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CASES, UNDER THE WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION ACTS, DECIDED BY AGREEMENT, COMMITTEE, OR ARBITRATOR, AND REGISTERED IN COUNTY COURTS, AND COMPENSATION AWARDED, FOR EACH COUNTRY, 1904 and 1905.

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1904.
England and Wales.. 3,585 34

6
3,625

1,443 $365, 678. 93 Scotland..

1,696 $5,345. 40 517

a 521
214 27,976.80

281 Ireland..

916.73 84

84
49 11, 269. 72

25 68.94 Total..

4,186 34
6 a 4,230 1,706 404,925. 45

2,002

6,331. 07 1905. England and Wales.. 4,244 02

11 4,317

1,727 512,689. 67 Scotland.

1,914 6,049.55 407

2
b411
109 36, 554. 51

267 873. 64 Ireland...

124

124
90 21,264.29

18 50. 19
Tota!.
4,775 62 13 6 4,852 1,926 570, 508. 47

2,199

6,973.38 a Including 3 cases for which proceedings were withdrawn and 1 case not settled. 0 Including 1 case for which proceedings were withdrawn and 1 case not settled.

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The following table shows, for each country, the number of cases registered in county courts according to kind of compensation awarded, whether for death or incapacity, and the total and average amounts awarded, in lump sums and in weekly payments, for the years 1904 and 1905:

TOTAL AND AVERAGE AMOUNTS AWARDED, UNDER THE WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION ACTS, BY AGREEMENT, COMMITTEE, OR ARBITRATOR, AND REGISTERED IN COUNTY COURTS, FOR CASES OF DEATH AND INCAPACITY, FOR EACH COUNTRY, 1904 AND 1905.

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In addition to the amounts shown in the above table, lump sums were awarded in 1904 in England and Wales for 9 cases of death where no dependents were left, amounting to £120 ($583.98), and in 1905 for 13 cases, amounting to £204 10s. ($995.20). A weekly payment was also awarded in 1 case in 1904 where dependents were left, amounting to £1 ($4.87), and in 1 case in 1905, amounting to 12s. ($2.92). In Ireland a weekly payment of £1 (84.87) was awarded in 1905, in 1 case of death where dependents were left.

There were 97 cases under the Workmen's Compensation Acts carried to the court of appeal in England in 1905, as compared with 34 cases in 1904. In Scotland 22 appeals were carried to the court of session in 1905 and 24 in 1904. In Ireland there were 7 appeals to the court of appeal in 1905 and 6 in 1904. The following table shows the number of these appeals made by workmen, and the number by employers, and the disposition made of them, by countries, for each of the two years:

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APPEALS, UNDER THE WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION ACTS, MADE BY WORKMEN, AND BY EMPLOYERS, TO COURTS OF APPEAL IN EACH COUNTRY, BY RESULTS, 1904 AND 1905.

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In addition to the appeals shown in the above table, there were, in England and Wales, 2 appeals by workmen in 1904 to the House of Lords, neither of which was allowed. In 1905, of 5 appeals to the House of Lords, 1 by workmen was dismissed, and of the 4 by employers 2 were dismissed and 2 otherwise disposed of.

On June 30, 1905, there were 45 certified schemes of compensation in operation in England and Wales, as compared with 52 on June 30, 1904. The following table shows statistics of these schemes, furnished by the chief registrar of friendly societies:

CERTIFIED SCHEMES OF COMPENSATION, AND WORKMEN AFFECTED, IN ENG

LAND AND WALES, BY INDUSTRIES, JUNE 30, 1904, AND 1905.

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The number of cases under the Employers' Liability Act brought in the county courts, and their results, together with the amount of damages awarded where the judgment was in favor of the plaintiff, are shown, for each country, for the years 1904 and 1905, in the table which follows:

NUMBER AND RESULT OF CASES, UNDER THE EMPLOYERS' LIABILITY ACT,

BROUGHT IN COUNTY COURTS, AND AMOUNT OF DAMAGES AWARDED, FOR EACII COUNTRY, 1904 AND 1905.

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a Not including 1 case of partial incapacity where damages were assessed at 13s. (83.16) weekly under Workmen's Compensation Act.

0 Including 2 cases of death where lump sums amounting to £70 ($340.66) were awarded under Workmen's Compensation Act.

The following table shows number of cases of death and of total and partial incapacity for which damages were awarded under the Employers' Liability Act, and the total and average amount of damages awarded, for each country, in 1904 and 1905:

TOTAL AND AVERAGE DAMAGES AWARDED UNDER THE EMPLOYERS' LIABILITY ACTS FOR CASES OF DEATH AND OF TOTAL AND PARTIAL INCAPACITY, FOR EACH COUNTRY, 1904 AND 1905.

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19,712. 53 1,450. 22 1,210. 63 22,379.38

270.03 241. 70 202.77

Total

c9

4,819.30

535. 48

53

18, 216. 41

85

263. 29

343. 71

a Not including I case where damages were assessed at 135. (3.16) veckly under Workmen's Compensation Act.

