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labour, they must know thoroughly the theory and practice relating to “ bills of costs." If it requires science in a lawyer to do his work well, it demands also considerable technical art to charge for it properly. We have known men who understood either of these branches of their calling to the exclusion of the other. Now, though Mr. Scott's work will not assist any man of law in finding out what he ought to do in those matters strictly legal, which must be preliminary to the time of payment; yet it is an excellent--nay, an essential-officecompanion when that auspicious moment arrives for obtaining the due reward of services done; or, in other words, when the clerk is making out the “ bill of costs.”

Mr. Scott's book, now before us, has reached a second edition, and contains many improvements on, and additions to, the former one. Armed with a copy of this publication, the ingenious and skilful solicitor—who of course is one of our readers—may not only, with greater facility and accuracy, substantiate his own claim for payment for his eminent services, but he may haply detect and annihilate the iniquitous overcharge of some avaricious professional man, who of course is not among our readers.

Events of the Quarter.

LORD MACAULAY.—We here record the death of this eminent man, not with the intention of reviewing his public character, or estimating his literary merits, or registering his private virtues. We trust these will receive adequate treatment in other pages than ours. We refer to the national loss here, simply because this brilliant historian and essayist, and eloquent man belonged to our profession, though he did not practise at the Bar. Mr. Macaulay was called to the Bar by Lincoln's Inn on 10th February, 1826. He applied his legal knowledge, as is well known, to the construction of the Indian code; with regard to the value of which there is great conflict of opinion. Lord Macaulay died on the 28th December last, and was buried in Westminster Abbey.

MR. JUSTICE CROWDER.—The death of Mr. Justice Crowder (which occurred on the 5th December last) has deprived the Bench in Westminster Hall of an able and useful member. He had, step by step, reached the place in the profession to which he had a just claim, and for which he proved himself well fitted.

He bid fair to have long survived to enjoy his promotion ; for, a year or two since, he seemed in the full vigour of life, and indeed few men of his age in the profession were so youthful and fresh in appear

ance.

The manner and temper of Mr. Justice Crowder, whether at the Bar or on the Bench, was always distinguished for courtesy and urbanity. His honourable and manly bearing were at all times conspicuous. Without being a brilliant orator, he was a forcible speaker ; and there was, moreover, a strong common sense and a resolute honesty throughout his conduct of a cause, which were effective both with the jury and the court. That for many years he held his own on the Western circuit, against the talents and eloquence of Sir A. Cockburn, is good evidence of his power and ability; and in the city of London he possessed the confidence of important commercial firms.

Mr. Justice Crowder is said to have been sixty-four years old when he died. He was called to the Bar in 1811 by the Society of the Middle Temple ; in 1837 he was appointed Queen's counsel ; and in 1846 Recorder of Bristol. He was also Counsel to the Admiralty, and Judge Advocate to the Fleet. He represented Liskeard in Parliament, where, however, his style of speaking was not admired ; lacking, as it did, finish, and tending, moreover, to tedious repetition.

The cause of his sa:l death was ague, of which he at last had such vehement attacks that they affected his heart. During one of these, of an unusually violent character, this amiable and popular man unexpectedly expired.

MR. JOHN AUSTIN.—The science of jurisprudence and the world at large has sustained an irreparable loss in the recent decease of John Austin, whose profound learning, great sagacity, and entire independence, gave his enlarged and original views an inestimable value, in the eyes of every sound and enlightened judge of the important sub. jects to which his labours were devoted. The magnanimity which he displayed on some interesting matters of controversy, wherein his opinions had undergone a change, is well known to those who recollect his protest on behalf of the constitution, the subject of just eulogy in parliament last session. In fact, the search after truth, and the support of his conscientious convictions, was the rule of his virtuous life, and to the constant following of which he deemed no personal sacrifice that it might entail too great. We shall hope to present our readers with a very detailed account of this eminent and excellent person in our next Number.

SIR W. CARPENTER ROWE, LATE CHIEF-JUSTICE OF CEYLON.—The death of this judge has excited deep regret throughout the island, where he presided as judge.

SIR JAMES MACAULAY, late Chief-Justice of Common Pleas in Upper Canada, expired suddenly, Nov. 26th.

ETIQUETTE OF THE BAR.—The Bar of Vancouver's Island has set the legal world a great lesson in matters relating to etiquette. Mr. Ring accuses the Attorney-General (Cary) of violating rules of the bar. The Attorney-General tells Mr. Ring he is a slanderer ; Mr. Ring replies de injuria, and adds subsequently that the AttorneyGeneral is a coward. The Attorney-General causes Ring to be bound over to keep the peace, and enters into a further correspondence on the matter. A Mr. Macaulay, wishing to settle the question finally, if not amicably, sends to Mr. Ring a challenge, which he advertises in the local newspapers. The terms proposed to Mr. Ring are

Rifles, 80 yards, two shots;
Shot guns, 40 yards, two shots ;
Pistols, 30 yards, two shots ;
Bow (6 feet) and arrow, 50 yards, 3 shots;

Bowie-knife in a dark room.
Mr. Macaulay, we rejoice to say, for the honour of the profession, is
not a barrister, but may be heard of at the office of the Hudson's Bay
Company, in the capacity of English trader.

