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carriage unless they be appraised by good men, and delivered by the bailiff or by one of the jurats, and that by tally of the price between the bailiff or jurat, in the name of him of whom the victuals are taken, and the said purveyor, if he bring not immediate) payment.

24. Common letters for all places. Item. It is used, that in case a freeman resident needs to have letters from the commonalty for debt or covenant due to him, or for trespass, to such city, borough, or town where the said debtor, covenanter, or trespasser abides, the said plaintiff shall come to the jurats and shall say—“ Sirs, I have need of letters from the commonalty for so much debt or covenant, or such a trespass that one N. owes me, or that he has feigned and has made unto me, as appears by a writing or by tally, or for other merchandise bought by him, which person is residing or amenable in such a city, borough, or town ;” and upon this showing, the jurats shall of right grant their letters founded on the suggestion, he paying at the sealing, for wax one penny, and the chancellor's fee, and also to the clerk his fee. It is to be understood that the first letter shall go to the mayor, bailiff, and citizens of such a city, &c., to the effect that it please them to arraign, and, if need be, to do justice upon their justiciable one N., for so much money due to our fellow baron N., as he says. And, if they do nothing upon the first letter, the aforesaid jurats are bound to send their second letter to the said city, &c., at the cost of the plaintiff; and if they will not make execution nor return to their two letters, they shall send the third letter, upon which, if they do nothing, the above-mentioned jurats shall take a distress upon the next comer from the same city, in default of return of the above-mentioned letters, sent to them for such a debt, &c. But, notwithstanding, by the courtesy of the cinque ports the said distress shall be restored, on condition that the same person of whom the said distress is taken, be sworn on the book that he will go to the town-hall and inform his mayor, bailiff, and citizens that he was distrained for default of return of such and such letters, sent to them for such a debt, &c. And if

par bailif ou par ascun des jurés, et ceo par taile du pris par entre le bailif et juré en noun du celui sur ki les vitailes sont pris et le dit purveiour, si il ne se porte paiement.

24. Comunes letres pur tutz. Item. Use est que en caas que frank home receant bosuygne daver letres de la comune pur dette ou covenant à lui due, ou pur trespas à quele cité, borgh, ou vile ou le dit detour, covenonter ou trespasour soit demuront, le dit pleyntif vendra à les jurés et dira—Sires, il me bosoigne davoir letres de la comune pur tant de dette, ou covenant ou tiel trespas kun tiel N. moi deit, ou kil moi ad fynt, et kil moi ath fait, com apiert par un escrit, ou par taile, ou pur autre merchandises de lui akatés, quest receant ou justizable en tiele cité, burgb, ou vile. Et à cel demonstrance les jurés deyvont de droit granter lour letres foundés sur la suggestion, paont à conseler pur sire j d. et le fee du chonselere et yssint al clerk son fee. Cest à savoir la primere letre ci irra à maire, bailif, et citeseyns de tiel cité, etcet. quil lour plese areigner et si mester soit justizer lour justizable un tiel N. de tant dargent due à notre combaron N. ausicom il dit. Et si à la primere letre rien ne fasent, les avantdits jurés sont tenus de mander lour seconde letre à la dite cité, etc., à les coustages du dit pleyntif. Et sils ne voilont faire execution ne retourner sur lour ij letres, ils manderont la tierce letre-à les queles si rien ne fasount, les susdits jurés ci deyvount prendre une destresse sur le procheyn entrevenant de mesme la cité en defaute de retourn de les susdits letres à eux mandés, pur tiele dette, etc. Mes nekedent par la corteisie des Cynk Ports deit la dite destresse estre delivré en condicioun que mesme la persone, sur ki la dite? destresse est prise, sera juré sur livre, quil irra à lostel et certifiera son maire, bailif et citeseyns quil estoit destreynt par defaute de retourn de tiels letres à eux mandés pur

they do nothing upon this information, the said plaintiff shall come before the jurats, and shall swear on a book that his action is due and true, and that he has delivered the said letters according to the tenor of them; and therefore, at suit of the said plaintiff, shall the bailiff by assignment of the jurats take a withernam of whosoever shall come from the said town or city; and in case that the citizens absent themselves and withdraw with their goods from our said town, the jurats, at the suit of the said plaintiff, shall send their letters to each town of the cinque ports, and to their members, recording their process which they have taken, and require them, by virtue of the same process, to distrain all the citizens of the same town, and to retain the distress until our fellow-baron be fully repaid, as well for the costs which he has reasonably expended, as for his goods; and upon the first arrest the bailiff shall take no fees or amercements. And it is to be understood that the said execution may be made to all towns, cities, or boroughs on this side the sea, and beyond.

