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Hanover,” to which, however, owing to its peculiar rhythm, one psalm only can be properly sung-viz. the 149th. The sagacious editor has given but one verse of this with the Gloria Patri. The sharpest curate in London could not shift his vestments, attend to his private devotions, and slip his sermon-case out of his pocket, before the time was exhausted which this abbreviated psalm could occupy. We presume the fastidious selector of spiritual song for the honourable Societies objected to the phrase in the second verse of the psalm, in which the worshipper is enjoined to extol the deity“ in the dance.” If so, the same delicate sense of the offensive in poetry should have induced the omission at p. 193 of
66 The barren wilderness shall smile
With sudden greens." As an example of the frequent carelessness in punctuation, we may refer to the second verse of the Advent hymn-always difficult to read or sing, but here made worse than meaningless by the full stop after the fourth line.
Every eye shall now behold him,
Deeply wailing, deeply wailing. Amen." As Wesley's collection has afforded so much material to the editor, or the committee of Benchers, or the beadle, or whoever (modestly concealing his name) undertook the supervision of the book, why were not a few more added to suit all tastes, and all shades of doctrine ? Thus, for the suspected Socinian there might have been introduced the hymn
« Lord thou art one, and only one,
Let the heathen say what they like," &c. &c. The next Sunday the orthodox Trinitarian might have his hymn taken from the same collection, in which occurs the beautiful prayer
“ The Unitarian fiend expel,
And hurl him howling down to hell.” 1 1 In the collection in which we have seen this hymn, the line runs we think somewhat differently, thus" And drive his doctrine back to hell,"Ed. L. M. and R.
. Another hymn, quite worthy of the Temple collection, and which we commend to the editor for a supplement, begins, if we remember right
“ Father of all,
Of old and young, Thanksgivings accept from a stammering tongue," &c., &c. It would be tedious to enumerate further the blunders committed throughout all this part of the volume. The omissions of almost all that is beautiful in English sacred song is flagrant, and the insertion of the poor and paltry is ludicrous. The puerilities of Dr. Watts exceedingly abound; so much so, indeed, that it was suggested that a few more of his would make the volume, at all events, far more complete. How edifying it would be, for example, to hear a bench full of sessions counsel, who have been quarrelling the whole previous week with each other and the chairman, singing forth
“Let dogs delight to bark and bite ! ” or a few hard-working, grubbing, money-making conveyancers and pleaders, soberly moving their lips as the choir sang
• How doth the little busy bee
Improve each shining hour!" Not only the absurdities of Watts and Wesley, but specimens of the antiquated nonsense of the new version, are also ingeniously here collected.
As if the miserable blunders in the inside of the new “Anthem Book” was not enough, the intelligent managers of the business contrived one on the outside. It was desired to stamp the symbol of the Middle Temple on the binding. A sagacious Bencher (of the Inner Temple, we believe) forthwith orders a die to be made for the purpose. A stupid, spurious design is adopted, , most offensive to heraldic learning, and therewith all the books are stamped, and beautifully gilt. When this in due course was detected, each copy was sent back to the binder, and the
Something was the matter with a foreleg of the lamb, and its flags were not right. The old die was all the time lying in the office. VOL. VIII. NO. XVI.
centre of the leather was cut out, and the reformed design substituted. The cutting and messing of the binding is now concealed by a little border introduced for the purpose. To those who squandered £80,000 on a building (having first resolved to spend only £4,000), such little items as die-casts and bookbinding were, of course, of no importance. Though a trifling, it is not a bad example of a general management, which makes itself the marked object of plunder by some, and of derision of all; nor do minute points of occasional petty economy again set up a character lost or damaged by notorious and foolish acts like those we have here noticed ; yet if it is with this material the Bar is content to put up for the management of their affairs, far be it from us to arouse their discontent.
In the course of the remarks which we now have, and shall hereafter, lay before our readers, upon the Inns of Court and their management, we shall see, as in the case of the Temple Church and its services, the same original cause of evil; the mode of creation and irresponsibility of the Benchers. The Benchers consist either of men in the full flood of business, whose days and nights are devoted to their profession, and who cannot attend to the business of their Inns; or of aged, fussy, and idle men, who have nothing else to do but to muddle about the business, and who are either led of the officials by the nose in all things, or interfere uselessly and vexatiously with details which they can't understand. This, as we shall hereafter show, is not the composition suited for the wants of the Bar. We defer to a future occasion the full discussion of this point.
ART II.-THE ENGLISH CONSTITUTION.
A Manual of the English Constitution ; with a Review of its Rise,
Growth, and Present State. By David RowLAND. London:
John Murray, 1859. WE hail the appearance of this work with great pleasure,
not only as supplying a much felt want in our historical literature, but as the work of an emeritus of our own profession, and of that branch of it, which, though graced by the distinguished names of Sharon Turner, of Foss, and of Markland, is on the whole little addicted to literary pursuits. The name of the writer will be well known to many of our readers as that of a solicitor for many years in extensive business and high repute in the city of London; and we rejoice to learn from his preface, that he has been able, after a long career of active and honourable industry, to retire from professional practice; and that he has employed a part of his leisure in the production of this much required and useful manual of the history and working of the English Constitution. Up to the present time, there has been no work which could be confidently recommended as an introduction to the study of the English constitution. The great work of Hallam supposes too much previous knowledge in the reader, and is far too learned for a beginner ; while the other works on the subject are either the productions of pedantic theorists like De Lolme, or run up by book-makers only to sell. Now, this work of Mr. Rowland is one which can be put into the hands of a youth who has read any common history of England, and indeed gives in itself so many of the important facts, that we believe it could be perused with advantage even by John Bright or Richard Cobden, or any other person unacquainted with ordinary history. We wish that these demagogic orators could be induced to read the book; it would not, we fear, lead them to alter their course, but they would give utterance to their monstrous misstatements of fact with less effect when they could no longer believe them. At present, they are as ignorant as their hearers of the history of the constitution prior to the Reform bill; but after reading the work before us, and even partially understanding it, they would be separated by a wide gulf from the absolute ignorance of those whom they address, and would no longer harangue with the prevailing effect of the orator who believes the fictions he details. Possibly, however, now that there will be a good manual of the constitution within the reach of the multitude, the multitude will read it, and will be no longer the ignorant recipient of the nonsense and falsehood of its leaders ; and these leaders, if they wish to remain such, must read not only the manual in question, but the elaborate, and to them abstruse, works of Hallam, and other ponderous authors whom we will not alarm them by naming ; and thus hearers and followers, spouters and demagogues, beginning from this moderate beginning, may by degrees mutually improve each other, and go on improving in their knowledge of the constitution and constitutional history, till the more intelligent among them are fitted to go in for the competitive examination which, in the way we are running, will doubtless be by that time established for the office of her Majesty's principal Secretary of State for Home Affairs.
1 Mr. Rowland, we are informed, is also the author of a profound work, much esteemed by metaphysical and moral philosophers—“An Inquiry into the Origin of Moral Evil,” a subject, however, which, we rejoice to say, is not within the scope of this Review ; for to us the only feasible answer appears to be that given by the little witness of doubtful orthodoxy, who, when asked by the Lord Mayor whether he knew where bad people went to after they were dead, replied :-“No, I don't ; no more don't you ; nobody don't know that."
Mr. Rowland has divided his work into two parts ; in the first, he traces the rise and growth of the constitution from its earliest stage among our Anglo-Saxon ancestors, and even from its very rudiments among their Teutonic forefathers, down to the settlement made at the revolution of 1688, under the protection of our Dutch deliverer from Popery and arbitrary power; the second part explains the actual working of parliament, and of