For these cases lump sums were awarded under Workmen's Compensation Act. cIncluding 2 cases where lump sums amounting to £70 ($390.65) were awarded under Workmen's Compensation Act.

The following table shows for each of the countries the number of appeals under the Employers' Liability Act made by workmen and by employers in 1904 and 1905 and the manner in which they were disposed of:

APPEALS UNDER THE EMPLOYERS' LIABILITY ACT MADE BY WORKMEN AND BY EMPLOYERS TO THE HIGH COURT OF JUSTICE IN ENGLAND, WALES, AND IRELAND, AND TO THE COURT OF SESSION IN SCOTLAND, BY RESULTS, 1904 AND 1905.

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Standard Time Rates of Wages in the United Kingdom, October 1,

1906. iii, 123 pp. (Published by the Labor Department of the British Board of Trade.)

This report was prepared in continuation of a report on standard time rates, which formed Part III of the first report of the labor department on wages and hours of labor, published in 1894, and of the report on standard time rates of wages in 1900.

The present volume gives the recognized rates of wages and hours of labor on October 1, 1906, as reported to the department, in some cases by the federation, in other cases by the joint authority of the federation and the trade union concerned, or by the trade union only, and in a few cases the information was obtained from other sources.

The statistics are given by localities, and embrace the principal occupations in the building, engineering and shipbuilding, printing, woodworking, and miscellaneous trades. Thirteenth Annual Report on Changes in Rates of Wages and Hours of

Labor in the United Kingdom, 1905. 138 pp. (Published by the Labor Department of the British Board of Trade.)

This report deals with the changes in rates of wages and recognized hours of labor for a full week's work, exclusive of overtime, for the year 1905. Tables are presented showing these changes by industries, occupations, and the district affected by these changes. Summary tables are given showing the net results of the changes for the year and for each year of the ten-year period, 1896 to 1905.

The report contains two appendixes, in the first of which is given the piece price lists and sliding scales adopted or amended in 1905, and the second gives a list of agreements concerning working rules, hours of labor, etc., agreed to or amended during the same year. The report is based on returns furnished by employers and employers' associations, trade unions, bureau correspondence, and official sources.

RATES OF WAGES.—While the latter half of the year shows an upward tendency in the rates of wages, the year as a whole shows a decrease, which, however, is considerably below that reported for any year since the decline began in 1901. The industry most affected by the decline was coal mining, in which the weekly falling off in wages was £13,471 ($65,557). The industries most affected by increase in wages were the textile trades, pig iron, and iron and steel manufacturing, and employees of public authorities, in which the weekly increases reported amounted to £9,915 ($48,251), £2,430 ($11,826), and £2,333 ($11,354), respectively. A net decrease was

. reported in 6 industries and a net increase in 6 industries. Wages in 1905 were still higher than they were in 1901 in the building, textile, and clothing trades, and for employees of public authorities, while the wages in coal mines, other mines, quarrying, iron and steel manufacturing, engineering and shipbuilding, other metal trades, glass, etc., trades were lower than in 1901. The coal mining industry has suffered a greater diminution of wages than any other.

The following table summarizes the principal data contained in the returns for the ten-year period, 1896 to 1905. Since the number of agricultural laborers, seamen, and railway employees affected by these changes is not known, they are not included in the general tables, but are treated separately in the report. NUMBER OF PERSONS AFFECTED BY CHANGES IN RATES OF WAGES, AND AMOUNT

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OF INCREASE OR DECREASE, 1896 TO 1905.

Increase.

Decrease.

Net changes.

Year.

Number

of changes.

Persons affected.

Total
weekly

rise
of wages.

Persons
affected.

Total

Net weekly weekly Persons

increase in reduction allecied.(a)

wages. of wages.

1896. 1897 1898. 1899 1900. 1901 1902. 1903. 1904 1905

1, 607 1,518 1, 403 1,588 1,413

966 470 443 412 3861

379, 975

560, 707 1,000, 240 1,170,937 1, 109, 284 429, 715 91,812 21,327

16.0.54 319,304

$103, 745

159,920 396, 618

440,018
1,028, 835
198, 503
25, 921
7,302
5,849
79, 489

167,357
13,855
11,865

1,132
23,010
489, 318
789, 891
874, 721
784, 604
249, 586

$34, 632

6,590 3,828

506 13, 733 571, 214 379, 203 194,019 196, 762 90,044

005, 404

597, 444 1,012, 119 1, 172, 069 1, 132, 386

928, 926 887, 206 896, 598 800, 658 688, 889

$129,053 153, 330 392, 790

439,512 1,015, 102 0372, 711 6353, 282 b 186, 517 b 190, 913 0 10,555

a Including persons whose wages were changed but were the same at end of year as at beginning. b Decrease.

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