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to levy their rates in their ward by their commandment, and to this shall they be sirorn without taking any bargain of the said commonalty.
8. If any abuse a jurat. Item.—It is used that if any man abuse any of the jurats, or lay hands on him, by which the peace of our lord the king is troubled, the bailiff has power to attach him, and put him in prison, without deliverance being made until he shall have satisfied the commonalty by taxation of the other jurats; and also that he be not delivered until he hath made satisfaction therefor to the jurat against whom the trespass was done, as they shall agree between themselves, or by taxation of the other jurats, and in like manner towards the clerk and sergeant.
9. Fighting in presence of the jurats. Item.—It is used that if fighting or riot be made in the presence of the jurats, or of any jurat, the said jurats or jurat may attach the parties in maintenance of the peace of our lord the king, and send them to prison, and deliver them to the bailiff, together with the cause. And the said bailiff shall receive them and put them in ward, until one and the other party have found good security for the peace; and upon that shall they be liberated, and the sergeant of the bailiff shall have his fee of the one and the other, and such attachment may each jurat make in the absence of the bailiff.
10. A free man may distrain. Item. It is used that every free man dwelling in the said franchise may, in the absence of the bailiff, distrain his foreign debtor by his goods found within the said franchise, and deliver it to the bailiff with his plaint; and the bailiff shall receive the distress, and shall give a day to the parties upon the plaint. And it is to be observed, that notwithstanding the said free man may take distress in the manner aforesaid, yet may he not deliver it without the bailiff.
11. The bailiff shall not break open a writ. Item. It is used that, at what time our lord the king and our warden sends his writs to the bailiff and barons, the bailiff shall
plerount, à lever lour culets en lour garde par lour comondement et à ceo deyvont ils estre jurés, sans nule bargeyn prendre de la dite comune.
8. Si ascun maudie jurés. Item.—Use est, que si ascun maudie ascun des jurés ou met mayn sur lui,
pes nostre Seigneur le Roy soit trubblé, ait le bailif power de lui attacher et mettre en prison sanz déliverance faire, tank il avra fait gré a la comune par taxacion des autres jurés. Et auxi kil ne soit delivré tank il en ath fait gré al juré vers ki le trespas est fait com ils purount entre eux accorder, ou par taxacion de les autres jurés, et en mesme la manere vers clerk ou serjant.
9. Contak en presence jurés. Item._ Use est que si contak ou riote soit faict en présence des jurés ou de ascun juré, les dits jurés ou juré pount atacher les parties en mayntenonce de la pees nostre Seigneur le Roy, et les amener à prison et les délivrer à bailif ensemblement od la cause, et le dit bailif les receyvra et mettra en garde tank lun et lautre partie ount trové bone sécurité de la pees, et sur ceo soient ils delivrés et le serjant du bailif aura son fee de lun et lautre, et tiel atachement puet chescun juré faire en absence du bailif.
10. Frank home puet destreyndre. Item.— Use est que chescun frank home receant deyns la dite franchise puet destreyndre en absence de le bailif son foreyn detour par son chatel trové deyns la dite franchise et le déliverer à bailif ove sa pleynte et le bailif receyvra la destresse et dorra jour à les parties sur la pleynte. Et fait à saver que nekedent que le dit frank puet prendre destresse en la manère susdit, il ne la puet déliverer sanz bailif.
11. Le bailif ne brusera mandement. Item._Use est que à quele houre nostre Seigneur le Roy et nostre gardeyn mande ces mandements as bailif et barons, le
not break open the writs, except it be in the presence of the jurats ; nor may the jurats break them
in the absence of the bailiff. If he bear a charge, the bailiff shall cause the common horn to be blown at each corner of the town three times, and shall cause the said writ to be read in the place where he holds his courts.
