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THESE are the customs of Romney, from time whereof memory runneth not, there used.
Imprimis. It is used from year to year to elect twelvc jurats to guard and govern the said town, according to the points of their commission given to them.
[Some illegible lines follow, and then comes the commission
in Latin, of which only the last lines remain.] * * That they be held to render to us a. reasonable account of all their receipts and expenses, and we will thereupon give them a. reasonable acquittance. In witness of all which things we have caused these present letters, which are to last for one year from the aforesaid day of making, to be sealed with the aforesaid common seal of our commonalty. Given in our full commonalty, on the day and year aforesaid.
The form of the acquittance thereupon.
To all to whom these present letters shall come, the barons of Romney send greeting. Whereas A. of B., &c., our fellowbarons, were elected by us in full. commonalty to govern our commonalty, but so that they should be bound to account to us for receipts and expenses, and that they should assess no new rate without the consent of the commonalty, as in the commission by us given to them is more fully contained ; and now, our aforesaid barons have rendered to us a faithful account of all receipts and expenses, according to the form of the commission given, we, willing to do justice to them, as we are bound, do absolve them for ever from rendering any further account, and from all charge, by reason of the conservation of the aforesaid commonalty, and the ad ministration of the goods of the said commonalty, before the day of the making of these presents; and of all claim, action, and demand touching the said commonalty, we, for ourselves and our heirs, do proclaim them quit by these presents In witness of which we have caused the seal of our commonalty to be aflixed to these present letters, on the day and year, &c.
2. If any one will not serve the oflice of jurat.
Item.—If any baron, after election by the said commonalty,
Ceux sont les usages de Romney de temps dount memorie ne court, ilukis usés. 1. In primes use est de an en an eslire XII. jurés pur garder et governer la dite vile, solom les points de lour comission a eux fait.
* * Quod de omnibus receptis et expensis suis compotum racionabilem nobis reddere teneantur, et nos eisdem racionabilem acquietanciam super hoc faciemus. In quorum omnium testimonium, presentes literas a die confectionis predicto per unum annum duraturas, sigillo comunitatis nostre predicto fecimus consignari. Datum in plena comunitate nostra die et anno supradictis.
Forma acquietancie super idem.
Universis ad quos presentes litere pervenerint, Barones de R. salutem. Cum A. de B., etc., combarones nostri in plena comunitate per nos fuissent electi ad regendam comunitatem nostram, ita tamen quod de receptis et expensis tenerentur nobis ad compotum, et quod novum scottum non assiderent sine consensu comunitatis, prout in comissione eis per nos facta plenius continetur, ac jam predicti barones nostri nobis fidelem compotum de omnibus receptis et expensis juxta formam comissionis facte reddiderint; nos eisdem justiciam facere volentes, ut tenemur, eos ab ulteriori compoto reddendo et ab omni onere racione conservacionis comunitatis predicte et administ-racionis bonorum dicte comunitatis ante diem confectionis presentium, absolvimus in perpetuum et ab omni calumpnia, actione, et demandzi dictam comunitatem tangentibus pro nobis et heredibus nostris quietos clamamus per presentes. In cujus testimonium sigillum nostre comunitatis presentibus literis fecimus apponi, die etc., anno etc.
2. Si ascun ne voile feire le office de juré. Item.--Si ascun baron apres la élection de la dite comune, ne will not be obedient to serve the said ofiice of jurat, the bailifi', or all the commonalty, shall go to his house, and the said disobedient person, his wife and his children, and the rest of his family, they shall oust from the house, and shall close the windows, and his [goods shall they seal up and sequestrate, and so they shall remain until he is willing to submit to do the said oflice of jurat. 3. Sequestration infringed.
Item.—It is used, if the sequestration of the commonalty be broke by him upon whom the sequestration is made, or by any of his people, that the trespasser be attached and put in prison, without any deliverance being made until he will submit himself, and give satisfaction to the commonalty for the infringement.
4. The jurats may distrain.
Item.--It is used that the jurats may, by virtue of their office, take distress and make sequestration, without bailiff, for debts due to the commonalty ; and so may their sergeants, by command
ment of the said jurats.
Item.—The said jurats may make attachment, without the bailiff, upon all those whom they find rebels touching the service of our lord the king, and in all other points that touch the maintenance and profit of the common freedom of the town ; and the said rebels, according to the quantity of their trespass, they may punish.