EXAMINATION OF STUDENTS OF THE INNS OF COURT.-The committee of Benchers, appointed to report upon the advisability of rendering an examination compulsory on candidates for the Bar previous to their being called, made their report, as our readers are aware, in favour of the institution of such examination. Lincoln's Inn one, out of all the other Inns of Court, refuses to adopt the suggestions of the report. We trust that it is for good reasons; but it is generally believed that the real ground for the Benchers of Lincoln's Inn taking this course is, that they would lose a certain amount of fees which they now get from a class of men who would never submit to examination.

This is a motive so sordid that we shall be glad to hear it is not the true one; but that the Lincoln's Inn Benchers have some other reasons to offer, which, if not more wise, are at least more respectable. In consequence of their unfortunate conduct in the matter, a bill embodying the proposition of the committee will be brought into the House of Commons this session.

THE WORK OF THE COMMON Law COURTS.—Great inconvenience has lately been occasioned by the lack of judges to do the work of the country, or by their improper distribution through different courts. In the Exchequer Chamber the other day, it appeared that only four judges could be collected to sit in error. So that if the Court of Appeal differed from the court below, there would be the judgment of only four judges of one court against that of the four below, and a fresh argument would have to be ordered. It was said by a learned judge, that “there were two judges in the Divorce Court, two at the Old Bailey, two courts were sitting at Nisi Prius, and some of the judges were going the winter circuit.” It is obvious, arrangements should forth with be made to prevent the recurrence of such an event, by which delay, costs, and annoyance are occasioned, to an extent not readily reckoned. There appears often to be a waste of judicial strength in the Divorce Court, which also in its turn often suffers much inconvenience, by not being able to command the due attendance of judges. An important step has been taken in the practical reform of the procedure in Courts of Equity. A jury has at last been empanelled to try a case. A jury may aid the judge sometimes, but will be found generally superfluous if the latter have the opportunity of presiding at a vivá voce examination.

MILITARY MATTERS.—The Lord Chancellor, January 12th, administered the oath of allegiance to a large number of the members of the Inns of Court Volunteers. His Lordship stated that he had himself been a volunteer in earlier tiines—had indeed been reviewed by George 111. in Hyde Park—and had been ready to march against the enemy, if one had appeared. He added, with equal classicality and modesty, that he might therefore say, militari non sine gloriâ.

NEW ORDERS IN CHANCERY.—The consolidated Orders in Chancery have been prepared, and will forthwith come into operation.

APPOINTMENTS, &c. Sir H. S. Keating, the late Solicitor-General, has succeeded to the Judgeship vacated by the death of Mr. Justice Crowder. The new Judge was called to the bar on the 4th May, 1832, and was appointed to be one of Her Majesty's counsel in 1848,

Mr. Atherton, Q.C., M.P., has been appointed Solicitor-General in the room of Sir H. S. Keating. Mr. Atherton was called to the bar in 1839.

Mr. Collier, Q.C., M.P., has succeeded Mr. Atherton as Counsel to the Admiralty, and Judge-Advocate to the Fleet.

Rupert Kettle, Esq., of the Oxford Circuit, has been appointed Judge of the County Courts of Worcestershire (Circuit No. 23), in the room of B. Parham, Esq., who resigned in consequence of impaired health.

J. B. Dasent, Esq., has been appointed to the Judgeship of the Bow and Shoreditch (Middlesex) County Courts (Circuit No. 40), vacated by the resignation of Mr. Serjeant Storks. Mr. Dasent, who previously held the office of Judge of the County Courts of Northumherland and Durham (Circuit No. 1), has been succeeded in that offico by W. H. Willes, Esq., of the Northern Circuit.

Mr. Hammill, magistrate of the Worship-street Police Court, has been transferred to the Marylebone Police Court on the retirement of Mr. Long; and Mr. J. S. Mansfield, stipendiary magistrate at Liverpool, has succeeded Mr. Hammill.

Mr. G. E. Adams, barrister-at-law, has been appointed to the office of Rouge Dragon Pursuivant of Arms.

Frederick B. Carter, Esq., has been appointed to be one of Her Majesty's counsel for the Island of Newfoundland.

CALLS TO THE BAR.

Michael mas Term, 1859. LINCOLN's Inn.-James Anstie, Esq. (holder of the studentship of Trinity Term, 1859); Thomas à Beckett, Esq. (holder of the studentship of Michaelmas Term, 1859); Joseph George Long Innes, Esq. (certificate of honour, first-class); Walter Francis Wrangham, Esq. ; George Deedes Warry, Esq.; Richard Arkwright, Esq.; Cookson Stephenson, Esq.; Hugh Robert Hughes, Esq.; Herbert Duckworth, Esq.; John Moyer Heathcote, jun., Esq.; Mark Beauchamp Peacock, jun., Esq.; William Archer Porter, Esq.; John Peterson Clover, Esq ; Joshua Strange Williams, Esq.; and Robert Fisher Esq.

INNER TEMPLE.—Lucius Kelly, Esq.; Benjamin Webster, Esq.; Augustus Frederick Godson, Esq.; Charles John Wilkinson, Esq. ; Harry Stanley Giffard, Esq.; William Young Clare, Esq.; Henry Wilson, Esq.; Louis Marie Auguste Durand Deslongrais, Esq.; Edward Smith, Esq.; George Lea, Esq.; John George Patrick Notley, Esq. ; Granville Richard Ryder, Esq. ; Arthur Hugh Dalrymple Prendergast, Esq.; William Flood Yates, Esq.; and Charles Speare Tosswill, Esq.

MIDDLE TEMPLE.—William George Harris, Esq., (certificate of honour, first class); James Kaye, Esq.; Frederic Stocks Bentley, Esq.

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