12. Chattels of heirs. Item. It is used that in case a man and his wife, dwellers and free in the said town, have children between them free born, and the father and mother die, or the father die and the widow take another husband, or she die a widow, then the goods and chattels in the hands of the executors or administrators, found within the franchise, shall be seized by the jurats ; and they also (i.e., the executors or administrators) distrained by all their own chattels, until they (the jurats) have knowledge of the chattels which ought, of right, to come to the children, as well of the reasonable part, as of the part bequeathed. And when they have knowledge of the quantity of the said chattels, they shall deliver them to him who is the nearest of blood, to whom no inheritance can descend, who, of right, shall have the ward if he will sue for it, finding sufficient pledges; and he, and also his pledges shall be bound to the jurats, in the name of the commonalty, and to the executors, to answer for and deliver to the children their chattel when they come to their full age, and to keep without spoil or waste their lands and tenements which are within the franchise ; and this bond shall be made by indenture, in three parts, and sealed with the common seal; of which indenture one part shall remain in the hutch (i. e. box) of the commonalty, to testify to the said thing; and the second part of the indenture shall remain in the hands of the executors; and the third part of the indenture in the hands of those who have the said children in ward ; and in case that he who is nearest in blood is not willing to sue for the children to have the wardship, and to answer, as is above said, the jurats in maintenance of the franchise, shall deliver the said children, their chattels, their lands, and their tenements to another good and lawful man of the town,
bailif ne brusera les mandements si il ne soit en présence de jurés, ne les jurés deyvent bruser en absence du bailif. Si il porte charge, le bailif fera soner le corn comune à chescun angle de la vile iij foitz, et fera lyre le dit mandement en lu ou yl tynt ses cours.
12. Chatteux de heires. Item.—Use est que en cas que homme et femme receants et frank deyns la dite vile eyont enfants par entre eux frank engendrés, et le père et la mère devyont ou le père devye, et la veve preigne autre mary, ou quele murge veve, soiont le bienz et les chatteux en les mayns de les exsecutours ou ministres trovés deyos la franchise par les jurés arescuz, et auxi par tut lour mesine chatel destreynt tank ils ayont conusance del chatel que avener deit de droit à les enfants, auxi com du rat porcion com de legat. Et quant ils ont conusance de la quantité du dit chatel, ils le delivereront à celui quest plus procheyu de sauk, à ki nule heritage puet descendre, que de droit aura la garde si il voile pursure, trovont suffisants plegges, et lui et mesmes les plegges liés à les jurés en nom de la comune et à les exsecutours à respondre et deliverer à les enfants lour chatel, qant ils vignont à lour pleyne age et de lour teres et tenements que sont deyns la franchise sans estrep et wast garder. Et ceste lié sera fait per endenture en tres parties, et aselé du comune seal dount la une partie de lendenture demurera en le Hwch de la comune pur la dite chose tesmoigner, et la seconde partie de lendenture demurera en les mayns de les executours, et la tierce partie de lendenture en les mayns de eux qount les dits enfants en garde. Et en cas qe celui qest plus procheyn du sank ne voile pursure pur les enfants davoir la garde et de respondre com de sus est dit, les jurés, en mayntenonce de la franchise, les dits enfants lour chatteux lour teres et lour tenements delivereront à un autre bon et leal home de la vile, par mesme la securité susdite. Et donk soit il quest plus procheyn de sank de la dite garde, pour totes jours forclos par cause de sa nounsute ou par cause de ses non suffisant plegges.
VOL. VIL NO. XIV.
on the same security as above said ; and, thereupon, let him who is the nearest of blood be foreclosed of the said ward for ever, by reason of his nonsuit, or by reason of his insufficient pledges.
13. New bailiff. Item. It is used that, at what time there shall be no bailiff in the town, the Archbishop of Canterbury shall send a bailiff, whomsoever he will, with a commission sealed with his great seal, together with a letter of intendance to the jurats of the town, and the said commission and letter shall be read in full court, assembled by the common horn; and with that the bailiff, in the said court, shall make an oath to the commonalty, dictated by one of the jurats, in this form :-“I, N.,. bailiff, assigned by my lord the archbishop, in this port, shall maintain the franchise, and the usages of this port, and shall make lawful attachments and executions, according to the award and judgments of you barons ;" and otherwise he shall not be received. And if the said bailiff bear a commission sealed with any other seal than the great seal, he shall not be received ; and also, if he bring not a letter of intendance he shall not be received ; and, when a vacancy happens, our warden of the five ports shall send a bailiff with a commission and letter of intendance, sealed with the seal of office, and the said bailiff shall be sworn, and his commission and leiter of intendance read, in full court, as is before said ; and be it known that at what time the said bailiff is sworn, he shall take a sergeant, one for whom he will answer, if need be, who shall be sworn, as is before said.
14. Of execution by the bailiff, and the penalty. Item.-It is used, that if the bailiff make any other execution than what the barons have adjudged, or against the usages of the town, which is against his oath made to the commonalty on the day of his reception, let him be distrained by the jurats until he shall have paid to the commonalty £10 sterling; and if there be not whereof he may be distrained within the franchise to the value of £10, let them be levied by our warden as the charter of our lord the king grants to all the barons of the ports, in these words—“Et prohibemus ne quis eos injustè disturbet neque mer