25. No clerk to write under the common seal except the

common clerk. Item.-It is used, that no clerk be suffered to write letters that shall be under the common seal except the common clerk, who is elected to serve the said commonalty, unless it be by grant of the said common clerk. And it is to be understood that the common clerk, for each writing that passes under the common seal, shall have fourpence.

26. Challenge of custom on foreign soil. Item.- It is used, that if any of our fellow-barons come to any city, borough, or town in time of fairs or markets, or at what time soever it be, and he be disturbed, so that he dare not sell or buy his merchandise, and distress be taken of them by the lord of the franchise for customs or other tolls, or for any

other cause that might hurt the franchise of the cinque ports, the baron who is disturbed shall come to the jurats and shall show his grievance done him, upon which plaint the jurats shall betake themselves to the lord of the franchise, and shall require of him to restore the said distress, and to surcease to do such wrongs

tiele dette, etc. Et sils riens ne fasont par celui certificacioun, le dit pleyntif vendra devant jurés et jurera sur une livre que soun accioun est due et verray, et quil ad delivré les dites letres solom la tenour de icelles; et sur ceo al sute du dit playntif ci deit le bailif par assignement des jurés prendre une wythirname sur quiconque vienge de la dite vile ou cité. Et en cas que les citeseyns se absentount et recreount ove lour biens de notre dite vile, les jurés à la sute del dit playntif manderont lour letres à chescun vile des Cynk Ports et à lour menbres, recordons lour procés quils ount fait, et requere par virtue de mesme le procés à destreyndre tots les citeseyns de mesme la vile, et retener la destresse tanke notre combaron soit pleynement parpaié, auxi bien de ces damages quil ath resonablement mys com soun chatel. Et quant quà le primer arest le bailif ne prendra fees ne amercements. Et fait à saver que la dite execucion se fait à tuts ville, cité, ou burgh desa la mer et par dela.

25. Nul clerk escrire al comune seal forke le comune clerk. Item.—Use est que nul clerk ne soit suffert descrire letres, que deyvont al suth le comune seal, forke le comune clerk, quest ellus à server la dite comune, si il ne seit par grant de dit comune clerk. Et fait à saver que le comune clerk, par checun escrit que pase al dit comune seal, iiij d. avera.

26. Chalenge de custum en estrange. Item.—Use est que si ascun de nos combarons viegne en ascun cite, burgh, ou vile en temps de foires, ou de marchés, ou en quel temps quil soit, et il soit disturbé quil nose vendre ne achater ces merchandises, et destresse seit prise sur eux par le seignur de la franchise

pur

custumes ou autre toln, ou pur ascun autre cause que pureit blemiser la franchise des Cynk Ports, le baron quest desturbé, vendra as jurés et mostra soun gref à li faite, sur quele pleynte les jurés se manderount al seignur du franchise, et lui requeront; la dite destresse deliverer, et surser de teux torts faire encountre la franchise des Cynk Ports. Et en cas quils ne voilount la de

claim part

against the franchise of the cinque ports.

And in case that they will not make restoration nor reasonable return to the said jurats by letter, let a withernam be adjudged and taken of him and all his tenants, and held until he be willing to make restoration of the said distress, and satisfaction for the trespass, according to the point of the charter of our lord the king granted to us,-“And we prohibit that any unjustly disturb them or their merchandise, under pain of forfeiture of our ten pounds.”

27. Withernam. Item. It is used, that no withernam be taken in any sort of case, before it be adjudged according as its nature points out or requires.

28. Claim of part. Item.--It is used, that every

freeman may

of every sort of merchandise if he be on the quay, unless the principal merchant can show cause why he should not receive part. It is to be understood as to causes-one is, if he be not a freeman of the franchise, or convict of perjury, or that he fled the town by reason of the service of our lord the king, or that he has done any thing contrary to the franchise of the cinque ports, whereby it is damaged. [As appears by their charter-We grant that, of lawful goods and merchandise which they may happen to buy in due manner in foreign soil or in Ireland, none shall be partakers with them of such goods and merchandise, only of their own barons, whosoever will may in any case partake thereof with them.] And in case that a foreigner buy merchandise in the absence of free residents, notwithstanding they shall have the half according to the price, if they choose to claim it.

29. Merchandise. Item. It is used, that no host of Flemings, nor of any other alien, do take his foreign lodger out of the town to buy merchan. dise, as long as there is such merchandise in the town to be sold. [And be it understood that no Fleming, nor other alien, shall sell nor buy unless in the presence of his host, and unless he has first had leave from the bailiff.]

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