6. Also they shall be sworn.
Item.——-It is used from year to year, that at what hour the said jurats are elected by the commonalty, they shall be sworn, each by himself, the freedom and the customs of the commonalty to maintain, and the great and the little according to their condition uniformly to guide, and the points of their commission to maintain ; and so also shall the clerk and the sergeant be sworn.
7. Common clerk and sergeant.
Item. It is used that at what hour the said jurats are sworn, they may take a clerk and a sergeant, as they may agree by bargain between the said jurats, clerk, and sergeant. And also the said jurats may take in each ward two sergeants at their pleasure, voile estre obeisaunt a fere la dite oflis do juré, le bailif od tote la comune iront a sa meson et le dit desobeisant, sa femme et ces enfants et autre mayné osteront de sa meson, et fermeront ces fenestres et ces us deyvont ils aseler et sequestrer, et ci ils deyvont demurer tank il se voile justizer a fere la dite office de juré.
3. Sequestre fraint.
Item.-—Use est, si sequestre do la. comune soit fraynt par cel sur ki la sequestre soit feit ou par ascun dc siens, soit le trespasour ataché et mys en prison, sanz nule déliverance faire, tank il se voile justizer et gré fere a la comune pur la freynonce.
4. Les jurés pount destreindre.
Item.—Use est ke les jurés pount par vertue de lour office prendre destresse et sequestre fere sanz bailif pur dettes dues a la comune, et ci pount lour serjants par comondement de les dits jurés.
5. Jurés pount fere attachement.
I tem.—Pount les dits jureis fere attachement sanz le bailif sur touts iceux quils trovont rebels, tochont le service notre Seigneur le Roy, et en touts autres poynts que tuchont la mayntenonce et le profit de la comune franchise de la vile, et les dits rebels solom la quantité du trespas puniser.
6. Auci seront ils jurés.
Item.—Use est de an en aun, a quel houre que les dits jurés sount par la comune elluz, ils deyvont estre jurés, chascun par soi, la franchise et les usages de la comune mayntener, et les grants et les petits solom lour alferont unement amener, et les poynts de lour comission mayntener, et issynt deyvont le clerk et le serjant estre juré.
7. Comune clerk et seriant.
Item.-—Use est qe a quele houre qe les dits jurés sont jurés, —
pount prendre un clerk et un seriant com ils pount par eutre les dits jurés clerk et seriant acorder par bargeyn. Et auxi pount les dits jurés prendre en chescun garde ij seriants que lour
to levy their rates in their ward by their commandment, and to this shall they be sworn without taking any bargain of the said commonalty.
8. If any abuse a jurat.
Item.——It is used that if any man abuse any of the jurats, or lay hands on him, by which the peace of our lord the king is troubled, the bailiff has power to attach him, and put him in prison, without deliverance being made until he shall have satisfied the commonalty by taxation of the other jurats, and also that he be not delivered until he hath made satisfaction therefor to the jurat against whom the trespass was done, as they shall agree between themselves, or by taxation of the other jurats, and in like manner towards the clerk and sergeant.
9. Fighting in presence of the jurats.
I tem.—It is used that if fighting or riot be made in the presence of the jurats, or of any jurat, the said jurats or jurat may attach the parties in maintenance of the peace of our lord the king, and send them to prison, and deliver them to the bailiff, together with the cause. And the said bailiff shall receive them and put them in ward, until one and the other party have found good security for the peace; and upon that shall they be liberated, and the sergeant of the bailiff shall have his fee of the one and the other, and such attachment may each jurat make in the absence of the bailiff.
10. A free man may distrain.
Item.——It is used that every free man dwelling in the said franchise may, in the absence of the bailiff, distrain his foreign debtor by his goods found within the said franchise, and deliver
. it to the bailiff with his plaint ; and the bailiff shall receive the
distress, and shall give a day to the parties upon the plaint. And it is to be observed, that notwithstanding the said free man may take distress in the manner aforesaid, yet may he not deliver it
i without the bailiff.
11. The bailiff shall not break open a writ. Ite-m.—It is used that, at what time our lord the king and our warden sends his writs to the bailiff and barons, the bailiff shall