allowed to work in any mine, and no owner, agent or operator
of any mine operated by a shaft or slope shall place in charge on any
engine whereby men are lowered into or hoisted out of the mines, any
but an experienced, competent and sober person, not under eighteen
years of age.

ACTS OF 1907.
Act No. 456.-Employment of children-General provisions.
SECTION 1. From and after the passage of this act no child under
twelve years of age shall be employed or allowed to labor in or about
any factory or manufacturing establishment within this State under
any circumstances: Provided, That this act shall not apply to indus-
tries engaged in the preservation of fruits or vegetables during the

school vacation period.
Fourteen Sec. 2. On and after September 1, 1907, no child under fourteen

years of age shall be so employed, or allowed to labor unless such child
be an orphan and has no other means of support, or unless a widowed
mother or an aged or disabled father is dependent upon the labor of such
child in which event, before putting such child at such labor, such
father shall produce and file in the office of such factory or manufactur-
ing establishment, a certificate from the county clerk of the county
in which said factory or manufacturing establishment is located, cer-
tifying under his seal of office to the facts required to be shown as
herein prescribed:

Provided, That no county clerk shall issue any such certificate
except upon strict proof in writing and under oath, clearly showing
the necessary facts: And provided further, That no such certificate
shall be granted for longer than one year, nor accepted by any employer

after one year from the date of such certificate.
Hours of labor, SEC. 3. On and after September 1, 1907, no child under fourteen
night work.

years of age shall be employed or allowed to labor in or about any
factory or manufacturing establishment within this State between the
hours of seven p. m. and six a. m., nor for more than sixty (60) hours
in any one week, nor more than ten (10) hours in any one day.

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Age limit: 12 years.

years.

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